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Precious Metals & Rare Coins
Precious Metals & Rare Coins

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10 gr Gold Bar - PAMP Suisse Religious Series (Am Yisrael Chai!)


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"Rare Coins: History + Collectibility"

By Moshe Y. Landman, Esq.

For those who already own a sufficient portfolio of real precious metal coins and bars (10-25% of their net worth), consider investing in and collecting rare coins. Rare coins, as a whole, have increased in value 248% over the last 10 years. They have seen an average gain of 11% per year over the past 40 years. Rare coins are not just an investment grade opportunity, they are one-of-a-kind pieces of history that can be collected according to a buyer’s personal preferences and favorite eras in history.

Numismatics is the study or collection of currency, including coins, tokens, paper money, and related objects. While Numismatists are often characterized as students or collectors of coins, the discipline also includes the broader study of money and other payment media used to resolve debts and the exchange of goods.

Rare coins are divided into four major categories: Ancients, Medieval, World, and U.S.
Ancients coins include: Greek Coins (450 B.C - 100 C.E.), Roman Coins (300 B.C. - 400 C.E.), and Byzantine Coins (300 B.C. - 1400 C.E.).
Medieval Coins include: European, Celtic, Asian, Islamic, Persian, and Indian coins.
World Coins include: African, Asian, Australian, European, Middle Eastern, North & Central America, South America, and World Commemoratives.
U.S. Coins are categorized by coin denomination (e.g. large cents, pre-1933 gold, silver dollars, etc) and time period.

Rare coins have a market value that often far exceeds their intrinsic precious metal value due to their history, finite quantity, and collectibility. Some of the most expensive coins in the world include:
1794 U.S. Silver Dollar (first dollar issued by the US Federal Government),sold for $10 million.
1933 Double Eagle Gold Saint Gaudens, sold for $7.6 million.
1907 Ultra High Relief Lettered Edge Saint Gaudens No Motto, sold for $7.6 million.
1787 Brasher Doubloon, sold for $7.4 million.
1343 Edward III Florin, sold for $6.8 million.
1804 Silver Dollar, Class 1, sold for $4.1 million.
1913 Liberty Head Nickel, sold for $3.7 million.

Coin grading is done both by adjectives and on a 1-70 numeric scale, and standards are developed enough that most collectors agree on how a coin should look given how the coin's grade is described. Coin graders look at a coin’s wear, marks, strike, luster, the planchet's condition and any striking irregularities.
Coin grades are as follows:
Poor (PO-1): Barely recognizable. Large parts of the design will be completely flat. The date may be barely visible or completely missing. Also known as Basal State.
Fair (FR-2): Rims worn well into the design. There should be outlines of some of the images visible on both sides of the coin, but the lettering may be completely gone. Enough of the date should be visible to identify the coin.
About Good (AG-3): Most of the design of the coin will be outlined, but the rims will generally have worn far enough into the design to obliterate parts of the lettering or stars. Sometimes referred to as Almost Good.
Good (G-4, 6): The general design of the coin will be outlined, but there will be very little detail and some parts may be very weak. For the most part, the rim will be intact, but it may wear down to the tops of the letters or stars in some cases. Non-collectors will often refer to their coins as being in "Good" condition; a coin grading Good is actually a very worn coin.
Very Good (VG-8, 10): The coin will have medium to heavy wear, but some details will still be visible. As a rule of thumb, for seated coins, Barber coins, Liberty Nickels, and Indian Head Cents, three or more letters of LIBERTY will be visible.
Fine (F-12, 15): The coin will have medium wear, with quite a few details visible and some high spots obviously worn away. As a rule of thumb, for seated coins, Barber coins, Liberty Nickels, and Indian Head Cents, all seven letters of LIBERTY will be visible, although some may be very weak.
Very Fine (VF-20, 25, 30, 35): The coin will have medium to light wear overall, and all general details will be visible. As a rule of thumb, for seated coins, Barber coins, Liberty Nickels, and Indian Head Cents, all seven letters of LIBERTY will be visible and strong.
Extremely Fine (XF-40, 45): The coin has light wear over the high points only. There may be some traces of mint luster. Also commonly abbreviated as EF.
About Uncirculated (AU-50, 53, 55, 58): The coin has wear ranging from extremely light to only a trace of friction on the highest points, along with medium to nearly full luster. AU-58 coins have so little wear that they are often mistaken for Uncirculated coins, hence the nickname "Slider", and in some cases are more attractive than low-end uncirculated coins. It has been said that an AU-58 coin is an MS-63 coin with a trace of wear. AU is sometimes referred to as Almost Uncirculated.
Uncirculated (MS-60, 61, 62): An uncirculated coin with noticeable deficiencies, generally either an overabundance of bagmarks, a poor strike, or poor luster. Although most price guides will give a price for coins in MS-60 condition, in many cases this is a very unusual grade, with typical uncirculated pieces often grading somewhere in the MS-62 to MS-64 range depending on the series.
Select Uncirculated (MS-63): An uncirculated coin with fewer deficiencies than coins in lower uncirculated grades. In general, this will be an uncirculated coin with relatively ordinary eye appeal. Select Uncirculated is sometimes used to refer to a coin grading MS-62.
Choice Uncirculated (MS-64): An uncirculated coin with moderate distracting marks or deficiencies. These coins generally have average to above average eye appeal. Choice Uncirculated is sometimes used to refer to a coin grading MS-63.
Gem Uncirculated (MS-65, 66): An uncirculated coin with only minor distracting marks or imperfections. At this point, mint luster is expected to be full, although toning is quite acceptable.
Superb Gem Uncirculated (MS-67, 68, 69): An uncirculated coin with only the slightest distracting marks or imperfections. Toning is still quite acceptable and in these grades will usually be pleasing. Many circulating coins even of relatively recent dates are quite rare in such lofty grades, although modern bullion coins and commemoratives are often found in grades as high as MS-69.
Perfect Uncirculated (MS-70): An utterly flawless coin.
Proof is not a grade. The term refers to a method of manufacture rather than the condition of the coin.
Proof coins are graded exactly as other coins of the series, yet always receive the abbreviation PR (sometimes PF).

