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ION INDIA LIMITED
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Effluent Treatment Plant

Effluent Treatment Plant or ETP is one type of waste water treatment method which is particularly designed to purify industrial waste water for its reuse and it’s aim is to release safe water to environment from the harmful effect caused by the effluent.

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Biological treatment

The use of bacteria and other microorganisms to remove contaminants by assimilating them — has long been a mainstay of wastewater treatment in the chemical process industries (CPI). Because they are effective and widely used, many biological-treatment options are available today

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Industrial wastewater treatment

Industrial wastewater treatment covers the mechanisms and processes used to treat waters that have been contaminated in some way by anthropogenic industrial or commercial activities prior to its release into the environment or its re-use.

Most industries produce some wet waste although recent trends in the developed world have been to minimise such production or recycle such waste within the production process. However, many industries remain dependent on processes that produce wastewaters.
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Activated carbon for drinking water treatment

Both Powdered Activated Carbon (PAC) and Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) are utilised in potable water treatment for the removal of unpleasant or toxic dissolved organic compounds, which could render the water unpalatable or hazardous to drink. These compounds can be naturally occurring or synthetic, and can include algal derived tastes, odours ...

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Membrane bioreactor (MBR) is the combination of a membrane process like microfiltration or ultrafiltration with a suspended growth bioreactor, and is now widely used for municipal and industrial wastewater treatment with plant sizes up to 80,000 population equivalent (i.e. 48 million liters per day).
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NANOFILTRATION

It is now becoming apparent, however, that a process in-between RO and UF, or 'nanofiltration (NF),' may prove to meet the greatest needs of the beverage industry which is fine filtration of particles and only a slight reduction of dissolved contaminants.

UF can be thought to be 'under-engineered' where the potential exists for alkalinity or other inorganic contamination to rise above their respective limitations. RO, on the other hand, may be thought to be over-engineered' in that it provides a water quality many magnitudes beyond known soft drink requirements, at a higher cost.
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Biological wastewater treatment is a process that seems simple on the surface since it uses natural processes to help with the decomposition of organic substances, but in fact, it’s a complex process at the intersection of biology and biochemistry — a process not completely understood.

Biological treatments rely on bacteria, nematodes, or other small organisms to break down organic wastes using normal cellular processes. Wastewater typically contains a buffet of organic matter, such as garbage, wastes, and partially digested foods. It may also contain pathogenic organisms, heavy metals, and toxins.
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When it comes to dealing with domestic/industrial waste, no single solution can possibly meet every requirement. In fact, there is different treatment for every requirement and all depend on the characteristics of raw domestic/industrial wastewater.
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Efficient Waste Water Treatment.

Clean drinking water is an essential need of mankind. Often surface water like rivers or lakes is used as drinking water source. To prevent these resources from pollution the effective treatment of waste water is a must. For example in China 75% of discharged waste water is coming from pulp and paper, textile and dyeing industries. To run a waste water treatment plant in the most efficient way certain measurement technologies have to be available. In respect to size of the plant and individual efficiency objective 3 different types of measurement parameters have to be distinguished.Parameters that are essential to ensure the cleaning process on a waste water treatment plant like pH and DO Parameters that shows the efficiency of the plant like BOD and COD Parameters helping to optimize the plant like DO, ammonium, nitrate, nitrite and phosphorous Parameters that are essential to run a waste water treatment plant – pH-value and DO-concentration to run a waste water treatment plant at all the pH-value as well as the dissolved oxygen (DO) content have to be monitored. A stream of inlet water with a pH-value outside of a range from 6.0 to 9.0 will cease the activity the micro-organism needed for the cleaning process. Besides that a pH-value below 6.5 will destroy the concrete of the facilities.During the cleaning process a sufficient amount of dissolved oxygen for growth and metabolism of micro-organism has to be ensured. A DO concentration of 1-2 mg/l is sufficient in a aeration tank. Higher DO-content will not necessarily increase the cleaning efficiency. Blowing air into the aeration tank should be adjusted to that DO-concentration of 2 mg/L, more is just wasted energy.
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The importance of Water Treatment in industry.

Water treatment is an important industry requirement and comes under 4 main branches which include boiler water treatment, cooling water treatment, water purification and the treatment of wastewater effluent. It is considered that these cover the majority of Water treatment processes in the India and Internationally. Water treatment is often seen as an additional cost on top of an already very expensive industrial processes and a bit of a business luxury if the price is right. However water treatment can be hugely beneficial to your business not least because it can save you tens of thousands of pounds per year in operating costs but because of reduced maintenance it can also increase efficiency and output. It is an industry which can quickly pay for itself and give back in spades. As well as the financial benefits it is also important to remember with use comes wear which is why it is hugely important with vast operating plants to have your machinery operating efficiently and safely as not only is your operation at risk but the safety and well-being of your employees is too, efficiency and safety come hand in hand.
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