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Muneer Khandwalla
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Virtues of Dhul Hijjah: Ten Blessed Days of Dhul Hijjah

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I swear by the dawn, [89:1] and by the Ten Nights, [89:2].

The first ten days of Dhul Hijjah are often referred to as the best ten days of the year, and a second chance after Ramadan.

For those of us not performing the Hajj pilgrimage this year, this is still a great time of blessing and immense reward.

Our hearts and prayers are with those undertaking the holy pilgrimage of Hajj during these days. While many of us are unable to make the blessed journey this year, there are still many ways for us to reap the blessings of this month.

In Surat Al-Fajr, Allah says:

“By the dawn; And [by] the ten nights.” (Qur’an 89:1-2)

According to many scholars of the Qur’an, the days mentioned as significant enough for Allah to swear by them are the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.

Whoever is not able to go to Hajj should use this blessed time to complete even more righteous deeds than usual.
These can include anything such as giving charity, honouring one’s parents, upholding the ties of kinship, and enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil. It is also important to enhance our obligatory acts of worship by being mindful of our prayers and ensuring we pay our zakat on time.
For those of us who have not yet completed the pilgrimage of Hajj, this is an ideal time to make duaa that Allah grants us the opportunity to do so soon.

Fasting and remembrance are particularly recommended.

Fasting Nine days, especially on the Day of Arafah

It is Sunnah for the Muslim to fast on the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah, because fasting is one of the best of deeds. In a hadith qudsi, Allah says: “All the deeds of the son of Adam are for him, except fasting, which is for Me and I shall reward for it.” (Bukhari, 1805)

It is reported that “The Prophet used to fast on the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah and the day of Ashura, and three days each month, the first Monday of the month and two Thursdays.” (Abu Dawood, 2/462)

The ten days of Dhul-Hijjah include Yawm al-Arafah (the Day of Arafah), on which Allah perfected His Religion. The Prophet said: “Fasting the day of `Arafah expiates the sins of two years: the past one and the coming one.” (Muslim)


Our Prophet (salAllahu alaihi wasalam) said: “There are no days that are greater before Allah or in which good deeds are more beloved to Him, than these ten days, so recite a great deal of tahleel, takbeer and tahmeed during them.” (Ahmad)

Tahmeed: Al-hamdu Lillah (All praises be to God)

Tahleel: Laa ilaha ill-Allah (There is no god but Allah)

Tasbeeh: Subhaan-Allah (Glory be to God)

While there are different versions, the takbeer can also be recited as follows:

Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allah, Allahu akbar, wa Lillaah il-hamd.

Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, there is no god but Allah; Allah is Most Great and to Allah be praise.

The companions would go to the marketplace and recite the takbeer out loud and people would also recite after hearing them. Let us follow their footsteps and encourage others to recite the takbeer as well, as an act of worship and a proclamation of the greatness of Allah.
"Lo! My Salāh and my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allāh, Lord of the worlds." (Glorious Qur’ān 6:162)

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#LearnOurDeen #Share --Qurbaani Laws Made Easy: *Part Four --

#….. Even if a child is wealthy and not mature, Qurbaani is still not Waajib on him due to which it is not necessary for a guardian to make Qurbaani on his behalf because for Qurbaani to become Waajib one has to be matured. [BAALIGH]

#….. If children are at an age of understanding, they can be taken to the Eidgah otherwise they must not be taken along.

#….. It is not valid to make Qurbaani with an animal bought on credit because it is the possession of someone else.
If they (those who are scheduled to receive money) make Qurbaani without the permission of the heirs, then it is not valid and none of the shareholders’ Qurbaani will be done.

Slaughtering a cow is proven from the Qur’aan and Hadith. Seven people can form a partnership in a big animal.

