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Fundamentals of HVAC Control Systems (SI) Robert D. McDowall ,2011
#hvacrlibrary #Hvac_control

Author(s): Robert D. McDowall
Publisher: American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
Year: 2011
No of Pages: 364 Pages
Size: 8.8 MB
File Format: PDF

Book Description:
This book provides a thorough introduction and a practical guide to the principles and characteristics of HVAC controls. It describes how to use, select, specify and design control systems. It is an excellent tool for building owners and operators, mechanical engineers, mechanical contractors, and facility engineers who wish to develop in-depth knowledge of HVAC Control Systems and improve their understanding and skills.

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District Heating Guide
#hvacrlibrary #District_heating

Author(s): Gary Phetteplace
Publisher: American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
Year: 2013
No of Pages: 374 Pages
Size: 39 MB
File Format: PDF

Book Description:
District Heating Guide provides design guidance for all major aspects of district heating systems, including central heating plants, distribution systems, and consumer interconnections, for both steam and hot-water systems. It draws on the expertise of an extremely diverse international team with current involvement in the industry and hundreds of years of combined experience. In addition to design guidance, this book also includes a chapter dedicated to planning, with information on cogeneration of heat and electric power as well as the integration of thermal storage into a district heating system. Guidance on operations and maintenance is also provided to help operators ensure that systems function as intended.

In addition, examples are presented where appropriate, and three detailed case studies are included in an appendix. This guide is a useful resource for both the inexperienced designer as well as those immersed in the industry, such as consulting engineers with campus specialization, utility engineers, district heating system operating engineers, central plant design engineers, and steam and hot-water system designers. District Heating Guide fills a worldwide need for modern and complete design guidance for district heating systems.

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Load calculation applications manual, IP 2nd edition
#hvacrlibrary #Hvac #load_calculations
Author(s): Jeffrey D.Spitler
Publisher: American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
Year: 2014
No of Pages: 364 Pages
Edition: 2nd edition
Size: 14 MB
File Format: PDF

Book Description:
This second edition of Load Calculation Applications Manual is an in-depth, applications-oriented reference that provides a clear understanding of the state of the art in heating and cooling load calculation methods, plus the tool and resources needed to implement them in practice.

Updates for this edition reflect in information from the 2013 ASHRAE Handbook—Fundamentals,
including lighting, materials, and equipment used in buildings today, as well as new methods available since the first edition.

**New internal heat gain data for office equipment
**New methods and data for the effects of internal shading on solar heat gains
**New data on heat gains from kitchen equipment, based on experimental measurements
**New weather data for more than 6,000 stations worldwide.
**A new ASHRAE clear-sky model, applicable worldwide
**Improved methods for generating design day temperature profiles
**A major revision of thermal properties data for building materials

This essential engineering reference begins with an overview of heat transfer processes in buildings and a discussion of how they are analyzed together to determine the HVAC load. Later chapters give in-depth coverage of the radiant time series method (RTSM) and heat balance method (HBM) theory and application, systems and psychrometrics, and heating loads, with extensive, step-by-step examples.

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Ashrae Handbook 2015: Applications

Publisher: American Society of Heating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)
Year: 2015
No of Pages: 1430 pages
Size: IP ed. (25.5 MB), SI ed. (33MB)
File Format: PDF

The 2015 ASHRAE Handbook—HVAC Applications comprises more than 60 chapters covering a broad range of facilities and topics, written to help engineers design and use equipment and systems described in other Handbook volumes. Main sections cover comfort, industrial, energy-related, general applications, and building operations and management. ASHRAE Technical Committees in each subject area have reviewed all chapters and revised them as needed for current technology and design practice.

1. Residences
2. Retail Facilities
3. Commercial and Public Buildings
4. Tall Buildings
5. Places of Assembly
6. Hotels, Motels, and Dormitories
7. Educational Facilities
8. Health Care Facilities
9. Justice Facilities
10. Automobiles
11. Mass Transit
12. Aircraft
13. Ships

14. Industrial Air Conditioning
15. Enclosed Vehicular Facilities
16. Laboratories
17. Engine Test Facilities
18. Clean Spaces
19. Data Centers and Telecommunication Facilities
20. Printing Plants
21. Textile Processing Plants
22. Photographic Material Facilities
23. Museums, Galleries, Archives, and Libraries
24. Environmental Control for Animals and Plants
25. Drying and Storing Selected Farm Crops
26. Air Conditioning of Wood and Paper Product Facilities
27. Power Plants
28. Nuclear Facilities
29. Mine Ventilation and Air Conditioning
30. Industrial Drying
31. Ventilation of the Industrial Environment
32. Industrial Local Exhaust
33. Kitchen Ventilation

