Santha and I have spent the last couple of days in the ancient city of Cusco in the high Andes of Peru, working with local historian Jesus Gamarra who continues the research of his father Alfredo Gamarra, begun more than a century ago, into the possibility that many of the so-called Inca structures of the Andes may in fact have been the work of a much earlier, lost civilisation. Santha's photograph shows me with Jesus Gamarra explaining his view of one of the anomalous structures that he dates to what he calls the Hanan Pacha period tens of thousands of years in the past. He believes that this extraordinary mass of sculpted rock was not cut with tools but was softened and moulded into shape by a lost technology using intense heat -- often leaving tell-tale marks of vitrification. He regards such structures, which are incredibly numerous in the Cuzco area, as the work of the earliest high civilisation on earth and told me several times "Hanan Pacha is Atlantis". The civilisation that followed Hanan Pacha he calls Uran Pacha, still dated to thousands of years before the time of the Incas, and to this Uran Pacha culture he attributes the famous cyclopean masonry of Sacsayhuaman which also involved a lost technology and which I will address in a future status update. Finally, and most recently, from the 13th to the 16th centuries of the present era we have the civilisation of the Incas which Jesus Gamarra calls Ukun Pacha and which is marked by workmanship greatly inferior to the previous two styles. I do not agree with all aspects of the cosmology that Jesus Gamarra uses to underwrite his analysis (for full details see this article on my website by Jan Peter de Jong: http://www.grahamhancock.com/forum/JongJP2.php
). For example I am not convinced that the earth's orbit around the sun, its mass or its gravity have changed radically over the past 100,000 years. But I think Jesus Gamarra and his father Alfredo were spot on in their identification of three distinctly different styles of architecture in the Andes and are right to attribute these to three different cultures extending far back into the night of time. For too long, as I argued in "Fingerprints of the Gods", archaeologists have been able to get away with giving the incredible megalithic of the Andes entirely to the Incas who were merely the latest culture to use and elaborate upon these much more ancient structures. The same, I believe, will prove to be true of many other megalithic sites around the world which is why the firm dating of the gigantic stone circles of Gobekli Tepe in Turkey to 12,000 or more years ago, as I reported in earlier posts (e.g. see here: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151903564817354&set=a.10151524582402354.1073741825.31260747353&type=1
) is such an important breakthrough. As my research continues into "Magicians of the Gods", the sequel to "Fingerprints of the Gods", I will continue to post further updates here. Santha and I will be in Peru and Bolivia (where we will revisit the amazing site of Tiahuanaco) for the next couple of weeks. I expect to have much to report!