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Antoine Boctor
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Thios Inc
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THIO'S INC.

217,Abd Elsalam Aref St.101

El Saria,Alexandria,Egypt.21216
e.mail tonyboctor@thiosinc.com

Tel.+203 582 9000
+2035888899
Fax. 584 1700

(305)9175978

Dear Sirs,

We take immense pleasure in introducing ourselves Thio's is an Engineering ,
stocking, services, trading, contracting, accounting and public relations Co. Established in 1982
with offices in Alexandria,Cairo, Miami, Salvadore, Ecuador agent working and representing
International companies in Egypt , Middle East , Central & South America.

We have our own Technical staff and sales engineering in both

Egypt and U S A.

We have clients in government, public and private sector

companies.

We Co-operated with local universities Staff, Consultants and

experts from the manufacture in Egypt using their laboratories

and their science & scientists and Expertise to help Our analysis and sales.

That 's give Us strong powerful leads and access to the most

factories ,chemical plant ,petrochemical and petroleum fields

....etc.

Our services are:

1. Management Consulting in developing Countries.

*Project Management\ Management support.

2. Project administration.
3. Feasibility studies.

4. Design Coordination
5. Site Supervision and site service.

6 . Recruitment and training of personal.

7 .Inspection. 8. Research and Set up services.

9. Consulting Engineering, Environmental services, Water treatment.

10. Technical Services for refineries, petrochemical and chemical

plants.
11. Export management.

12. Setting up services.
13. Testing and technical evaluation.

14. Marine Consulting
15. Ship owner representative.

16.Design of ships and floating terminals.

17. Cargo Handling Systems. 18. Maritime survey.

19 .Financial Consulting.
20. Accounting, Book keeping &taxation.
We would like to represent you in our areas .



We are certain that Corporation between you and us is going to

be very beneficial.


Sincerely.

Thio's incorporated .



Eng.Antoine Boctor
cell number +201067228165
*Ecuador
Mrs.Doris E. Quijano
0013059000858\
quijanoely1@gmail.com
Also Look Our Group
*(www.katreingroup.com)
amsanad@hotmail.com
Cairo
*Mr.Monien Sanad
00201005306145



Post has shared content
THIO'S INC.

217,Abd Elsalam Aref St.101

El Saria,Alexandria,Egypt.21216
e.mail tonyboctor@thiosinc.com

Tel.+203 582 9000
+2035888899
Fax. 584 1700

(305)9175978

Dear Sirs,

We take immense pleasure in introducing ourselves Thio's is an Engineering ,
stocking, services, trading, contracting, accounting and public relations Co. Established in 1982
with offices in Alexandria,Cairo, Miami, Salvadore, Ecuador agent working and representing
International companies in Egypt , Middle East , Central & South America.

We have our own Technical staff and sales engineering in both

Egypt and U S A.

We have clients in government, public and private sector

companies.

We Co-operated with local universities Staff, Consultants and

experts from the manufacture in Egypt using their laboratories

and their science & scientists and Expertise to help Our analysis and sales.

That 's give Us strong powerful leads and access to the most

factories ,chemical plant ,petrochemical and petroleum fields

....etc.

Our services are:

1. Management Consulting in developing Countries.

*Project Management\ Management support.

2. Project administration.
3. Feasibility studies.

4. Design Coordination
5. Site Supervision and site service.

6 . Recruitment and training of personal.

7 .Inspection. 8. Research and Set up services.

9. Consulting Engineering, Environmental services, Water treatment.

10. Technical Services for refineries, petrochemical and chemical

plants.
11. Export management.

12. Setting up services.
13. Testing and technical evaluation.

14. Marine Consulting
15. Ship owner representative.

16.Design of ships and floating terminals.

17. Cargo Handling Systems. 18. Maritime survey.

19 .Financial Consulting.
20. Accounting, Book keeping &taxation.
We would like to represent you in our areas .



We are certain that Corporation between you and us is going to

be very beneficial.


Sincerely.

Thio's incorporated .



Eng.Antoine Boctor
cell number +201067228165
*Ecuador
Mrs.Doris E. Quijano
0013059000858\
quijanoely1@gmail.com
Also Look Our Group
*(www.katreingroup.com)
amsanad@hotmail.com
Cairo
*Mr.Monien Sanad
00201005306145


INDIAN SPICES

Spices are referred as the strongly flavored or the aromatic substance with vegetable origin, obtained from tropical plants. They are the dried seeds, fruits, roots, barks or vegetative substances used in nutritionally insignificant quantities as food additives for the purpose of flavoring. They provide taste to the food. They are also good for health as they supply calcium, iron, vitamin B, vitamin C, carotene and other antioxidants.
In medieval period, spices were in great demand and were as precious as gold. India being the land of spices plays a significant role in the global spice market. No country in the world produces the range of quality spices India offers with all of its states growing at least one spice in abundance.
Commonly Used Spices in Indian Cooking

• Aniseed
• Asafetida
• Basil
• Bay Leaves
• Bishop Weeds
• Cardamoms
• Cashew
• Cassia
• Cinnamon
• Celery
• Chilies
• Cloves
• Coffee
• Coriander
• Cumin
• Curry leaf
• Dill
• Fennel
• Fenugreek
• Galanga
• Garlic
• Ginger
• Kokum
• Mint leaves
• Mustard
• Nutmeg
• Parsley
• Pepper
• Poppy
• Saffron
• Tamarind
• Tea
• Turmeric







Tamarind
Tamarind is an indispensable spice in south Indian kitchens. Being the only producer of tamarind on a commercial scale, India exports tamarind to West Asia, Europe and America.
Referred as date of India, this spice also comes in the forms of pulp and juice concentrates which mainly go into the preparation of cool drinks, sea foods and a range of sophisticated cuisine.
Tamarind trees are very common in South India, particularly in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Medicinally, tamarind is used as an Ayurvedic Medicine for gastric and/or digestion problems.
The extracts of tamarind fruits and leaves are used in body lotions, henna-based red hair dyes, face masks, lip balms, body butters and soaps. Tamarind seed oil is used in making paints and varnishes.
Poppy

Poppy is the dried seed of an annual herb and is the earliest plant to be cultivated by men. In olden days, poppy was valued for the oil obtained from its seeds.
Today, poppy oil is an unusual specialty and is produced only in small quantities. Even though poppy seeds are not narcotic, they are cultivated for culinary purposes and for the production of opium.
Opium is obtained from the latex of the mature fruits by making incisions on them. In Mughal cooking style, ground poppy seeds are used as common thickening agents to obtain sweet, mild, nutty flavor and aroma.
Poppy is grown in India in states of Uttar Pradesh and Punjab.
Cashew

The Cashew is grown in a tree in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae. This plant is basically native to northeastern Brazil where it is referred as caju. It is now cultivated in all regions with sufficiently warm and humid climate. The tree has fruits which are oval or pear-shaped accessory fruits developed from the receptacle of the cashew flower.
The fruits are often referred as cashew apples. The true fruit of the cashew tree is a kidney or boxing-glove shaped drupe which grows at the end of the pseudofruit. Actually, the drupe develops first on the tree, and then the peduncle expands into the pseudofruit. Within the true fruit is a single seed, the cashew nut. The seed is surrounded by a double shell containing a caustic phenolic resin, urushiol, a potent skin irritant toxin and some people are allergic to cashews, but cashews are a less frequent allergen than some other nuts.
The urushiol will be removed from the dark green nut shells before the seed inside is processed for consumption. In India urushiol is traditionally used to control tamed elephants by its rider or keeper.
The cashew apple is mainly used for its juicy but acidic pulp, which can be eaten raw or used in the production of jam, chutney, or various beverages. At some places, its juice is also processed and distilled into liquor or consumed diluted and sugared as a refreshing drink, Cajuína. The cashew apple is the source of juicy pulp used to prepare fenny which is the local popular distilled liquor in Goa.
The cashew apple has tannin and is very perishable. Hence, in most of the places, the false fruit is simply discarded after removal of the cashew nut. The cashews have high oil content and can be used not only for cashew butters, but also for some other nut butters to add extra oil. The liquid contained within the shell casing of the cashew, known as Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL) which has a variety of industrial uses.
India is one of the largest producers of cashew kernels. Kollam or Quilon in Kerala, South India produces one of the finest varieties of cashews. The major trading centers of cashew in India are Palasa, Kollam or Quilon Mangalore and Kochi.
Coffee

Coffee is one of the commercial spices of India even though Brazil is the top exporter of coffee globally. A mineral-rich volcanic soil, suitable altitudes, good rainfall and temperature variations make for the growth of best coffee cherry which is richer in taste and higher in sugar content.
Roasted coffee is the most preferred state of coffee and the roasting process involves a considerable degree of influence on the taste of the final product. It requires lot of processing and human labour. Coffee berries must be picked, defruited, dried, sorted, and aged.
The raw coffee beans have coffee acids, protein, and caffeine but none of its taste. It requires heat to spark the chemical reactions that turn carbohydrates and fats into aromatic oils, burn off moisture and carbon dioxide, and alternately break down and build up acids, unlocking the characteristic coffee flavor.
Being the most popular drink, coffee can be presented in many ways with sugar, with milk or cream, and hot or cold. Even instant coffee is available and it has been dried into soluble powder or freeze dried into granules, which can be quickly dissolved in hot water for consumption. There is also canned coffee which is a beverage that has been popular in Asian countries for many years, particularly in Japan and South Korea.
Many vending machines typically sell a number of varieties of canned coffee, available both hot and cold. Liquid coffee concentrate is used in large institutional situations where coffee needs to be produced for thousands of people at the same time.
Curry leaf

