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Akhmad Mizkat
Keep love all of people around us... :)
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Ego bisa jadi lebih tinggi dari puncak Himalaya Karena ia berbatas sedang ego bisa jadi tidak Hati mungkin ia serapuh ranting dedaunan namun lebih sering kali dilihat bak danau hijau nan lapang Ranting semakin merapuh kala terpaan badai bergerombol menghuja...
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Pretty cool web and android chat apps using GCM. Thanks +Ravi Tamada
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Night Lights Change in the Middle East | NASA-NOAA
Night lights in 2012 vs. 2016 (fewer lights in Syria—depopulation)
May 16, 2017: Unlike most satellite imagery and data, views of Earth at night tell a distinctly human story. From fires to fishing boats to urban neon, lights show where people have made their homes, set up their industries, and laid down their roads. The lack of light usually reflects rural or uninhabited areas, though sometimes it means there is not enough electricity to keep lights on through the night.

Changing patterns of light over time also tell us something. The images here show differences in nighttime lighting between 2012 and 2016 in Syria and Iraq, among several Middle Eastern countries. Such images interest demographers, engineers, and social scientists because they can indicate economic development or the lack of it. Some changes reflect increases or decreases in electric power generation or in the steadiness of the supply. Even areas that switch to LEDs or other energy efficient lights can show up over time.

Night light images also have value for international relief and humanitarian organizations, which can use this data to pinpoint areas in need. NASA makes its Earth observations freely and openly available (often via the Web) to those seeking solutions to important global issues. Several current applied sciences efforts within NASA are aimed at making satellite data more readily accessible for disaster response and the delivery of aid.

Each image above is drawn from a global composite that was made by selecting the best cloud-free nights in each month over each landmass on Earth. The data come from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the NASA-NOAA Suomi NPP satellite. VIIRS includes a special “day/night band,” a low-light sensor that makes quantitative measurements of light emissions and reflections, allowing researchers to distinguish the intensity, types, and sources of night lights and to observe how they change over several years.

A research team led by Miguel Román of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center recently released new global maps of Earth at night from 2012 and 2016. Román and colleagues are collaborating with institutions such as the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency and the United Nations to enable near-real-time applications of such data, in addition to fundamental research.
In the images above, the changes are most dramatic around Aleppo, but also extend through western Syria to Damascus. Over the four years, lighting increased in areas north of the Syrian border in Turkey and to the west in Lebanon. According to a 2015 report from the Voice of America, as much as 80 percent of the lights have gone out in Syria over the past few years.

In Iraq, some northern sections near Mosul saw a decrease in light over the years, while areas around Baghdad, Irbil, and Kirkuk saw increases. Note, too, the change in electric light patterns along the Tigris and Euphrates river basins.
International agencies such as the United Nations Institute for Training and Research Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNITAR-UNOSAT) have used such imagery in the past few years “to track fast-moving conflicts and to update our UN colleagues on where the front lines might be,” said Lars Bromley, a remote sensing specialist with the agency. UNOSAT works to “improve the integration of satellite imagery and geospatial data in supporting global UN operations and activities in the areas of disaster response, humanitarian support, human security, and human rights.” Nighttime imagery helps relief and peacekeeping groups identify areas that are most in need of aid and support.

Image Credit: NASA Earth Observatory images by Joshua Stevens, using Suomi NPP VIIRS data from Miguel Román, NASA GSFC
Caption Credit: Michael Carlowicz
Instrument(s): Suomi NPP - VIIRS

+NASA Earth Observatory
+NASA Goddard
+NOAA Weather
+Commission for Dark Skies
+United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC)
+Human Rights Without Frontiers International
+Human Rights Watch
+Human Rights Campaign

#NASA #Earth #Science #Space #Satellite #MiddleEast #Syria #Aleppo #Damascus #Iraq #Lebanon #Refugees #HumanRights #War #Night #LightPollution #Human #Cities #SuomiNPP #VIIRS #UNOSAT #UnitedNations #STEM #Education #Animation #GIF #Infographics #العراق‎‎ #سوريا
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Cedera Saat Bermain Sepak Bola
Pagi ini tim kembali bermain di Lapangan Progresif; melawan tim CPP. Saya datang telat dan pemain benar-benar pas 11 orang menjelang kick-off. Dengan persiapan yang seadanya terpaksalah langsung bermain saja pemanasan pun nyolong-nyolong kesempatan di lapan...
Cedera Saat Bermain Sepak Bola
Cedera Saat Bermain Sepak Bola
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Bertemu Pak Presiden
Setelah sekian lama males ngeblog akhirnya malam ini memutuskan untuk nulis lagi. hore. Hari ini saya kembali berkunjung ke Indramayu tepatnya ke Karangsong; kali ini berdua dengan Mas Tisna dan kembali menginap di hotel yang sama. Walaupun sudah sering m...
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