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40+ open-access advocacy organizations in the global south.

I put together this list for an online conversation today. If you know of relevant groups I've omitted, please add them to the comment section or to the larger list of OA advocacy organizations (not limited to the global south) at the Open Access Directory (+OAD).


Access to Knowledge for Development Center (A2K4D)

African Commons Project

African Copyright & Access to Knowledge Project

Bioline International

Compaña CLACSO por el Acceso Abierto al Conocimiento (CLACSO Campaign for Open Access to Knowledge)

Coherence in Information for Agricultural Research for Development (CIARD)

Electronic Information for Libraries (EIFL)

Electronic Publishing Trust for Development

India Open Data Association (IODA)

Instituto de Información Científica y Tecnológica (IDICT)

International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP)

Kenya Library and Information Services Consortium (KLISC)

Knowledge G.A.P. – Geopolitics of Academic Production

OER Africa

Open Access India

Open Access Nepal

Open Access Nigeria

Open Access Peru

Open Access South Africa

Open African Innovation Research and Training (Open AIR)

Open and Collaborative Science in Development Network (OCSDNET)

Open Data for Development

Open Development Working Group

Open Knowledge Bangladesh

Open Knowledge Bermuda

Open Knowledge Burkina Faso

Open Knowledge Cameroon

Open Knowledge Colombia

Open Knowledge El Salvador

Open Knowledge Estonia

Open Knowledge India

Open Knowledge Pakistan

Open Knowledge Philippines


Open Knowledge Senegal

Projet SOHA (Science Ouverte Haïti Afrique)

Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal (REDALYC)

Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D)

Scholarly Communication in Africa Programme

Science and Development Network (

Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) --and SciELO South Africa

Southern African Regional Universities' Association (SARUA)

SPARC Africa

#oa #openaccess #south

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Some evidence of the demand for research literature by nonprofessionals

A recent tweet from @openscience...

...asked me to support my claim in a 2012 interview that "more than 40 percent of the visitors to PubMed Central come from domains."

I'm glad to. But the answer is too long for Twitter, or at least I'd like to say more about it than I can fit in a tweet. So I'm giving it here and linking to it from Twitter.

(For more on this practice, see my page on escaping from the confines of Twitter.)


The NIH itself released this number in two places:

1. Congressional testimony by David J. Lipman, M.D., Director, National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, April 19, 2011. "Based on the type of Internet domain from which they access PubMed Central (e.g., .com, .edu, .net, .gov), we estimate that approximately 25% of our users are from universities, 40% are private citizens or those using personal Internet accounts, and 17% are from companies (the remainder consists of government users or others)."

2. The NIH Public Access Policy, April 2012. "Based on internet addresses, an estimated 25% of users [of PubMed Central] are from universities, 17% are from companies, and 40% from the general public."


For more on the demand for research literature by nonprofessionals, see section 5.5.1 ("Access for Lay Readers") in my 2012 book (Open Access, MIT Press, ).

Here's a deep link to an OA edition of that section of the book.

For more evidence, see endnote 17 from that section. (The note call is at p. 117, and the note text at p. 205.) Here's a deep link to that note.

Here's the full note:

17. See Richard K. Johnson, "Will Research Sharing Keep Pace with the Internet?" The Journal of Neuroscience 26 (37) (September 13, 2006), pp. 9349-9351.

"The large audience for freely accessible scientific knowledge maybe surprising to many, but the hunger for it is apparent from experience of the National Library of Medicine (NLM). A few years ago, NLM transformed its fee-based index and abstracts of biomedical journal articles to free availability on the Web as PubMed. Use of the database increased 100-fold once it became freely available. The potential scope of this usage could never have been anticipated by looking solely at use of the controlled-access version. Who are these new readers? They surely include scientists around the globe at institutions that may not be able to afford needed journals. They also may be researchers in unexpected fields, search engine users who didn't realize previously they could use work in a seemingly unrelated field. They may be students, patients or their families, physicians, community health workers, or others from the general public: taxpayers who finance so much biomedical research."

As early as 2004, Donald Lindberg, then-director of the National Library of Medicine, reported that the NLM's OA web site had more than one million visitors per day and "close to a billion a year. ... A good, heavy part of that are
consumers." Quoted in Gene Koprowski, "The Web: Patients heal themselves online," United Press International, August 14, 2004.


For newer evidence since my book appeared, see my updates and supplements for p. 117.


For still more, see the tag library for "oa.lay" at the Open Access Tracking Project (OATP).

All OATP tag libraries are crowd-sourced and updated in real time. You can make them more complete by taking part as an OATP tagger. See the OATP home page for more detail.

#oa #openaccess

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"The best thing to do with your data will be thought of by someone else."
- +Rufus Pollock, +Open Knowledge #OpenData #OpenScience

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When someone asks "What is #OpenScience?" and you pause, because you're thinking… Not entirely as we might have it (e.g. what they call "Open Lab Books" we call "Open Notebook Science") but beautiful and useful, from +SNSFinfo

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I'm happy to announce that DASH (the Harvard open-access repository) just passed the milestone of 10 million downloads.

The business-as-usual DASH home page.

The real-time download counter with confetti.

#oa #openaccess

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Check out the latest Tomviz release, #OpenSource 3D tomography for materials science with a reproducible data pipeline. Lots of bug fixes, new features, improved installers, new support for macOS retinal resolution displays, and more

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Open Knowledge International (where I work) has funding to work with researchers on trialing our "Frictionless Data" approach across various research disciplines. Read the link below to find out more :).
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A new science publisher seems to have appeared recently, or publisher is probably not the right word… is apparently neither a journal nor a publisher per se. Rather, they seem to be focusing on developing a new publishing platform that provides…
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