Most Indian cuisine cannot do without the subtle flavouring of a highly aromatic leafy spice called curry leaf.
The curry leaves are from a small deciduous tree which grows profusely throughout mainland. It is commonly found in forests as gregarious undergrowth along the foot of the Himalayas, from the Ravi to Sikkim and Assam, besides Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Kerala, Karnataka, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh.
The trees are also now maintained in homestead gardens, as in Kerala, or on leaf farms as in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Orissa.
The curry leaves are mainly used in seasoning in Indian cooking. They are particularly used in South India cooking to provide a flavouring for curries, vegetable, fish and meat dishes, soups (rasams), pickles, butter milk preparations, chutneys, scrambled eggs and curry powder blends.
In fresh form, they have short shell life, but in dried form it has be preserved for a long time.
Fenugreek

Fenugreek is the small, three- cornered flower. It is an ancient spice used in Middle East, Northern- Eastern Africa and India, especially for pickles. Dry roasting enhances the flavor and reduces the bitterness of this spice.
Fenugreek has a strong, pleasant and a peculiar odor. It grows best in well-drained soils with a low rainfall into brownish-yellow rhombic shape seeds. It is often cultivated as a cover crop in citrus-fruit groves to take advantage of their leguminous nature.
In India, it is grown in the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. It is exported in its whole and powdered forms and as oil to Saudi Arabia, Japan, Malaysia, USA, The UK, Singapore and Sri Lanka.
Galangal

Galangal is a special spice having ginger like rootstock built from the cylindrical sub units whose pale-reddish surface is characteristically cross-striped by reddish-brown, small rings.
The interior has about the same color as the skin and is hard and woody in texture. Even though, galanga leaves and seeds are aromatic they are not used very often for flavoring purposes. But its volatile oil attracts more international interest because of its high medicinal value.
Galanga is cultivated in Indochina, Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Vietnam and Indonesia. In India, it is grown in the eastern Himalayas and South- West India.
Kokum

Kokam is an Indian versatile spice specialty, with an agreeable flavor and sweet, acidic taste.
Its oils, seeds, fruits, bark and leaves have extensive culinary and therapeutic value. Its fruit is cholagogue, cooling, demulcent, emollient and antiseptic.
Its bark and leaves are astringent and its oil is emollient and soothing. In India, kokam is grown in Konkan, Malabar and Kanara regions of Western India.
It is exported to several countries like USA, UK, Canada, Australia, Hong Kong and Middle East.
Pepper

Known as King of Spices, Pepper is indigenous to India and is one of the oldest and best-known spices in the world.
India has always reigned supreme in its production and export. The exotic and most sought-after Indian pepper has made a profound influence on the European economy of the Middle Ages.
Indian pepper is grown in the monsoon forests along the Malabar coast in South India. The celebrated trade varieties of Indian black pepper are the Malabar Garbled and the Tellichery Extra Bold. Even green pepper in several processed forms - frozen, dehydrated, freeze-dried and packed in brine are available.
Pepper is an important spice in the Indian classic garam masala. It is used as flavour ingredient in most major food products including non alcoholic beverages, candies, baked foods, meat and meat products, cheese, condiments and relishes. Medicinally, it is used in aromatherapy, massages and to treat sports injuries.
Its steam inhalation combined with eucalyptus is good for treatments of colds and flu. Its fruits are acrid, bitter, carminative, aphrodisiac, diuretic, digestive and stimulant and are useful for arthritis, asthma, fever, cough, dysentery, dyspepsia and flatulence. Peppers boiled in water along with basil leaves, are said to relieve chest congestions and asthmatic condition

Turmeric

Turmeric is the dried rhizome of an herbaceous plant and is also referred as Indian saffron. It has several unique properties which make it an ideal choice as a food flavour, an effective ingredient in medicines and cosmetics, and as a natural colourant.
It has rich curcumin content, which gives the distinctive yellow colour. India is the largest exporter of turmeric to Middle East, the UK, USA and Japan. The popular varieties are the Alleppey Finger and the Erode turmeric from Tamil Nadu, the Rajapore and the Sangli turmeric from Maharashtra and the Nizamabad Bulb from Andhra Pradesh.
Turmeric is used in canned beverages, baked products, dairy products, ice cream, yogurts, yellow cakes, biscuits, popcorn-color, sweets, cake icings, cereals, sauces, gelatines, direct compression tablets, cheeses, dry mixes, salad dressings, winter butter and margarine. Cosmetically, turmeric is used as a Sun-guard for skin protection.
Medicinally, turmeric is used in treatment for pancreatic cancer, multiple myeloma, Alzheimer's, and colorectal cancer.
Aniseed

Being one of the oldest spices, the aniseed is the schizocarpic fruit of the annual anise plant of the parsley family (Umbelliferae) and consists of two half-fruits which are separable only with difficulty.
The aniseed is widely used for flavouring curries, bread, soups, baked goods, dried figs, deserts, cream cheese, pickles, egg dishes, non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages. The spice has essential oils and other ingredients which have a strong seasoning action.
It is ground grey to grayish brown in color. The oil ducts are almost always present embedded in the fruit wall beneath the ridges.
In India, it is grown to a small extent as a culinary herb or as a garden plant. The major products are anis oil and oleoresin anis. Basically, the aniseed is anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, stimulant, carminative and expectorant.
Basil

The basil is a small, erect, glabrous, profusely branched herb indigenous to India. It has an intensive pungent smell.
The word basil is derived from the Greek word basileús which means king due to the royal fragrance of this herb.
In India, basil is also considered to be sacred and is mainly used in the worship of Lord Vishnu.
The basil has rich aroma and excellent blending properties. It is used in the preparation of French liquors, sophisticated perfumes and gourmet class culinary seasonings.
Basil oil is also popular for its unique blending nature with other ingredients.
The growth of basil requires warm temperature climates. Among all the spices, basil is the only one spice which offers highest yields per acre.
Bay Leaves

The Bay leaves are known for their versatile and irresistible aroma and taste. They are the leaves of an evergreen tree called the Sweet bay or the Bay laurel or the Noble laurel or the True laurel.
In India the Bay laurel tree originates in the South slopes of the Himalayas. The bay leaves have essential oil from the leaves containing cinnamic aldehyde and traces of eugenol as its main constituents.
Even though the bay leaves are native to the Mediterranean, they have given wondrous flavor and scent to the Indian cuisine. Indian bay leaves belong to a tree which is related to cinnamon. They are tough three- veined leaves and are very popular in Northern India, but are little known in other parts of the country.
The reason for the popularity of bay leaves in Northern India is that Mughals influenced North Indian cuisine which adopted this flavour. In the Imperial Mughal cuisine, the bay leaves were used frequently in biryanis and kormas. Thus they formed the essential part of the mostly used blend of spices.
Today, bay leaves are one of the most sought- after culinary spices for flavoring soups, casseroles, stews, fish, fish sauces, meat, poultry, pudding and marinades.
Cassia

Cassia is the dried husk or bark of a small, bushy evergreen tree and is considered inferior to cinnamon. Its quill has a single ½ mm thickness layer.
It is used as a flavoring agent in many products such as candies, desserts, baked goods, and meat. It is also used in beverages, perfumery, toiletries and cosmetics, while the oil of cassia finds extensive application in liquors and beauty products.
Cassia contains 4% essential oil of which 75 to 90% has cinnamic aldehyde and there are traces of eugenol along with small amounts of coumarin. It is the spice mentioned in the bible and hence is regarded as the first cinnamon species that was known and used centuries ago.
In India, cassia is grown in the North-Eastern states and in the evergreen tracts along the high ranges of the Western Ghats. There are different varieties of cassia, obtained from different species of Cinnamomum and originating from different sources.
Sometimes, Cassia is assumed as cinnamon, due to certain similarities, mainly their origin being the bark of bushy evergreen tree. But there are differences between the two. Cassia is a much thicker, coarser product than cinnamon.
Cassia is sold as pieces of bark or as neat quills or sticks. Its sticks are extremely hard and are usually made up of one thick layer. Cassia tastes slightly bitter and it lacks the liveliness of cinnamon. It is often used as a less costly substitute to true cinnamon.
Chilies

Being the universal spice of India, chili is a nature's wonder. Its fruit has different sizes, shapes and colour. Only in India, many rich varieties of chilies with different qualities are found.
There are two important commercial qualities of chilies. Red color chilies having the pigment capsanthin and green color chilies known for biting pungency attributed by capsaicin. The chilies are the most essential ingredient in curries of south India.
In curries, they are used as in variety of forms such as paste, powder, broken split or whole form. The fruit is either cooked or consumed raw for its fiery hot flavour which is concentrated along the top of the pod.
The stem end of the pod has glands which produce the capsaicin, which then flows down through the pod. The heat of the pod can be reduced by removing the seeds and inner membranes.
Chili powder is a spice made of the dried ground chilies, along with portions of pepper, cumin, coriander, fenugreek seeds and many other spices.
Coriander

