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Paulus Swaen
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GERARD & LEONARD VALK,
12 INCH TERRESTRIAL & CELESTIAL GLOBES

Two fine 12 inch (31cm.) diameter celestial and terrestrial globes made up of two sets of twelve finely engraved and hand-coloured gores and two polar calottes (70°) laid to the ecliptic poles of a papier-maché and plaster sphere, the axis through the celestial poles, the equatorial graduated in individual degrees and labelled every 10°, the ecliptic graduated in individual days of the houses of the Zodiac, with sigils and labelled every ten days. Globes in very good condition. Copper engraved gores, in original coloring and heightened with gold dots.
Full brass meridian circle, the oak stand with four ebonised columns, wood horizon with paper horizon cm. Height including stand c. 47 cm.
Terrestrial globe
with title in a cartouche : "Cosmotheore, Coelesti nostro Globo, par, et plane Novus Hic Terrestris Ut existeret Certo scias. Errore Veterum Sublato: Non tantum Utriusque Orbis Longitudines ac Latitudines, Per reiteratas Neotericorum Observationes. Hicce eße restitutas: Set et nullum typis Emendatiorum produsse Hoc isitur Norissimo tam diu fruere Donec sub Majori forma, Nostre ... Alios excudemus / Ger: et Leon. Valk Calcographi. Amsterdami, Revise A°: 1750 Cum Privilegio”.
Full brass meridian circle numbered 3, the oak stand with four ebonised columns, wood horizon with facsimilé paper horizon ring. With reconstructed hour ring. Height c. 47 cm. Prime meridian of Tenerife.
The significance of the globe lies in the fact that the cartography of the terrestrial is based on the data supplied by the French Academy and California is shown as an Island. The coast between America and Asia is filled with labeled "Terra Incognita sive Terra Esonis", and most of the Pacific incompletely mapped. The partial coastlines of Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea are noted.The northern regions of Asia reflecting the recent discoveries in Kamchatka by Witsen. Compagnie Land is shown off the southern coast of Kamchatka. Locates Peking and delineates part of the Great Wall.

Reference : P. Van der Krogt, Globi Neerlandici, Terrestrial globe VAL II, state 3. The date "A°1700" is changed to "Revis: A° 1750".
Celestial globe
Title below Cetus in a cartouche : Uranographia Caelum omne hic Complectens, Illa pro ut aucta et ad annum 1700 Completum MAGNO ab HEVELIO correcta est: ita, ejus ex Prototypis, sua noviter haec Ectypa veris Astronomiae culturibus exhibet et consecrat GERARDUS VALK; Amsterdaedamensis Cum Priviligio. With an advice to the reader between Hydra and Argo : MONITUM Novis hisce Sphaeris Novissimus, ex praescriptione Lotharii Zum-Bach Med: Doct.
Full brass meridian circle numbered 4, the oak stand with four ebonised columns, wood horizon with paper horizon. Height c. 47 cm.
Reference : P. Van der Krogt, Globi Neerlandici, Celestial globe VAL II. Rare state 1 (of 4).
The cartography of the gores on Valk's celestial globe, as stated in the cartouche, is based closely on the celestial atlas Uranographia, published in 1687 by the Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius (1611-1687) who was notable for being the last great astronomer to conduct his work without the use of a telescope. Hevelius was also notable for designing his celestial maps with globes in mind, and as such they were easily transferred onto spheres.
Giving the celestial globe its own name is a striking novelty by Valk, which was not imitated by others. “Uranographia” is the title of Johannes Hevelius 1687 celestial atlas, which was also the source for Valk’s celestial globes. By this Valk introduced a new graphic style of the constellations, by no longer using the ‘old-fashioned’ Saenredam style of Blaeu and Hondius globes. The engraving of the globe was done by the master engraver Carolus de La Haye, based on Andreas Stech’s design.

The date of the epoch is mentioned : ‘et ad annum 1700 Completum’.

The constellations finely depicted by mythical beasts and figures, a table entitled SUPER EMINET OMNES around a sun face showing the stars to six orders of magnitude, also with symbols for nebulae, all the stars picked out in gilt paint within the finely-engraved constellations depicted by mythical beasts and figures, the constellations and some individual stars labeled in Latin.

