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The Apprentice and The Journeyman
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Woodworking how to Videos, Articles, Wood Projects & Inspiration for Woodworkers
Introduction
Welcome to the official The Apprentice and The Journeyman Google+ page. Add this page to your circles to stay up to date with the most recent woodworking videos, wood projects, and how to articles. Here, woodworkers can learn about general woodworking and also specialized woodcrafts such as segmented woodturning, marquetry, and decorative wood inlay. 

Whether you are new to woodworking or an experience woodworker, this site is for you. You'll find woodworking ideas freely shared in each of the articles and all of the woodworking videos. We work with wood tools that include both hand tools as well as power tools. We show woodworking techniques that are used on shop machinery such as the the table saw, jointer, wood lathe, and the bandsaw. We freely share woodworking ideas and tips as well as demonstrate the various advantages and uses of numerous wood working jigs. 

By following this site, you will learn about numerous woodworking jigs used for cutting joinery. We will also work with band saw and tablesaw crosscut sleds. You will learn how to build the dado sled as well as the miter sled. So, along with woodworking basics, you will learn advanced woodworking techniques also. So, circle us and let's begin the journey.

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The Apprentice and The Journeyman
The Joy of Making Wood Inlay Banding

This woodworking video simply focuses on the joy of slicing the wood inlay banding log. It has taken some time and effort to cut, align, glue, and clamp all of the wood segments. Now, it is time to let it rip on the band saw.

Answers to common questions....The wood inlay banding is sliced to 3/32". A 1/2" WoodSlicer resaw band saw blade is used when ripping the veneer. The blue jig is a Rockler thin rip jig. (It has a roller bearing.)

The wood inlay pattern is inspired by a design the woodworker saw while visiting a medieval church in Rome, Italy. This design at the church is part of a complex marble floor of beautifully arranged marble segments. The marble style of work is known as Cosmati.

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#woodinlaybanding   #inlaybanding   #woodinlay   #woodworkingtips  

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Bandsaw Resawing

What method are you using to resaw veneer on the bandsaw? Are you able to obtain a uniform thickness for each veneer every time? If you would like to improve your bandsaw resawing skills, please read the following woodworking article which includes free how to videos.

#bandsaw   #resawbandsaw   #resaw   #veneeer   #woodworkingtips  

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+Gordon Putnam Thanks for reading & thanks for the Plus One!
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Finish Work Methods

#finishing #pictureframes   #inlaybanding   #woodinlaybanding   #Cosmati  

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+Helgi Hjaltested Thanks for taking the time to read the article and also for your Plus One. 
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Wooden Pyramids & Diamond Wood Inlay Banding

The wooden pyramids are decorative elements that form a balanced transition at the miter joint of this cherry picture frame. The shop made wood inlay banding is made of maple and walnut. The band saw was used to cut the pyramids as well as the wood inlay banding.

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Picture Frame - Scrape, Sand, Finish
Watch and learn how to prepare a picture frame for the wood finish. Learn how a card scraper is used to prepare the wood for sanding. See how the sanding dust is removed from the woodworking project prior to applying the sanding sealer. Multiple coats of spray lacquer are used to finish the picture frame.

Using a card scraper allows the woodworker to remove the fine scratches and any glue squeeze out that may be present on the Cosmati wood inlay banding and on the picture frame. Since the inlay banding is only 3/32" in thickness, a woodworker has to be careful not to scrape or sand through the banding. (The banding is glued into a 1/16" dado.) The card scraper prepares the woodworking project so that a higher grit sandpaper can be used. 

In this case, the woodworker was able to start sanding with 180 grit sandpaper after scraping. Successive sanding with higher grits followed. The woodworking video shows how all the sawdust is removed by using a shop vac to collect the dust. From there a spray sanding sealer is used. This is especially important when using a wood like cherry that can blotch if not sealed properly.

A light sanding with 400 grit wet and dry sandpaper is employed after the sanding sealer dried. A soft rag is then used to remove any sanding dust. 

A spray lacquer is then applied. Keep in mind, it is a good idea to apply the lacquer in a short dusting motion. This will prevent heavy build up and runs from occurring. Allow the lacquer time to cure and then use a higher grit paper such as 600 grit in between the coats of lacquer.