34. Geothermal Energy
35. Solar Energy Use

36. Energy Use and Management
37. Owning and Operating Costs
38. Testing, Adjusting, and Balancing
39. Operation and Maintenance Management
40. Computer Applications
41. Building Energy Monitoring
42. Supervisory Control Strategies and Optimization
43. HVAC Commissioning

44. Building Envelopes
45. Building Air Intake and Exhaust Design
46. Air Cleaners for Gaseous Contaminants
47. Design and Application of Controls
48. Noise and Vibration Control
49. Water Treatment: Deposition, Corrosion, and Biological Control
50. Service Water Heating
51. Snow Melting and Freeze Protection
52. Evaporative Cooling
53. Fire and Smoke Control
54. Radiant Heating and Cooling
55. Seismic- and Wind-Resistant Design
56. Electrical Considerations
57. Room Air Distribution
58. Integrated Building Design
59. HVAC Security
60. Ultraviolet Air and Surface Treatment
61. Smart Building Systems
62. Moisture Management in Buildings
63. Codes and Standard

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Author(s): Robert McDowall
Publisher: American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
Year: 2009
No of Pages: 378Pages
Edition: 2nd edition
Size: 10 MB
File Format: PDF

Book Description:
This course covers the basics of air movement; components of air distribution systems; consideration of human comfort; load and occupancy demands; duct system design; sound and vibration; codes and standards; and air system start-up and diagnosis.

What You Will Learn

You will develop an understanding of the basics of air movement; the components of air distribution systems; considerations of human comfort; load and occupancy demand; duct system design; sound and vibration; and how codes and standards affect the design of air systems. After completing the course, you should know:

*The functions of the components of an air distribution system, including major equipment types and auxiliary components.

*The principles of air distribution as they relate to human comfort.

*The principal codes and standards affecting air system design.

*How to layout and size a simple duct system and calculate pressure losses in the system.

*Common methods for reducing airborne sounds in systems and
How to start an air system and diagnose common problems associated with air system start-up.

Course Content

*Fundamentals of Air Flow -- Static and dynamic compressible fluid (air) laws, friction effects, the friction chart, and density and altitude effects.

*Air Distribution System Components -- System overview, air handling units, ducts, controls, air distribution devices, and sound absorbers.

*Human Comfort and Air Distribution -- Principles of human comfort, principles of space air distribution, and types of air distribution devices.

*Relationship of Air Systems to Load and Occupancy Demands -Operating system selection criteria, system types by heating/cooling equipment type, system type by duct configuration, economizers and outdoor air intakes.

Exhaust and Ventilation Systems - Design considerations, system types, and energy recovery.

*Air Movers and Fan Technology -- Fan principles, fan drives, fan selection, fan installation design, fan controls and the effect of variable resistance devices.

*Duct System Design -- Design overview, materials, construction, design and sizing, and sample systems.

*Codes and Standards -- Building code requirements, ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007, ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2007, other codes and standards, and sources of information.

*Air System Auxiliary Components -- Dampers, air filters, humidifiers, duct heaters and duct insulation.

*Sound and Vibration in Fan Systems -- Fundamentals of sound, sound and vibration sources, sound attenuation, and vibration control.

*Air System Start-Up and Diagnostics -- Design considerations, air volumetric measurement methods, balancing procedures for air distribution systems, and noise and vibration diagnostics.
An Actual Duct Design Problem -- Duct design procedures, building and system, and working through the problem.

Who Should Enroll in This Course?

This is an excellent course for anyone who needs information on air distribution systems. You will benefit from this course if you are:

*A recent engineering graduate working in the HVAC&R industry.

*An experienced engineer who has entered the HVAC&R industry from another engineering field.

*An architect, engineer, technician, or construction or building management professional who wants to increase your knowledge of air distribution systems.