The coriander has long history with its cultivation dating back to ancient species in the Mediterranean region. It has been mentioned in holy bible and is said to be known since the middle age.
Coriander leaves are very popular in India as they are used in variety of dishes for garnishing. Apart from the use of leaves for decorating dishes, coriander is also used in the form of dried ripe fruit.
The aroma is warm, nutty and spicy while the leaves have a strong odor. It is not only a fragrant spice, but also has medicinal properties. It is used extensively in several kinds of foods, beverages, liquors and perfumes. It requires full exposure to sunlight but with less heat and medium-to-heavy loamy soil, good drainage and well-distributed moisture.
In India Coriander is an essential constitute of curry powder and Indian masalas. To enhance its flavor, the normal practice is to fry or roast coriander. It is grown in the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Madhya Pradesh.
India exports coriander leaves, powder and oil to USA, UK, Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Middle East.
Dill

Dill is a strongly smelling spice which is mainly popular as the Old Norse dilla used to relieve babies from stomach pain due to its anti flatulent power. It is an annual winter crop which requires well-drained sandy soil and complete sunlight for proper growth.
It belongs to the parsley family and grown in the sub tropical and temperate regions of India especially the northern parts.
It is popular all over Europe, Western, Central and Southern Asia due to its sweet taste. It is mainly used for cooking bread, vegetable, vinegar, pickles and fish. It is the national spice in the Scandinavian countries and the fish dishes are usually either directly flavored with dill or served together with sauces containing dill.
In India, however, dill is used to flavor for lentils and bean dishes. It is used extensively in foods, beverages and medicines and its essential oil constitutes an important flavoring for the pickles industry. India exports dill to USA, the UK, Canada and Japan.
Garlic
Being a hardy bulbous annual crop, Garlic has pungent and acid flavour with high medicinal values. Entire bulb has no odor, but when crushed or cut, it produces intense odor.
It is originated in central Asia and is one of the famous spices of the world. It is also mentioned in the Bible and in the ancient Egyptian times when they were fed to the pyramid builders daily and as food for the Hebrews during their sojourn in Egypt.
Garlic is used in pickles and vinegars. It is also used in vegetable, meat and poultry dishes, especially in casserole, stew and marinade.
Even readymade spices, mixes, pharmaceuticals and disinfectants have garlic. It is cultivated in India in the states of Poona, Nasik, Madurai and Jamnagar.

Mint Leaves
Mint is an erect plant with dark green leaves of pleasant flavour. The various species of mint are peppermint, spearmint, apple mint and corn mint.
Peppermint and spearmint are commercially popular and significant. Peppermint is used in mint tea. Mint oil and menthol are used as flavouring agents in mouthwashes, toothpastes and chewing gums.
Mint leaves are used in few dishes like mint-coriander chutney, rasam, sambar, meat, fish, poultry items and biryanis. In India, mint is grown in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh.
Nutmeg

Nutmeg is the hard kernel of the seed of an evergreen tree which is native to Moluccas.
Mace is the lacy growth known as the aril, surrounds the seed. This spice became popular in the kitchen when the Portuguese developed trade in Spice Island, in 16th century.
Nutmeg is used in both savory and sweet dishes as it has a warm flavor and affinity for rich foods.
In India it is used mainly in Moghul dishes. Medicinally, it is used to relieve bronchial disorders, rheumatism and flatulence as treatment for digestive, liver and skin complaints. Besides, it is used in perfumery, soaps and shampoos.
Nutmeg and mace have similar taste qualities. But nutmeg has a slightly sweeter and mace a more delicate flavor.
Mace is used in light-coloured dishes for the bright orange, saffron-like colour it imparts. In Indian cuisine, nutmeg is used almost exclusively in sweets and in small quantities in garam masala.

Saffron

Saffron is the slender, dried, reddish-brown, flattened stigma of a small crocus of the iris family and is the most expensive spice in the world.
Its aroma is unique and there is no substitute for it. In India, saffron is grown in Kashmir.
Saffron is water-soluble and when added to the dish, gives a pure and homogeneous color. In high dosage, saffron exhibits toxic qualities.
Saffron is used in dished of Central Asia and Northern India apart from the North Indian biryanis. It is also used in many Indian sweets like, kheer, ras malai, Indian yogurt drink, butter lassi, badam shake etc.
Vanilla
The Vanilla is a climbing orchid cultivated for its pleasant flavour and is one of the few contributions of the western hemisphere to the world of spices. It has over 50 species but only three important species form the sources of natural vanillin. They are
• Vanilla planifollia Andrews
• Vanilla pompona Shiede
• Vanilla tahitensis J.W. Moore
Of these, Vanilla planifollia is the most preferred and commercially cultivated vanilla. There are three main commercial preparations of natural vanilla. They are
• whole bean
• powder (pure ground beans or blended with sugar, starch or other ingredients)
• extract (in alcoholic solution)
Pods or beans of Vanilla are subjected to curing process to produce the characteristic aroma and the substance chiefly responsible for the unique fragrance and flavour of the vanilla bean is vanillin (C8 H8 03).
Vanilla has a prime position among the food flavors. Its essence finds large use in foods in the preparation of ice creams, chocolates, bakery products, puddings, pharmaceuticals, liquors and perfumes. It is the second most expensive spice traded in the world market.
The vanilla flavor used in creams, cakes and other foodstuff is achieved by adding some vanilla extract or by cooking vanilla beans in the liquid preparation. If the beans are split into two, stronger aroma can be obtained.
The natural vanilla gives a brownish to yellowish colour to the preparations, depending on the concentration. A good quality vanilla has a strong aromatic flavour. But there are many artificially synthesized vanilla substitutes and foodstuffs with small amounts of low quality vanilla or artificial vanilla-like flavorings are more common, since true vanilla is very expensive.
Vanilla’s popular use is in ice creams and hence most people consider it to be the default flavor.

Asafoetida

The asafetida or the asafoetida is dried latex extracted from the living rhizome, rootstock or taproot of an umbelliferous plant of varied species.
It has a unique blend of finest ingredients and Indian asafetida from Kashmir has an exalted position in the international market. Indian asafetida has three forms based on quality. They are as follows.
• Tears
• Mass
• Paste
There is another classification based on the place of origin, flavor and color as follows.
• Hing
• Hingra
The asafetida is highly popular spice as people who do not prefer to eat onion and garlic can make this as an essential ingredient of their cuisine. It acts as an alternative for onion and garlic in most of the vegetable dishes.
It is used in very small quantities in dishes and a pea-sized amount is considered to be large or sufficient to add the asafetida flavor to a large pot of food. The powdered asafetida is less intense and can be used even without frying.
The aroma of this spice is also less when used in powdered form but the resin has a non-perishable fragrance. The resin has strong flavor and must be fried shortly in hot oil.
Bishop Weeds

The Bishop weeds also referred as the ajwain have originated in Eastern Mediterranean, but the usage in cuisine and as an ayurvedic remedy is confined to Central Asia and Northern India.
The most utilized part of Bishop's Weed is the small, caraway like fruits which have the essential oil being dominated by thymol a- pinene, p- cymene, limonene and terpinene as its main constituents.
The Bishop weeds are the aromatic spices with wondrous flavor. In India they are grown mainly in Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Roasting or frying in combination with potatoes or fish enhances the strong aroma of Bishop's Weed. They are also used in ayurvedic medicine to cure diseases related to the digestive tract.
Cardamoms

The Cardamom or the Elettaria Cardamomum Maton is called as the Queen of Spices as it is one of the most exotic and highly prized spices.
It is grown mainly in Kerala, Tamilnadu and Karnataka, on the shady slopes of the western Ghats. The Indian cardamom gets its unique aroma, flavor, size and color due to the warm humid climate, the loamy soil rich in organic matter, the distributed rainfall and the special cultivation and processing methods.
The various grades of Indian cardamom offered at the international markets are the Alleppey Green Extra Bold (AGEB), the Alleppey Green Bold (AGB) and the Alleppey Green Superior (AGS).
The cardamom oil is the most precious ingredient in food preparations, perfumery, health foods, medicines, and beverages.
The cardamom seed has strong, unique taste, with an intensely aromatic fragrance. It is often included in Indian sweet dishes, drinks and festive recipes. It is also used in pickles, punches and mulled wines, occasionally with meat, poultry and shellfish.
In traditional medicine, cardamom is used to treat infections in teeth and gums, throat troubles, congestion of the lungs and pulmonary tuberculosis, inflammation of eyelids and also digestive disorders. It is also reportedly used as an antidote for both snake and scorpion venom.
Celery

Celery is a popular herb and vegetable with its roots and leaves being used for garnishing purposes as well as can be cooked for eating as a vegetable.
It has its origin in Mediterranean region of Europe. It is the spice mentioned in Greek epics. It was also considered as a holy plant in Greece. Romans believed that the celery would bring bad fortune under certain circumstances.
In India, celery is mainly produced in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. The Indian celery dominates the world market with several commercial grades of celery besides its essential oils being exported to USA, Singapore, France, Japan and UK.


