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Friends of NASA
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Supporting peaceful space exploration, commerce, science and STEM education
Supporting peaceful space exploration, commerce, science and STEM education

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Inside NASA's Kennedy Space Center | Week of May 26, 2017
The Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex has been a busy place recently with the induction of two veteran NASA astronauts into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame and the participation of more than 40 teams of undergraduate and graduate students in NASA's eighth annual Robotic Mining Competition.

Credit: NASA's Kennedy Space Center
Duration: 1 minute, 35 seconds
Release Date: May 26, 2017

+NASA's Kennedy Space Center
+Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex

#NASA #Earth #Science #Astronauts #BobCabana #EllenOchoa #HallOfFame #Hispanic #American #History #Human #Spaceflight #Students #Robotic #Mining #SolarSystem #Mars #JourneyToMars #Kennedy #KSC #Florida #UnitedStates #STEM #Education #HD #Video

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First Year of BEAM Demo Offers Valuable Data on Expandable Habitats
May 26, 2017: Halfway into its planned two-year demonstration attached to the International Space Station, the Bigelow Expandable Activity Module, or BEAM, is showing that soft materials can perform as well as rigid materials for habitation volumes in space. The BEAM was launched and attached to station through a partnership between NASA’s Advanced Exploration Systems Division (AES) and Bigelow Aerospace, headquartered in North Las Vegas, Nevada.

NASA and Bigelow are primarily evaluating characteristics directly related to the module’s ability to protect humans from the harsh space environment. Astronauts aboard station work with researchers on the ground to monitor the module’s structural integrity, thermal stability, and resistance to space debris, radiation, and microbial growth.

Researchers at NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, continually analyze data from internal sensors designed to monitor and locate external impacts by orbital debris, and, as expected, have recorded a few probable micrometeoroid debris impacts so far. BEAM has performed as designed in preventing debris penetration with multiple outer protective layers exceeding space station shielding requirements.

Over the next several months, NASA and Bigelow will focus on measuring radiation dosage inside the BEAM. Using two active Radiation Environment Monitors (REM) inside the module, researchers at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston are able to take real-time measurements of radiation levels. They have found that Galactic Cosmic Radiation (GCR) dose rates inside the BEAM are similar to other space station modules, and continue to analyze contributions to the daily dose from the Earth’s trapped radiation belts to better understand the shielding properties of the module for application to long-term missions. The space station and the BEAM enjoy a significant amount of protection from Earth’s magnetosphere. Future deep space missions will be far more exposed to energized radiation particles speeding through the solar system, so NASA is actively working on ways to mitigate the effects of radiation events.

In late April, NASA’s radiation researchers at Johnson began a multi-month BEAM radiation experiment by installing a .04 inch (1.1 mm) thick shield onto one of the two REM sensors in BEAM. The station crew produced a hemispherical shield using the 3-D printer on the space station, and in the next few months this first shield will be replaced by two successively thicker shields, also 3-D printed, with thicknesses of about .13 inches (3.3mm) and .4 inches (10mm), respectively. The difference in measurements from the two REMs—one with a shield and one without—will help better resolve the energy spectra of the trapped radiation particles, particularly those coming from the South Atlantic Anomaly.

Space station crew members have entered the BEAM nine times since its expansion in May 2016. In addition to the REM shielding experiment activities, the crew has swapped out passive radiation badges called Radiation Area Monitors and they routinely collect microbial air and surface samples. These badges and samples are sent back to Earth for standard microbial and radiation analysis at Johnson.

The BEAM technology demonstration is helping NASA to advance and learn about expandable space habitat technology in low-Earth orbit for application toward future human exploration missions. The partnership between NASA and Bigelow supports NASA’s objective to develop a deep space habitat for human missions beyond Earth orbit while fostering commercial capabilities for non-government applications.

Credit: NASA/JSC
Release Date: May 26, 2017

+Bigelow Aerospace
+NASA Langley Research Center
+Thomas Pesquet
+CNES
+European Space Agency, ESA
+NASA Johnson Space Center

#NASA #ISS #Earth #Science #BEAM #Bigelow #Commercial #Laboratory #Microgravity #NewSpace #Astronauts #PeggyWhitson #Commander #ThomasPesquet #FlightEngineer #Proxima #France #CNES #ESA #Human #Spaceflight #Expedition51 #Aerospace #UnitedStates #JSC #STEM #Education
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Jack on spacewalk | International Space Station
ESA Astronaut Thomas Pesquet of France: "Looks like going out for a spacewalk gave Jack Fischer wings! Nice pose my friend. And nice job getting the International Space Station back to normal. Jack and Peggy exchanged a malfunctioning computer with a backup in a short spacewalk."