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Fundamentals of Water System Design I-P, 2nd Ed.
#hvacrlibrary #Ashrae
Author(s): Mark Hegberg; Richard A. Hegberg
Publisher: American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
Year: 2015
No of Pages: 350 Pages
Edition: 2nd edition
Size: 35 MB
File Format: PDF

Key Knowledge for Successful Hydronic System Design

Water, or hydronic, systems are a key foundation technology of HVAC system design. They represent an important tool in the designer's toolbox for providing effective and efficient HVAC systems to buildings around the world. Fundamentals of Water System Design, Second Edition, is an entry-level text on the principles of hydronic HVAC system design and calculations. The fundamentals presented in this text can be used to successfully design the modern hydronic system, and they provide an equally sound footing for work in hydronic system commissioning, operation, and troubleshooting.
This course book's nine chapters provide detailed information on the following topics:

Components of closed and open hydronic systems
Pipe materials and fittings
Piping system design
Pumps and their operation
Matching pumps to systems
Control of terminal units
Optimizing water-chiller operation

Each chapter includes detailed diagrams, examples, and calculations, plus exercises at the end of each chapter to develop skills in using the knowledge provided. This book is part of the ASHRAE Learning Institute (ALI) Fundamentals of HVAC&R Series of self-directed or group learning courses.

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2016 ASHRAE Handbook - HVAC Systems and Equipment
#hvacrlibrary #ashrae_handbook2016

Publisher: American Society of Heating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)
Year: 2016
No of Pages: 955 pages
Size: 51 MB
File Format: PDF

Book Description:
The 2016 ASHRAE Handbook—HVAC Systems and Equipment discusses various systems and the equipment (components or assemblies) they comprise, and describes features and differences. This information helps system designers and operators in selecting and using the equipment. ASHRAE Technical Committees in each subject area have reviewed all chapters and revised them as needed for current technology and practice.

1. HVAC System Analysis and Selection
2. Decentralized Cooling and Heating
3. Central Cooling and Heating Plants
4. Air Handling and Distribution
5. In-Room Terminal Systems
6. Radiant Heating and Cooling
7. Combined Heat and Power Systems
8. Combustion Turbine Inlet Cooling
9. Applied Heat Pump and Heat Recovery Systems
10. Small Forced-Air Heating and Cooling Systems
11. Steam Systems
12. District Heating and Cooling
13. Hydronic Heating and Cooling
14. Condenser Water Systems
15. Medium- and High-Temperature Water Heating
16. Infrared Radiant Heating
17. Ultraviolet Lamp Systems
18. Variable Refrigerant Flow

19. Duct Construction
20. Room Air Distribution Equipment
21. Fans
22. Humidifiers
23. Air-Cooling and Dehumidifying Coils
24. Desiccant Dehumidification and Pressure-Drying Equipment
25. Mechanical Dehumidifiers and Related Components
26. Air-to-Air Energy Recovery Equipment
27. Air-Heating Coils
28. Unit Ventilators, Unit Heaters, and Makeup Air Units
29. Air Cleaners for Particulate Contaminants
30. Industrial Gas Cleaning and Air Pollution Control

31. Automatic Fuel-Burning Systems
32. Boilers
33. Furnaces
34. Residential In-Space Heating Equipment
35. Chimney, Vent, and Fireplace Systems
36. Hydronic Heat-Distributing Units and Radiators
37. Solar Energy Equipment

38. Compressors
39. Condensers
40. Cooling Towers
41. Evaporative Air-Cooling Equipment
42. Liquid Coolers
43. Liquid-Chilling Systems

44. Centrifugal Pumps
45. Motors, Motor Controls, and Variable-Frequency Drives
46. Pipes, Tubes, and Fittings
47. Valves
48. Heat Exchangers

49. Unitary Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps
50. Room Air Conditioners and Packaged Terminal Air Conditioners

51. Thermal Storage
52. Codes and Standards

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ASHRAE Design Guide for Tall, Supertall, and Megatall Building Systems
Author(s): ASHRAE
Publisher: American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
Year: 2015
No of Pages: 235 Pages
Size: 9.2 MB
File Format: PDF

Book Description:
Tall buildings present unique and formidable challenges to architects and engineers because of their size, location in major urban areas, and the multiple, complex occupancies they often contain. ASHRAE Design Guide for Tall, Supertall, and Megatall Building Systems is a unique reference for owners; architects; and mechanical, structural, and electrical engineers as well as other specialized consultants involved in designing systems for these buildings.