The two most well regarding grading organizations are PCGS (Professional Coin Grading Service) in California and NGC (Numismatic Guarantee Corporation) in Sarasota, Florida.
In 2010, PCGS and NGC introduced "Plus" (+) grading for high-end coins graded XF45 to MS68.
These companies will encapsulate and grade coins for a fee.

Additionally, coins which CAC (Certified Acceptance Corporation) deems high-end for their grades can receive green stickers. Coins which are at least high end for the next grade up are bestowed gold stickers. Coins considered average or worse receive no sticker. The CAC in New Jersey charges a fee for such an evaluation.

In addition to a coin’s grade, collectors look to other factors in evaluating market value of rare coins.
These include: general popularity in collector’s market (fads), changes in precious metal prices, mintage populations for specific years/coins, special coin features such as a minting errors, first issue, special patterns, changes in text or motto, geographic mints with low production, proof coins or commemoratives, unique histories or stories (such as shipwreck or biblical coins), and coins needed to complete a collection.

Rare coins can be purchased from the large auction houses such as Heritage, Stack’s Bowers, A.H. Baldwin’s, Goldberg’s Auctioneers,, and many other places. Rare coins can also be purchased directly from Rare Coins dealers and even on eBay.

Rare coins are a great way to invest in precious metals while also taking advantage of the growing market in collectibles and rare tangible assets. They provide owners with special value and are a wonderful way of showcasing unique historical era’s and stories.


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“Official Coins & Bars, Real Money”

by Moshe Y. Landman, Esq.

After realizing that paper currencies have lost 99% of their value over the past 100 years, and continue to be printed and inflated at the whims of government agents, many people are returning to the traditional practice of holding real money, in the form of minted precious metals. While gold and silver stocks and ETFs have some relationship to this real money, they are no substitute for having the real precious metals in your possession (and hopefully fully insured or in a vault).

Where can we find this real money? What is the best way to obtain it?

There are a number of major government mints that create precious metal coins including gold, silver, platinum, and palladium.

The US Mint makes Gold American Eagles at West Point, New York. The Gold Eagle is 91.7% pure gold (22 carat), with some additional copper for sturdiness. It comes in sizes of 1 troy ounce, ½ troy ounce, ¼ troy ounce, and 1/10 troy ounce. A troy ounce (ozt) is 1.097 regular (or avoirdupois) ounces or 31.1035 grams.
The US Mint makes Silver American Eagles at West Point and San Francisco, California. They are 99.9% pure and come in 1 troy ounce coins, 20 per tube, and 500 in a mint box (or what some call the green ‘monster box’) of 25 tubes.
The Mint also creates American Platinum Eagles which are 99.95% pure platinum. Each year the mint comes out with a new design on the reverse and mints the coins in sizes of 1 ozt, ½ ozt, ¼ ozt, and 1/10 ozt (fractional platinum eagles have not been minted since 2008).