Cloves

Cloves are small, reddish-brown flower buds of the tropical evergreen tree Syzygium aromaticum of the family Myrtaceae. They were important in the earliest spice trade and are indigenous to the Moluccas, or Spice Islands, of Indonesia. The island of Zanzibar, which is part of Tanzania, is the world's largest producer of cloves.
Cloves have strong aroma with hot and pungent taste. They are used to flavour many foods, mainly meats and bakery products. They are used either as whole or in a ground form, but as they are extremely strong they are used sparingly. Whole cloves are frequently used to flavour cooking liquids for simmering fish, poultry, game and meat. Both north and south Indian cuisine contain cloves.
In the north Indian cuisine, it is used in almost every sauce or side dish in grounded form. They form a key ingredient in the preparation of tea along with green cardamoms. In the south Indian cuisine, it is extensively used in the biryani dishes to enhance the presentation and flavor of the rice. They also form one of the ingredients in many classic spice mixtures.
They contain 14 to 20 percent essential oil with the principal component of the aromatic oil eugenol. Their pungent smell is due to the presence of eugenol. The clove oil is used to prepare microscopic slides for viewing and is also a local anesthetic for toothaches. It is also used in germicides, aromathereapy, perfumes, and mouthwashes, in the synthesis of vanillin, and as a sweetener or intensifier.
Cumin

Being an efficient digestive food flavor for ceremonial feasting of the Biblical times, Cumin is the dried fruit of a small herbaceous plant.
It was used in ancient India and also in Roman Empire. Today, it is one of the popular spices used throughout the world.
Cumin is fried or roasted before usage. It also forms an essential part of the curry powder and of the Bengali spice mixture, panch phoron, apart from being used in Northern Indian tandoori dishes.
Indian cumin is used worldwide in foods, beverages, liquors, medicines, toiletries and perfumery. The basic requirements to grow this soil are rich, well- drained, sandy, loamy soil and the sun.
It grows abundantly in the mild, equable climate of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. India exports cumin to USA, Singapore, Japan, UK and North Africa.
Fennel

Fennel from Foeniculum is a traditional spice of India normally referred as saunf. It is the dried aromatic ripe fruit of herbaceous plant and grows well in mild climates.
In ancient India it was used as a condiment and culinary spice. Today, in India it is used to give special flavor to meat dishes, fishes, and pickles. It is also used in medicine, liquor and perfume.
In India, it is grown in sunny, limey, well-drained soil of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. India exports substantial quantities of fennel to USA, Singapore, UK, UAE, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia and Japan.
Ginger

Ginger is a fresh, dried or powdered rhizome of a slender, perennial herb. Being one of the earliest Oriental spices known in Europe, it has been cultivated in India both as a fresh vegetable and marketed as a dried spice since time immemorial. It has a characteristic taste, flavor and texture.
In India, ginger is grown all over, but the finest quality ginger is grown in Kerala. Indian dry ginger is known in the world market as 'Cochin Ginger' (NUGC) and 'Calicut Ginger' (NUGK). Ginger comes in variety of forms such as garbled or ungarbled, bleached or unbleached and powder forms. Young ginger roots have juicy and fleshy mild taste. They are used in pickles, vinegars, ginger tea, seafood, mutton, candy, cookies, cake, and non-alcoholic beverage.
Medicinally, ginger is used in the treatment for nausea. It is used as "stomach settler" for generations in many countries. It is a powerful antioxidant and is used to relieve headache and inflammation.
Mustard

Mustard is the spice popularly used in seasoning of foods.
It is an erect, multi-branched herbaceous plant, cultivated in most temperate climates and normally grown in certain tropical and sub-tropical regions as a cold-weather crop.
Mustard is used in variety of forms like seed, paste or powdered form. It is believed that spreading mustard seeds around the exterior of the home will keep out evil spirits.
In India, mustard is grown in the states of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab.
Parsley

Parsley is the dried aromatic leaf from a low-growing biennial herb having dense foliage and white flowers.
It is one of the best known and most frequently used culinary spices. It is very expensive but rich in nutritive value.
It contains several vitamins like A, B and C and many other essential nutrients. It is also very attractive with bright greenish foliage and so it is used as a decorative item in various dishes.
It is often referred as the universal garnish as it can be added to soups, all types of salads, sauces, eggs and several vegetable dishes.
Tea

The tea is a drink which is made from the young and flavorful leaves and buds of tea plant. It is the most important non-alcoholic beverage in the world. In India, the state of Assam has over 800 tea estates and is one of the major tea producers.
The estates of Darjeeling produce Darjeeling Teas which are also called as the Champagne Teas with aroma resembling Muskat grapes and taste varying from malty or complex to bright or simple. The teas are grown in high altitudes with clouds comforting the tea plant and moisturizing its leaves.
The tea has three basic types such as the black tea, the green tea and the oolong tea. Black tea is fully oxidized or fermented and yields a hearty flavored, amber brew. It is very popular in US and over 90% of the tea consumed is black tea.
Green tea skips the oxidizing step and has a more delicate taste with light green/golden in color. Being a staple in the Orient, it is said to reduce cancer risks. Oolong tea is partly oxidized and is a cross between black and green tea in color and taste.
It is popular mainly in China. There are also herbal teas which contain no true tea leaves and are created from the flowers, berries, peels, seeds, leaves and roots of many different plants.
As tea contains caffeine, medicinally it is used as a stimulant, or as an astringent lotion which may be used as a gargle or injection. An infusion of tea is used for some digestive problems and to reduce sweating in fevers. At some places, tea leaves have been used homoeopathically for mania, paralysis, nervousness, neuralgia and sleeplessness.

Post has shared content
+201067228165 ? What's app
**Looking for joint venture //??
I am teaming Up with Alexandria University Prof’s in Renewable Power see what we can Do. I am in Egypt

**This projects is repeatable for 3 gkw??
The project is two grid connected PV systems each of 500 KW.
- The project will be located at the farm ( Abees farm) in Alexandria. Egypt
- We will offer the land for the project for free but the project and the land will be returned to Us after the life of the system or the end of the contract
- The project will sell the electricity to the National grid according to the FIT
- The estimated area is about 10000 sq. Meters however we recommend 5 Feddan (21000 sq. meters) for project extension.
- The daily production is estimated to 6000 KWh based on 6 hrs/day
- The ROI will be in the range of 4 to 5 years.
- the profits will be shared by you and Us based on the final agreement between the two parties
- The specification of the system is all ready done, however we are open for any other design and specification.
- the system would have the future of being Hybrid with any other \RE technology and also can be integrated with other agriculture production system.
can finance By Export Bank USA,Also Insure Payment by them.
the Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM Bank). EXIM Bank is an independent US Government agency that helps finance the overseas sales of US goods and services. In over 80 years, Ex-Im Bank has supported more than $550 billion in US exports. Ex-Im Bank’s mission is to create jobs through exports. It provides guarantees of working capital loans for US exporters and guarantees the repayment of loans or makes loans to foreign purchasers of US goods and services. Ex-Im Bank also provides credit insurance that protects US exporters against the risks of non-payment by foreign buyers for political or commercial reasons. Ex-Im Bank does not compete with commercial lenders, but assumes the risks they cannot accept. It must always conclude that there is reasonable assurance of repayment on every transaction financed.

For Ex-Im Bank to consider a transaction there must be at least three primary elements present:


I am looking forward to hearing from you.



THIO'S INC.

217,Abd Elsalam Aref St.101

El Saria,Alexandria,Egypt.21216
e.mail tonyboctor@thiosinc.com

Tel.+203 582 9000
+2035888899
Fax. 584 1700

(305)9175978

Dear Sirs,

We would to introduce Ourselves Thio's is an Engineering.

stocking, services, trading, contracting, accounting and public

relations Co. Established in 1982 with offices in Alexandria,

Cairo, Miami Agent working and representing International

companies in Egypt & Middle East.

We have Our own Technical staff and sales engineering in both

Egypt and U S A.

We have clients in government, public and private sector

companies

We Co-operated with local universities Staff, Consultants and

experts from the manufacture in Egypt using their laboratories

and their science and Expertise to help Our analysis and sales.

That 's give Us strong powerful leads and access to the most

factories ,Chemical plant ,petrochemical and petroleum fields

....etc.

Our services are:

1. Management Consulting in developing Countries.

*Project Management\ Management support.

2. Project administration. 3. Feasibility studies.

4. Design Coordination 5. Site Supervision and site service.

6 .recruitment and training of personal.

7 .Inspection. 8. Research and set up services.

9. Consulting Engineering, Environmental services, Water treatment.

10. Technical Services for refineries, petrochemical and chemical

plants. 11. Export management.

12. Setting up services. 13. Testing and technical evaluation.

14. Marine Consulting 15. Ship owner representative.

16.Design of ships and floating terminals.

17. Cargo Handling Systems. 18. Maritime survey.

19 .financial consulting 20. Accounting, Book keeping &taxation. We would
like
To represent You in Egypt &Middle East.


We are certain that Corporation Between You and Us is going to

be very beneficial.


Sincerely.

Thio's incorporated .



