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New Mexico History and Genealogy Friends
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"The Soul Story of Spanish New Mexico"
Fray Angelico Chavez   pg. 3
"describing the birth of my people and of their own way of life, the beginnings of the Hispanic inhabitants of New Mexico and their own particular culture, on that feast of the Ascension of our Lord, the thirtieth day of April in the year 1598. On that memorable morning along the banks of the southern Rio Grande, Don Juan de Onate, adelantado for King Philip II of Spain, or advance leader of the first permanent colony sent to these parts-which his followers were vocally regarding as a Promised Land-took solemn possession for God and King of a brand-new infant Spain at the outermost edges of the then-known world.
  "New Mexico"  was the name given to this Hispanic enclave across the wilderness, fully two hundred and forty years before there ever was a rebublic called Mexico south of here. "Mexico" ment just a city then and for more than two centries thereafter. The only Mexicans at that time were the Nahua or Aztec native Indians of that city and its great valley, who had been conquered by Hernando Cortez some seventy years previously."
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What's in a Name.
Origins of New Mexico Families. Part 2
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Origins of New Mexico Families, Part 1
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New Mexico and the Imagination – Part 1
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In 1795,[1] without leaving the continent of Europe, Juan Lopez of Spain created a map titled Mapa Geográfico del Gobierno de la Nueva Granada ó Nuevo México con las Provincias de Nabajo y Moqui.[2…
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Descendants of Bartolome Romero and Maria de Adeva
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in the Seventeenth Century
by Jose Antonio Esquibel
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From wikipedia: Agua Fria- Pueblo Quemado

The Spanish under command of Juan de Onate passed through this area on the way to founding the first capitol of New Mexico San Gabriel in 1598 (near present day San Juan Pueblo - Okhay Owinge). The first recorded settlement was circa 1640 by the grandparents of Major Roque Madrid (the area then known as Pueblo Quemado for a burnt native town in the area). Additional information on the long history of the Agua Fria area can be found at:

As these settlements of Cieneguitas, Agua Fria and Cieneguilla sprung up in Spanish Colonial New Mexico, they were called Ranchitos, as the population grew they became a Placita. Agua Fria was identified by two groups. The area by the Church was “La Placita de Los Romeros” and the other one in the area of the Tanque, the “watering hole” (area of Lopez Lane and Camino de Oro Road) became “La Placita de Los Lopez.” As the community grew, it acquired the status of a Village.

In the year, 1776 Fray Francisco Atanacio Dominguez gave a census count to his superiors listing Agua Fria with 57 families and 297 persons; but at this time it was still known as Pueblo Quemado.

U.S. Army Colonel John M. Washington’s Expedition to Navajo Country August 16, 1949 when he went through Agua Fria (Pages 46–47 Turmoil in New Mexico by William A. Keleher). This was the first known "American" reference to the community. The parroquia of Santa Fe was administered under the auspices of the Diocese of Durango, Mexico in the 1800s. Even though, the people here in Agua Fria had a strong faith, they found it difficult to attend church regularly, so they founded their own mission in the Village in 1835.

In the publication for the State Historic Preservation Division, dated May 12, 1983, and titled: The Traditional Village of Agua Fria, the following individual and family names are recognized in official records by date:

1698: Antonio Gutierrez, Antonio Aguilar, Francisco Romero de Pedraza, Domingo Barreda, Cristobal Nieto and the Cabeza de Vaca family.

1708: Juan Garcia de Noriega, Nicolas Ortiz, Salvador Archuleta, Francisco Tamaras, Sevastiana de Mondragon, Silvestre Pacheco, Juan de Chavez, Josefa Pacheco, Juana Baca, and Alferezi Ortiz.

1711: Francisco X. Benavides.

1759: Antonio Montoya, Urbano Montano, Inez Baca, Antonio Ortega, and Ramon Garcia.

1761: Jacinto Perea, Juan Tafoya, and Blas Trujillo.

1767: Phelipe Tafoya, Phelipe Sandoval, Joseph Baca, Vicar General Santiago Roibal, and Teresa Fernandez.

1772:Antonio Urban Montano (Children: Cayetano Lorenzo, Joseph Antonio, Maria Rosa, Miguel, Franco, Maria Josefa) (wives: Juana Maria de Ortega, Maria Francisca Garcia, and Maria a la Luz Rendón); and Maria Sena Maese.

1788: Rita Padilla, Francisco Garcia, Maria Bega.

1811: Juan Gregorio Garduno, Polonio Garcia.

1818: Jose Sebastian Montoya.

1829: Pablo Nieto, Tomas Montoya.

1841: Simon Blea, Manuel Flores, Jose Antonio Ulibarri, Francisco Baca, Damian Hernandez, and Maria Concepcion Blea.

1865: Jose Lino Montoya.

1884: Alejo Hernandez, Gabriel Baca, Mrs. Bermudez and Antonio Lopez; and

For more: (William H. Mee webmaster).
When the Spanish first arrived, the Santa Clara Indians referred to the area by a Tewa name, P\'o\'karige, meaning cold water place. The cold springs served as the impetus for area settlement. The 1766 plano drawn by José de Urrutia demonstrates the physical layout of the Villa de Santa Fé. Juan ...
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The Doña Ana Sphere straddles the area in southern New Mexico from Paso to Las Cruces. The people who settled in this region left us a rich legacy.
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