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Skyspring Nanomaterials
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Exceeding Customer Expectations
Exceeding Customer Expectations

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Tellurium Dioxide: Silver nanopowders: Aluminum nanopowders: Titanium nanopowders: Metallization Pastes for Solar Cell Applications.
 
Currently, silver-based pastes dominate the market because they do not oxidize and can be processed at high temperatures. These pastes contain a large fraction of silver which is a costly precious metal. Attempts to synthesize and fabricate low-cost thin films of composite metal particles made from abundant elements that can be used as a replacement for Ag-pastes are ongoing. In order to achieve success, the films must be sufficiently conductive and strongly adhere to the silicon solar cell while not reducing the overall power conversion efficiency.
The broader impact and commercial potential will be a significant reduction in the overall cost of PV cell processing. The global silver paste market in the PV industry is estimated to be over $1.7 billion per year. Switching to non-silver alternatives may provide significant cost reductions. Module cost reductions have primarily driven the significant growth in solar cell installation in the past five years. While PV is now cost competitive in several regions, further solar module reductions with commensurate reductions in installation costs, would make solar power cost competitive without subsidies. Finally, metallization pastes development may have applications in a wide range of products including displays and integrated circuits.
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Tungsten Carbide, Zinc Oxide, Titanium Dioxide, Aluminum Oxide nanomaterials for coatings and construction. http://www.nanowerk.com/nanotechnology-in-construction-industry.php
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