Eng.Antoine Boctor
cell number +201067228165
*Ecoudor
Mrs.Doris E. Quijano
0013059000858\
quijanoely1@gmail.com
Also Look Our Group
*(www.katreingroup.com)
amsanad@hotmail.com
Cairo
*Mr.Monien Sanad
00201005306145


Summary of how each company on the boycott list is supporting Israel:
PLASTICS




Keter


Israels Keter Group is one of the world’s leading manufacturers and marketers of plastic consumer products. The Israeli plastics giant is privately owned by the Sagol family, and has a turnover of $1.1 billion, 90% of which is derived from overseas sales.
Its product range includes garden furniture, outdoor storage solutions and sheds, shelving systems and utility cabinets, tool boxes and storage products for the DIY market, household products, baby and toddler products.
Its brands, subsidiaries, and sister companies (all owned by the Sagol family) include 'OutStanding Solutions' (Keter garden storage), Lipski (plumbing accessories), Allibert (bathroom accessories), Curver (plastic home & food storage), Jardin (garden furniture), and Contico Europe (plastic storage boxes). Keter products are also sold under the Black & Decker, B&Q and Homebase brands.
Whilst the profits end up in Israel, not all the products are produced in Israel, for example Allibert has factories in France & Belgium, whilst Curver has factories in Poland & Hungary. Keter has 12 factories in Israel, 2 of which are in the illegal settlements.
Stanley toolboxes are also made in Israel by Israeli plastics company ZAG (90% owned by Stanley).
For more information see the Shopping Can Kill campaign.

FOOD & DRINK




Strauss


The Straus Group is Israels second largest food company with a turnover $1.8 billion in 2010 and 13,500 employees operating twenty-five production sites in twenty-one countries around the world. Its brands in the USA include Sabra (hummus dips) and Max Brenner (chocolate cafes). Strauss Coffee is currently the fifth-largest coffee company in the world, dominating the central and eastern European markets (Doncafe) as well as Brazil.
The Strauss Group on its website, on the page on "Corporate Responsibility - Community Involvement" reveal their deep rooted support for the Israeli army, and in particular the infamous Golani platoon, known for its brutality, which the Strauss group has "adopted" for over 30 years.


Danone


In July 1998 Danone opened its R&D facility in Israel - the Danone Insitute, and later the same year in October 1998 Mr. Franck Riboud, on behalf of Danone received the Jubilee Award by the Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu.[Jubilee Award]
Danone owns a 20% share of Israel's second largest food company, the Strauss Group. Danaone Israel is the hub supplying Danone products to the whole Middle-East including Turkey, Greece, Egypt and Jordan.


Tivall


Israeli food company Tivall is one of the world's leading suppliers of meat-substitute products. It has a turnover of $74 million and has 451 employees[59] It has a manufacturing base at Kibbutz Lochamei Hagetaot in Northern Israel, and a new facility in the Czech Republic.
Tivall brand products can mainly be found in health food stores - their website mentions Holland & Barrett, Fresh & Wild, and Planet Organic. But most of their sales are through the supermarkets who rebrand Tivall products as part of their own frozen "Meat-free" range. This includes Tesco, Asda, Morrisons and Sainsbury's. Morrisons also stocks Tivall brand Frankfurter. Waitrose online site Ocado sells a full range of Tivall products.


Osem


Osem is Israels 4th largest food & beverages company (by turnover) after Tnuva, Strauss and Coca-Cola. It has a turnover of $712 million and nearly 5000 employees with 14 factories in Israel.
Its brands include Beit Hashitah (pickles), Of Tov (frozen meat products), Habait (ready made cakes) and Sabra Salads (ready-made salads and spreads). Osem also owns 58% of meat-substitute manufacturer Tivall Foods.
According to Osem's website its products are sold in Marks & Spencer, Tesco, Sainsbury and Morrison, with each store marketing them under their own label. Waitrose online site Ocado sells a range of Osem products from soups, crackers and croutons. Tesco online sells a range of Osem cakes.
In April 2009, Osem UK announced its acquisition of Yarden GB. Yarden GB's product range includes chilled meats and Yarden wines from the Golan Heights Winery, located in Katzrin on the occupied Syrian Golan Heights. Golan Heights Winery exports 38% of all Israeli wines, its wine brands also include Gamla and Golan. According to Yarden GB's website its products are available in Tesco, Asda, Sainsbury, Morrisons, Budgens, Somerfield, Waitrose and Harrods. Waitrose online site Ocado sells a range of Yarden meat and houmous products.


Nestlé


Nestlé is the world's largest food company, it owns 53.8% share of leading Israeli food manufacturer Osem, an investment worth over $850 million.
In 1998, Mr. Peter Brabeck-Letmathe on behalf of Nestle, received the Jubilee Award by the Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu [Jubilee Award]. Following the award in June 2002 Nestle opened its Research & Development Centre in Israel, in Sderot. And since then it has steadily increased its investment in Israel, its initial 10% stake in Osem has now grown to a controlling 53.8%. Nestle also owns Nespresso Israel Ltd in Tel Aviv which supplies coffee brewing equipment. In 2010 Nestle acquired a 51% stake in Israeli babyfood company Materna Laboratories for $72 million.
Nestle has 9 factories in Israel, which after China(18) and Russia(11) is the highest number in any country in Asia - disproportionately high when one considers its size and population. And in May 2011, Nestle announced plans to build another factory in Israel, an ice cream plant worth $40 million.
Nestlé also owns 30% stake in L'Oréal, another company on the boycott list.


Coca Cola


A detailed account of Coca-Cola's links to Israel is provided here:
http://www.inminds.com/boycott-coca-cola.html
A summary:
From 1966 Coca-Cola has been a staunch supporter of Israel. In 1997 the Government of Israel Economic Mission honored Coca-Cola at the Israel Trade Award Dinner for its continued support of Israel for the last 30 years and for refusing to abide by the Arab League boycott of Israel.
Every year Coca Cola bankrolls the American-Israel Chamber of Commerce Awards which honors companies that have contributed most to the Israeli economy. In 2009 a Coca-Cola sponsored award went to Israel’s Lobby AIPAC for its successful lobbying of the Senate to reject of the UN call for "immediate ceasefire" and endorse the continuation of the Israel military assault on Gaza.
In 2008 Coca-Cola tasked the Israeli venture capital Challenge Fund to locate suitable investments in Israel with a promise of "a blank cheque” . This agreement is exceptional in the Israeli venture capital industry.
In 2009 Coca-Cola hosted a special reception at the Coca-Cola world headquarters to honour Brigadier-General Ben-Eliezer. Ben-Eliezer is a wanted war criminal, during the Six-Day War his unit was responsible for the execution of over 300 Egyptian POWs. Under Sharon, Ben-Eliezer served as Defence Minister presiding over the massacre at Jenin.
For the past two decades, nearly every year, Coca-Cola has sponsored the JCC Maccabi Games whose stated aim is to cultivate Jewish youth in an informal setting to "encourage their identification with the state of Israel". As part of this, Coca Cola has sponsored young children to visit Israeli military bases and spend time with war criminals in order to engender empathy, in their own words "visit an air force base.. talk with the pilots that are the elite Israel Defense Force units..meet fighters of the army.".
Coca-Cola Israel, Israel's third largest food & beverages company, owns dairy farms in the illegal Israeli settlements of Shadmot Mechola in the Jordan Valley and a plant in the industrial zone of Katzerin in the occupied Golan Heights.


Eden Springs


Eden Springs is an Israeli water cooler company that in Israel steals water from the Salukia spring in the the illegally occupied Syrian Golan Heights. This is in violation of UN resolution 242 and Article 55 of the Hague Regulations which specify that you cannot acquire territory by war and that you cannot plunder the natural resources of occupied territory. To clarify, the water in Eden Springs Coolers found in the UK is sourced locally, but the profits go back to Israel to finance its illegal activities.



Sodastream


SodaStream is an Israeli company manufacturing and distributing home carbonating devices and flavorings for soft drinks. The company’s main plant is located in the industrial zone of Mishor Edomim which is an illegal Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Kav LaOved, the NGO committed to protecting the rights of disadvantaged workers in Israeli companies, has reported that SodaStream factory workers, in particular Palestinians, are paid less than half the minimum wage and has described the working conditions in the factory as "one of the worst", with workers being fired if they complain of the conditions.
SodaStream brands include: SodaStream, Soda-Club, AlcoJet, Sprudelino, Aquabar, Gazoz, Aquafizz, Aquabubbler, Penguin, Sodamaker, Fountain Jet and Edition1. Its products are available in Argos, Asda, Comets, Currys, Harvey Nichols, Homebase, John Lewis, Robert Dyas, Selfridges and House of Fraser.


Starbucks


Howard Schultz, the founder, chairman, president and chief executive officer of Starbucks who also owns 31.6 million shares of Starbucks stock (worth around $1.4 billion in Nov 2011) is an active zionist.
In 1998 he was honoured by the Jerusalem Fund of Aish HaTorah with "The Israel 50th Anniversary Friend of Zion Tribute Award" for his services to the zionist state in "playing a key role in promoting close alliance between the United States and Israel". The ultra-right wing Jerusalem Fund of Aish HaTorah funds Israeli arms fairs chaired by the butcher of Jenin, General Shaul Mofaz, and the zionist media pressure group honestreporting.com, they were also implicated in the production and distribution of the infamous islamophobic film 'Obesession'. Starbucks proudly displayed the award on the company's website under the section of 'awarda and accolades' the Starbucks company has won, however, once the boycott started to bite the award mysteriously disappeared from its website.
Howard Shultz work as a propagandist for Israel has been praised by the Israeli Foreign Ministry as being key to Israel's long-term PR success. On April 4th 2002, whilst the Israeli army was slaughtering Palestinians in Jenin Howard Shultz made a provocative speech blaming the Palestinians, suggesting the intifada was a manifestation of anti- Semitism, and asked people to unite behind Israel. Starbucks also sponsors fund raisers for Israel.
At a time when other businesses were desperately pulling out of Israel, Starbucks decided to help Israel's floundering economy and open Starbucks in Israel. The venture failed but Shultz has vowed Starbucks will “return to Israel in due course”.
Starbucks has opened outlets in US bases in Afghanistan and Iraq, and at the illegal torture centre in Guantanamo Bay. Customer Relations say "Starbucks has the deepest respect and admiration for U.S. military.. who risk their lives to protect Americans and our values of freedom and democracy". Petty Officer Barry Tate who is serving in Guantanamo Bay agrees that Starbucks is helping "lift the morale" of the guards and interrogator's at Guantanamo Bay.