The later states have a minuscule piece of paper on which "50" has been printed is pasted over the date 1700 in the title cartouche to imply an updated globe. The change of date to 1750 did not necessarily occur in 1750, it is certain it occurred before 1763. In that year, the Utrecht van Renwoude Foundation bought a 15-inch globe pair from Valk’s widow. The celestial globe of the pair survived and is updated this way. The person who thought to change the date this way must have been Petrus Schenk II or his son, Petrus Schenk Jr. in whose house the globe factory was established after 1770.
Condition remarks
The globe gores have the usual small signs of wear and are a little soiled and slightly darkened in places. Some text or minor areas have have beeen retouched. Mainly with original handcolouring and stars gilted and partialy touched up, but in general very good.
The paper horizon ring of the terrestial globe is in facsimilé and the stand are typical Dutch stands but do differ very slightly. Never the less a fine set making great presentation.

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Closing of March 17th auction is nearing. 2000 antique maps are auctioned off. Note the shifted closing time due to Daylight Saving time.
http://www.swaen.com
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Antique map collecting

Most collectors have a theme for their collections. Often this is a geographic area, usually the one in which they live or are otherwise familiar with, or something else such as the earliest of world maps after the discovery of the New World. Others specialize in a feature such as California shown as an island or other figments of imagination. Sometimes people collect examples of many cartographers or a single cartographer. Others might be interested in exploration or highly decorative maps or perhaps maps related to events such as the Civil War or industries such as railroads or even maps of places they lived or visited. As in other fields there are many directions in which to build a collection.
 

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March 18th Internet Map auction with 2000+ antique maps and old prints. Catalog at www.swaen.com

Including " Carta Topografica dell' Isola Del Maritaggio..." with Lover's Island.
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Hand colouring of antique maps
Many antique maps were hand-coloured, but some were intended not to be. The richness of early colouring is difficult to duplicate in the present. Maps with original colouring, called contemporary colour, are quite desirable to find; unfortunataly Modern colouring is these days more rule than the exeption. The disciminating collectors insist that a map should remain in its original state.

Swaen Internet map auction March 19 - 26, 2012


In 2013 the auctions are planned for :

- March 19 - 26
- May 14 - 21
- September 10 - 17
- November 20 - 27

Each auction will include 1100+ antique maps, old prints and medieval manuscripts.

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PARIS MAP & TRAVEL BOOK FAIR 2013
12e Salon de la Carte Géographique Ancienne & du Livre de Voyage
Saturday 9 November 2013
opening hours 11.00 - 18.00
Hotel Ambassador
16, Bd Haussmann - 75009 Paris - France

The 12th edition of the Paris Map-fair will be held November 9th 2012 in Hotel Ambassador, in the heart of Paris, just 2 minutes from the famous Opera Garnier and the major department stores, also located near Montmartre and the Louvre museum. The fair is organized by Librairie Loeb-Larocque
With participants from France, UK, Spain, Italy, USA, Belgium and the Netherlands. The fair is a one-day event (Saturday 9 November 2013).

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LONDON MAP FAIR 2013
Royal Geographical Society
1 Kensington Gore
London SW7 (Entrance Exhibition Road)
Saturday 8th June 2013; 12.00 pm to 7.00 pm
Sunday 9th June 2013; 10.00 am to 5.00 pm 
Admission Free

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Miami International Map Fair

CELEBRATING 20 YEARS
February 2-3, 2013
Celebrate the 20th anniversary of the Miami International Map Fair.
The largest map fair in the world! 
This annual event showcases antique maps, rare books, panoramas and atlases from around the world. Peruse and purchase antique maps from some of the finest map dealers in the world. Learn about cartography through a series of lectures by experts in the field and enjoy special events held throughout the weekend. 
In 2013, the Miami International Map Fair is pleased to be part of Viva Florida 500, a statewide initiative to commemorate a significant milestone in our state's history - the 500th anniversary of the arrival of Juan Ponce de Leὀn to La Florida in 1513. Select lectures offered during Map Fair weekend will explore Florida's rich history and diverse cultural heritage.
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