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Xabier Ostale
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Xabier Ostale

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Tasmania, 18th century.
From Robert Hughes, The Fatal Shore, 1987
Footwork
"The first passenger railway in Australia was powered by convicts. Four-passenger carts ran on hardwood rails from the dock at the head of Norfolk Bay to the main settlement at Port Arthur, some 4.5 miles away."
"On steep downhill slopes the carts could reach 30 mph"
The first passenger railway in Australia was powered by convicts. Four-passenger carts ran on hardwood rails from the dock at the head of Norfolk Bay to the main settlement at Port Arthur, some 4.5 miles away. (Click the image to enlarge it.) On steep downhill slopes the carts could reach 30 mph, as observed by Col. Godfrey Mundy on an 1851 visit: The prisoners seized certain bars crossing the front and back of the carriages, and after pushing th...
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Thanks +Jenny Winder, this article is priceless.
10 Insults from Ancient Rome (in English and Latin)
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<-----  Curris, stupes, satagis, tanquam mus in matella.
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Xabier Ostale

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Mythology.
Titans and Titanomachy
"The Titans were Twelve, according to Hesiod who described them in his Theogony, however the later historians divide them to two different generations. The first generation consists of the offspring of Uranus and Gaia: Coeus, Crius, Cronos, the ruler of the universe, Dione, Hyperion, Mnemosyne, Oceanus, Phoebe, Rhea, mother of the Olympian Gods, Tethys, Thia or Euryphaessa, Themis."

"The second generation of the Titans descends from the first and consists of:Asteria, Astraea, Astraeus, the father of the stars, Atlas,Eos or Dawn, Eosphorus, Epimetheus, Prometheus, Helius, Hesperus, Leto, Menoetius."

"After ten years of war on Mount Olympus, the Titans were captured and imprisoned in Tartarus, except for those who decided not to fight against Zeus and the Gods."
In Greek mythology, the Titans were a powerful race of deities that reigned during the Golden Age of Ancient History.Zeus led the Gods against the Titans in a
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Polytheism vs monotheism. Polytheism makes room for diversity. Monotheism has one option and if you don't accept it you burn in hell. Lol... I know which one I prefer.

I guess it's no wonder the Romans considered monotheism dangerous and bound to cause problems. Spoiler alert! They were right. :)
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History of Old Sarum
Old Sarum is one of the most enthralling and historically important sites in southern England. Uniquely, it combines a royal castle and cathedral within an Iron Age fortification, and for 150 years was a major centre of both secular and ecclesiastical government. Neither castle nor cathedral was occupied for long: in 1226 the cathedral was moved to Salisbury, although the castle remained an administrative centre into the 14th century. Old Sarum lived on, however, as a notorious ‘rotten borough’ which continued to elect members of Parliament until 1832.
Old Sarum combines a royal castle and cathedral within an Iron Age fortification and is one of the most historically significant sites in southern England.
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The aggregate blends for about ten minutes. The workers scrape the aggregate out of the mixer. Then they shovel it into a mold and pat it down.

