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With many states legalizing marijuana, there is a tendency to underestimate the psychological, physical, and social side effects of marijuana use, and this article explains some of the dangers associated with it.
More studies are needed to gain a better understanding of the effects of marijuana use, but evidence has already shown several areas of concern. The younger someone is when they begin using marijuana, the greater the chance of addiction. The levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) vary in different strains of marijuana, and consistent use of high levels of THC can also greatly increase an individual’s chance of becoming addicted. As levels of THC have increased over time, emergency room visits related to marijuana use have increased as well.
There are numerous physical problems associated with marijuana use. Because it contains similar chemicals as tobacco, irritation of the respiratory system can become a troubling side effect. The heart can also be affected, and according to the article, “though the stereotype is that pot mellows people out, it can also significantly raise a person’s heart rate for up to three hours. One study found that people who use pot are ‘26 percent more likely to have a stroke at some point in their lives than people who didn’t use marijuana.’”
Because the appetite is increased during use, weight gain is a common side effect. In addition, many long-term users report that their appetite becomes reduced over time, which can lead to serious weight loss and create a dependency upon marijuana to maintain any appetite at all.
Mental illness, such as social anxiety disorder, depression, and paranoia have all been found to increase with regular use, and studies have shown that long-term users are also likely to face memory loss. The article cites a study which found that individuals who used marijuana regularly for five years or more showed a higher rate of memory problems in middle age than those who didn’t.
Impaired coordination, slower reaction times, and poor decision making are long-known side effects. This leads to accidents, injuries, and sometimes even death when someone gets behind the wheel while under the influence of marijuana.
Outpatient addiction and alcoholism support is an essential step in recovery. Check out how Hayver can help by visiting our website at
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Abuse of prescription opioid medications has reached massive heights in recent years and led to a healthcare crisis in the US.  You might imagine that these drugs come from inappropriately shared prescriptions or are counterfeit drugs smuggled into the country from oversees, but there is another more sinister source of these addictive drugs: opioid clinical diversion.  These are pills surreptitiously diverted from legitimate patients by healthcare providers looking to get high or make money on the black market.
Clinical diversion is a significant and unaddressed problem created when the very doctors, nurses, and pharmacists charged with caring for patients steal, misuse, or tamper with controlled substances.  According to Robert Lord, co-founder of Protenus, an analytics platform that detects inappropriate activity in healthcare institutions, “Scale is the first problem health systems face in tackling this challenge.” Over 350 such opioid clinical diversion incidents were reported by news outlets in 2017, and we know that this represents only a fraction of what is uncovered by law enforcement or health systems. 
The diverted controlled substances cause significant financial losses for the institution from which they are stolen, but that is only the beginning of the costs that result from the thefts.  First, opioid diversion harms the most vulnerable patients who do not receive the pain medication they need.  In one incident, two nurses stole over 900 opioid pills from their hospice patients, replacing the pills with Tylenol.  This left terminally ill patients receiving end of life care without appropriate pain control.  Second, opioid clinical diversion supports the drug trade and makes dangerous drugs available for abuse.  One news outlet reported the case of a doctor who overdosed on a powerful sedative that he had stolen from an operating room following months of theft and drug abuse.
Experts are working to prevent clinical diversion of opioids and other controlled substances with security controls, inventory audits, and changes to workplace culture. Additionally, artificial intelligence (AI) is offering a new approach to control this problem. By combining data from electronic health records, pharmacy systems, HR systems, and scheduling, AI can help separate the signal from the noise and recognize illegal diversion events.  This comprehensive approach will help healthcare experts proactively and comprehensively address the problem of opioid clinical diversion.
Hayver uses the latest blockchain technology in its app to support those affected by drug abuse and addiction to achieve success in recovery.  By requiring daily check-ins and random urine tests, the Hayver recovery app creates incentives to maintain sobriety.
For the source material, visit the Forbes website.  For more information about Hayver’s addiction recovery support platform, visit or contact us at info(at)
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As parents age their adult children are often tasked with discussing tough subjects including finances, planning for the future, end of life care, and what to do when they die.  A recent survey for WellCare Health Plans, Inc. revealed that prescription drug abuse has become a major area of concern for those caring for older relatives. 
The survey revealed that adults living with both parents or in-laws and teenaged children are more concerned about prescription drug abuse with it comes to their parents than the teens in their household.  Almost  two-thirds of people in this position don’t feel like they know how to help their parents.  Many don’t know where to start because they don’t know which prescriptions their parents take.
Over 75% of survey respondents said weren’t sure that they would recognize the signs of substance abuse.  Roberta Griffith, retired educator and credentialed substance abuse counselor, says that the behaviors that result from prescription drug abuse are often mistaken as normal aging behavior.  These symptoms include forgetfulness, sadness, or occasional disorientation.
Here are 5 steps to take to keep your older parent healthy and safe if you are concerned that they may be abusing prescription drugs:

