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Steve Warren
Writer, Civil War Historian, Metal Detecting buff
Writer, Civil War Historian, Metal Detecting buff
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Here's a link to an article I wrote on Civil War Pensions for the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture featuring my two great-great-grandfathers.

Enjoy.
http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?search=1&entryID=6396

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A SHORT HISTORY OF THE UNION INDIAN HOME GUARD

During the early part of the Civil War in Indian Territory, the Union Indian Home Guard Regiments were formed. Its members were primarily refugees of the Cherokee, Creek, and Seminole nations. The First Regiment was organized at LeRoy, Kansas, on May 22, 1862, under Col. Robert W. Furnas. It comprised sixty-six officers and eighteen hundred enlisted men and was composed mainly of Creek Indians, along with some Seminoles and blacks.

The Second Regiment, under Col. John Ritchie, included 52 officers and 1,437 enlisted personnel. It was formed in southern Kansas and the Cherokee Nation some time between late June and early July 1862. The Third Regiment, under Col. William A. Phillips, was formed at Tahlequah and Park Hill in July 1862. Its ranks were filled with Cherokee Pins, including some former disaffected Confederate soldiers of Col. John Drew's First Cherokee Mounted Rifles. These regiments remained to defend the Cherokee Nation after the Union Indian Expedition retreated from the area in late 1862. Thereafter, the Indian units were generally attached to the District of the Frontier, although jurisdictional lines fluctuated.

The regiments served primarily in Indian Territory but also ventured into Kansas, Missouri, and Arkansas. Gen. James G. Blunt restricted scarce mounts to their scouts, but Colonel Phillips later tried to remount the entire Third Regiment at government expense. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant approved, but the transition never fully occurred, which inhibited efforts in 1864 to respond against Confederate cavalry raids. By then all three regiments served in the Fourth Brigade under Col. Stephen Wattles.

Between 1862 and 1865 the regiments variously participated in the battles of Prairie Grove, Arkansas, Cabin Creek and Honey Springs as well as dozens of engagements, skirmishes, and raids. The units were mustered out on May 31, 1865.

Organization of a fourth and a fifth regiment was commenced but never completed, and their soldiers transferred to other units.

Courtesy: Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture
Photo courtesy: This Image is a part of the Thomas Sweeney Collection at Wilson's Creek National Battlefield, National Park Service (Republic, MO).
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FORGOTTEN FACES OF THE CIVIL WAR IN INDIAN TERRITORY

Members of the 6th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry, Company B. Some of these men saw action in the First and Second Battles of Cabin Creek and other battles and skirmishes in Indian Territory.

A group photograph of survivors of the 6th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry, Company B. The men are identified from the top left as: James M. Asher, Noah M. Scott, Andrew Sigler, John Snyder, John W. Barrett, Robert Wright, Sylvester Buck, Cyrus N. Teater, Calvin R. Jackson, Lt. J.C. Morehead, R. F. Rinker, Benjamin Davis, William (John) Curtis, Amos Stewart, and James Wolfinger.

Photo reportedly taken between 1870 and 1900.

Photo courtesy: Kansas Historical Society
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It looks like my daughters are having a great time on spring break. 
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AN UNTOLD STORY OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR -- FOR THE HISTORY BUFF IN YOUR LIFE

Most armchair historians have never read of the Civil War battles fought in what was Indian Territory (now the state of Oklahoma). Now you can read a true untold story of the American Civil War with the book "The Second Battle of Cabin Creek: Brilliant Victory" published by The History Press. The book was named as a finalist in the 2013 Oklahoma Book Awards.

The companion documentary, the award-winning "Last Raid at Cabin Creek" actually led to the book. Both the book and the documentary were recognized by the United Daughters of the Confederacy with the presentation of the Jefferson Davis Historical Gold Medal.

It was one of the most unlikely alliances in military history. A ragtag force of Texas and Native American cavalry troopers working together to achieve a common goal -- the capture of a 300 wagon Union supply train far behind enemy lines.

"One of the most brilliant raids of the war."
-- Confederate Major Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith in a special order issued Oct. 17, 1864 to Gens. Gano and Watie's brigades. The Confederate Congress even issued a special thank you in January of 1865.

The paperback edition of the book is available at your favorite online retailer. (historypress.net, Amazon.com, barnesandnoble.com, Walmart.com, staples.com and other online sites, including Google Play.) Also available for download for the Kindle, The Nook and iPad.

The 90-minute award winning documentary "Last Raid at Cabin Creek" (on the right in the photo below) is available for download rental, download, purchase or on DVD at Amazon.com.

Amazon also has a deal in place if you buy both the book and the DVD. http://tinyurl.com/p3arr8l
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THE CIVIL WAR BOOKS AND AUTHORS BLOG REVIEWS MY BOOK "THE SECOND BATTLE OF CABIN CREEK: BRILLIANT VICTORY"

http://cwba.blogspot.com/2013/01/warren-second-battle-of-cabin-creek.html

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Image: Artist's depiction of the Cabin Creek stockade as it appeared on the night of Sept. 18, 1864. From the feature length documentary "Last Raid at Cabin Creek."

Find out more about the final Confederate victory in the Indian Nations, read the award winning book "The Second Battle of Cabin Creek" (The History Press, 2012). The paperback edition is available at your favorite book store or online retailer, including Amazon.com, Walmart.com and Barnes and Noble.com. The book is also available for download for the Kindle, The Nook and the iPad.

The companion documentary "Last Raid at Cabin Creek", (90 minutes) is available as a download rental, download purchase or as a DVD only on Amazon.com.

Feel free to share the image,  but please credit "Last Raid at Cabin Creek."
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THE CIVIL WAR THROUGH THE CAMERA
AVAILABLE ON LINE FOR FREE!
Any history buff will love this collection and its free.
https://archive.org/details/civilwarthroughc00elso
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