Nighty night x
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But seriously: I have been looking at the pattern-holes in the wall; thinking: what material best to use to make templates of hole-pattern-shapes, and methodically, over time, fill-in all the dam holes. : D
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Via +Matt Hall 
Medieval Traffic Problems
The medieval city was seen as a crowded, bustling place, with people, horses, carts and wagons all moving around. Just as in our modern city, this would all lead to inevitable traffic problems.
"Perhaps the most common problem was the seemingly never-ending fight city authorities had with making sure that its residents were not blocking the roads. These issues could be small – like someone leaving building materials in the street, or having a merchant decide to spread his goods on the roadway, but mayors of medieval towns were often adding new laws to deal with these situations. If you sold old clothes in Bristol, they had to remain in your arms, and if you were a hay merchant in Northampton, you could only carry it on your head until you sold it. Meanwhile, the city authorities of Leicester issued a new law in 1467 stating that building materials like stone, timber and clay could only be kept outside of houses for a maximum of three days."
The medieval city was seen as a crowded, bustling place, with people, horses, carts and wagons all moving around. Just as in our modern city, this would all lead to inevitable traffic problems.
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Now you can do just as you like ......we are so modern !! Life is just one big traffic jam :))
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Via +Jenny Winder 
Where are the world’s most water-stressed cities?
"Water stress – where the human or ecological demand for water is not met – is caused by a variety of factors. There’s the physical scarcity of water due to lack of rainfall, the natural aridity of the area and, increasingly, changes in climate; but poor management and investment in water infrastructure, and pollution, also play their parts."
"Water stress – where the human or ecological demand for water is not met – is caused by a variety of factors. There’s the physical scarcity of water due to lack of rainfall, the natural aridity of the area and, increasingly, changes in climate; but poor management and investment in water infrastructure, and pollution, also play their parts."
"As the urban population grows, so too does the number of people living in settlements that are not connected to a formal piped water supply. Currently, some 860 million people live in slums around the world; their lack of access to clean water carries enormous health consequences."
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The Psychology of Scary Movies
"There’s something about horror that speaks directly and instinctively to the human animal. Millions of years of evolutionary psychology have ingrained in our minds certain fear triggers – a survival instinct – Fear of the Dark where predatory animals might be laying in wait – Fear of animals with large sharp teeth who would make a quick meal of us. Fear of Poisonous Spiders who can kill with one bite."
"But brain scan research in 2010 by Thomas Straube at the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena show that scary movies don’t actually activate fear responses in the amygdala at all. Instead, it was other parts of the brain that were firing – the visual cortex – the part of the brain responsible for processing visual information, the insular cortex- self awareness, the thalamus -the relay switch between brain hemispheres, and the dorsal-medial prefrontal cortex – the part of the brain associated with planning, attention, and problem solving."
The Psychology of Scary Movies from FilmmakerIQ.com on Vimeo. Our Fascination with Fright. There's something about horror that speaks directly and instinctively to the human animal. Millions of years of evolutionary psychology have ingrained in our minds certain fear triggers – a survival ...
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+Valare Beauchamp oh this is such a classic painting. Creatures have a tendency to share "the look". I had "old hagg" visits in my night terrors only to see a photo of the bitch 30 years later. She looked like the hag/witch from The Wizard of Oz. Think I subconsciously picked her up there. 
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Celts
"Ancient writers gave the name Celts to various population groups living across central Europe inland from the Mediterranean coastal areas. Most scholars agree that the Celtic culture first appeared in the Late Bronze Age in the area of the upper Danube sometime around the 13th century BC. These early Celts were known as the ‘Urnfield people’ and they probably spoke a proto-Celtic language. By the 8th century BC, iron had replaced bronze-working and the cultural group is then referred to by scholars as the ‘Hallstatt culture’. Spain saw a similar development with tribes using iron weapons. The Hallstatt culture declined by the 5th century BC, perhaps due to internal political tensions and economic difficulties. The next phase of Celtic development was carried out by a group known as the La Tène culture."
"The prosperity of the La Tène culture in ancient France, Spain and wider central Europe meant that they were able to challenge the contemporary Mediterranean cultures and so they appear for the first time in Classical history. From then on these peoples were widely referred to as Celts. In antiquity writers did not describe tribes in ancient Britain and Ireland as Celts, although they have acquired that label in modern times and some Celtic languages or their derivatives are still spoken there, as a form of Celtic still is in the Brittany region of northern France. The religion of the Celts, led by a priesthood known as the Druids, is described by ancient writers with some disdain as crude and violent."
The ancient Celts were various population groups living in several parts of Europe north of the Mediterranean region from the Late Bronze Age onwards. Given the name Celt by ancient writers, these tribes...
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Via +Milad Farjadian 
The Clinton Foundation
Julian Assange: My Next Leak Will Ensure Hillary’s Arrest
Wikileaks founder Julian Assange has said that Wikileaks have obtained information that, when released soon, will guarantee a Hillary Clinton indictment.
Wikileaks founder Julian Assange has said that Wikileaks have obtained information that, when released soon, will guarantee a Hillary Clinton indictment.
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Politics is getting horrendous +John Despujols, you can't get a mega corrupt, totally untrustworthy and unreliable politician nowadays without the Russians sticking their noses there. Where it stinks, there will be Russians.
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Deadman’s Plack a memorial to Anglo Saxon tales of murder and deceit
"Edgar had already been married twice when rumour of the Duke of Devonshire’s daughter Elfrida reached his ears. Was she as beautiful and charming as described? Edgar was keen to find out and sent his Earldorman, Ethelwold to find out and return her to court, if the rumours were true."

"Ethelwold did indeed find her to be charming and promptly married her himself and settled down for a life in Devon, sending back word to the king that the woman was unattractive and therefore not to be brought before the king."

"Elfrida must have given tacit consent to the murder of her husband as she quickly marries the king but her scheming nature does not end there. When Edgar died in AD 975 she had her step-son Edward murdered at Corfe Castle so that her own son Ethelred could become king."
Hampshire history at Deadman's Plack in Longstock where the history of royal Anglo Saxon wrong doings can be explored in this tale of murder and deceit.
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Giving money to their fellow crooks. The IMF is a coven of corruption.
IMF's Lagarde to face trial over payout court confirms
"Ms Lagarde, who was given a second five-year term as IMF managing director in January, is the third head of the organisation to face legal proceedings."

In the meantime, as head of the International Monetary Fund, the corrupt Lagarde will be pushing, for five years more, austerity policies and destroying social services across Europe, and many other countries, saving banksters, favouring tax havens and tax avoidance for corporations, and causing economic and social havoc.
The head of the International Monetary Fund, Christine Lagarde, is to stand trial over €404m payout to French tycoon Bernard Tapie, an appeals court confirms.
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A cosy club of the corrupt, for the corrupt!
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Xabier's Collections
Story
Tagline
The Earth is oblate spheroid
Introduction
I'm Xabier, I don't know what can I say here about me, so ask me and I will answer if I want.
I don't like lava-lamps at all.
I don't believe in any religion...
I don't!!! anything in general and in particular
and I do many things otherwise
I like drinking water and sleeping and walking and breathing
I like sex with a story lol
I make many mistakes, what I try to avoid, but it's normal
I'm learning how to whistle
and I don't use vinegar but lemon in my salads
Now, you know a lot about me...
(I forgot to say that I have superpowers because I like cuddles and guys)

I'M INTERESTED IN:

+Psychology
+Literature
+Art
++History
+Politics (I'm very leftist)
+Anthropology
+Archaeology
+Science and technology
+Crafts
+++++Making friends
+++Sharing casual conversations
+++Laughing
+++++Movies
+++++Aussies
+++++Many other things
+++++Travelling
+++++Imagination
++++Simple things
++++++Honesty

Sometimes I swear and cuss, but because I'm practicing with English slang... lol
And I'm very leftist.

ENGLISH SPEAKERS, please, and kind people (grumpy are nice too lol)




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Right there
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  • Impish kids preschool
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Male
Birthday
March 23
Other names
Xabier Upstream Ostale