"La sortie extravéhiculaire semble donner des ailes à Jack Fischer! Bravo pour la pose parfaite et pour cette EVA très bien conclue ! Jack et Peggy sont sortis mardi dernier rapidement pour remplacer un ordinateur défectueux."

Learn more about ESA Astronaut Thomas Pesquet's Proxima Mission:
http://thomaspesquet.esa.int/

For more information about the International Space Station, visit: www.nasa.gov/station.

Credit: ESA/NASA
Image Date: May 23, 2017

+Thomas Pesquet
+CNES
+European Space Agency, ESA
+NASA Johnson Space Center

#NASA #ISS #Earth #Science #Astronauts #JackFischer #EVA #Spacewalk #ThomasPesquet #Proxima #France #CNES #ESA #Europe #Human #Spaceflight #Expedition51 #UnitedStates #JSC #STEM #Education
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International Space Station & Andromeda Galaxy

Adrian: "This week, the Texas Star Party near Fort Davis, Texas, experienced some beautiful passes of the ISS. Here is a pass near the Andromeda Galaxy. Fort Davis has some the darkest skies in North America."

Credit: Adrian New
Capture Location: Fort Davis, Texas, United States
Image Date: May 25, 2017

+NASA Johnson Space Center
+International Dark-Sky Association
+Commission for Dark Skies

Technical details: Nikon D800, 24mm lens, and a 20 second exposure.

#Earth #Astronomy #Science #Space #ISS #Stars #Andromeda #Galaxy
#Astrophotography #Photography #Timelapse #Art #Cosmos #Universe #FortDavis #Texas #UnitedStates #LightPollution #STEM #Education
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Noctilucent Clouds over Denmark

Adrien: "On the night of May 25th-26th, a noctilucent cloud (NLC) display was visible from Ordrup strand, Odsherred in Denmark. Mainly Type I and II were visible, and they started rising from the northern horizon at about 12.50 pm UTC as a Type I front, developing into Type II till about 2 in the morning UTC."

Note: Noctilucent clouds, also known as polar mesospheric clouds, form in a part of the atmosphere roughly 50 to 86 kilometers (30 to 54 miles) above the surface of our planet.

Credit: Adrien Mauduit
Location: Ordrup, Sjælland, Denmark
Image Date: May 26, 2017

Technical details: Sony A7s + Samyang 85mm f/1.4 @ f/2, ISO 640, 4

#Earth #Science #Atmosphere #Clouds #NLC #Noctilucent #Polar #Mesospheric #Photography #Art #Astrophotography #Photography #Ordrup #Sjælland #Denmark #Danmark #STEM #Education
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Lightfoot Discusses FY 2018 Budget Proposal on This Week @NASA
May 26, 2017: Acting Administrator Robert Lightfoot discussed our Fiscal Year 2018 budget request on May 23, during his State of NASA address. $19.1 billion is being requested for the agency, under the president’s budget proposal, a sign, Lightfoot says reflects the president’s and the administration’s confidence in NASA. Lightfoot thanked employees and attributed the confidence reflected in the budget proposal to the work of thousands of people.

Also, Unscheduled Spacewalk Outside Space Station, Space Launch System Engine Testing Heats Up, and Kepler Data Help Confirm Orbit of Exoplanet!

Credit: NASA
Duration: 2 minutes, 21 seconds
Release Date: May 26, 2017

+NASA Orion
+NASA's Kepler Mission
+NASA Johnson Space Center

#NASA #Science #Space #ISS #Astronomy #Earth #Mars #JourneyToMars #Budget #Government #SLS #Rocket #Kepler #Exoplanets #Science #Astronauts #Spacewalk #PeggyWhitson #JackFischer #Human #Spaceflight #Expedition51 #UnitedStates #STEM #Education #History #HD #Video

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Stellar Snowdon

Kris: "The view from my sleeping bag last night. The superb sight of the Milky Way spread across the sky above Snowdon and its accompanying peaks."

