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Tom Hsiung
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I am a Chinese pharmacist who have graduated from West China School of Pharmacy and who have holden the health system pharmacist license.
I am a Chinese pharmacist who have graduated from West China School of Pharmacy and who have holden the health system pharmacist license.

24 followers
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Let’s talk about ATP IV first, then we shall discuss how to detect, evaluate, and manage patients with lipid disorders. This thread is based on the latest clinical guideline (Circulation. 2014:S1-S45) for therapy of dyslipidemia to reduce atherosclerotic…
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The Foundational Section The Nature of Drugs In the most general sense, a drug may be defined as any substance that brings about a change in biologic function through its chemical actions. In most cases, the drug molecule interacts as an agonist or b with…
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The normal body core temperature is 36.6℃ to 38.3℃ (via rectal), 36 to 37.7℃ (via oral), respectively. The temperature is fluctuating, with lowest in the early morning and highest in the late afternoon or early evening. Even in patients with fever, this…
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To understand the autoregulation of renal blood flow, firstly, we need to know the normal blood vessels, the innervation of the renal vessels, and the normal renal circulation. Renal Blood Vessels and Renal Circulation Renal blood vessels The renal…
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Atherosclerosis A condition that afflicts the large and medium-sized arteries of almost every human, at least in societies in which cholesterol-rich foodstuffs are abundant and cheap, is atherosclerosis. This condition begins in childhood and, in the…
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Generally primary dyslipidemia are due to mutations of various genes. Thus these disorders of lipid are inheritable and have a obvious family history, which is important in dignosing the primary dyslipidemia. Primary disorders of lipid consist of…
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Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the amount of plasma ultrafiltrate formed each minute in both kidneys. For substances that are nontoxic and not metabolized by the body can be used to measure GFR. Renal plasma clearance of this substance can be the…
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The desired outcome of nonemergent hypotonic hyponatremia is the same as described in the former post. For all hypovolemic hypotonic hyponatremia, the goal of treating patients is to resolve the underlying cause of the sodium and ECF deficits, and safely…
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The human body tightly regulates blood volume and plasma osmolality as both are essential for normal cellular function. Blood volume is important because it is a determinant of effective tissue perfusion which is required to deliver oxygen and nutrients…
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