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Neuroscience News
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Neuroscience News
Neuroscience News

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Gut Bacteria Tells the Brain What Animals Should Eat

Neuroscientists have, for the first time, shown that gut bacteria "speak" to the brain to control food choices in animals.

The research is in PLOS Biology. (full open access)

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A New Study Revises the Development and Evolutionary Origin of the Vertebrate Brain

The findings show that the interpretation maintained hitherto regarding the principal regions formed at the beginning of vertebrate brain development is not correct.

The research is in PLOS Biology. (full open access)

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Resistance Exercises Recover Motor and Memory Impairment Caused by Flavor Enhancer

Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is an additive that mimics umami flavour, the fifth taste aside from sweet, sour, salty and bitter. Some studies have shown MSG to have adverse effects in humans, making it important to understand how it works in the body. Giving MSG to new-born rats has previously been shown to cause motor and memory impairment.

The research is in Experimental Physiology. (full access paywall)

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CRISPR Used to Edit Stem Cells in Fight Against Arthritis

Using new gene-editing technology, researchers have rewired mouse stem cells to fight inflammation caused by arthritis and other chronic conditions. Such stem cells, known as SMART cells (Stem cells Modified for Autonomous Regenerative Therapy), develop into cartilage cells that produce a biologic anti-inflammatory drug that, ideally, will replace arthritic cartilage and simultaneously protect joints and other tissues from damage that occurs with chronic inflammation.

The research is in Stem Cell Reports. (full open access)

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Bonobos May Be Better Representation of Last Common Ancestor With Humans

Study examined muscles of bonobos and found they are more closely related to humans than common chimpanzees.

The research is in Scientific Reports. (full open access)

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Researchers Build Artificial Synapse Capable of Autonomous Learning

Researchers from France and the University of Arkansas have created an artificial synapse capable of autonomous learning, a component of artificial intelligence. The discovery opens the door to building large networks that operate in ways similar to the human brain.

The research is in Nature Communications. (full open access)

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Nose2Brain: Better Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

Over the next few years, in a research project funded by the EU, an international consortium is developing a new technology for a better treatment of multiple sclerosis. The idea of the innovative “Nose2Brain” approach is to transport a special active substance directly through the nose into the central nervous system.

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How Embryonic Cells Make Spinal Cord, Muscle and Bone

A study from scientists at the Francis Crick Institute, the Max-Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin and the University of Edinburgh sheds new light on the cells that form spinal cord, muscle and bone tissue in mammalian embryos.

The research is in Developmental Cell. (full open access)

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Researchers Connect First Click On Arm Prosthesis to Nerves

Last Friday, the first patient in the Netherlands received his click-on robotic arm. By means of a new technique, this robotic arm is clicked directly onto the bone. A unique characteristic of this prosthesis is that it can be controlled by the patient's own thoughts. Worldwide, there are only a handful of patients with such a prosthesis.

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Expert Unravels Disease That Took the Hearing of World-Famous Painter

Goya may have suffered from rare autoimmune syndrome, or syphilis.

The findings will be presented at the 24th Annual Historical Clinicopathological Conference in Maryland between April 28 - 29 2017.
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