#….. On laying the animal down facing the Qiblah, it is better to recite this verse:

إنى وجهت وجهى للذى فطر السموت والأرض حنيفا وما أنا من المشركين ان صلاتى ونسكى ومحياى ومماتى لله رب العالمين

Just before slaughtering, recite this Duaa:

اللهم منك ولك

Then say: بسم الله الله اكبر and slaughter the animal.
After slaughtering recite this Duaa:

اللهم تقبله منى كما اقبلت من حبيبك محمد وخليلك ابراهيم عليهما الصلاة والسلام

If one is slaughtering on behalf of someone else then instead of “منى” say فلان” mentioning the name of the person.

#…..Qurbaani was compulsory upon a person. However, he did not make the Qurbaani and before the days of Qurbaani could pass, he passed away. The Qurbaani falls off such a person. It would have not been compulsory for him to bequest nor is it necessary upon the heirs to make Qurbaani on his behalf.
#….. If a sahib-e-nisaab passes away during the days of Qurbaani and he did not perform the Qurbaani of that year, then the compulsion of Qurbaani falls off from him.

The person who is in debt should worry about fulfilling his debt.
He should not perform Qurbaani. However, if he did perform Qurbaani, he will be rewarded.

#….. The Qurbaani of an animal which is blind, squint, or a third or more of its sight is lost is not permissible.
#….. It is permissible to make Qurbaani of an animal which has a glare in its sight.

#…..Qurbaani of an animal that was born without ears is not valid. If there are ears, but a third or more of it is cut, then it will not be permissible for Qurbaani.
#…..If the animal was born with ears but they are very small, then it is valid to use it for Qurbaani. [Shaami]
#…..It is permissible to slaughter an animal for Qurbaani whose ears are cut length wise or it is torn towards the face and is hanging, or it is cut from behind, although it is not better.

It is not valid to slaughter an animal that is one-eyed.

#….. It is not permissible to sell the fat of a Qurbaani animal. If the person making Qurbaani or his agent sold the fat, it will be compulsory to give the proceeds as Sadaqah to someone who is eligible for receipt of Zakaat.
#….. When collective Qurbaani is made, a large amount of fat is gathered. The valid way to dispose of it is to sell it with the permission of all the shareholders and to donate the amount materialized towards the upkeep of poor students in a Madrasah or to make a deserving person the owner thereof.

If a fault was made while preparing for slaughter, the leg broke or the eye became damaged, then there is no problem. The Qurbaani of such an animal is valid.

It is not permissible to slaughter faulty animals. However, if it has become faulty due to falling, jumping etc. at the time of slaughtering, then there is no problem. (It would be slaughtered.)

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Qurbaani Laws Made Easy

Part Three

Generally, it is a custom to look at the teeth of the animal for Qurbaani at the time of buying the animal. In Shari’ah, consideration is given to age and calculated by examination. This has been discussed under ‘the ages of animals’.

It is not permissible to make Qurbaani of an animal that eats dirt and filth until and unless it is tied (kept in a confined area). If the animal is tied for a few days and is fed fodder, and it is prevented from roaming freely so that it does not put dirt and filth in its mouth, then it will be valid to slaughter it for Qurbaani. If it is a camel, then it should be tied for forty days. If it is a cow or bull, then for twenty days and a goat should be kept confined and fed fodder for ten days.
It is Makruh (disliked) to take benefit
It is Makruh to take benefit from the Qurbaani animal. According to the authentic view, this ruling applies to the wealthy and the poor person.

#…..It is not permissible to slaughter a horse, chicken, deer etc. because it is not proven from Rasulullaah (salAllahu alaihi wasalam) neither by action or word.

If an animal is so weak that there is no marrow left in its bones, then it is not valid to use it for Qurbaani. However, if it is not so weak and it can walk, then it will be valid to use it for Qurbaani.

#…..It is not valid to make Qurbaani of such a lean, weak animal in whose bones there is no marrow – to such an extent that it cannot walk to the place of slaughter.

#…..If the animal is not so lean, then there is no problem with it being lean, it will be permissible to use this animal for Qurbaani. It is however much better to make Qurbaani of a fat healthy animal.

