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Digital Humanities Group FBK
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Digital Humanities: linking Human Language Technologies and Humanities
Digital Humanities: linking Human Language Technologies and Humanities

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A new paper by Thierry Declerck and Rachele Sprugnoli has been published in the proceedings of the Second Conference on Biographical Data in a Digital World (BD-2017).

Title: Considerations about Uniqueness and Unalterability for the Encoding of Biographical Data in Ontologies

Abstract: This paper results from observations that have been made while studying ontological and linked data-based approaches to the encoding of biographical data. Based on certain issues we discovered and which will be described here, we aim to call for a collaborative work towards guidelines for modelling biographical data in the standard Semantic Web representation languages. The need for guidelines became even more clear after reading an article, which described various types of errors in biographical data encoding that have been generated due to an unsuitable use of the owl:sameAs property when referring to the linked data-based description of the life of two literary authors. In this context, there is also a need to agree on the core element of which a biographical description constitutes. More specifically, we aim to determine the “biographical unit”, which should be primarily modelled and to which all related information should be linked by using corresponding semantic properties. Apart from that, we will also discuss the need of the definition and use of synchronic versus diachronic properties associated with the modelled biographical unit. Regarding this point, we come to the conclusion that for the description of a biographical unit, there are probably no properties whose values remain unaltered over time. This is particularly true if the provenance information, that can provide contrasting values which, however, might be correct from different point of views, is taken into account.

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Our Rachele Sprugnoli has defended her PhD thesis on "Event Detection and Classification for the Digital Humanities"!! Congratulations!! +Università di Trento +Fondazione Bruno Kessler #digitalhumanities #nlproc
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The second edition of the summer school "Digital Tools for Humanists" will be held in Pisa, from 25 to 29 June 2018. This initiative is organized in the frame of the summer schools organized by the University of Pisa, under the direction of the “Laboratorio di Cultura Digitale”.

In this context, Rachele Sprugnoli will give a lecture on Natural Language Processing on June 25th.

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Lectures on Computational Linguistics 2018 (LCL 2018) is a two-day event featuring tutorials on topics in Computational Linguistics sponsored by AILC, the Italian Association of Computational Linguistics.

Our head Sara Tonelli will give the following tutorial: "Methodologies and Techniques for the Digital Humanities: Ongoing Work and Open Challenges".

Participation is free but subject to registration.
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In collaboration with IPRASE, we have organized a training course for teachers entitled: Digital [loves] Humanities - Umanistica Digitale: teoria e strumenti per l’insegnamento. The course will include seminars and laboratories.

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Three proposals have been published in the AIUCD 2018 book of abstracts:
1) Temporal Dimension in Alcide De Gasperi: Past, Present and Future in Historical Political Discourse, by Rachele Sprugnoli, Giovanni Moretti, Sara Tonelli
2)LETTERE: LETters Transcription Environment for REsearch, by Giovanni Moretti, Rachele Sprugnoli, Sara Tonelli
3) “Two days we have passed with the ancients...”: a Digital Resource of Historical Travel Writings on Italy, by Rachele Sprugnoli

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Evento "Suoni e tecnologie: Un'interfaccia verso il mondo" presso Aula Magna del Conservatorio F. A. Bonporti a Trento.
Sara Tonelli interverrà parlando di "L’analisi del discorso politico: la piattaforma ALCIDE (Analysis of Language and Content In a Digital Environment) e il riconoscimento automatico delle emozioni evocate."

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Three proposals have been accepted at AIUCD 2018, the 7th conference of the Associazione per l’Informatica Umanistica e le Culture Digitali that will be held in Bari from 31st January to 2nd February 2018.

1) Temporal Dimension in Alcide De Gasperi: Past, Present and Future in Historical Political Discourse, by Rachele Sprugnoli, Giovanni Moretti, Sara Tonelli

2) LETTERE: LETters Transcription Environment for REsearch, by Giovanni Moretti, Rachele Sprugnoli, Sara Tonelli

3) “Two days we have passed with the ancients...”: a Digital Resource of Historical Travel Writings on Italy, by Rachele Sprugnoli

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The paper "Never retreat, Never retract: Argumentation analysis for political speeches" authored by Stefano Menini, Elena Cabrio, Sara Tonelli and Serena Villata has been accepted at the Thirty-Second AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, that will take place February 2-8 in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.

Abstract:

In this work, we apply argumentation mining techniques, in particular relation prediction, to study political speeches in monological form, where there is no direct interaction between opponents. We argue that this kind of technique can effectively support researchers in history, social and political sciences, which must deal with an increasing amount of data in digital form and need ways to automatically extract and analyse argumentation patterns. We test and discuss our approach based on the analysis of documents issued by R. Nixon and J. F. Kennedy during 1960 presidential campaign. We rely on a supervised classifier to predict argument relations (i.e., support and attack), obtaining an accuracy of 0.72 on a dataset of 1,462 argument pairs. The application of argument mining to such data allows not only the detection of the main points of agreement and disagreement between the candidates’ arguments over the campaign issues such as Cuba, disarmament and health-care, but also an in-depth argumentative analysis of the respective viewpoints on these topics and the proposed solutions.

On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the international journal "Quality & Quantity", a congress wil be held in Bologna on 17-18th November 2017. Rachele Sprugnoli and Giovanni Moretti will participate in the congress with the following talk.

Title: Language technologies for historical documents: the case of Alcide De Gasperi's writings

Abstract: The application of language technologies to Humanities studies is having a great impact on the way humanities research is being conducted. However, although many tools have been developed to analyse document collections, they often fail to provide a real support to humanities scholars because of a lack of communication between this research community and ICT researchers. Since 2013 a collaboration between the Digital Humanities research unit and the Italian-German Historical institute at Fondazione Bruno Kessler is carried on in order to reduce this gap and develop text mining techniques for the processing of political texts. In this presentation, we will give an overview of some of these techniques taking into consideration the work done within an interdisciplinary research project to give new insight into Alcide De Gasperi's public figure. In particular, we will present three text processing applications designed with the help of history scholars and applied to the complete corpus of De Gasperi's writing: i.e. the extraction of persons’ networks, the detection of topics based on key-concept clustering and the analysis of temporal dimension.
Location:
Aula Giorgio Prodi, Piazza San Giovanni in Monte, 2 - Bologna
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