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not Xerox PARC, but not bad either
 
If they can monetize even a fraction of the R&D projects, I think MS will do all right.
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I have a newfound respect for where Microsoft is going
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84 trivia questions from Unix history
 
A while back I posted the questions from the 1984 Unix/mpx Exit quiz: https://plus.google.com/u/0/101960720994009339267/posts/SnEe2UykcH1

Here they are again, with annotated answers. The answers are in the form of the simplified pattern that the mpx exit program used to verify them.

Note: I have never seen a correct set of answers posted on line except when they originated from this list. In other words, I don't believe anyone ever got all the questions correct, even with a web search engine. It may not even be possible.

1. Q:The source code motel: your source code checks in, but it never checks out. What is it?
A:sccs
The Source Code Control System. The reference is to the Roach Motel.

2. Q:  Who wrote the first Unix screen editor?
A: irons
Ned Irons wrote a full-screen editor (the first?) at IDA in the 1960s and a Unix version, perhaps a translation, at Yale a few years later.

3. Q:  Using TSO is like kicking a {what?} down the beach.
A: dead whale
The quote is from Steve Johnson. For those of you who never experienced TSO, it's an accurate characterization.

4. Q:  What is the filename created by the original dsw(1)?
A: core
Setting the file's i-number using the switches on the front panel was the other half of its user interface.

5. Q:  Which edition of Unix first had pipes?
A: third | 3
Look it up.

6. Q:  What is =O=?
A: empire
Empire was a large-scale strategy game developed at Reed College and made a computer game by Peter Langston (and perhaps others?).

7. Q:  Which Stephen R. Bourne wrote the shell?
A: software | 1138 | regis
There were two people named Stephen R. Bourne working at SGI in the early 1980s. The one who wrote software (as opposed to designing hardware), who had worked in BTL Center 1138, or whose middle name was Regis: he wrote the shell.

8. Q:  Adam Buchsbaum's original login was sjb. Who is sjb?
A: sol & buchsbaum
Adam was one of many Unix room kids with parents who worked at the Bell Labs. Adam was unusual because his father was executive vice president but apparently didn't have enough clout to get his kid his own login.

9. Q:  What was the original processor in the Teletype DMD-5620?
A: mac & 32
The 5620 was the productized Blit. Trick question: most people thought the 5620, like the Blit, had a 68000 but it used the much less suitable yet more expensive BELLMAC-32.

10. Q:  What was the telephone extension of the author of mpx(2)?
A: 7775
The (2) here is important. Greg Chesson wrote mpx(2); I wrote mpx(8).

11. Q:  Which machine resulted in the naming of the "NUXI problem"?
A: series 1 | series one
The IBM Series/1 was big-endian. Swap the bytes of "UNIX", the first text printed as Unix booted.

12. Q:  What customs threat is dangerous only when dropped from an airplane?
A: belle | chess machine
Ken Thompson took Belle (the chess machine) to the Soviet Union for a tour. Well, he tried: the machine was impounded by U.S. customs and never left American soil. Ken's trip was not much fun.

13. Q:  Who wrote the Bourne Shell?
A: bourne
The only real gimme in the list. Feels like a trick question though.

14. Q:  What operator in the Mashey shell was replaced by "here documents"?
A: pump
Sometimes better ideas do win out.

15. Q:  What names appear on the title page of the 3.0 manual?
A: dolotta & petrucelli & olsson
This refers to System 3, two before System V. It always makes your technology seem more modern when you use Roman numerals.

16. Q:  Sort the following into chronological order: 1) PWB 1. Q: 2, b) V7, c) Whirlwind, e) System V, f) 4. Q: 2BSD, g) MERT.
A: cagbef
Whirlwind is a ringer.

17. Q:  The CRAY-2 will be so fast it {what?} in 6 seconds.
A: infinite | np-complete | p=np
What can I say? The whole exercise was juvenile.

18. Q:  How many lights are there on the front panel of the original 11/70?
A: 52
We counted.

19. Q:  What does FUBAR mean?
A: failed unibus address register
It's really a register name on the VAX-11/780. Someone at DEC liked us.

20. Q:  What does "joff" stand for?
A: jerq obscure feature finder
Tom Cargill's debugger changed its name soon after we were pressured by management to change Jerq to Blit.

21. Q:  What is "Blit" an acronym of?
A: nothing
Whatever people thought, even those who insisted on spelling it BLIT, Blit was not an acronym.

22. Q:  Who was rabbit!bimmler?
A: rob
See Chapter 1 of The Unix Programming Environment for another theory.

23. Q:  Into how many pieces did Ken Thompson's deer disintegrate?
A: three | 3
During takeoff at Morristown airport, propeller meets deer; venison results.

24. Q:  What name is most common at USENIX conferences?
A: joy | pike
Sun Microsystems made these obnoxious conference badges that said, "The Joy of UNIX". We retaliated.

25. Q:  What is the US patent number for the setuid bit?
A: 4135240
Dennis Ritchie was granted the only patent that came out of Research Unix.

26. Q:  What is the patent number that appears in Unix documentation?
A: 2089603
I'm not a fan of this stuff. Look it up yourself.

27. Q:  Who satisfied the patent office of the viability of the setuid bit patent?
A: faulkner
At a time when software patents were all but unknown, Roger Faulkner demonstrated to a judge that the patent was sufficiently well explained by taking a Unix kernel without it and putting it in, given the patent text. A clean-room recreation, if you will.

28. Q:  How many Unix systems existed when the Second Edition manual was printed?
A: 10 | ten
It's right there in the introduction.

29. Q:  Which Bell Labs location is HL?
A: short hills
Easy for Labbers, not so easy for others. MH was Murray Hill.

30. Q:  Who mailed out the Sixth Edition tapes?
A: biren | irma
Package from Irma Biren were very popular in some circles.

31. Q:  Which University stole Unix by phone?
A: waterloo
Software piracy by modem. I'm not telling.

32. Q:  Who received the first rubber chicken award?
A: mumaugh
I don't remember what this was about, and the on-line references are all about this quiz.

33. Q:  Name a feature of C not in Kernighan and Ritchie.
A: enum | structure assignment | void
K&R (pre-ANSI) was pretty old.

34. Q:  What company did cbosg!ccf work for?
A: weco | western
Western Electric. Chuck Festoon was created by Ron Hardin as a political statement about automated document processing.

35. Q:  What does Bnews do?
A: suck | gulp buckets
Obscure now, but this was a near-gimme at the time.

36. Q:  Who said "Sex, Drugs, and Unix?"
A: tilson
Mike Tilson handed out these badges at an earlier USENIX. They were very popular, although the phrase doesn't scan in proper Blockhead style.

37. Q:  What law firm distributed Empire?
A: dpw | davis&polk&wardwell
Peter Langston worked for this Manhattan law firm, whose computer room had a charming view of FDR Drive.

38. Q:  What computer was requested by Ken Thompson, but refused by management?
A: pdp-10 | pdp10
Sic.

39. Q:  Who is the most obsessed private pilot in USENIX?
A: goble | ghg
Cruel but fair.

40. Q:  What operating system runs on the 3B-20D?
A: dmert | unix/rtr
DMERT gives you dial tone. The D stands for dual, as in dual-processor for redundancy. In a particular Bell System way, it was an awesome machine.

41. Q:  Who wrote find(1)?
A: haight
Dick Haight also wrote cpio(1), which to my knowledge was the first Unix program that did nothing at all unless you gave it options.

42. Q:  In what year did Bell Labs organization charts become proprietary?
A: 83
And soon after, PJW appeared.

43. Q:  What is the Unix epoch in Cleveland?
A: 1969 & dec & 31 & 19:00
Easy.

44. Q:  What language preceded C?
A: nb
Between B and C was NB. B was interpreted and typeless. NB was compiled and barely typed. C added structs and became powerful enough to rewrite the Unix kernel.

45. Q:  What language preceded B?
A: bon | fortran
BCPL is not the right answer.

46. Q:  What letter is mispunched by bcd(6)?
A: r
This trick question was used to verify that a Unix knock-off was indeed a clean-room reimplementation. Or maybe they just fixed the bug.

47. Q:  What terminal does the Blit emulate?
A: jerq
Despite what Wikipedia claims at the time I'm writing this, the Blit did not boot up with support for any escape sequences.

48. Q:  What does "trb" stand for (it's Andy Tannenbaum's login)?
A: tribble
I honestly never knew why this moniker was applied to Andy (no, the other one), although I can guess.

49. Q:  allegra!honey is no what?
A: lady
Peter Honeyman is many things, but ladylike, no.

50. Q:  What is the one-line description in vs.c?
A: screw works interface
From the man page for the driver for the Votrax speech synthesizer.