#…..It is not valid to make Qurbaani of an animal that is so lame that it can only walk with three legs, it cannot put the fourth leg on the ground, or it can put the fourth leg on the ground but it cannot put its body weight on it.
If the animal places its fourth foot on the ground, and it takes support from it, but it limps, then Qurbaani of it is valid.

#…..It is not permissible to make Qurbaani of such an animal that is so lame that it cannot walk to the place of slaughter.

It is not permissible to slaughter a chicken for Qurbaani. There is no verbal or practical proof for this from Rasulullaah (SAW).

It is not valid to make Qurbaani of a white antelope. The Qurbaani animals are specified by the Shari’ah. Analogy has no place in it. Only three types of animals are specified for Qurbaani. The first type is male and female Camel, the second is male and female goats, rams ewes, and the third type is cows, bulls, oxen and buffaloes. It is not permissible to slaughter any other type of animal. It is also conditional that the animals should not be wild but it should be tame and used to humans.

It is permissible to sell an animal by weight where the animals are sold by weight because there is less deception in it and inexperienced people will be saved from loss.

A deer is Halaal. It is permissible to eat of its meat, but it is from among the wild animals and it is not permissible to make Qurbaani of wild animals. For this reason, it is not permissible to make Qurbaani of a male or female deer. There is no difference if it is tamed or not.

It is not conditional for the slaughtered animal to be Halaal that the slaughterer should be someone who can see. The slaughtered animal of a blind Muslim is Halaal and it is permissible to eat the meat, although it is better to let a person who is not blind to slaughter so that he can see whether the slaughtering was done properly.

#…..If a person made a bequest that Qurbaani should be made from his wealth and passed away, then it is compulsory to give all the meat to the poor and needy. It is not permissible for the wealthy to eat of a Qurbaani animal that was made out of fulfilling a vow.

#….. It is permissible to castrate an animal in order to improve its condition, to make it healthier or with the intention of any other benefit. If the process of castration is not for some beneficial purpose but merely for fun, it is Haraam to do so.
#…..If the children are immature, then Qurbaani is not compulsory upon them.

#….. It is not the responsibility of a father to make Qurbaani on behalf of his matured children.
If matured children are wealthy, they should make their own Qurbaani or give permission to the father to do so on their behalf. A father can make Qurbaani for his matured children with their permission.
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INSTANT FACTS ON ISLAM - the 5 minute madrassa #LearnOurDeen #Share
16th Dhul Qadah 1437

Madrasah in Just 5 Minutes

Translation edited by
Mufti A.H.Elias - May Allaah protect him
Khalifa of Haji Abdul Mannan Abdul Razack Kulachi Makki - May Allaah protect him
In the light of the Qur'aan and Ahadeeth

(1) Islaamic History
Hadhrat Hasan Basri (RA) was also known as Abu Sa’eed. His father Yasaar was the freed slave of Hadhrat Zaid bin Thaabit (RA) and his mother was the slave of Hadhrat Ummu Salamah (RA). He was born in the year 20A.H. and had memorised the entire Qur'aan by the age of 12.
He was a great scholar of the Qur'aan and an expert teacher of Qur'aanic sciences. He is also ranked amongst the senior Taabi’een.
Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (RA) said, “I have not seen anyone more like the Sahabah (RA) than Hasan.”
Although he was regarded as Sheikhul Islaam in terms of his academic knowledge of Deen, it was really his inner spirituality that was his crown jewel.
It was on account of this that his Imaan was so strong and because of which he rescued thousands of people from spiritual destruction through his lectures and preaching. All the chains of Tasawwuf stem from him; most of them eventually leading to Hadhrat Ali (RA).
Although he steered clear of the rulers and governors and their politics, he was never afraid to admonish Hajaaj when the need arose.
He passed away on a Friday night in the year 110 A.H.

