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Muon Ray
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Science, Technology, Investigation and Education: Irradiate Yourself with Muon Ray!
Science, Technology, Investigation and Education: Irradiate Yourself with Muon Ray!

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A demonstration video showcasing how a small energy harvester circuit (using an LTC3108) can be used to harvest low levels of heat energy from a thermoelectric generator (TEG).

The TEG can be heated on one side with a low to medium heat source (i.e from body heat or waste heat from an appliance) and cooled on the other side using an aluminium heat sink.

Using magnets on the side of the heat sink we can hold the TEG module and circuit onto a metal appliance for energy harvesting, such as a steel central heating boiler, radiator or piping.

In this demonstration, the energy harvester circuit is used to power a colour cycling RGB LED.

It is hoped that small energy harvesters will soon be universally incorporated within microelectronics such as IOT devices, sensor stations, WiFi routers, drones and wearable electronics.

Incorporating energy harvesting helps devices become more autonomous as by including the ability to charge and power themselves using the environment and waste energy sources such as waste heat produced by machines.

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A demonstration video showcasing how a small energy harvester circuit (using an LTC3105) can be used to harvest light energy indoors from a small flexible thin film silicon solar panel enclosed in a picture frame. The circuit is used to power a blue CREE LED.

It is hoped that small energy harvesters will soon be universally incorporated within microelectronics such as IOT devices, sensor stations, WiFi routers, drones and wearable electronics. Incorporating energy harvesting helps devices become more autonomous as by including the ability to charge and power themselves using the environment.

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A demonstration video showcasing how a small energy harvester circuit (using an LTC3105) can be used to harvest energy from a small vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) enclosed in an aluminium flagpole mount and power a Blue CREE LED.

It is hoped that small energy harvesters will soon be universally incorporated within microelectronics such as IOT devices, sensor stations, WiFi routers, drones and wearable electronics. Incorporating energy harvesting helps devices become more autonomous as by including the ability to charge and power themselves using the environment.

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The Possibility of "Warp Drive" in the Context of General Relativity
After 36 years of travel, the Voyager 1 spacecraft had officially been announced by NASA to have entered interstellar space, the vast void of the galaxy that separates the stars. Pioneer 10, travelling in the opposite direction to Voyager 1, is the second m...

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The Structure of Quantum Boltzmann Machines
Previously we
have thought about how we can think of a system of  metaheuristic synchronizationas a form of computational architecture, based on the path integral interpretation : In the classical picture of such a network,
which have local energy minima, w...

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Viewing Meta-Heuristic Synchronization using the Path Integral Interpretation
We can investigate and compare the probabilistic representation
of the path integral theory with the description of a metaheuristic signalling
algorithm as a system of discontinuous pas-coupling. Discontinuous pas coupling can occur in a variety of
system. ...

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NIR Environmental Vegetation Monitoring For Ecosystems and Precision Agriculture
Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs or "Drones") we can do scanning in the visual spectrum of large areas in the surrounding environment without the high comparative cost of using manned vehicles such as helicopters or planes or expensive space-based monit...

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The Hafnium Isomeric Gamma Ray Weapon Controversy
Introduction to Nuclear Isomers A nuclear isomer of a particular element is an atom of that element with the same atomic number Z and the same mass number, A, in a state of nuclear excitation, that is excitation of one or more of the particles in the atomic...

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Article: http://muonray.blogspot.ie/2016/06/the-spacecraft-that-requires-no-fuel.html
Graphene is much lauded for its remarkable properties like robustness, high tensile strength while maintaining flexibility, low weight along with high electric and heat conduction in its atomic-scale thickness. However sometimes ignored is the potential of graphene's electrical properties to transform light energy directly into kinetic energy and motion, an interesting visual phenomenon but also one of importance when considering the concept of using the power of the stars to traverse the immense distances of space.

During the process of using lasers of graphene, we have found that under strong magnetic fields we can create propulsion of graphene by light illumination alone.

Interesting still is the amount of propulsion achieved when exposed to focused sunlight.

We can focus solar radiation very effectively using a Fresnel Lens. Graphene itself has very high resistance to the damage caused by the heat of focused solar radiation. Graphene has a melting point of 4700 Kelvins. We can see the advantage of graphene-based solar sail technology when compared with aluminium, which has a much lower melting point of 934 Kelvins. This alone is reason to consider constructing solar sails from graphene, particularly if focused solar or laser radiation is being used to propel the craft.

In the experiment, like using the laser, we set up a chessboard grid of ~1.2 Tesla permanent NdFeB magnets. Graphene has excellent photothermal properties, so that the focused solar radiation can heat up the graphene film in one region instantly, which affects its magnetic susceptibility, making it tilt and hence move.

The fact that graphene also dissipates heat rapidly, in the form of quantised lattice vibrations (phonons), allows the process to be instantly reversible, which is what allows the film to move so responsively. Hence, the graphene film does not simply collapse onto the magnet as it loses its magnetic susceptibility, it simply tilts in one region and stays levitating on the region opposite from the laser focus as the heat dissipates before it reaches there.

The fact that the graphene film levitates, in effect ignoring the effect of gravity, is a good set-up in testing the effect of light on graphene films. Moreover, the fast heat transfer capability and the speed at which the magnetic dipoles in the graphene film undergo reversal is also a strong indication that the electrons are moving very fast in graphene which is an important fact in exploring new applications and features in solar sail technology.
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