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Stephen Kidde
Works at Pinellas County School District
Attended Hampshire College
Lives in Tampa, FL
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Stephen Kidde

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Violent people have been supported by cruelty in punishment in legal codes and the belief that war is necessary for the life of the nation.

Belief in cruel punishment has diminished since the provision against cruelty was established.

Belief in war and violent aggression can be reduced by amendments to the legal code as well.

Laxity in punishment is something that the Italian code of law allows by not forbidding double indemnity.

Granted, we don't want to  prosecute someone innocent of the charge of crime until he or she is found to be guilty, but it isn't right to let a murderer get away with murder either.

 No. Amanda Scott was not guilty IMO. The evidence used against her wasn't proof.

There were cases in the US however where unarmed people were killed on video tape or with evidence that was conclusive. The people who did the killing however were acquitted by social status and race. They were police officers or neighborhood watch and white. Laxity in justice isn't right either.
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Sewage Treatment for Sanitation in an Industrial World

Poor sanitation coupled with a large increase in population is likely as the largest killer. No sewage removal and treatment. No systematized waste removal. These practices created an environment that was killing white people also. 

Biological Warfare or Euphemism? "Despite early missionary inoculations, by mid-century the native Hawaiian population continued to be decimated by foreign disease."

Depopulation wasn't all caused by disease. 
[1855] January – Klamath and Salmon River War: In Klamath County, California, hostility between settlers and the local Native Americans becomes violent. The California State Militia and U.S. Army intervene, ending the war in March.
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Theft by population control.
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What do you suppose the purpose for the terrorist attack in Paris was? Was it to secure public support for air strikes in Syria and the Middle East from the populace of the western coalition? Without physical evidence the public is left to imagine what? That the story is true? If the goal is to profit from bombing the Middle East who do you think orchestrated the attack? The Saudis? The motive suggests otherwise.
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Palm Golf Course at Walt Disney World, Florida

Tourism Industry 
"Tourism — with 87.3 million visitors in 2011 (a record number), Florida is the top travel destination in the world. The tourism industry has an economic impact of $67 billion on Florida’s economy."

Best Public Golf Courses in Florida
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The western coalition story line to disagreement between Sunni and Shiite communities in Muslim nations: Don't worry. We'll destroy the threat for you.

It is only proximity to western nations that makes Saudis more of an ally. Iran and China are more constitutional in their government than the US.
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Paris Attack 
What do you suppose the purpose for the terrorist attack in Paris was? Was it to secure public support for air strikes in Syria and the Middle East from the populace of the western coalition? Without physical evidence the public is left to imagine what? That the story is true? If the goal is to profit from bombing the Middle East who do you think orchestrated the attack? The Saudis? The Jews? The motive suggests otherwise.
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Mark Twain 
"Thunder is good. Thunder is impressive, but it is lightning that does the work."

Thunder is the expression of power with a rumbling sound. Lightning is the application of light in the darkness of the storm. It is an atmospheric stroke of energy from a highly charged electromagnetic field in the cloudy sky to a receptor on earth. 

Lightning strikes in accord with the law of nature. It was the harnessing of electrical power that made electricity the driving force for modern technology. 

Natural law precedes legislation. It is the model for legislative expression.It is dependent upon reason for justification. Deduction has to be used to improve induction or civilization does not evolve. The elements don’t condone the reduction of production to the defense of destruction.

Justification shows the merit of something. 

Sola Fide [Faith Alone] 

Justification by faith has been identified as the leading principle of Christianity. Faith believes that there is something better than plutocracy as the rule of law for the world. 

Christianity was paired with the Roman empire during its genesis as a religion. It has not shaken the association with imperial plutocracy. Plutocracy has to be outlawed for the improvement of western society.

Justification by verification is the basic principle for habeus corpus in law. 

Habeus corpus was established as a principle in law to avoid false accusations of murder. The Roman empire had outlawed murder. It was in agreement with Judaism on this point. Killing an unarmed person is a capital crime, because the life that was taken cannot be restored. A corpse however had to exist in order to justify listening to the evidence for the charge. 