(2) Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)’s Miracle
Hadhrat Abu Ayyoob Ansaari (RA) reports that he had once prepared food only for Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) and Hadhrat Abu Bakr (RA) when Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) instructed him to invite the Ansaar as well.
The food eventually fed 180 men to their fill and they all attested to the Nabuwaat of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) and pledged their allegiance to him. [Tabraani in his Kabeer 3983]

(3) A Fardh
Allaah says in the Qur'aan, “Once you are in safety (and are able to perform Hajj or Umrah without fear), then whoever has the benefit (the good fortune) of performing Umrah with Hajj (in one journey) should slaughter whatever animal is convenient (as a form of thanksgiving after completing the Hajj)”.
[Surah Baqarah, verse 196]
It will be Waajib (compulsory) for a person to sacrifice an animal when he performs Umrah during the months of Hajj, then emerges from Ihraam to again don the Ihraam for Hajj on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah.

(4) A Sunnah
The following Du’aa should be recited in abundance for one’s children:

رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَّاجَعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِيْنَ إِمَامًا

TRANSLATION: “O our Rabb! Grant us the coolness (comfort) of our eyes (grant us pleasure and satisfaction) from our spouses and children (so that they never become a source of regret or distress for us in either world when they follow Islaam properly), and make us leaders of the pious (make our progeny pious and make us pious enough to lead pious people).”
[Surah Furqaan, verse 74]

(5) An Important Act and its Virtue
Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “Indeed Allaah is gentle and loves gentleness. He therefore gives (such rewards) for gentleness that He does not give for harshness.”
[Abu Dawood 4807, from Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mughaffal (RA)]
(6) A Sin
Allaah says in the Qur'aan, “As for the one who is miserly and indifferent (towards the truth of Islaam) and who rejects the most beautiful word (the Kalimah) We shall make the (means to attain) great grief (Jahannam) easy for him (by making it easy for him to commit sins)”.

[Surah Layl, verses 8-10] ----

(7) This World
Allaah says in the Qur'aan, “O you who have Imaan! You have enemies among your spouses and children (who may intentionally or unintentionally cause you to neglect your duties to Allaah) so be wary of them (by never allowing your love for them to take precedence over your duties to Allaah). (However,) If you pardon, overlook and forgive (them when their requests anger you for good reason), then (remember that) Allaah is certainly Most Forgiving, Most Merciful (and will forgive you as well)”.
[Surah Taghaabun, verse 14]
It often happens that a person’s spouse and children lead him to commit acts that conflict with the Shari'ah, thereby falling into the category of Allaah’s enemies.

(8) The Aakhirah
When Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) was asked about the Day of Qiyaamah being fifty thousand years, he said, “I swear by the Being Who controls my life that the day will be as short for the Mu'min as the time it takes for him to perform the Fardh Salaah in this world.”
[Ahmad 11320, from Hadhrat Abu Sa'eed Khudri (RA)]

(9) Cures from the Qur'aan and Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)
Hadhrat Anas (RA) reports that he was eating with Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) when he noticed that Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) was searching in the plate for the pieces of marrow (Dodhi) to eat.
Hadhrat Anas (RA) says that it was from that day on that he began to love eating marrows.
[Bukhaari 5379]
Physicians write that marrows have numerous benefits and are an excellent food especially for people with hot temperaments and people with fever.
(10) Advice from
Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)
Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “Never take away the belongings of your brother in jest and not in any other way (without permission).”
[Abu Dawood 5003, from Hadhrat Yazeed bin Sa’eed (RA)]
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And say, “Do deeds, and soon will Allah acknowledge your deeds, as will His messenger and the believers. Soon you will be brought back to the Knower of what is hidden and what is open. Then He will show you the truth of all that you did.”

at-Taubah 9:105 

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إِنَّ الْمُصَّدِّقِينَ وَالْمُصَّدِّقَاتِ وَأَقْرَضُوا اللَّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا يُضَاعَفُ لَهُمْ وَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ كَرِيمٌ

Alms-givers, both men and women, give Allah a goodly loan, shall have it multiplied and shall have an honourable reward.