The Royal Canadian Mint mints the Gold Maple Leaf at facilities in Ottawa and Winnipeg. The gold coins come in sizes of 1 ozt, ½ ozt, ¼ ozt, 1/10 ozt, 1/20 ozt, and 1/25 ozt. They are 99.99% pure gold, with a few special issues coins at 99.999% purity.
Silver Canadian Maple Leafs are 99.99% pure and are formed into 1 ozt coins, coming in tubes of 25 or yellow mint boxes of 500 coins (20 tubes).
The RCM also makes Platinum Maple Leafs with 99.95% purity. They are not minted every year, and come in sizes of 1 ozt, ½ ozt, ¼ ozt, 1/10 ozt, 1/15 ozt, and 1/20 ozt. Mintages are limited.
Palladium Maple Leafs have been minted sporadically since 2005 and are created 99.95% pure with 1 troy ounce. One side bears a single maple leaf and the other has an effigy of Queen Elizabeth II.

La Casa de Moneda de México is the national mint of Mexico and is the oldest mint in the Americas. Coins are now produced in San Luis Potosi.
Gold and Silver Libertad’s are minted is sizes of 1 ozt, ½ ozt, ¼ ozt, 1/10 ozt, and 1/20 ozt. They also product Silver Libertad’s is larger sizes of 2 ozt, 5 ozt, and 1 kilogram. The coins are 99.9% pure.

The Royal Mint of the United Kingdom was found in 886 C.E. and is owned by HM Treasury. The mint creates the Sovereign in 22 carats with .2354 ozt of gold. They also make the Britannia in gold with millesimal fineness of .9999 in sizes of 1 ozt, ½ ozt, ¼ ozt, and 1/10 ozt. Additionally, they make specialty coins such as the Queen’s Beast coins and the Lunar Year coins.
The Silver Britannia is 99.9% pure and comes in sizes of 1 ozt, ½ ozt, ¼ ozt, and 1/10 ozt.

The Austrian Mint, founded in the 1300s, makes the Philharmonics, designed in honor of the world-famous Vienna orchestra. Gold Philharmonics are made in 1 ozt, ½ ozt, ¼ ozt, 1/10 ozt, and 1/25 ozt with a purity of 999.9. Silver Philharmonics are 99.9% pure with 1 ozt, and come in black mint boxes of 500 (25 tubes of 20 coins). As of 2016, the mint also creates a 1 ozt Platinum Philharmonic in 999.5 purity.

The South African Mint creates the gold Krugerrand, first produced in 1967, near Pretoria. Production levels have varied significantly over the years. The coin is 91.67% pure gold, with the remaining weight in copper for durability and contains the face of Boer statesman Paul Kruger and a springbok on the reverse. They are available in 1 ozt, ½ ozt, ¼ ozt, and 1/10 ozt. The copper content gives them an orange appearance.

The Perth Mint in Western Australia mints the gold nugget, now the Kangaroo, in sizes of 1 kilogram, 10 ozt, 2 ozt, 1 ozt, ½ ozt, ¼ ozt, 1/10 ozt, and 1/20 ozt. They are minted in 99.99% purity. In 2011, a one-ton coin was created with a face value of A$1 million, but a current market value of $35 million USD or more. The Australian Silver Kangaroos are made by the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra, Australia. They are 99.99% fine, in sizes of 1 ozt, ½ ozt, ¼ ozt, and 1/10 ozt. They also make the Koala, Kookaburra, and Lunar Series coins.

Private Mints: Precious metals are also minted into bullion bars and coins by private mints around the world. Some of the most well-known private mints include:
PAMP Suisse in Switzerland, Sunshine Minting in Idaho, Heraeus Precious Metals in Hanau, Germany, Silvertown Mint in Indiana, and APMEX (The American Precious Metals Exchange) in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Private mints create gold, silver, platinum, and palladium rounds and bars in various purities and designs in weights measuring from 1 gram to 1,000 troy ounce bars. Private mints also produce coins for foreign governments as is the case with Rwanda, The Republic of Congo, Liberia, and others.

