Profile

Cover photo
Scott M
Attended Oneida Baptist Institute
101 followers|361,649 views
AboutPostsPhotosVideos+1'sReviews

Stream

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 
 
Seeking a Companion

Every now and then rumors of some companion star or planet to the Sun hits the web.  The most infamous of these is the Nibiru hypothesis, which claims that a large planet will sweep into the inner solar system, sending Earth to its doom.  While claims of Nibiru have always been unfounded, there has been legitimate speculation about a possible companion to the Sun, either a small star or large planet with an orbit that takes it to the edge of our solar system.

One of these ideas was a companion star known as Nemesis.  The idea for Nemesis came from a periodicity seen in the rates of extinctions in the fossil record.  It was first noticed in 1984 that the rate of extinctions seemed to spike every 27 million years, going back about 500 million years.  This led several astronomers to propose a companion star, which came to be known as Nemesis, as the cause of these extinctions.  The idea was that Nemesis to the Sun could be in an elliptical orbit that takes it into region of the Oort cloud.  Its gravitational interaction would then disrupt bodies in the Oort cloud, leading to a dramatic increase in comets sent toward the inner solar system.  The higher impact rate would then lead to periodic extinctions.

This idea is no longer considered valid for two reasons.  For one, there isn’t any evidence that the periodic extinctions is correlated with higher impact rates in the inner solar system.  For another, a companion star with a period of 27 million years would need to have an orbital radius of about 1.5 light years.  This would put it so far away from the Sun at times that the gravitational interactions with other stars would cause its orbit to fluctuate.  Orbital simulations show that the orbit of such a star could not be stable over 500 million years.  So even if the periodic extinctions were due to higher impact rates, it can’t be due to a Nemesis star.

Another companion idea comes from an analysis of long period comets.  Long period comets are ones that come from the far regions of the solar system, and swing into the inner solar system before heading out again.  Comet ISON was a long period comet, for example.  These comets generally come from all directions, which is why they are thought to originate in the Oort cloud (http://goo.gl/MYTaUL).  

But in 1999, John Matese, Patrick Whitman and Daniel Whitmire argued that there was a slight bias in the origins of these comets.  Rather than coming from random directions, they were slightly more likely to originate from directions along the plane of the solar system.  They proposed that this could be explained by the presence of a large gas planet with an orbital radius of about 15,000 AU, or 500 times farther from the Sun than Neptune, which they named Tyche.  

Tyche (if it existed) would be detectable by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), an infrared space telescope.  Now a new paper in the Astrophysical Journal has presented new results that show Tyche doesn’t exist.  In the paper, the author analyzed WISE data over an extended period of observations looking for the motion of dim objects.  

The more massive a planet, the warmer it would be from its own internal heat, and therefore the brighter it would be at infrared wavelengths.  The survey found no companion objects larger than Jupiter closer than 82,000 AU, or Saturn at 28,000 AU.  This is much farther than the proposed distance of Tyche.  It is, in fact in the region of the proposed distance of Nemesis.  

So it looks like the Sun doesn’t have any companions larger than Jupiter, at least within 1.3 light years.


Image: Don Dixon.  (http://goo.gl/UoxGWS)  HT to +Hans Havermann for tracking down the source.

Paper:  Adrian L. Melott and Richard K. Bambach. Nemesis Reconsidered. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Letters 407, L99-L102 (2010)

Paper:  Matese J. J., Whitman P. G., Whitmire D. P. Cometary evidence of a massive body in the outer Oort cloud. Icarus 141, 354 (1999)

Paper:  K. L. Luhman. A Search for a Distant Companion to the Sun with the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer. Astrophysical Journal 781, 4. (2014)
47 comments on original post
1

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 

Best clock/weather widget out there, period!
Weather & Clock Widget for Android, provides detailed weather for world loc...
1

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 
Oh this is perfectly hilarious!
3

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 
Still tweaking the lighting on the Icarus. Trying for a good blend of dark/light. I also changed the color on a few of the lights, as well as the lens color (using 'physical' light fixtures for realistic shadows) and lens effects... the reason... no two lights, even from the same manufacturer are ever exactly the same. Minor impurities in the gases or filaments cause slightly different hues and brightness levels. Another try at getting realistic I guess lol.

This weekend I will be modeling the large main shield, which of course has a massive amount of light coming from the structure, this of course will lend shadows/color/light to this part of the ship depicted here. Once that is done I will have to come back to the lighting on this section to adjust for an overall effect.