McDonald's

McDonald's Corporation is a major corporate partner of the Jewish United Fund and Jewish Federation. According to the Jewish United Fund, through its Israel Commission it "works to maintain American military, economic and diplomatic support for Israel; monitors and, when necessary, responds to media coverage of Israel". The Jewish United Fund also runs "Fun-filled Summer Family Missions to Israel" where families get to "visit an army base and meet with Israeli soldiers" and "visit our sister city, Kiryat Gat and see the important work we are doing there". Kiryat Gat is built on stolen Palestinian land - the lands of the villages of Iraq Al Manshiya and Al-Faluja whose residents were ethnically cleansed in 1949 in contravention of International Law. Through its "Partnership to Israel" programme, the Jewish United Fund provides $1.3 million annually to help further settlement and development of Kiryat Gat. The Jewish Federation, through its Israel Action Network is tasked to fight "efforts to boycott Israeli products" and "campaigns, such as equating Israel with apartheid South Africa".
Another way McDonald's supports the Jewish United Fund is by running a partnership scheme whereby they will match any donation an employee make to the Jewish United Fund with its own equal size donation.
McDonald's first restaurant in the Middle East was in Israel, opened in 1993, since then it has 160 restaurants in Israel (1996) with a 60% market share, employing around 4000 Israelis. Since April 2009 McDonald's has also opened 15 branches of McCafe chain in Israel, with plans to open 10 new branches every year.
McDonalds discriminates against its Arab workers, in 2004 it sacked an Arab worker in Israel because she was caught speaking arabic to another Arab employee. Arabic, along with Hebrew, is the official language of Israel spoken by 20% of the population.
According to the American Jewish Committee (AJC), whose Executive Director "regularly meets with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu", McDonald's in July 2001 immediately pulled an advertising campaign in Egypt when the ADC contacted them to complaint that the singer featured in the advert had in the past performed a song critical of Israel. Within 24 hours of the complaint, the advert was cancelled and according to the Egyptian franchise of McDonald's "all copies of the tapes were whisked 'back to the main offices'"!



Israeli Fresh Produce


In 2010 exports of Israeli fresh agricultural produce was worth $1.41 billion and most of it, some 87% was exported to Europe (UN Commodity Trade Statistics). Fruit, vegetables and herbs grown in Israel and on its settlements in the West Bank can be seen on sale at all the major supermarkets and greengrocers. Always check the label - avoid Israel and West Bank.
Until recently the main player was Israeli state owned company Carmel Agrexco, responsible for about 60-70% of all Israel’s agricultural exports. But in September 2011 Agrexco went bankrupt. This was due in part to fact that Agrexco has been the target of a sustained international boycott campaign. It has been recently reported that the Israeli Bickel Export Group has acquired Agrexco with plans to revive it in 2012 (target sales 50 million euros).
With the privately owned Israeli company Mehadrin Tnuport Export (MTEX) set to take Agrexco’s place as Israel’s biggest agricultural exporter the focus of the international boycott campaign is now firmly on MTEX with actions already having taken place (Nov 2011) outside its UK headquarters in Borehamwood and its French headquarters in Chateaurenard.
MTEX is Israel’s largest grower and exporter of citrus fruit responsible for 65% of overseas sales of Israel's most recognisable brand on the supermarket shelves - JAFFA. They supply most of the supermarkets including Tesco and Sainsburys. MTEX ownes 50% of Miriam Shoham Ltd whose mangoes and pomegranates are available in Tescos and Asda.
Hadiklaim, the Israeli Date Growers Cooperative, which includes illegal settler plantations in the Jordan Valley, sells 65% of all Israeli dates. Its dates have brand names King Solomon, Jordan River, Tamara, Karsten Farms / Kalahari and Bomaja. Agrexco date brands include Jordan Plains and Jordan Valley.
Most supermarkets sell fresh herbs sourced from the illegal Israeli settlements on the West Bank. These include basil, sage, chives, rosemary, parsely, sorrel, marjoram, mint, thyme and tarragon. They are labelled 'West Bank' or 'Israel'. 'West Bank' never refers to Palestinian goods as they don't make it past the military checkpoints. Often settlements goods are labelled 'Produce of Israel' to avoid payment of tariffs when entering the EU - according to the EU-Israel Association Agreement goods produced outside the recognised borders of Israel (ie on the Israeli settlements on the Palestinian Occupied Territories) are not exhempt from import duties. A July 2008 Channel 4 news report revealed herbs grown on the illegal No'omi settlement on the West Bank, destined for the UK, were being mislabelled 'produce of Israel' in breach of the EU-Israel Association Agreement.
Other Israeli fresh produce brands to avoid include Edom (peppers, tomatoes and mangoes), Carmy (sweet potatoes), AdaFresh (herbs), Arava (peppers, Tomatoes, herbs) and Tali (table grapes).

..Information on other companies to follow shortly..
Photo

Post has shared content
+201067228165 ? What's app
**Looking for joint venture //??
I am teaming Up with Alexandria University Prof’s in Renewable Power see what we can Do. I am in Egypt

**This projects is repeatable for 3 gkw??
The project is two grid connected PV systems each of 500 KW.
- The project will be located at the farm ( Abees farm) in Alexandria. Egypt
- We will offer the land for the project for free but the project and the land will be returned to Us after the life of the system or the end of the contract
- The project will sell the electricity to the National grid according to the FIT
- The estimated area is about 10000 sq. Meters however we recommend 5 Feddan (21000 sq. meters) for project extension.
- The daily production is estimated to 6000 KWh based on 6 hrs/day
- The ROI will be in the range of 4 to 5 years.
- the profits will be shared by you and Us based on the final agreement between the two parties
- The specification of the system is all ready done, however we are open for any other design and specification.
- the system would have the future of being Hybrid with any other \RE technology and also can be integrated with other agriculture production system.
can finance By Export Bank USA,Also Insure Payment by them.
the Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM Bank). EXIM Bank is an independent US Government agency that helps finance the overseas sales of US goods and services. In over 80 years, Ex-Im Bank has supported more than $550 billion in US exports. Ex-Im Bank’s mission is to create jobs through exports. It provides guarantees of working capital loans for US exporters and guarantees the repayment of loans or makes loans to foreign purchasers of US goods and services. Ex-Im Bank also provides credit insurance that protects US exporters against the risks of non-payment by foreign buyers for political or commercial reasons. Ex-Im Bank does not compete with commercial lenders, but assumes the risks they cannot accept. It must always conclude that there is reasonable assurance of repayment on every transaction financed.

For Ex-Im Bank to consider a transaction there must be at least three primary elements present:


I am looking forward to hearing from you.



THIO'S INC.

217,Abd Elsalam Aref St.101

El Saria,Alexandria,Egypt.21216
e.mail tonyboctor@thiosinc.com

Tel.+203 582 9000
+2035888899
Fax. 584 1700

(305)9175978

Dear Sirs,

We would to introduce Ourselves Thio's is an Engineering.

stocking, services, trading, contracting, accounting and public

relations Co. Established in 1982 with offices in Alexandria,

Cairo, Miami Agent working and representing International

companies in Egypt & Middle East.

We have Our own Technical staff and sales engineering in both

Egypt and U S A.

We have clients in government, public and private sector

companies

We Co-operated with local universities Staff, Consultants and

experts from the manufacture in Egypt using their laboratories

and their science and Expertise to help Our analysis and sales.

That 's give Us strong powerful leads and access to the most

factories ,Chemical plant ,petrochemical and petroleum fields

....etc.

Our services are:

1. Management Consulting in developing Countries.

*Project Management\ Management support.

2. Project administration. 3. Feasibility studies.

4. Design Coordination 5. Site Supervision and site service.

6 .recruitment and training of personal.

7 .Inspection. 8. Research and set up services.

9. Consulting Engineering, Environmental services, Water treatment.

10. Technical Services for refineries, petrochemical and chemical

plants. 11. Export management.

12. Setting up services. 13. Testing and technical evaluation.

14. Marine Consulting 15. Ship owner representative.

16.Design of ships and floating terminals.

17. Cargo Handling Systems. 18. Maritime survey.

19 .financial consulting 20. Accounting, Book keeping &taxation. We would
like
To represent You in Egypt &Middle East.


We are certain that Corporation Between You and Us is going to

be very beneficial.


Sincerely.

Thio's incorporated .



Eng.Antoine Boctor
cell number +201067228165
*Ecoudor
Mrs.Doris E. Quijano
0013059000858\
quijanoely1@gmail.com
Also Look Our Group
*(www.katreingroup.com)
amsanad@hotmail.com
Cairo
*Mr.Monien Sanad
00201005306145


June 2012
 
An abundance of natural resources combined with significant investments in technology, food safety R&D and adhering to international quality standards have helped to dub Thailand as the “Kitchen of the World.” As the largest sole net food exporter in Asia, Thailand is one of the world’s largest producers of food products such as rice, canned tuna, frozen seafood, chicken and canned pineapple.
 