- al-Hadid 57:18

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وَمَا أُبَرِّئُ نَفْسِي إِنَّ النَّفْسَ لَأَمَّارَةٌ بِالسُّوءِ إِلَّا مَا رَحِمَ رَبِّي إِنَّ رَبِّي غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

I do not acquit myself. Indeed! the (human) soul often commands evil, save those whom my Lord has mercy. No doubt! my Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.

Yusuf 12:53

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Have you read the Qur'ān today?

Imām Nawawī رحمه الله said: "Reciting the Qur'ān is the most important of adhkar, which should be done regularly. No day or night should be without and it may be attained by reciting a few verse."

● [كتبا الأذكـار للنـووي ١٢٢٥/٢]

Ibn Jawzī: “The one who has Mus-ḥaf must recite it everyday of whatever is easy for him lest he be from those who've forsaken Qur’ān."

● [الآداب الشرعية ٢\٣٠٠]

Ibn Abbās رضي الله عنه said: "Allāh took responsibility for who reads the Qur'ān & ACTS ON what is in it; he won't go astray in this life nor despair in hereafter.

● [مفتاح دار السعادة ٥٨/١]

Ibn Mas'ood رضي الله عنه: “Qur’ān is the Speech of Allāh, uncreated, so indeed whoever loves Qur’ān then he loves Allāh.”

● [فقه الأدعية والأذكار ج١ ص٦٦]

Ibn 'Abbās رضي الله عنهما: “The one who has in him no Qur'ān (i.e does not recite Qur'ān) is like a ruined house.”

● [تفسير الطبري ٩\٣٨٥]

Ibn Masūd رضي الله عنه said: "Whoever loves to know that he loves Allāh and His Messenger then must look if he loves Qur'ān for he (the one who loves Qur'ān) loves Allāh and His Messenger!"

● [الطبراني في الكبير ٤٠٨٦٥٨]

Ibn Mas'ood رضي الله عنه said: "Whoever wants to know that he loves Allāh, let him present to himself the Qur'ān, if he loves the Qur'ān then he loves Allāh, for verily the Qur'ān is the speech of Allāh."

● [تزكية النفوس ٣٩/١]

Ibn Mas'ood رضي الله عنه said: Whoever loves Qur’ān then glad-tiding (to him).

● [تفسير سعيد بن منصور فضائل ٣]

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(weekly reminder)

1. Purify ourselves;
body (ghusl/bath) & soul (salah, dua, dhikr).
2. Use Miswak
3. Trim our nails
4. Remove unwanted hair from our body
5. Wear our best clothes (preferably white)
6. Use perfume before we go out for prayers.
7. To go for Friday prayer to Masjid as early as possible - or sisters pray at home
8. Walk to the Masjid (for each step Insha’Allah we will be rewarded!)
9. Try our best not to commit any sin leading up to and after the prayers.
10. Not to cause any inconvenience to anyone when we go to our place of prayer in the Masjid i.e. do not climb over anyone, push them etc.
11. Send lots of supplications upon Prophet Muhammad (salAllahu alaihi wasalam)
12. Read Surah al-Kahf: Surah 18 of the Qur’an.
13. Make a lot of dua’ because there is a time every Friday when ALLAH will grant it Insha’ALLAH. (Between azaan and Khutbah and or between Asr and Maghrib).
14. To recite following durood 80 times immediately after salatul Asr without standing up from our place and Allah will forgive eighty years of sins and grant the reward equivalent to eighty years of worship. Durood: Allahumma salli alaa muhammadinin nabiyyil ummiyyi wa-ala aalihi wasallim tasleema

And remember to smile and say salaam first! It is a beautiful Sunnah of our beloved Prophet (salAllahu alaihi wasalam)!


·· jazakumullaahu khayran wa ahsanal jaza
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