Having the body also meant having a body of evidence to prove that the act was malicious. If someone killed someone else in defense or in the rules for engagement with weapons, it was not a capital crime. The body of evidence had to justify the charge with proof. The legal principle was used to protect a citizen from the false charge of murder. If there was no body, there were no grounds for a trial.

Social order established by law protected order that had already been established by violence with cruelty in punishment or was seeking establishment. Judaic law was preferable to Sumerian/ Babylonian/ Achaemenid law. The ideals were stated. There was a declaration of intent to evolve. 

The ideals allowed for improvement. Murder was outlawed. Slavery was tolerated for a time, then the slaves were to be liberated. The use of weapons to inflict punishment however was still entertained as a norm for the rule. Death could still be inflicted for crimes less than murder. 

The Romans saw war as necessary for peace. Invasion broadened security by the conquest of neighboring kingdoms that did not agree to join the empire. Slavery was regarded as a product of war or as a part of commerce, but they also allowed for the liberation of slaves.

Liberation from slavery was legal, but it was inconceivable that civilization or life in the empire could be maintained without the threat of death. Slavery was fated to be part imperial power for them.

Rome at the End of the First Century 
It took Rome 7 years to end the revolt in Judea. While there was agreement between the different cultures about the liberation of slaves and murder being a crime, there was a strong difference regarding religious custom. Voting was a point of contention, but it was not as important as the issue of “idolatry” and taxation. 

The Jews viewed idolatry as an offense because it made men into gods. The Romans did not have a problem with proclaiming that the emperor was deified insofar as they felt that his office was deifi-able. 

The Jews had grown accustomed to independence in religious custom with the Achaemenids. They did not use voting as a means for participating in government. Cruelty in punishment had been a legal norm since the Sumerian empire, but the Romans had made sure that the criminals in the conquered territories suffered extreme pain and humiliation prior to execution. Crucifixion was not exactly something that the people in the conquered territories wanted as a return for paying taxes. 

The Jews revolted in 66 CE. They were successful against the Syrian legion. They might have mounted a counter-attack against Vespasian and his son Titus had they not been so divided in Jerusalem. The zealots executed those whom they believed had been collaborators with Rome. This division of loyalties kept Jewish leadership from going out from Jerusalem against the Roman legions. 

Vespasian avoided attacking the city. It was reinforced as the strongest rebel fortification. His campaign moved throughout Judea taking out other cities as supporters of the rebellion.

Nero was the emperor at the time. He had started a campaign against the Parthians. There were also fronts in Dacia and Germania.  Nero lost favor with the leadership in Rome. The Senate declared him an enemy of the state. He was expelled from office. He fled, then commit suicide in 68 CE. Civil war broke out in Rome prior to the planned assault on Jerusalem. 

The Year of the Four Emperors 
The year of the four emperors began in June. It lasted until December of 69 CE..  

Galba (June 68-Jan. 69) 
Galba had been adopted by the empress Livia. He was elected by virtue of the adoption. He was a historian more than a military or a political leader. He had been the governor in Spain. He excised excessive taxes from the cities who did not declare support for him. He executed a number of senators and the business equites without trial out of fear of conspiracy. He offended the Praetorian guard by refusing to give them a promised reward. Otho used the resentment of the guards to have him executed. 

Otho (Jan. - April 69) 
Several legions in Germany declared allegiance for Vitellius. They began to march toward Rome. Otho made an offer to share the empire. Vitellius rejected it. Otho prepared for war. His forces were defeated at Bedriacum in northern Italy. He commit suicide to avoid a lengthy civil war.

Vitellius (April - Dec. 69) 
Rome became the scene for riot, massacre, gladiatorial shows and excessive feasting. He had the Praetorian guard replaced with his own soldiers. Vitellius was feasting with his troops at the expense of wealthy Roman families. The treasury was exhausted. The legions in the east declared allegiance for Vespasian. Vitellius was defeated at another battle in Bedriacum. He was killed by Vespasian’s troops in Rome.