In 2011, the value of Thai food exports increased 20% from the previous year owing to strengthened economic performance amongst major food importers such as the US, Japan, and ASEAN countries.
 
Thailand's Exported Food Products, 2008 – 2011
Export Items
2008
2009
2010
2011
Metric
Ton
Million
US$
Metric
Ton
Million
US$
Metric
Ton
Million
US$
Metric
Ton
Million
US$
Total Food
29,035,481
25,935
28,767,703
25,140
28,368,985
26,755
33,247,743
32,150
Fisheries
1,672,737
7,139
1,652,205
7,004
1,729,549
7,321
1,734,829
8,168
    Shrimp
358,928
2,807
398,894
3,114
427,581
3,365
392,616
3,676
    Tuna
506,097
2,152
534,878
1,915
588,727
1,981
594,751
2,357
    Other canned fish
193,761
555
182,770
560
190,681
560
205,036
644
    Frozen fish
408,117
781
343,833
670
325,476
643
303,853
651
    Cuttlefish
81,778
449
78,400
400
73,638
413
67,269
447
    Others
124,056
396
113,430
344
123,447
359
171,303
393
Cereal
10,376,414
6,830
8,677,883
5,757
8,983,099
5,625
11,121,224
6,717
    Rice
10,218,286
6,775
8,638,842
5,741
8,939,630
5,606
10,706,229
6,537
    Others
158,128
54
39,042
16
43,469
19
414,995
180
Meat
858,584
2,119
782,067
2,016
636,067
2,073
545,194
2,371
    Chicken
    (Prepared/Preserved)
400,057
1,922
388,931
1,798
427,610
1,853
441,343
2,061
    Others
458,527
198
393,136
217
208,457
219
103,851
310
Fruit
2,016,352
2,014
2,148,655
2,044
2,055,885
2,117
2,163,149
2,296
    Pineapple
    (Canned/Preserved)
650,783
683
539,297
554
550,018
552
641,185
669
    Pineapple Juice
152,793
183
151,396
217
139,877
220
146,771
227
    Mango
36,333
48
45,343
53
42,987
50
59,691
56
    Others
1,176,443
1,100
1,412,619
1,218
1,323,003
1,295
1,315,501
1,343
Vegetable
491,487
550
451,410
548
465,634
544
559,543
654
    Sweet Corn 
    (Canned)
172,872
173
170,179
182
182,821
182
184,178
190
    Baby corn     
    (Fresh/Canned)
48,615
52
44,523
49
45,587
49
46,092
51
    Others
270,000
325
236,708
316
237,227
313
329,274
413
Others Food
13,619,908
7,283
15,055,482
7,773
14,498,751
9,075
18,858,632
20,112
    Sugar
5,011,802
1,588
5,052,570
2,053
4,500,969
2,311
6,520,480
3,648
    Non-Alcoholic
    Beverage
425,723
240
355,476
307
400,444
409
551,900
541
    Seasoning
177,128
328
195,097
388
222,151
432
237,502
482
    Palm oil
498,115
551
185,823
157
222,000
218
482,599
532
    Tapioca
    (Flour/starch)
1,286,513
511
1,817,735
566
1,764,107
836
1,918,374
963
    Tapioca
    (Pellet/chip)
2,851,433
524
4,357,028
682
4,273,225
866
3,731,027
985
    Feed
695,028
289
796,044
274
988,775
417
878,463
409
    Pet food
268,687
651
242,483
609
275,040
658
305,038
715
    Others
2,405,478
2,601
2,053,227
2,738
1,852,040
2,927
4,233,249
11,837
Source: National Food Institute

Fishery products
In 2011, Thailand exported 1.7 million tons of fishery products valued at US$8.2 billion, a 12% increase from 2011. This growth is driven by rising demand in the U.S. and Japan.
 
Rice
In 2011, the value of rice exports grew by 17% from 2010, owing to higher prices in the wake of natural disasters affecting global food supplies.
 
Livestock Products
In 2011, the value of meat exports increased by 14% from 2010. Following the 2011 tsunami and nuclear plant leaks, Japanese consumers significantly contributed to demand increases in poultry and meat products from unaffected countries such as Thailand.
 
Fruit and Vegetable Products
In 2011, the value of fruit and vegetable exports grew by 8% and 20% year-on-year respectively. Growth was focused in the processed fruits and vegetables industries and driven by demand growth from the US and EU.
 
Sugar
In 2011, Thailand exported 6.5 million tons of sugar, an increase of 58% year-on-year, reflecting rising global demand and falling supply from India, due to severe drought in the country.
 
Seasonings and Ingredients
Thailand’s strengths in food processing have also brought the country to global prominence in the seasonings and ingredients industries. The abundant supply of raw materials for seasoning and ingredients production and the potential for local skills development to manufacture specialty food products such as seasonings make the country an appealing destination for investment.

Source: The Customs Department of Thailand

 
The value of Thailand’s food ingredients exports in 2011 reached US$479 million. Exports of chili sauce totaled US$47 million, followed by instant curry (US$45 million), fish sauce (US$41 million), oyster sauce (US$22 million), soya sauce (US$18 million) and tomato sauces (US$6 million). Additionally, chili sauce and oyster sauce saw annual growth rates in 2011 of 24%, followed by soya sauce (20%).

Thailand's Top 10 Food Export Markets, 2011
Source: National Food Institute

Thailand’s food exports are evenly distributed across major geographic regions globally. In 2011, Japan was Thailand’s biggest market for food products, taking 15% of the total the export value, followed by the US at 13%, China at 7%, and Indonesia at 5%.
 

“Thailand is a strategic hub of food production for both Asia and the rest of the world due to its biodiversity and natural agricultural productivity.  Entrepreneurs in Thailand’s agriculture and food processing industries continue to strive to introduce new technologies.  In addition, the Thai Government has introduced policies which support food production at high standards of safety and quality.  Thailand has both the high potential and the key fundamentals to become a major production base and distribution center for world food production, as well as an attractive destination for international investors.”
Dr. Petch Chinabutr, President of National Food Institute (NFI)

TRENDS
 
The National Food Institute (NFI) has made the following growth projections for Thailand’s food industry in 2012:
·        The value of canned tuna exports is expected to increase by 6.3%.  
·        The value of poultry exports is predicted to rise by 12.5%.
·        The value of exports of cassava and related products is projected to grow by 6.6%.
 
WHEN FRESH PRODUCE MEETS TECHNOLOGY
Thailand’s abundant natural resources play a central role in its comparative advantage among its competitors in the food processing industry; 80% of the raw materials in domestic food manufacturing are locally available. The use of these rich natural resources, optimized by the introduction of technology and robust implementation of international standards of food safety and hygiene, will help Thailand remain a world leader in the food processing industry.
 
Thai Government and industry initiatives have helped Thailand’s processed food industry upgrade its procedures and technologies so that its products meet international quality and sanitation standards, thus making them more competitive in the global marketplace. These initiatives have been so successful that processed food exports now exceed primary agricultural exports. 
 
Thai food processors are successfully developing new frozen food products to keep up with shifting tastes in their overseas markets. In 2011, Thailand exported 416,922 tons of ready-to-eat (RTE) food and food ingredients valued at US$955 million – a 16% increase over the previous year.  Thai RTE food is gaining popularity overseas as other countries grow accustomed to Thai quality, nutrition, and taste.  Additionally, sauces and curries are enjoying remarkable success in overseas markets. Between 2010 and 2011, annual growth reached 18% with a total value of US$479 million.  Major export markets currently include Japan, the US, Philippines and Cambodia.
 
Although most processed food products are for the international market, the domestic consumption of processed food continues to grow due to changes in lifestyles that have brought about increased demand for convenient food options. These processed food products are available in a wide variety of venues, most notably major Thai supermarkets such as Tesco, Makro, The Mall Group, Big C, Foodland, and Tops.
 
At present, the Thai food processing industry is comprised of over 10,000 food-processing companies. Major Thai and multinational industry leaders include: Nestle, Saha Pathana Inter Holding, Patum Rice Mill & Granary, Royal Friesland Foods NV, Unilever Group, Thai Union, Dole Thailand, Charoen Pokphand Group, Betagro, Saha Farms, Thai Beverage, Kellogg’s, Kraft, PepsiCo, Del Monte, Procter & Gamble, Ajinomoto and Effem Foods.
 
“Dole Food Company has operated a growing processed fruit business in Thailand for over 35 years.  We currently operate three manufacturing facilities and employee more than 8,000 associates.
 
Dole has invested several million dollars over the past few years to upgrade and expand our production facilities in Thailand.  The policies of the Thai government and the incentives offered by the BOI have been beneficial to us as investors and have helped to ensure that we earn a reasonable rate of return on our investments in the Kingdom.”
Mark Mc Kinney, President of Dole
 
EMERGING AS HALAL CENTER
Halal food is produced in accordance with Islamic dietary guidelines. According to these guidelines, Muslims cannot consume pork or pork products, as well as any other meat that is not properly slaughtered, birds of prey, carnivorous animals, blood products and alcohol. In Thailand, the Central Islamic Committee sets high standards for the accreditation of halal food companies. Thai halal products are processed in accordance with the committee’s Standard B.E. 2544 regulations, which cover production facilities, raw materials, products, storage, employees, transport and distribution.
 