Precious metals comes in various forms and sizes from mints around the world. Regardless of where and in what form your coins or bars are in, owning (and insuring) your own real money or bullion outside of the financial systems is a means of protecting your assets and wealth from inflation and market risks.


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“Precious Metals: True Rarity”

By Moshe Y. Landman, Esq.

Many people ask me how much their precious metals are worth. On a fundamental level, any material object is only worth what someone else is willing to pay for it. However, because precious metals are so heavily traded in the global marketplace, and they are of limited quantity and supply, their market prices are easily attainable and well accepted worldwide. They are one of the few assets classes where values are not in question. Many websites display current spot prices.

Scientists once thought that precious metals were formed during supernova explosions of dying starts.
Today, we know that they are only formed when two neutron stars collide, as amazing amount of energy is necessary to create such dense atoms. Most of the earth’s precious metals sank to its core during formation, but meteors brought us small pieces of these metals after the earth cooled.

Here are the four precious metals and some interesting facts about them:

Gold is currently trading at $1,227 an ounce. One year ago it was $1,077, five years ago it was $1,680, and ten years ago it was $621.

There are 171,000 tons of gold in the world. Experts estimate that the minable supply of gold (not including the oceans which are costly to mine) will run out in 30 years. We are now approaching ‘peak gold’, when we will maximize the amount of gold mined per year. After that, we will have diminishing new supplies. Over 50% of gold above ground is used for jewelry. About 35% is stored as bullion for investments and reserves. The current value of all of the world’s gold is somewhere between $6 and $8 trillion.

Silver is currently trading at $17.03 an ounce. One year ago it was $14.25, five years ago it was $33.70, and ten years ago it was $12.92.

Mankind has mined 1,412,000 tons of silver throughout history, but only 780,000 tons remain (less than 5 times the amount of gold. Over 55% of the annual production of silver is used for industrial fabrication (electronics, alloys, photography, solar panels, etc), 22% for jewelry, and 29% for coins and bars.

The current value of all the silver ever mined in history is only $70 billion, with actual supplies closer to $40 billion. Clearly, silver has a lot of room to grow and could see the highest percentage gain of the four precious metals over the next 5-10 years.

Platinum is currently trading at $936 an ounce. One year ago it was $865, five years ago it was $1,620, and ten years ago it was $1,208.

Mankind has mined around 6,170 tons of platinum in history. There are 24,000 tons of accessible platinum left on earth. All the platinum ever mined throughout history would fill a basement of less than 25 cubic feet. 37-40% of demand comes from car catalytic converters, 31-38% from jewelry, 18-24% from industrial uses, and 2-11% from investment coins and bars. Platinum is used to reduce vehicle emissions, conduct electricity in fuel cells, increase yields in chemical processes, increase storage density for internet servers, and is critical for heart pacemakers and other surgeries.

Palladium is currently trading at $733 an ounce. One year ago it was $549, five years ago it was $648, and ten years ago it was $318.

There are only 1,600 tons of accessible palladium in the world. It is 15 times rarer than platinum. More than 40 percent of palladium is mined in South Africa, with another 44 percent coming from the Russian Norilsk nickel mines. 68% of annual production is used in the automotive industry for catalytic converters which reduce the amount of carbon monoxide emitted, 4% for jewelry, 8% for dentistry, and 14% for electronics.

Clearly, precious metals live up to their reputation as wonders of nature, with truly rare value. It is no wonder that mankind has minted these metals into monetary form to be used as measurements and storehouses of wealth. The universe seems to have pre-destined just such a purpose.

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"A World of Debt"

by Moshe Y. Landman, Esq.

Recent global political shifts have emerged as the world deals with rising debt levels and fears of radical terrorist movements. Total global debt has now reached $90 trillion. That does not include derivative instruments which have paper values of many times that. Of that debt, the US carries around $35 trillion.

The US government owes almost $20 trillion. Americans hold $8.3 trillion in mortgage/real estate debt, $1.25 trillion in student loans, $1.1 trillion in auto loans, and $729 billion in credit card debt.

The reality is that debts must be paid from somewhere, unless they are forgiven, written down, or negotiated for other assets of value. The total world equity/stock markets have $69 trillion in market capitalization value. The US stock markets are valued at $28 trillion. Many of the companies in those markets are valued at many times their actual worth, betting on future profits that may never materialize.

The numbers show that the US is in trouble. We have built an economic structure on borrowed funds and those funds come with a cost.