Get the Facts. It may feel like snooping, but it is important to find out what prescription medications your parents are taking and make sure you know which doctors they see.  You may need to check the medicine cabinet or bedside tables to get the whole story.  Pay special attention if they are taking opioids or benzodiazepines (a type of tranquilizer) as these pose a high risk of abuse.  Also pay attention if you see prescriptions from different pharmacies, as this is a sign of possible abuse.


Monitor the Meds. Observe your parents taking their medications.  Note when and how often they take each medication.  Check that they are following the prescription instructions for  dose as well.  If they are also taking over-the-counter medications or supplements, make sure their doctors know about these non-prescription drugs.


Ask Questions. Poor sleep can be a sign of stress and can lead to or be caused by prescription drug abuse. Ask your parent about their sleep habits and encourage them to talk to their doctor if they are not sleeping well.


Go to Appointments. Offer to go to the doctor with them so you can learn about their conditions and medications and share your observations and concerns.


Talk about their Social Life. Find out about your parents’ social life for clues to whether they are depressed or struggling with something.  Pay attention to changes in their level of activity or interest in things that used to make them happy, as this could signal a problem.

For the source content, please visit  To learn about the research-based addiction treatment and monitoring tools from Hayver, please visit or contact us at info(at)
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Not all addiction treatment options are created equal.  Research supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) plays a major role in identifying which treatments are most effective.  NIDA is a division of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and supports most of the world’s research on the health aspects of drug abuse and addiction.  This Institute’s mission is to “advance science on the causes and consequences of drug use and addiction and to apply that knowledge to improve individual and public health.” 
NIDA has established principles of effective drug addiction treatment and here we discuss the ideas that make a treatment program successful.

Addiction is a disease that affects brain function and behavior. Substance abuse results in complex changes in brain function and structure.  These changes can be observed long after the drug use has stopped and may continue to influence the user’s behavior throughout recovery.  Therefore, substance abuse and addiction should be recognized and treated like other disorders.


No one treatment is effective for everyone. Appropriate treatments vary depending on the type of drug(s) and the individual characteristics of the patient.  Finding the combination of treatments and resources is important for a successful recovery.


Treatment must be accessible. People with substance abuse issues may be reticent to begin treatment, so treatment options will be most effective if they are accessible as soon as a patient decides to take advantage of them. Potential patients may not get help if it is too difficult to access.


Treatment should be holistic. Effective treatment will address the many needs of an individual, not just his or her substance abuse.  This approach includes any additional medical, psychological, social, vocational, or legal needs the patient may have.  It is also important to tailor any treatment approach to the patient’s specific age, gender, ethnicity, and culture.


Sustain treatment over time. Each patient will have different needs for treatment based on the type and degree of substance abuse as well as other factors.  Research tells us that most patients will need to remain in treatment for a minimum of 3 months and many patients will require much longer.  Recovery from substance abuse is a long-term process that may include relapses that trigger the need for additional services.

Hayver believes in evidence-based addiction recovery support.  For more information, visit the NIDA website.  To learn more about the research-backed addiction treatment tools offered by Hayver, please visit or contact us at info(at)
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Changes are needed in the American public health infrastructure to effectively address addiction and save lives.  In 2016, the US saw 63,000 drug overdoses, which accounts for more deaths than all road and gun-related deaths combined.  An additional 100,000 Americans die every year from alcohol related causes, illustrating the critical importance of recovery resources.
While there has been talk about the need to improve our transportation infrastructure, the public health system also needs resources and attention.  John F. Kelly, Ph.D. explains, “Just as roads and bridges transport us from one location to another, a strong public health infrastructure serves as the ‘roads’ and ‘bridges’ to transport those suffering from active addiction to a place of safety and recovery.”
There are several pieces of health care infrastructure that are needed to support addiction recovery:

Medications. Establishing reliable access to medications for substance use disorder can help individuals of the road to recovery.  Medications like buprenorphine/naloxone (also known as Suboxone) and the overdose reversing medication, naloxone (Narcan), can save lives.  We need clear access and more options for pharmacological treatment of addiction.