Vespasian (Dec. 69-79) 
Vespasian was called back to Rome and the Senate declared that he was the emperor. Favor was dependent upon making the imperator (commander in chief) the pontifex maximus (high priest). Success in military leadership could lead to election for the office. Adoption was still entertained as a means for selecting a successor. Family succession had been set aside until Vespasian re-established order. 

Titus continued the siege against the Judean rebels. He conquered Jerusalem in 70 CE, but fortune had come close to favoring the rebellion. The Roman practice of enlisting every able bodied male in the military saved the empire from falling apart.

The Flavian Dynasty (69-96 CE) 

Vespasian ruled for 10 years. He defeated a number of uprisings in Egypt, Gaul and Germany. He had a temple built in Rome dedicated to peace. He started the building of the coliseum. His eldest son Titus took over after his death. 

Titus (79-81)
His reign was short, but he had building projects that included the completion of the coliseum in 80. He was generous in helping to relieve suffering for two disasters: the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 and the fire in Rome in 80. He revived the imperial cult, deified his father and laid the foundation for a temple. He died of a fever after only two years in office. 

Domitian (81-96) 
His brother, Domitian, was named as his successor. He was only thirty years old. His was the longest reign of any emperor since Tiberius. He revalued the coinage, expanded the borders for the empire and had a building program to rebuild the capital. His empire extended all the way to Scotland, but he could not conquer the Dacians.

He ruled as an autocrat. The center of the government was moved to the imperial court. The respect for the Senate that had been shown by his father and brother was discarded. 

He elevated the role of pontifex maximus to new levels of imposition. He promoted the old religion and his morality identified homosexuality as unnatural. He stopped the practice of castration. He sought to end the buying and selling of eunuchs. He had the prostitutes driven from the streets. He had any vestal virgins that engaged in sexual intercourse severely punished. 

While his investment in morality stopped castration in religious rites as an offense, it also had adverse consequences for the legal system. Habeus corpus and the defense of citizen rights was brushed aside for the authority of the person making the accusation. Respect for the body of evidence was replaced with the personal quest for social status based on testimony as opposed to hard evidence. The charge that homosexuality was unnatural only masked the certainty that war was unnatural.  

Even though his pretension as the high priest underscored the resentment that the Senate bore towards his autocracy, it was his policy against subversion that resulted in his assassination. He initiated a reign of terror against imagined traitors after a revolt by soldiers stationed near the Rhine river. He had philosophers banned from the city as his brother Titus had. He burned books and had people punished based on information from informants. He was killed by a conspiracy of palace officials that included his wife.

It seems likely that the letters to the Hebrews and the Romans were written during his reign. Hebrews advocates that Jesus is the High Priest. Romans refers to trust in civil authority and describes homosexuality as unnatural. It is possible that the references to the jealousy of God in First Clement were supportive of Domitian’s moral policies. Morality loses social value when it overstates the regulation of sex. It is one thing to outlaw castration, another to kill someone for adulterous relations.

Nerva-Antonine Dynasty (96-192 CE) 
The Nerva-Antonine dynasty included 7 emperors. It lasted for nearly 100 years. It was celebrated as the dynasty with the 5 good emperors. The first 5 emperors selected successors by adoption.

Nerva (96-98) 
Nerva was not a military leader. He was declared emperor based on his years in imperial service. He was a senior statesman. He promised to restore liberties that had been reduced during the autocratic rule of Domitian. A revolt by members of the Praetorian guard however forced him to select a successor. He adopted Trajan, a popular general, as his son. This highlighted the role of the emperor as the father of fathers. He managed to keep the peace for a difficult year of transition. His work laid the foundation for the ensuing dynasty.

Trajan (98-117) 
He extended the boundaries of the empire to the furthest reaches in history. He had an extensive building program that was supported by social policies for the people. He limited prosecution to those who created disturbances in public and required a trial in court for the prosecution. He established a program for feeding the poor in the capital.


Paul had been too zealous for the law, but he did not reject it entirely. He defined it as a tutor. 