What about other assets? The world has a GDP of $80 trillion per year, with the US making up $53 trillion of that. That is on a yearly basis, which gives room to pay off some of those debts each year.

The world’s real estate is valued at $217 trillion. However, much of that is leveraged, as is the case with most corporate office buildings and homes. Many citizens are moving towards a model of renting a home rather than owning and borrowing. Governments may be forced to lend or sell lands to cover their debts (this is already happening in some African countries).

Then we have gold. The total world’s supply is currently valued at around $6 to $8 trillion, depending on the movement of the spot price. Gold is a natural form of money as it has all of the attributes of the textbook definition of money: acceptability, portability, homogeneity, divisibility, and durability. Every form of money has historically ended up being worth its intrinsic value. For paper, that may just be a piece of paper.

As governments race to the bottom by printing more and more paper currency, gold becomes more and more valuable. All of the world’s gold can fit in an Olympic sized swimming pool. It cannot simply be printed (or duplicated in a lab, as is the case with diamonds).

The world’s silver is valued at $70 billion, the world’s platinum at $168 billion, and the worlds’ palladium at $9 billion. Silver may be the most undervalued precious metal, as some estimate the world’s supply to only be 10-15 times the amount of gold. And it is used more than gold in industry.

All of the world’s jewelry is estimated to be worth $150 billion, paintings at $64 billion, classic cars at $50 billion, diamonds at $30-70 billion, watches at $40 billion, and antiques at $16 billion. Collectibles cannot be inflated away, but they are subject to the whims and fads of the collector market.

Absorbing all of these numbers takes time. The upshot is that we are swimming in a world of debt, and are not really certain what our assets are worth. Consider returning to real assets: gold, silver, land, and collectibles to hold real wealth securely for the long term.

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"Trump USA, All that Glitters is not Real Gold"
by Moshe Y. Landman, Esq.

I was as surprised as many Americans when The Donald trumped Hillary. I have been a Democrat for life. My grandfather was a delegate from Brooklyn who met with JFK and Carter and was close to the Cuomos of New York. I worked on the O’Malley campaign.

But America decided. The red states selected a man who developed high class real estate projects, failed at a number of businesses including casinos, and later had some success, I assume, as a celebrity. The Americans that voted for Trump heard all of his complaints and said enough to the Clintons.

So where does the Donald go from here? I am one who is willing to give Trump a chance to display his negotiation skills to see if a businessman can deal with some of the federal government’s major issues.

Imagine Trump taking over the largest business in American with $4 trillion in annual revenue. This business also has $20 trillion in debt, a number of fine domestic assets, and a strong but weakened market brand in the global marketplace.

Trump wants to reduce taxes on both individuals and corporations. So how does this Trump Federal gold glitter? Maybe it’s time to bring in some turnaround specialists like Carl Icahn. Spending needs to be slashed. The military budget could be halved to $300 billion. What economic benefit does creating massive weapons have? For a higher ROI (Return On Investment), spend 10% of that budget on diplomatic relations and peace negotiations. For Trump, everything is negotiable. The other discretionary spending accounts have limited room to squeeze.

We owe $1.25 trillion to China and $1.15 trillion to Japan. Negotiating deals on those debts, which means reducing or resolving them, would almost certainly mean giving China and Japan leadership roles in the international financial system, and making the USA second or third. Trump may be willing to cut such a deal.

That leaves mandatory spending. We spend $1.25 trillion on Social Security. Raising the minimum retirement age could reduce that, as Americans are living longer. We also spend over $1 trillion on Medicare and health. We must fix our healthcare system. We need more doctors, alternative healthcare, and healthier living. All Americans should share these reduced costs. Force your neighbor to go to the gym, it will save you a few bucks in premiums.

But we’ve been discussing dollars so far. Dollars are pieces of paper with no inherent value. They can be printed at will. Central banks are merely players in this game of the movement of paper. Right now, countries around the world are in a race to the bottom, printing and inflating for short term benefits. And bonds are loans to typically over-leveraged governments and corporations. Stocks have become valued at levels far exceeding tangible book value, which is not always real value.
Consider preserving your funds in real assets: gold, silver, land, and collectibles.

We’ve created a site,, where you can obtain real money that you can hold outside the system at some of the lowest premiums in America. Preserve and insure your wealth, and get on a path towards fiscal responsibility and business success as we move into this Trump Era.

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