Demand for halal food has increased tremendously during the last few years. The global halal food market is now worth an estimated US$667 billion annually. In Thailand, exports of halal products amounted to US$433 million in 2011, a 30% increased from US$333 million in 2010. Up to 60% of the exports went to Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei. Thailand ranks first for halal exports among the 10 countries in Southeast Asia.
 
As the global Muslim population continues to grow, the halal market is set to expand rapidly to meet the demand. Thailand’s exports of halal food are predicted to grow by at least 10% annually through 2014. The major export markets for Thai halal food are Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, the UAE, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. As the country with the largest Muslim population in the world, Indonesia is a particularly attractive market. China, with a Muslim population of 30 million, is emerging as a potentially lucrative market for Thai halal food products. Apart from China, Thai halal food entrepreneurs are seeking business opportunities in Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Pakistan.

“Thailand has abundant raw materials for Halal food production. This has supported the establishment of over 2,000 food processing facilities with more than 35,000 Halal-certified products.”

-Khathawut Lohmud, Head of Academics, Department of Halal Affairs, Central Islamic Committee of Thailand
FOOD SAFETY AND FOOD STANDARDS
Adherence to the highest quality and hygiene standards is critical to the success in the global food processing industry. Thailand has a number of authorized food safety inspection agencies, including the Department of Medical Science, the Thai Industrial Standards Institute, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Fisheries, and the Department of Livestock. 
 
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ensures product safety by issuing manufacturing licenses, labeling food products, conducting pre- and post-marketing control, and enforcing adherence to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP). GMP certification is mandatory for manufacturers and importers of 54 different food product types.
 
The National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards (ACFS) certifies the standards applied to agricultural commodities and food products. ACFS standards include Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), Good Hygienic Practices (GHP) and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP), as well as other standards regarding pesticide residues and diagnostic testing for foot and mouth disease and bovine tuberculosis. Ministry of Public Health’s Manual for Labeling Procedures regulates processed food containing genetically modified organisms (GMO).

Quality assurance systems such as GMP, Total Quality Management (TQM), HACCP, and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) are mandatory for certain products, including canned foods.  The members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) also adopt all of the standards Thailand uses to regulate its food industry.
 
The National Food Institute (NFI), as part of the team responsible for Food Safety Management in Thailand, promotes food safety by helping entrepreneurs produce products that comply with international standards.  It provides the following services:
·        Consultancy services in the implementation of GMP/HACCP/ISO 9000/ISO14000/ ISO/IEC 17025 and Clean Technology Systems Risk Assessment studies;
·        Dissemination of information related to food safety regulatory laws and standards; and
·        Chemical and microbiological testing of food samples to ensure that products intended for commercial distribution are up to international regulatory standards.

OPPORTUNITIES
Asia harbors tremendous opportunities for food processors. Food demand in South and Southeast Asia will experience substantial growth as populations and incomes expand.
 
Ready-to-eat food
The retail market value of global packaged food is predicted to grow by 9.74% from US$1.95 trillion in 2010 and is expected to reach US$2.14 trillion by 2015. In line with the global market, the local Thai market for package food products is also experiencing significant growth. As lifestyles continue to change, convenient and ready-to-eat processed food products will become increasingly popular. Demand from abroad is expanding as well. In 2011, the export value of ready-to-eat products was US$9.3 billion, 12% higher than in the previous year.
 
Snacks
Demand of sweet and savory snacks in Thailand has continued to increase, driven by aggressive advertising and marketing activities among leading players in the industry. In 2011, sweet and savory snacks grew by 7% year-on-year in current retail value terms to reached US$840 million. Thailand’s market for sweet and savory snacks is expected to reach US$1 billion by 2016.
Resulting from the growth in health-conscious consumers, there has been an increase of health and wellness snacks. Many manufacturers have tried to reformulate their products to reduce the amount of salt or make them salt free, reduced the amount of sugar or make them sugar free and reduce the amount of fat in their products, in response to increased demand from consumers for healthier snacks.
 
Health food
According to the Euromonitor International 2011 report compiled by the National Food Institute, in 2010, health and wellness products sales reached US$627.5 billion and are expected to reach over US$772 billion by 2015. Natural food products occupy the largest market share at 38.5%, fortified/functional food 30.3%, better-for-you food 25.5%, organic food 4.3%, and food allergy products 1.3%.

The Thai domestic market also has strong demand for health food products. According to the National Food Institute, consumer expenditures on health and wellness foods in 2011 grew to US$4 billion, while US$1.7 billion was spent on consumer health foods including sports nutrition, vitamins and dietary supplements, weight management, herbal/traditional products, allergy care and child-specific consumer health products.
 
Food Machinery and Equipment
The market for food machinery and packaging equipment has been driven by the growth of the general food processing industry. Leaders in the Thai food processing industry are constantly developing cutting-edge technologies to keep up with increasing global demand. For instance, the introduction of the GMP standard for the food safety equipment in 2003 has brought a notable increase in the volume of GMP-level equipment purchased by Thailand-based firms. The market of food processing and packaging equipment in Thailand has grown by an average of 20% every year since 1999. In Thailand, the total trade value of food processing and packaging equipment in 2011 was almost US$ 270 million, a 61% increased from 2010.
 
Opportunities for investment also exist in many other areas such as manufacture of flour or starch made from plants, dextrin or modified starch; food ingredients; oil or fat from plants or animals; alcohol or fuel from agricultural products, including scrap, garbage and/or waste; and grading, packaging and storage of plants, vegetables, fruits or flowers, using modern technology

WHY THAILAND
“Jelly Belly’s primary reason for investing in Thailand is the availability of raw materials, including GMO-free products. Additionally, Thailand has competitive labor costs and a central geographic position in Southeast Asia.”

-Herman G. Rowland Jr., Managing Director of Jelly Belly Candy Company (Thailand) Ltd.
Thailand offers a number of outstanding advantages for companies in the food-processing industry. These include:
 
Competitive workforce: According to the Thai National Food Institute, there are approximately 800,000 laborers in Thailand’s food industry. Furthermore, the government’s numerous training and support organizations will ensure a robust and technically-equipped workforce today and into the future. 
 
Strong Business Climate: Thailand’s economy is one of the fastest growing in Asia, with 2012 GDP projected to grow by around 6.5 percent, and the World Bank Doing Business 2012 report indicated that Thailand was ranked 17th in the world and 2nd in Southeast Asia in terms of ease of doing business.
 
Hub of Asia: The reduction of tariff and non-tariff barriers articulated in free trade agreements between Thailand and India, China, Japan, Australia and ASEAN extends trade opportunities with neighboring countries.  Thailand stands out amongst neighboring countries because of its bilateral and multilateral collaboration, excellent infrastructure, abundant raw materials, skilled labor, government support, and the central location among ASEAN countries with close proximity to India and China. Furthermore, the launch of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015 will expand the market of Thai food to around 600 million consumers over Southeast Asia.
 
Excellent logistics systems: Thailand boasts world-class infrastructure, including state-of-the-art ports, airports and communication facilities. Suvarnabhumi International Airport and Laem Chabang Deep Seaport offer manufacturers the transportation foundation investors need for their export operations. The 225 km of inter-city motorways – currently in expansion – linking Bangkok to other regions of the country also facilitate overall domestic transportation. In addition, Thailand is a hub of transportation in the Southeast Asia region; the perfect route through the east-west and north-south corridor that can distribute products to nearby countries including Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore and also southern China from the North and Northeast of the country.

DEVELOPED NETWORK OF SUPPORTING ORGANIZATIONS
Government and organizations supporting the growth and competitiveness of the food processing industry in Thailand include:
 
The National Food Institute (NFI)

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+201067228165 ? What's app
**Looking for joint venture //??
I am teaming Up with Alexandria University Prof’s in Renewable Power see what we can Do. I am in Egypt

**This projects is repeatable for 3 gkw??
The project is two grid connected PV systems each of 500 KW.
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- The project will sell the electricity to the National grid according to the FIT
- The estimated area is about 10000 sq. Meters however we recommend 5 Feddan (21000 sq. meters) for project extension.
- The daily production is estimated to 6000 KWh based on 6 hrs/day
- The ROI will be in the range of 4 to 5 years.
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- The specification of the system is all ready done, however we are open for any other design and specification.
- the system would have the future of being Hybrid with any other \RE technology and also can be integrated with other agriculture production system.
can finance By Export Bank USA,Also Insure Payment by them.
the Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM Bank). EXIM Bank is an independent US Government agency that helps finance the overseas sales of US goods and services. In over 80 years, Ex-Im Bank has supported more than $550 billion in US exports. Ex-Im Bank’s mission is to create jobs through exports. It provides guarantees of working capital loans for US exporters and guarantees the repayment of loans or makes loans to foreign purchasers of US goods and services. Ex-Im Bank also provides credit insurance that protects US exporters against the risks of non-payment by foreign buyers for political or commercial reasons. Ex-Im Bank does not compete with commercial lenders, but assumes the risks they cannot accept. It must always conclude that there is reasonable assurance of repayment on every transaction financed.

For Ex-Im Bank to consider a transaction there must be at least three primary elements present:


I am looking forward to hearing from you.



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e.mail tonyboctor@thiosinc.com

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(305)9175978

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