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Larry Watts
Larry Watts is an analyst and lecturer specializing in Security Sector Reform and Cold War History.
Larry Watts is an analyst and lecturer specializing in Security Sector Reform and Cold War History.
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Chernobyl and the Quality of Partnership
The Damage at Chernobyl Aside from the
being the worst nuclear disaster up to that point and an international
cautionary tale, creating a humanitarian crisis in the Ukrainian SSR and
derailing nuclear power plans throughout Europe for decades, Chernobyl was...

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On The Eve Of The Romanian Revolution (VIII) Demanding The Withdrawal of Soviet Troops, December 1989
Following the
December 1989 Moscow  meetings - one of all the Warsaw Pact leaders and the other private - the Soviet Bloc  active measures  apparatus disseminated reports depicting
Ceauşescu’s exchange with Gorbachev in the more public meeting , in which th...

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On The Eve Of The Romanian Revolution (VII) Poland and the Romanian ‘Military Threat’
Wojciech Jaruzełski and Nicolae Ceauşescu, Bucharest      In the late
evening of August 19, 1989, barely one month after Budapest’s allegations of
Romanian offensive preparations against it had been verified and debunked by
Western analysts, new life was gi...

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On The Eve Of The Romanian Revolution (VI) The July 1989 Warsaw Pact Summit
Warsaw Pact Leaders, June 1989 (MTI photo: Lajos Soos) The extent to
which Gorbachev   and the “closely cooperating ” partners borrowed from
Romanian foreign and security policy initiatives, poorly understood in the West
prior to the mid-1980s and increasin...

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On The Eve Of The Romanian Revolution (V) Whose Military Preparations?
Aside from their
insistence during the spring and summer of 1989 on allegedly “solid evidence”
of “corpses   floating on the rivers bordering the two
countries,” and on Bucharest ’s nuclear   “blackmail ” against Hungary , Szűrös , Tabadji and Horn   also i...

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On The Eve Of The Romanian Revolution (IV) The Romanian Nuclear Threat
In May 1989, when
the Hungarian Ambassador in Bucharest   first accused the Romanian Armed Forces   of preparing to attack his country, Budapest   began claiming that Bucharest was developing
nuclear   warheads   and acquiring missile systems in order to us...

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On The Eve Of The Romanian Revolution – Some Considerations (III)
Visit of Romanian leaders to Budapest in the mid-1960s Hungary   and the ‘Aggressive
Romanian Military Threat’: June 1989 During the late
1980s allegations of Romania’s terrorism -provoking nationalism and aggressive
military impulse were so persistently re...

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On The Eve Of The Romanian Revolution – Some Considerations (II)
Preparing the Terrain for Violence [i] One of the most
effective allegations that could be leveled against Romania during the late
Cold War was that of minority discrimination . However, the reason for the
effectiveness of such allegations had less to do wi...

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Intelligence Reform in Europe's Emerging Democracies: Conflicting Paradigms, Dissimilar Contexts
V olume 48, Number 1 (April 2004): 11-25   Intelligence
reform is a critical element of democratization, but it is frequently relegated
to the back burner in the early days of post-authoritarian regime transitions.
This is due, in part, to a reflexive avers...

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On The Eve Of The Romanian Revolution – Some Considerations (I)
There were three main levels of
confrontation involving the Soviet Bloc   during the Cold War, and especially during its
last decade, that were important for U.S.   strategic interests. [1] The first was the East-West confrontation   and the possibility of ...
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