Removal of Barriers. The stigma of drug or alcohol addiction can be a huge barrier to recovery.  For example, a criminal record, often directly related to substance use, can prevent someone in recovery from accessing jobs, housing, loans, or even from opening a bank account.  These barriers serve to increase hopelessness and relapse risk, which disrupts recovery efforts and can thwart long-term remission.  Removing some of these restrictions will support those on the path to long-term recovery.


Long-Term Treatment. We often treat addiction as a short-term problem and emphasize immediate goal of stopping substance use.  However, we know that stopping drug or alcohol use initially is the easy part.  The hard part is long-term recovery, which requires more than an intervention and a 28-day stint in a rehab facility.

Hayver focuses on preventing relapses and supporting continued recovery with daily check-ins and random urine tests.  By providing long-term accountability and involving friends and family in a Circle of Support, Hayver can be part of addiction recovery success. 
For the source content, visit the Psychology Today website. For more information about Hayver, please visit or contact us at info(at)
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Substance abuse is not the result of personal short comings or weakness, but a result of complex factors including physical and mental health, social influences, personal history, and support availability. 
Psychology Today examined the social aspects of American life that contribute to the historically high rates of substance abuse that we see today. Could the way that society is structured result in more addiction and substance abuse?  Several experts suggest the answer is yes.
Addiction was first recognized as a systemic social problem in the US during the 1960’s-70s when veterans returned from Vietnam, where heroin and alcohol use was common among soldiers.  The news today is full of stories about economic and social components of the ongoing opioid epidemic. 
Psychotherapist Karen B. Walant suggests that dysfunctional relationships can contribute to addiction. Walant claims that attachment disorders often underlies the workings of addiction.  This is a condition in which an individual has problems forming and maintaining long-lasting relationships because of a personal history of neglect or abuse during childhood or a sudden or traumatic separation from a primary caregiver. 
A similar effect can be caused by pressures from the culture and its values, says Walant.  By placing value on autonomy and self-reliance, American culture “fosters addiction by devaluing social connection” and resulting in “dependence” on drugs or alcohol.  Without social support, some will turn to substance use.
According to psychoanalyst Linda Leonard and psychologist Stephen Aizenstat, the American industrial focus on productivity has resulted in a distorted sense of time.  By ignoring the natural cycles of activity and rest throughout the day, we can become out of sync with the various biochemical rhythms of our bodies. This encourages us to ignore and suppress the needs, emotions, and feelings that would normally guide us toward healthy habits.  For some individuals, this can contribute to the use of drugs or alcohol to compensate for unhealthy habits or cope with negative feelings.
Social and cultural pressures along with individual experiences and circumstances can contribute to substance abuse disorder.  Hayver’s approach to addiction treatment uses the latest blockchain technology to change the incentives for people dealing with addiction.  Hayver employs random urine testing, daily check-ins, and a social “Circle of Support” to help those in recovery attain long term success. 
For the source information, please visit the Psychology Today website.  To learn more about Hayver, visit or contact us at info(at)
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The Unspoken Dangers of Alcohol Abuse
Drinking has adverse effects on a person’s health and affects almost every part of the body. Frequent alcohol consumption may lead to dependence on it, which incites feelings of anxiety. An alcoholic may even be reluctant to socialize without a drink. Furthermore, withdrawal may be experienced after periods of abstinence, symptoms of which include headaches, anxiety, and tremors.
Organs in the digestive tract are the first to get in contact alcohol upon consumption. These organs become corroded by the alcohol, which results in the interference of the absorption of nutrients. Binge drinking may also lead to bloating, painful stools, and sometimes diarrhea. As a result of dehydration and constipation, alcohol abuse may also cause ulcers, which could be fatal if left untreated.
As alcohol is absorbed in the blood system, it can affect one’s blood sugar and blood pressure. Chronic drinkers may be more likely to develop diabetes as well as hypertension, since alcohol contributes to the buildup of fat along the blood vessel walls. They may also be more likely to develop complications in the heart, including irregular heartbeat, heart disease, a heart attack, and heart failure.
The liver is a vital organ that filters harmful chemicals from the blood. Alcohol abuse causes the liver to be overwhelmed as it contributes to the accumulation of fat in the liver, also known as steatosis. Alcoholism may also cause hepatitis, which is the inflammation of the liver, and cirrhosis, one of the most dangerous health conditions.
Alcohol abuse affects cognition, leading to forgetfulness, delayed learning, and amnesia. Alcohol abuse can also result in significant mood changes, as well as hallucinations and blackouts.
Alcoholism may impair skeletal strength, therefore increasing risks of suffering from fractures. It may also weaken the immune system. Regarding women’s health, alcoholism is also associated with increased risk of infertility, premature, delivery, stillbirths, or miscarriage.
Family members may also be negatively impacted socially and psychologically.
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This is an informative article that discusses how physical exercise can have a positive role in the addiction recovery process.
While exercise is one part of a healthy lifestyle, it can also contribute to recovery success.
“When someone is addicted, they depend on substances to get that feel-good effect, but in recovery, exercise gives your brain that same reward in a much healthier way.”
Physical fitness can improve your mood as well as reduce stress, decrease tension, improve your sleep quality, and increase self-esteem and confidence. 
No one form of exercise is best for recovery.  The most important thing is to find an activity that you enjoy and will be able to continue to do regularly.  Any exercise that increases your heart rate, such as running or swimming, will have a positive impact.  Some people find that yoga also helps them during recovery.
Fitness, like recovery, requires long term commitment and routine.  The health benefits of exercise are greatest when it is part of your regular routine.
Exercise and physical activity can be one part of a healthy lifestyle and recovery from drug or alcohol addiction. 
At Hayver, we aim to help people overcome alcohol and drug addiction by combining the latest technology with proven methodologies and support.   To learn more about our platform to overcome drug and alcohol addiction through rewards and random urine testing, visit our website at
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The world of addiction recovery is changing. It’s not what it used to be. It’s not all about sitting in a group and telling your story. There are many more options available than there used to be. This is because of technology. Technology has given the rehab industry a chance to grow and reach more people. There are many more levels the rehab industry can reach. This contributes towards more successful recovery rates and better patient care.