Judaic law stated that love for God was the first commandment. It was against profit from violence as promoted by “idolatry,” but this was a religious statement. The main concern for civil law was liberty. 

The law against murder made the right to life the guiding force for liberty. People were free to do many things, but no one is free to kill another who does not present an imminent and lethal threat. The Roman empire outlawed murder as well.

Judaic and Roman law however suffered from cruelty in punishment. Like Sumerian law with the code of Hammurabi, the death penalty was applied to punish crimes lesser in severity than murder. This made the law unjust in application. It was only just in theory. The theory was not well developed at that. 

Insofar as justice is the goal for civilized society with a public that is not required to believe in God, punishment for atheism as an infraction would be counter-productive. 

Lethal punishment for non-lethal crimes or “criminal” infractions that were not criminal inherently works against the promotion of civility in society. The goal for punishment then has to be correction for redemption, not the destruction of someone convicted of crime in court. 

All law prior to the provision against cruel punishment was flawed by cruelty. Punishment was disproportionate due to the presumption that the use of weapons in war was the force that established peace. 

Thus, the threat to use weapons for lethal punishment in civil law was regarded as both a deterrent and a legitimate correction. This was and is the basic cause of the flaw. It was not a legitimate correction for the individual. The error only prolonged the time that organization for civilization remained uncivilized.

Romans 5:1 

Faithfulness was seen as the means to avoid legal infraction. Live in accord with the love of God to avoid sin and crime can be avoided. While this is true as a moral precept, the law cannot require membership in a religion without being sectarian. Even if it requires membership to any religion it is an offense to the human right to choice. Liberty with justice does not dictate membership in a religion as a necessity.

Hebrews 11:1 

The first part of the definition of faith is still valid. We hope for something better than that which has been wrong with society [for so long]. The “conviction of things not seen” is an overstatement that was conditioned by opposition to cruelty in punishment. Society has seen justice. It was just not a frequent event insofar as both cruelty and laxity in punishment were regarded as norms.

The problem of laxity was implied in the complaint against cruelty. If death was being used to destroy threats by killing the criminal as though it killed the crime, then the people who were doing the killing were guilty of murder in the case of false conviction. 

What was the punishment for them? Was it only that they had to live with the error? This was something that they did not allow to those who had been executed unjustly. Justice was the thing that was “not seen” all too often.

Gal. 3:24 

Written law itself has to be corrected for error. The problem with cruelty in punishment was so prevalent for so long that people did not recognize it as a problem or they could not work for the correction without risking death. Moreover, the law has to allow for new citizens or it is too static. If it only represents the interests of those who have already been included, then it excludes new births and immigrants. 

Progressive revelation then is simply a fact of life. We learn when truth is revealed to us. Truth is revealed especially when it is sought. When we open ourselves to the belief that truth can be found by investigation, we are on the right path. 

Christians find the way to truth with liberty and justice by faith in Christ. Others find their way differently. It was Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, who first said, “Love your enemy.” Love does not promote or condone violence or cruelty in punishment. Correction for error is required when an individual refuses to correct his or her own harmful behavior. 

Religions share moral precepts or they are exclusionary. Exclusionary communities are destined to die. The promise of immortality is lost.

Clement of Rome 

Clement was the fourth bishop of Rome. Peter was first. He ordained Linus and Cletus. Clement came next. This was the start of the apostolic succession. The succession is characterized by the spirit of adoption. It is not a genetic dynasty. It is defined by the adoption of faith and election by Christ with the faithful. 

Clement was bishop from 92 to 99 CE. .

First Clement 32:4 

"we... are not justified through ourselves or through our own wisdom or understanding or piety or works which we wrought in holiness of heart, but through faith"

Cruelty and immorality were ascribed to polytheism by monotheism. Monotheism however did not eliminate cruelty or laxity in punishment, it only changed the name of those who lived in error. 

Granted, Domitian was overzealous for his law. Roman civilization and civilization in general was marred by belief in cruelty, but it can be argued that polytheism required respect for the beliefs of others. Moreover, there have been times when monotheism only elevated levels for cruelty. 

