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Medieval Archives
Illuminating the Dark Ages for the Digital Age
Illuminating the Dark Ages for the Digital Age

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This day is call'd the feast of Crispian. The annihilation is about to begin...

1415 - Hundred Years' War: Battle of Agincourt

Vastly outnumbered, the army of Henry V of England defeats the French army.
"ten French nobles against one English" chronicler Edmond de Dyntner.

Muddy terrain and 7,000 longbowmen were the key to England's victory. Over 8,000 French died at Agincourt, English casualties were less than 200.

The battle is arguable where Chivalry died when Henry V ordered thousands of prisoners executed.

Battle of Agincourt; notable French KIA...
Charles d'Albret, Count of Dreux and Constable of France
John I, Duke of Alençon
Antoine, Duke of Brabant
Frederick of Lorraine
Philip II, Count of Nevers

Battle of Agincourt; notable English/Welsh KIA
Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk
Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York
Dafydd Gam (Davy Gam) Welsh hero; Legend has it that Dafydd Gam saved Henry V's life at Agincourt and was knighted as he lay dying

"From this day to the ending of the world,
But we in it shall be remembered-
We few, we happy few, we band of brothers" ~Henry V (Shakespeare)

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1227 - Pope Gregory IX excommunicates Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor for his failure to participate in the Crusades

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1328 – First War of Scottish Independence: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton: Kingdom of England recognizes the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.

Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton:
Term #1 The Kingdom of Scotland as a fully independent nation;
Term #2 Robert the Bruce, and his heirs and successors, as the rightful rulers;
Term #3 The border between Scotland and England reverted to the reign of Alexander III

The original treaty was written in French, with two copies on the same sheet of paper. The treaty was confirmed and cut in half with a wavy line, so the copies could be matched in the future. Each king attached his seal to a leather strip, the strip was attached to the treaty

The bottom copy of treaty is on display at the National Archives in Edinburgh, Scotland

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Reconstructed face of Simon of Sudbury.

Simon of Sudbury was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1375 unitl his death in 1381. Sudbury was a casualty of the Peasants’ Revolt of 1381. He had a pretty grusome death; it took eight blows to behead him on Tower Hill.

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The Vitruvian Man ~Leonardo da Vinci

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Study of a fetus in the womb ~Leonardo da Vinci
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