As always... Cinema 4D
6
Migara Hewawardena's profile photoScott M's profile photo
4 comments
Scott M
 
Thank you Migara :)

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 
The Icarus 2 from Sunshine - with lighting now :) Towards the right you can see in the window and view the modeled interior of the Oxygen Garden. Cinema 4D.
2

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 
More pictures of my 3D Modeling, this time of the ship Icarus 2 from the movie Sunshine
2
Have him in circles
101 people
MANOJ KUMAR's profile photo
Tony Han's profile photo
César Mujica Castro's profile photo
Nicola Fortunato's profile photo
JL Eichers's profile photo
TiMi Toys's profile photo
mike gillilan's profile photo
Vuk Banovic's profile photo
Annie Altherr's profile photo

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 
Meet Scott,Florida born 3D Artist & Animator Who Opted Out of Stand Up Comedy for Comfort's Sake... Name: Scott. Occupation: Graphic Design Department Head, St Petersburg Advertising Firm. Age...
1

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 
New profile on Prosite via Behance http://2753productions.prosite.com/ very cool site.
1

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 
I have added a page to my website where viewers will be able to see full size 3D renders of my detailed modeling of the wonderfully complex spacecraft "Icarus 2" from the movie Sunshine.
Modeling the Icarus 2 Spacecraft from the movie Sunshine. Hello everyone! Thank you for visiting my site! On this page I will be chronicling the most ambitious 3D Modeling project of mine to date... t...
3

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 
For any Cinema 4D users out there, if you have an account on DeviantART and have work made with Cinema 4D in your DA Gallery - then I invite you to join DA's largest Cinema 4D Group http://c4dusers.deviantart.com/ 850 members strong and growing every day!
2
1

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 
Oh wow! I haven't checked my Google+ for a few days, I come here and find there is GREAT response to 3D :) Yay! Thanks or everyone that has added me to their circles :)
1
Cory DeVore's profile photo
 
You're welcome once more! I am so glad that Google + is super Network friendly. Facebook is too old highschool buds based. I feel like I'm actually meeting some great 3D artists here. Making me very happy.

Scott M

Shared publicly  - 
 
High detail 3D modeling by me, using Cinema 4D
6
Renton Hsu's profile photoScott M's profile photoCory DeVore's profile photo
4 comments
 
You're very welcome :) I'll be posting a rigging test in Blender soon. I find that Blender is becoming one of the elite 3D software now. And I love it. It's workflow is one of the fastest I've ever used.
People
Have him in circles
101 people
MANOJ KUMAR's profile photo
Tony Han's profile photo
César Mujica Castro's profile photo
Nicola Fortunato's profile photo
JL Eichers's profile photo
TiMi Toys's profile photo
mike gillilan's profile photo
Vuk Banovic's profile photo
Annie Altherr's profile photo
Education
  • Oneida Baptist Institute
    High School Curriculum, 1977 - 1980
  • Various US Navy Technical Schools
    Electronics | Computers | Computer Theory, 1980 - 1991
  • Mid-Florida Tech
    Computer Programming, 1986 - 1987
  • Central Texas College
    Military - Medical First Responder, 1986 - 1986
Story
Tagline
Artist | VFX Artist | Photographer | Commercial Designer
Bragging rights
Award winning, published digital artist
Work
Occupation
Freelance 3D Graphic Artist | Environmental Artist | Modeler | Animator | 3D Content Provider | Photographer
Skills
Adobe CC Suite | Cinema 4D 3D Modeling, Sculpting, BodyPaint 3D | Vue 3D Environmental Artist | Studio Photography | Adobe Lightroom
Basic Information
Gender
Male
Looking for
Friends, Networking
Scott M's +1's are the things they like, agree with, or want to recommend.
Weather & Clock Widget Ad Free - Android Apps on Google Play
market.android.com

Weather & Clock Widget for Android, provides detailed weather for world locations, it searches for your address automatically, and provides

Weather & Clock Widget Android - Android Apps on Google Play
market.android.com

Weather & Clock Widget for Android, provides detailed weather for world locations, it searches for your address automatically, and provides

Textra SMS – Android Apps on Google Play
market.android.com

Let's face it, the stock Android Messaging app really sucks! So time to try something new, but it has to be pretty special, right? It's here

Textra SMS – Android Apps on Google Play
play.google.com

Let's face it, the stock Android Messaging app really sucks! So time to try something new, but it has to be pretty special, right? It's here