Expanded since ASHRAE's previous guide on the topic in 2004, this new design guide covers not only tall buildings (taller than 300 ft [91m]) but now also addresses supertall (taller than 984 ft [300 m]) and megatall (taller than 1968 ft [600 m]) buildings, with a broadened scope and updated content that reflects current standards and industry practices.

This guide not only focuses on the efforts of designers of the HVAC systems but also addresses the importance of the design team and their collective efforts and concerns that are the critical elements in determining the ultimate solutions to the project needs of a tall building. Special attention is also given to design issues for tall commercial buildings, which are very often mixed use, with low-level retail, office floors, residential floors, and hotel floors.

Major sections cover the following subjects:
• Architectural design
• Facade systems
• Climate data
• Indoor air quality (IAQ) and thermal comfort
• HVAC systems
• Electrical system interfaces
• Intelligent buildings and controls
• Water distribution
• Plumbing systems
• Energy modeling and authentication
• Vertical transportation
• Life safety
• Needs of residential occupancies.

Also included are appendices with examples of stack effect and wind pressure for four representative climates, energy analysis examples, and HVAC design criteria and a systems description for a multiple-tenant office building.

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Carrier System Design Manual - 12 Books
Author(s): Carrier
Publisher: Carrier
Size: 317 MB
File Format: PDF

Book Description:
The Carrier System Design Manual is the first practical guide for the design of air conditioning systems. This easy-to-use reference is designed specifically for the design and consulting engineer. It covers every step in the design process, from load estimating to selecting and engineering the appropriate system.

The complete System Design Manual consists of twelve (12) individual books.

A guide in the preparation of practical cooling and heating load estimates. Eight chapters include: survey and load estimate, design conditions, heat storage, solar heat gain glass, heat and moisture flow, infiltration and ventilation, internal and system heat gain, applied psychrometrics. (164 pages)

Includes data and examples as a guide in practical design and layout of air handling equipment, ductwork and air distribution components. (94 pages)

Covers practical design and layout, including data and examples of normal air conditioning piping systems - piping design, water piping, refrigerant piping, steam piping. (110 pages)

A presentation guide in the application and selection of refrigerants, brines and oils when used with air conditioning systems. (68 pages)

A background guide to a better understanding of the cause, effect and prevention of water problems in various water circulatory systems. Also discusses some of the more common practices for lessening the effect of scale and corrosion. (56 pages)

A discussion in the selection and application of air handling equipment for normal air conditioning systems - fans, air conditioning apparatus, unitary and accessory equipment. (72 pages)

Covers the selection and application of refrigeration equipment for normal air conditioning systems: reciprocating centrifugal, absorption, absorption-centrifugal combination refrigeration machines; heat rejection equipment. (72 pages)

Book is comprised of practical data for the selection and application of auxiliary equipment used with air conditioning systems—centrifugal pumps, motors and motor controls, boilers, miscellaneous drives. (76 pages)

A guideline for selecting the air conditioning system used with specific applications. (24 pages)

A presentation of data and engineering procedures to guide the engineer in the practical designing of all-air systems. The complete range covers the conventional, constant volume induction, multi-zone, dual-duct, variable volume and dual conduit systems. (60 pages)

A guide to the engineer in the practical designing of air-water systems for use in perimeter rooms of multistory; in multi-room buildings where cooling or heating may be required simultaneously in adjacent rooms; where duct work space is at a minimum. (36 pages)

A guide, which includes data and engineering procedures, in the practical designing of water and DX systems. (22 pages)

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Sustainable Retail Refrigeration
#hvacrlibrary #Refrigeration
Author(s): Judith A. Evans (Editor), Alan M. Foster (Editor)
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Year: 2015
No of Pages: 372 Pages
Edition: 1st edition
Size: 10 MB
File Format: PDF

Book Description:
Carbon emissions from the retail segment of the food cold chain are relatively high compared to other parts of the food cold chain. Studies have also shown that food temperature is less well controlled at the retail and consumer end of the cold chain. There is, therefore, the considerable potential to optimize the performance of refrigerated display cabinets and the refrigeration systems that are used to operate them to reduce carbon emissions and to improve food temperature control.

Sustainable Retail Refrigeration draws together world experts on retail refrigeration. In a single resource, the authors cover the latest technologies and best current knowledge in the field. With increasing concerns about energy use and global warming gasses, retailers are increasingly being called to account for their actions.

Sustainable Retail Refrigeration is a valuable reference to manufacturers, managers and policy makers, incorporating both a design and an operational perspective.

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