Snowdon is the highest mountain in Wales, at an elevation of 1,085 meters (3,560 ft) above sea level, and the highest point in the British Isles south of the Scottish Highlands. It is located in Snowdonia National Park (Parc Cenedlaethol Eryri) in Gwynedd, and has been described as "probably the busiest mountain in Britain", with more people climbing it than any other mountain in Great Britain. It is designated as a national nature reserve for its rare flora and fauna.
(Source: Wikipedia)

Snowdonia National Park
www.eryri-npa.gov.uk/visiting

Visit Snowdonia
www.visitsnowdonia.info

Credit: Kris Williams
Location: Snowdon Mountain, Wales, United Kingdom
Release Date: May 26, 2017

+Kris Williams
+Visit Wales
+Commission for Dark Skies

#Earth #Astronomy #Science #Space #Stars #MilkyWay #Galaxy
#Astrophotography #Photography #Art #SolarSystem #Cosmos #Universe #Snowdon #Mountain #NationalPark #Wales #Britain #UnitedKingdom #UK #LightPollution
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Moon Photobombs NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory
On May 25, 2017, the moon photobombed one of our sun-watching satellites by passing directly between the satellite and the sun. The lunar transit lasted almost an hour, between 2:24 and 3:17 p.m. EDT, with the moon covering about 89 percent of the sun at the peak of its journey across the sun’s face. The moon’s crisp horizon can be seen from this view because the moon has no atmosphere to distort the sunlight.

The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) sees lunar transits about twice a year, and this one lasted about an hour with the moon covering about 89 percent of the sun at the peak of its journey across the sun’s face.

When they’re seen from Earth, we call lunar transits by another name: eclipses.

Solar eclipses are just a special kind of transit where the moon blocks all or part of our view of the sun. Since SDO’s view of the sun was only partially blocked, it saw a partial eclipse. Later this year, on Aug. 21, a total eclipse will be observable from the ground: The moon will completely block the sun’s face in some parts of the US, creating a total solar eclipse on a 70-mile-wide stretch of land, called the path of totality, that runs from Oregon to South Carolina.

Throughout the rest of North America—and even in parts of South America, Africa, Europe and Asia—the moon will partially obscure the sun, creating a partial eclipse. SDO will also witness this partial eclipse.

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission.

Credit: NASA/Goddard
Duration: 3 seconds
Release Date: May 26, 2017

+SDO | Solar Dynamics Observatory
+NASA Goddard Space Weather Research Center
+NASA Goddard
+National Science Teachers Association
+Mad Science Group
+Mad Science of Washington DC
+PBS KIDS
+PBS Parents

#NASA #Astronomy #Science #Space #SpaceWeather #Sun #Solar #Moon #Lunar #Transit #Photobomb #Astrophysics #Spacecraft #SDO #Goddard #GSFC #Greenbelt #Maryland #UnitedStates #STEM #Education #HD #Video

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From Cape Verde to Russia | International Space Station
ESA Astronaut Thomas Pesquet of France: "A #FridayIsland timelapse flight over Cape Verde and up the coast along the Sahara and Morocco, the strait of Gibraltar and on to a cloudy Eastern Europe and Russia"

"Quelques minutes nous suffisent pour voyager du Cap-Vert à la Corse en passant par les Canaries, Ibiza et Majorque... Un survol insulaire qui ne prend que quelques secondes en timelapse !"

Learn more about ESA Astronaut Thomas Pesquet's Proxima Mission:
http://thomaspesquet.esa.int/

For more information about the International Space Station, visit: www.nasa.gov/station.

Credit: Thomas Pesquet
Duration: 43 seconds
Release Date: May 2017

+Thomas Pesquet
+CNES
+European Space Agency, ESA
+NASA Johnson Space Center

#NASA #ISS #Earth #Science #CapeVerde #CaboVerde #Morocco #Gibraltar #Sahara #Russia #Россия #EarthObservation #Astronaut #ThomasPesquet #Proxima #France #CNES #ESA #Europe #Human #Spaceflight #Expedition51 #UnitedStates #JSC #STEM #Education #HD #Video #Timelapse

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Russian wildfires | Earth from Space | European Space Agency
May 26, 2017: In this 231st edition of "Earth from Space", the Sentinel-2A satellite shows us blazes in the boreal forests of eastern Russia—presented by Kelsea Brennan-Wessels from the ESA Web-TV virtual studios.

Credit: European Space Agency (ESA)
Duration: 2 minutes, 38 seconds
Release Date: May 26, 2017

+European Space Agency, ESA

#ESA #Earth #Science #Russia #Россия #Environment #Irkutsk #Wildfires #Fires #Boreal #Forests #Copernicus #Sentinel2A #EarthObservation #RemoteSensing #Europe #STEM #Education #HD #Video
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