Messenger - Android Apps sa Google Play
market.android.com

Maabot kaagad ang mga tao sa buhay mo-nang libre. Ang Messenger ay katulad lang ng pagte-text, pero hindi mo kailangan magbayad para sa bawa

LastPass for Dolphin *Premium - Android Apps on Google Play
market.android.com

Dolphin Browser extension for the award-winning LastPass password manager. Fast, easy and simple; securely syncs your passwords across all y

LastPass Password Manager – Apps para Android no Google Play
market.android.com

LastPass is an award-winning password manager that simplifies online life for millions of people worldwide. Trial for free today - you’ll wo

Facebook - Các ứng dụng dành cho Android trên Google Play
market.android.com

Cập nhật thông tin từ bạn bè nhanh chóng hơn bao giờ hết.• Xem bạn bè đang làm gì • Chia sẻ cập nhật, ảnh và video • Nhận thông báo khi bạn

HBO NOW - Android Apps on Google Play
market.android.com

HBO NOW is the new standalone streaming service that gives you all of HBO®—every season, every episode of HBO's original series—plus more of

Mobile-Friendly Test
www.google.com

This test will analyze a URL and report if the page has a mobile-friendly design. Learn more about the mobile-friendly criteria and how it m

DU Speed Booster (Cleaner)
market.android.com

DU Speed Booster can help protect your smartphone with FREE built-in security features. Prevent data theft, viruses, hacking and more with D

Heavenly Pet Salon of Sarasota - Home - Loving Care and Expert Dog Grooming
heavenlypetsalonofsarasota.com

Heavenly Pet Salon is your Sarasota Florida premier location for Dog Groomng! Over 26 Years Experience in Dog Grooming!

Heavenly Pet Salon of Sarasota - About - Loving Care and Expert Dog Groo...
heavenlypetsalonofsarasota.com

Professional Dog Groomer with over 26 years of experience. All Breeds! We love your pets like they are our own.

SVOX UK English Victoria Voice
market.android.com

Did you know that your mobile can speak UK English?Have Victoria read aloud texts from your e-book, navigation, translation and other apps i

Scott McEwan
www.skillpages.com

3D Modeler and Animator I am NOT offering positions for employment! Therefore please do not send me notes with resume's and requests for job

Month Calendar Widget
market.android.com

A simple month calendar at hand in your Android homescreen.This is simple calendar widget inspired in the former Calendar from Yahoo! Widget

How to screenshot on Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
androidfact.com

How to do a screenshot or screen dump in Android 4.1 Jelly Bean

Full Sail University
www.fullsail.edu

Full Sail University: Accredited school offers education, degree programs and career training.

VueRox - Ultra Realistic Rocks and Arches for use in Vue
2753productions.com

VueRox - Highly detailed and extremely realistic Rocks and Arches for use in Vue

Creating a Photorealistic Vue Render
ezinearticles.com

E-On Software's Vue is the pinnacle of achievement in producing believable, realistic 3D Environments for film, TV and Art. One of the keys

I'm completely and utterly disgusted with these scam artists and I am getting to the point of aggravation where a VISIT to this establishment may be called for to give these people a piece of my mind! I will also be looking at reporting this rip-off of a business for fraud! They send ULTIMATUMS in official looking envelopes that are SUSPICIOUSLY like official DMV correspondence. These people disgust me! They are apparently in the same office space as Netdebt, LLC in Plano TX, which I am sure is probably the front company.
• • •
Public - 2 months ago
reviewed 2 months ago
This place usually has good gas prices, which is about the only good thing about stopping there, the PUMPS though... Good God! They are the SLOWEST in the county I believe. It takes FOREVER to get to the point where you can actually pump the gas. It DEFINITELY needs an update to the software.... maybe update it to something from this century?
Public - 7 months ago
reviewed 7 months ago
This place has some VERY delicious burgers! Mine was so huge though it came with it's own gravity field! O_o
Public - 10 months ago
reviewed 10 months ago
Best burgers in Pinellas County!
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago
21 reviews
Map
Map
Map
Fantastic service! Fantastic employee's! Fantastic product knowledge! Fantastic products! I will DEFINITELY be back!
Public - 8 months ago
reviewed 8 months ago
This restaurant has a lot of potential, but the attitude of everyone I had dealings with in the place made for a very unpleasant dining experience. Foul mouthed waitress, too much yelling back and forth between the wait staff and the kitchen (which I felt was VERY un-professional), and an owner with the personal affect of a log. Very unpleasant, which is a shame, as I would dine here frequently as it is just up the road for me.
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago
This place is nothing but a spam server!
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago