The Toyota 86 is a sport compact car developed jointly by Japanese manufacturers Toyota and Subaru that will be released in 2012. It has 2+2 seats, a 2-door coupé body style and a front-engine, rear-wheel drive layout.
The model will be sold under three different brands: Toyota (Toyota 86 in Japan and Toyota GT-86 in Europe), Subaru (Subaru BRZ) and Scion (Scion FR-S). "86" (pronounced "eight-six") refers to the Toyota AE86, a car sold in the 1980s. As such, the Toyota 86 has been named as the spiritual successor of the original AE86 during the press release of the 86. The Toyota and Scion have little distinguishing elements - the latter has cheaper pieces to reduce base price in the United States. The Subaru differs mainly in its front end, where the grille has an hexagonal shape versus an inverted trapezoid in the Toyota and Scion. The partnership between Toyota and Subaru for the development of the model earned it the nickname "Toyobaru".
It was first presented as a concept car at the October 2009 Tokyo Motor Show under the name Toyota FT-86, FT being shorthand for "Future Toyota". Later, a high-performance version was launched at the January 2010 Tokyo Auto Salon as the Toyota FT-86 G Sports Concept. At the 2011 Geneva Motor Show, a third concept car was shown, the Toyota FT-86 II Concept. The BRZ and FR-S also had their concept cars, the Subaru BRZ Concept STI and the Scion FR-S Concept. The production version of the 86, BRZ and FR-S were unveiled at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show,
Initially, the 86 and sister models will feature a Subaru-sourced naturally aspirated (codenamed by Toyota, 4U-GSE) 2.0 L flat-4 boxer gasoline engine that will deliver 197 hp (200 PS) that includes a direct injection system from Toyota. The model will be offered with two six-speed transmissions: a manual and an automatic with paddle shifters. The weight of the 86 is 1180 kg