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Alkhayal Medical Centre
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GONORRHEA
Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Any type of sex can spread gonorrhea. You can get it through contact with the mouth, vagina, penis, or anus.

RISK FACTORS: 
• You have many sex partners.
• You have a partner with a past history of any STI.
• You do not use a condom during sex.

SYMPTOMS
Symptoms of gonorrhea usually appear 2 - 5 days after infection. However, it may take up to a month for symptoms to appear in men.

SYMPTOMS IN MEN 
• Burning and pain while urinating
• Need to urinate urgently or more often
• Discharge from the penis (white, yellow, or green in color)
• Red or swollen opening of penis (urethra)
• Tender or swollen testicles
• Sore throat (gonococcal pharyngitis)

SYMPTOMS IN WOMEN (Can be very mild. They can be mistaken for another type of infection)
• Vaginal discharge
• Burning and pain while urinating
• Increased urination
• Sore throat
• Painful sexual intercourse
• Severe pain in lower abdomen (if the infection spreads to the fallopian tubes and stomach area)
• Fever (if the infection spreads to the fallopian tubes and stomach area)

WHEN TO CONTACT A MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL
Call your health care provider right away if you have symptoms of gonorrhea. 

PREVENTION
• Avoiding sexual contact is the only sure way to prevent gonorrhea. If you and your partner do not have sex with any other persons, this can greatly reduce your chance also.
• Safe sex means taking steps before and during sex that can prevent you from getting an infection, or from giving one to your partner.
• Ask your healthcare provider if you should receive the hepatitis B vaccine-link and the HPV vaccine-link.
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How a Bladder Diary Can Help You Control Bladder Symptoms

Are you experiencing symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB)? 
Do you often feel a sudden urge to urinate? Is it difficult to sleep through the night? Do you fear having an accident while in public?
Everyone has an urgent need to urinate now and then. But there’s a difference between consuming too much water occasionally and having a real health condition. Try keeping a daily bladder diary to help you and your doctor determine if you have OAB.

A bladder diary is much like a regular diary: it’s where you write down your daily experiences. The difference is, you focus on your symptoms.

The diary is often divided into the following categories:
• hours of the day
• number of drinks you consume
• number of times you urinate
• accidental leaks
• whether you had a powerful urge to go
• your activities

Start Today
If you suspect that you may have bladder problems, you can start keeping your own diary today. If you have already been diagnosed and you’re not sure if your treatment is working, try keeping a diary to find out.

Share the information with your doctor. A simple but effective tool, the daily bladder diary can help you regain control of your health and your life.
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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. It is an increase in the size of the prostate gland. BPH is very common in older men, and not caused by prostate cancer.

The symptoms of BPH are due to the pressure that a larger prostate can place on the urethra. The urethra is the narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder and out of the body.

Men with BPH may experience a frequent urge to urinate. They may also have a weak stream of urine when they do go and a feeling that the bladder is not empty after urination. Your doctor may choose to just monitor this condition or prescribe medications like alpha-blockers for treatment. It may also be addressed through surgery if it is severe.
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