51. Q:  What is the TU10 tape boot for the PDP-11/70 starting at location 100000 octal?
A: 012700 172526 010040 012740 060003 105710 012376 005007
It's in the book. There was a sad time when I not only had this memorized, it was in muscle memory.

52. Q:  What company owns the trademark on Writer's Workbench Software?
A: at & t communications
AT&T never could decide what it was to call itself.

53. Q:  Who designed Belle?
A: condon | jhc
Joe Condon, hardware genius, died just a few months ago. Belle was the first computer to achieve international master status, using (roughly speaking) Joe's hardware and Ken's software.

54. Q:  Who coined the name "Unix"?
A: kernighan | bwk
This one is well known.

55. Q:  What manual page mentioned Urdu?
A: typo
I miss the typo command and occasionally think of recreating it.

56. Q:  What politician is mentioned in the Unix documentation?
A: nixon
The Nixon era was a dark period for people maintaining time zone tables.

57. Q:  What program was compat(1) written to support?
A: zork | adventure
My memory is rusty on this one and I don't have the 6th Edition manual to hand.

58. Q:  Who is "mctesq"?
A: michael & toy & esquire
Michael Toy wrote rogue...

59. Q:  What was "ubl"?
A: rogue | under bell labs
... which Peter Weinberger renamed ubl when he imported it. The renaming made sense to anyone who worked at Murray Hill.

60. Q:  Who bought the first commercial Unix license?
A: rand
The RAND Corporation led the way.

61. Q:  Who bought the first Unix license?
A: columbia
Columbia University.

62. Q:  Who signed the Sixth Edition licenses?
A: shahpazian
He was the lawyer who literally signed off on the licenses.

63. Q:  What color is the front console on the PDP-11/45 (exactly)?
A: puce
That's what DEC called it. It's not puce at all, which is why it's a good trivia question.

64. Q:  How many different meanings does Unix assign to '.'?
A: lots | many | countless | myriad | thousands
Ken's favorite character on the keyboard.

65. Q:  Who said "Smooth rotation butters no parsnips?"
A: john & tukey
John Tukey discovered/invented the fast Fourier Transform algorithm, coined the term "bit" for Claude Shannon, and of course uttered this unforgettable gem.

66. Q:  What was the original name for cd(1)?
A: ch
You answered chdir, didn't you? You were wrong.

67. Q:  Which was the first edition of the manual to be typeset?
A: 4 | four
The old phototypesetter was much smellier than a modern printer.

68. Q:  Which was the first edition of Unix to have standard error/diagnostic output?
A: 5 | five
The idea came remarkably late. Also, back then shell scripts bound standard input to the script, not the terminal.

69. Q:  Who ran the first Unix Support Group?
A: maranzano
USG was a force for internal and commercial Unix development in AT&T.

70. Q:  Whose Ph.D. thesis concerned Unix paging?
A: ozalp & babaoglu
The name was well known; the trick was spelling it correctly when you were in a hurry to get home.

71. Q:  Who (other than the obvious) designed the original Unix file system?
A: canaday
Rudd Canaday was there at the beginning.

72. Q:  Who wrote the PWB shell?
A: mashey
John Mashey, inventor of the pump operator.

73. Q:  Who invented uucp?
A: lesk
In so doing, Mike Lesk created the job category of (amateur) network operations engineer.

74. Q:  Who thought of PWB?
A: evan ivie
Evan Ivie pushed on the Software Tools metaphor to instigate the Programmer's Workbench. It feels quaint now.

75. Q:  What does grep stand for?
A: global regular expressions print
I've read countless incorrect etymologies for 'grep'. It's just the ed command g/re/p. The reference here is the spelling on the original man page. That final 's' is key to getting this one right.

76. Q:  What hardware device does "dsw" refer to?
A: console & 7
The profound "delete from switches" program was in its purest form on the PDP-7 in the First Edition.

77. Q:  What was the old name of the "/sys" directory?
A: ken
Ken and...

78. Q:  What was the old name of the "/dev" directory?
A: dmr
... Dennis divided their work this way until the Seventh Edition.

79. Q:  Who has written many random number generators, but never one that worked?
A: ken | thompson
Sorry, Ken, but it's true and you know it.

80. Q:  Where was the first Unix system outside 127?
A: patent
The Bell Labs patent office truly benefited from automated document processing made possible in the early versions of Research Unix. I believe they started using it when the kernel was still in assembler.

81. Q:  What was the first Unix network?
A: spider
You thought it was Datakit, didn't you? But Sandy Fraser had an earlier project.

82. Q:  What was the original syntax for ls -l | pr -h?
A: ls -l>"pr -h"> | <"ls -l"<pr -h
Notation is important. Ken's introduction of the pipe symbol (not to be confused with the | of the pattern here) was a masterstroke.

83. Q:  Why is there a comment in the shell source /* Must not be a register variable */?
A: registers & longjmp
You should be able to understand this.

84. Q:  What is it you're not expected to understand?
A: 6 | 5 & process
What's amazing to me now is hard this was to understand, let alone to invent, yet within a few years we all realized it could be done almost trivially with setjmp and longjmp.
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Home PC motherboard won't power up this morning. Got 3 1/4 years out of it, so not a bad lifetime. Anyone have recommendations for motherboard/CPU/CPUfan/RAM? I prefer 6 to 8 cores, 6 to 8 GB RAM, and USB3. I would also like a lower-cost option with 2 cores and 4 GB RAM.
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Monica got some used parts at a garage sale for $35: motherboard, 1 GB RAM, CPU, and power supply -- all about the same age as my old system. Neither power supply will power on either motherboard. So I'll get a power supply soon. They still sell the one you got ( http://www.newegg.com/Product/Product.aspx?Item=N82E16817341018 ) so I might get that.
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I wonder if this would be any use for effective invisibility to infrared imaging.
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Thanks for the heads-up, +Barry Schatz : Congress is considering a law that would give them the power to force USA Internet providers block some Internet sites by IP address. While this is 1) good for copyright holders, 2) may help to bring down the price of legally purchasing access to copyrighted content (like music or movie tickets), and 3) copyrighted content should not be accessed without the permission of the copyright holder anyways, I have this reservation: I don't want the US Government getting between me and Internet sites. I just don't think it's their place, and abuse of this power could be a disaster. On the positive side, I think domain name seizures have worked out OK along the same lines up to this point, and have not blocked anything that should not be blocked. What do you think?
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Is the cat alive or dead?
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+David Moore Check this out: "Volkswagen bug with a 1,450-horsepower jet engine sticking out the back, idling away at 13,000 RPM [...] a jet-boosted run will 'pin the speedometer and that's at 140.' " And then what he wants to do with a Soviet SAM.
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All you ham radio operators, show off your texting skills with this new app from Google!
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I'm pretty sure you don't need Morse Code to get a HAM license any more.
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Bye bye, lulzsec. Your ship has sailed.
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OK, so it costs a LOT less than a Porsche and you don't have to put any gas into it. And, it accelerates faster than a Porsche. But does it handle like a Porsche? No? Then why would sports car enthusiasts buy it? Why not make a slower-accelerating version that normal people can afford? I know, there's probably not enough profit in it...
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7 Passengers? I think Mom and Dad should have looked into this instead of a minivan.
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Went there for Date Night and found out they had live music going. Great music, Food came quickly and was amazingly fresh and good. The prices were very low for the quality of it... Service was timely and nice, over all a great experience and awesome place to go to!
Food: ExcellentDecor: ExcellentService: Excellent
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Open late. Good burgers fast. Nearby and easy to get in and out from the road.
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Moved down here from Indiana...was in Lancaster first both of those places had EXCELLENT service...always picked up or dropped off mail no matter what and the people were friendly and nice...Ever since we moved to Mesquite the Postal Service has been awful! they don't really hold your mail when you ask them to or they will hold it and not start it back up, you can go days without receiving your mail and call and ask about it and they tell you "oh well it should be there" it sounds like my child's excuses! This place either needs to get new managemnt or be reported for suchcrappy service and employees!
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I was a single mom when i had Dr. Joyce Heald as my son's Dr. She accused me of not being a good mom because i was working 2 jobs and just could not get a day off for check ups and my mother took him. At his 2 week check up he was very dehydrated and had severe thrush, (the one time i was able to get off work) instead of letting me take him to the hospital like she wanted she called an ambulance and tried to do a IV in my son's head in front of me!! I was hysterical by the time i got to the hospital and my parents were furious. the time we waited in the office to actually see the Dr. was always 20-30 mins long. Now that i'm finally away from her and have moved to Tx, i can never get my son's shot records in time. This last time it was almost a month before i got them! And these were faxed!...It makes me wonder if all the single mom's on Medicad got this treatment...this is the worst Dr. i have EVER had!!!
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