Less Face to Face Interaction

Technology provides people with the option to go to various meetings online instead of in person. For some people, face to face interaction works best for them. But for many, the idea of face to face interaction is terrifying. However, everyone goes through recovery differently. Not everyone likes to talk about their treatments and struggles with one individual, let alone in a group. For some, the idea of sitting around many people may hinder their recovery. It can be overwhelming going into a room filled with strangers to talk about their recovery.
Technology provides opportunities to reduce the amount of face to face interaction needed. As a result, more people who favor digital interaction can get treatment in a way that makes them more comfortable.

Education on Their Own Time and Space

In addition, people may not have the time to go to meetings which may not be convenient for them. The time or location of the meeting may not work well with their schedule as everyone has different work schedules and other responsibilities.  
Setting up a meeting would be even more difficult in rural areas. People that live in more rural areas will not only have a hard time finding a time and location that works for them, but it is very possible they stumble upon someone they already know in the meeting. This can make it difficult for them to discuss their recovery
Technology makes it possible to access learning tools and support groups remotely with people all over the world. Recovering addicts can chose a time that works best for them. They can work on their recovery in the comfort of their own home.  

Recovery Support Systems

Technology within the rehab industry can also create a more specific support group. Having a group of people to strongly relate to can make a huge difference in someone’s recovery. With technology, groups can be narrowed down by not just gender, race, or sexual orientation but also by personality types, hobbies, and common interests.
Due to technology, individuals can form deep and meaningful relationships. They can relate with addiction problems throughout the different stages of their lives and open about addiction.

Opportunity to Treat More Patients

                Providers can only treat so many patients at a time. In many cases, there aren’t enough providers to handle all the patients in need. However, when technology is used, there are many more opportunities for providers to help patients without making long appointments that can take up their time with technology, providers can reach out and help more patients than they could before. Sessions can be scheduled without having to book office space or travel to an appointment. This can cut out valuable time when it comes to patient care.

Ability to Tailor Treatments to Each Person

Technology has the ability to tailor treatments for each person. No one learns or recovers the same way. Not everyone works well sitting in a group. Not everyone likes working on their own. There are many different ways people learn and recover. Technology has the ability to provide different options based on the patient’s specific needs. Treatment can be tailored to patient’s schedules, lifestyles, religious belief and many other factors. Technology provides opportunities to give treatments that fit into the lives of individuals seeking recovery as easily as possible.
Learn how Hayver’s innovative addiction recovery monitoring platform provides patients with the support they need through blockchain technology. Contact us at info(at) for details.
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