The common element for monotheism or polytheism is faith. Faith is directed towards goodness. Freedom of religion then is a principle of law that has to be observed in fact for the realization of faith.

The reduction of photojournalism in the media for our time has overstated the value of the official story. Habeus corpus has suffered as a result. War has been posited as the correction for terrorism. The war on terror implies that invasion and genocide are the solution to terror. 

Terror is presumed to come from Islam or the desire for peace as supported by social programs for those who have been disadvantaged by the perpetual increase in advantage for the wealthiest residents as posited by capitalism as the only acceptable economic system. Social programs as supported by the moral precepts of all religions have been brought under attack by the anti-socialist agenda of plutocratic capitalists.

The failure of the official story to explain that destruction of the towers shows that the destruction of the WTC towers was an inside job. The towers were destroyed by explosives. They were destroyed to point the finger at Arab terrorists. It was a false flag operation.

This was an amplification of western intervention in Middle Eastern politics. The Shiites have been played against the Sunni to make sure that Islam does not unite the region. Now the coalition has invaded. The US is seeking to destroy ISIS, a “terrorist” group that was funded by Congress to drive Assad from power.

Justification by Verification 

Martin Luther King Jr. 

We are left with the large task of amending the Constitution to outlaw plutocracy. This will require the abolition of war and the death penalty. Contributions to political organization will have to be regulated to prevent the wealthiest people from overriding and undermining democracy for the republic. 

We can provide jobs for ourselves through government. We can sort through justification by verification of criminal charges with skepticism towards the charge of crime. 

We cannot however allow an unarmed citizen to be killed when he or she does not represent an imminent and lethal threat. Outlawing murder established the basis for using law as an instrument for defense; not a weapon for the violently aggressive or those who seek to profit from support for violent aggression. 

Habeus corpus has to be re-instituted with an increased emphasis on corroboration between witness testimony and physical evidence. Yes. We have the right to have faith that there is something better, but success depends upon the correction of constitutional law. 
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"“There are wars today everywhere, and hate,” he said after the worst terror attack in French history, the bombing of a Russian airliner, a double suicide bombing in Lebanon, and a series of other deadly strikes.

"“We should ask for the grace to weep for this world, which does not recognise the path to peace. To weep for those who live for war and have the cynicism to deny it,” the Argentine pontiff said, adding: “God weeps, Jesus weeps”."
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  • Hampshire College
    Performing Arts, 1978 - 1982
  • Marywood University
    Religious Studies, 1987 - 1990
  • St.Tikhon's Seminary
    Religious Studies, 1987 - 1992
  • Montana Tech of The University of Montana
    Human Services, 1994 - 1997
  • St Petersburg College
    Education, 2006 - 2008
  • University of South Florida
    Math Education, 2009 - 2010
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Steve K., Mr. Kidd
education, teacher, social studies, mathematics
I was born in El Paso, TX. I have lived in 11 different places in the US. The states were Illinois, New York, Vermont, Texas, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Montana and Florida. Now I live in the Tampa Bay area because it is close to family. The yard to my place looks great from outer space!
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GMUHS, Hampshire C., Marywood U., Mt. Tech, SPCollege, USF
I teach.
  • Pinellas County School District
    Substitute Teacher, 2003 - present
  • Boley Mental Health
    Residential Teacher, 2001 - 2002
  • Mtn Vw Social Dev Ctr
    Rehab Specialist, 1995 - 2000
  • US Army
    Field Radio Sgt., 1982 - 1986
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El Paso, TX - Park Forest, IL - Barrrington, IL - Massapequa, NY - Westhampton, NY - Londonderry, VT - Northhampton, MA - Ft. Bragg, NC - S.Canaan, PA - Glasgow, MT - Butte, MT - Tampa, FL
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One taillight and my headlights were not working. I had been told that good electrical repair was hard to find. Marvin's replaced the bulbs and a switch for less than I had expected. The lights are working! 2013 The oil leak to my '97 Sentra has been stopped! 2015
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