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+Gustavo Jorge Pagliardini Thank you for the Plus One and for watching this woodworking video of the Cosmati picture frame.
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Table Saw Spline Miter Jig

Watch how to use a spline miter jig on the table saw. Two simple and easy to make table saw spline miter jigs are demonstrated in this woodworking video presentation. Watch how the woodworker cuts accurate spline slots into the miter joints of picture frames.

The two splined miter jigs are of differing sizes because the picture frames very in size. Notice how easy it is to cut the slots for the splines. Simply secure the picture frames to the jigs by using spring clamps. Adjust the height of the dado blade and take your time as you push the jig along the table saw fence and through the dado blade.

The picture frames in this video are cherry and have decorative wood inlay bandings. The splines are of walnut to give a nice accent to the woodworking project.

Note: If a table saw blade is chosen to cut the slot for the spline miter joint, it is best to choose a flat toothed blade.

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In their circles
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Have them in circles
383 people
Gene Mack's profile photo
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Mahogany Picture Frame with Cosmati Wood Inlay Banding

The wood inlay banding and picture frame were crafted in the woodworking shop.

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#woodinlaybanding   #pictureframe   #Cosmati   #Cosmatesque  
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Amazing!
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Make a Picture Frame with Diamond Wood Inlay Banding - Part 1

Watch and learn how to make a picture frame with diamond inlay banding. In Part 1 of this woodworking series the woodworker demonstrates of to use a mallet and a chisel to create the mortises of the decorative wooden pyramids. This hand tool work takes place at each miter joint of the picture frame. Once the mortises are made, the woodworker will then have a reference points of where the diamond wood inlay banding will begin and finish.

The wooden pyramids are not glued in at this time. They are only set in place temporarily so that the inlay banding can be accurately measured and fit. The inlay bandings are cut at the band saw and a controlled cut is made with the aid of a band saw cross cut sled. Each cut end of the inlay banding is sanded cleanly prior to be glued into place.

Once all the diamond inlay bandings are cut to length, they are then lightly sanded on their sides if need be so that a good, tight fit can be accomplished. White glue is then carefully applied to the underside of the banding and onto the dado. The inlay banding is now pressed into position. Cauls lined with clear, plastic packaging tape are then laid on each banding and tightly clamped until the glue has time to set.

Your comments are welcomed.

Read about how to make diamond wood inlay banding in the workshop. 
http://theapprenticeandthejourneyman.com/wood-inlay-banding-diamond-pattern/

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Make Decorative Wooden Pyramids for Inlay

Watch and learn how to make decorative wood pyramids for inlay. It is simple and it is easy. The woodworker in this woodworking video is demonstrating how to make the wooden pyramids on a band saw crosscut sled. The fence is at a 60 degree angle to the band saw blade. However, you can make wooden pyramids for whatever angle fits your needs. The basic idea is the same. It's just a matter of the crosscut sled's fence angle in relationship to the band saw sled.

In the video the woodworker begins the operation by dimensioning the material to be used. He crosscuts strips of cherry by using a cut off sled which is perpendicular to the to the saw blade. He makes sure that the width being cut is equal to the thickness of the material. A dial indicator is used to ensure the accuracy of the cut. 

Note: Make sure the grain of the wood is perpendicular to the band saw blade. This will assure that cross grain rather than end grain will be exposed when the wooden pyramid is inlaid into a woodworking project. 

The next step is to place the 60 degree cross cut sled into place on the band saw table. Then mark the center of the wood strip to be cut. Place the strip along the sled's fence and align the center mark with the blade. Make the cut and then make a tic mark with a pencil along the sled's fence where the left (square) end of the wood strip meets the fence. This reference mark will aid the woodworker as he rotates the wood strip after each cut. 

Take your time as you make each cut. Cut a pyramid on one end of the wood strip and then turn the strip end for end to cut a pyramid on the opposite end. Do this for all the wood strips.

Now, change out the sleds. Place the cutoff sled onto the band saw table. Clamp a stop block along the left side of the fence. The distance from the stop block to the blade will be equal to the height of your pyramid. Make a test cut. When you are satisfied cut off the pyramids.   
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+Joerg B. Thanks very much for watching this woodworking video. Greatly appreciate the Plus One also!
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Cosmati Inlay Banding #2 - Part 1 - Making the Core
Watch and learn how to cut, fit, & glue the core wood inlay banding for the Cosmati #2 design. 

The wood inlay banding is comprised of wooden squares and triangles that are crosscut.
 on the band saw. Shop-made band saw crosscut sleds along with clamped stop blocks allow for uniform segments. Keep in mind, the setup and measuring for segment cuts are crucial to the integrity of the overall banding pattern. As a result, measuring and testing the segments for accuracy with a dial caliper is imperative.

Notice that the woodworker has a plan for his wood inlay banding with all the necessary measurements. This allows one to work with confidence knowing that the math is done prior to entering the workshop. It is now just a matter of making test cuts, measuring, and adjusting the stop block on the cross cut sled. Once the correct measurement is obtained, it is just a simply matter of making repetitive cuts to produce the amount of segments needed.

Blue tape is used with the sticky side up when gluing the segments. This allows for the initial row of segments to be in alignment. Then it is a matter of gluing the next course of segments in place with white glue. White glue allows for a longer setting time than say a yellow glue. Patience is necessary in this woodworking procedure and the white glue allows one more time to make any adjustments.

This wood inlay banding is inspired by the 12th century marble work of the four generations of Cosmati family. This family was commissioned by the Papal States to adorn the churches in and near Rome with architectural elements which contained stylish designs of sacred geometry. Floors, facades, walls, and podiums were embellished with numerous colors of marble by these marble masons. 

Your comments are welcomed.

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+Joerg B. Thanks for taking a look & for the Plus One!
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Joinery - Spline Miter Joint

 Watch and learn how to cut and fit spline miter joints for your woodworking projects. Make a strong and decorative miter joint for furniture, picture, frames, jewlery boxes and much, much more.

This woodworker in this woodworking video demonstrates how the spline miter joint is made on the table saw by using a shop made spline miter jig. A 1/8" dado blade is used to cut the slot for the splines. The splines dimensions are also 1/8" for an exact fitting joint. Feel free to be creative and add a contrasting wood to adorn the woodworking project. The picture frames in this woodworking demo are of cherry wood and walnut is chosen for the splines.

Brush white or yellow glue onto the splines and then press or tap the splines into the slot of the miter joint. Allow enough time for the glue to cure. Once the glue has set, it is time to clean up the joinery. If need be, cut off the excess spline at the band saw. Then take a block plane with a sharp plane iron to plane the spline flush to the surface of the project. 

When you have a spline that is in a rounded profile, plane the spline almost to the surface. Then use a fine file to even the joint. Once all the joints are planed it is then time to sand the joinery and the woodworking project to prepare for the finish to be applied.

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+Mike Fidge Thanks for watching the woodworking video about the spline miter joint & for the Plus One.
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*Picture frame of Cosmati Wood Inlay Design.

 Learn woodworking methods and techniques for picture frame making. Learn how to inlay a wood inlay banding with wonderful designs of sacred geometry based on a cosmatesque pattern.

Watch the methods and techniques employed by the woodworker to create the wood inlay banding in the workshop. Band saw sleds are used to create uniform segments for the inlay banding. White glue is used for its slow setting capabilities and the fact that it dries clear. Watch how the woodworker glues and clamps the wood inlay banding log.

Thin strips of 3/32" decorative inlay banding are ripped on the bandsaw while using a Rockler thin rip table saw jig. These veneers will be arranged to form a matching pattern at the miter joints once the picture frame is made using the table saw miter sled. A dado set is used to cut the dado on the table saw. The ploughed dado will house the inlay banding.

A dedicated miter sled for the table saw is used to cut perfect miter joints. Ulmia spring clamps secure the miter joints during gluing.

Spline miter joints of walnut accent the cherry picture frame. A flat toothed dado blade cuts the slot for the spline on the table saw. A spline miter jig along with spring clamps secure the picture frame during the operation.

Chisels are used to clean up any glue squeeze out. Notice how blue painters tape is used to protect the surrounding wood from glue stain at the spline miter joint.

The finish is of sanding sealer and multiple coats of spray lacquer. 

The inspiration for the design of the wood inlay banding is taken from a Cosmati marble pavement located in a medieval Catholic church in the Trastevere region of Rome, Italy.

Your comments are welcomed.

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Thank you +Joerg Berg for watching & also the Plus One!
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