Cover photo
Stephen Kidde
Works at Pinellas County School District
Attended Hampshire College
Lives in Tampa, FL
68 followers|123,459 views


Stephen Kidde

Shared publicly  - 
Joanne Kelly

"Zoo will premiere its second season this summer, and Joanne Kelly will be on board for the new episodes in a recurring role. The actress is set to play Allison, a woman who will have some background with Mitch on the show."

Hinansho o mitsukemasu

Shelter from swelter
reduces the hotness of heat
that cooks your poor feet
in the street that repeats
the heat like a smelter.

The reduction provides construction.
It is a refuge from the 'too much' of 'that such'
that threatens the destruction of your fluxions.

Joanne Kelly

Add a comment...

Stephen Kidde

Shared publicly  - 
No. Welfare recipients should not be given drug tests. Random or regular drug testing is a violation of rights. Employees should not have to take drug tests either.

Taxpayers shouldn't have to subsidize corporate welfare. But who is getting the scrutiny? Poor people are scrutinized. Poverty is created when those who have more than they need take even more to leave more people poor. Then they take more to leave the poor people with less. Now they want to add testing to reduce welfare for those who need it.

If greedy corporatists don't want to pay anything for welfare for poor people, how can their test results be trusted? They make it look like they are scientific, but they are being scientifically deceptive.

They aren't even counting our votes. Scott didn't win the election. He paid for the announcement that he had won. He took that money through his Medicare billing. He was sued and found guilty.

Moreover, marijuana shouldn't even be illegal. Testing for drugs as a condition for receiving welfare is a deceptive government practice.

Are CEO's being tested? Are CEO's worth the trust invested in the size of their salaries?

Testing welfare applicants for drugs is an anti-constitutional proposal. It violates the right to privacy. It is an unreasonable search.

This violation ties into corporate support for forcing regime change in the Middle East. They want everyone to be subject to the private banking interest. It's not one rule of law for all. It's one deceptive practice to make the wealthiest American the wealthiest person in the world by profit from fraud.
The link you followed may have expired, or the page may only be visible to an audience you're not in. Go back to the previous page · Go to News Feed · Visit our Help Center. English (US); Español · Français (France) · 中文(简体) · العربية · Português (Brasil) · Italiano · 한국어 · Deutsch ...
Add a comment...

Stephen Kidde

Shared publicly  - 
People often don't like to learn new things. It helps to reduce anxiety with confidence. Have faith. Use interest to motivate your will to learn.

Performing an unknown task is difficult because it takes thought. Work that requires thought takes more energy than mindless automation. Someone who knows how to do the task instructs the student how to do it, then shows how to do it. When the student has the will to learn the task, he or she has to think about the instruction, the demonstration and how to move his or her body into completing the task.

Once the task is repeated and learned, it becomes automated. Working without thinking about it is much easier than thinking about that which is being done, while it is being done. The will to learn is often damaged by the memory of how much work it takes to learn something new. Nevertheless, we have to learn how to do things throughout life, if we hope to adapt to changing conditions.

Add a comment...

Stephen Kidde

Shared publicly  - 
Total War

Total war includes any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure as legitimate military targets. It mobilizes all of the resources of society to fight the war. It gives priority to warfare over non-combatant needs.

The American-English Dictionary defines total war as "war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded."

Sound like western coalition policy in Syria? In Libya?

The popular novel and movie series known as "The Hunger Games" uses the Mockingjay as a symbol to overthrow the oppressive regime of President Snow.

The Jayhawkers were a militant abolitionist group in Kansas prior to the Civil War. Their actions ranged from theft to armed conflict in opposition to pro-slavery groups. They were incorporated in the destructive March to the Sea by General Tecumseh Sherman.

Colonel James Montgomery was a Jayhawker. He was used to create an African American unit to destroy targets in South Carolina, Georgia and Florida during and after the March to the Sea.

Total war was a strategy employed by General Ulysses S. Grant. The policy was not used to create a more civil society. It was not all that concerned about the emancipation of slaves. It was a war crime. It was used to pave the way to override the Constitutional goals proposed by reconstruction.

The national bank was resurrected to use the government to make a profit by winning any contest at any cost. It only toned down the violent aggression of total war. It increased the oppression of the economic system.

The repressive plantation system was replaced by an even more oppressive regime. Northern bankers and industrialists used poll taxes, Jim Crow laws and lynchings to target the black population as criminals. Democracy under capitalism is dictatorship. Capitalism with democracy is legal commerce.
Stephen Kidde's profile photo
Add a comment...

Stephen Kidde

Shared publicly  - 
Add a comment...

Stephen Kidde

Shared publicly  - 
Free Will
The Likeness of Accomplishment

American Philosophy in the 20th Century

Only a few seminaries like Andover or Union offered post-graduate education before 1860. Yale awarded the first Ph.D. degree in 1861. Pennsylvania (1870); Harvard (1872); Johns Hopkins (1878); Princeton (1879); and Cornell (1880) followed. Johns Hopkins was founded for graduate students in 1876. The first true professors of philosophy holding an American PhD were G. Stanley Hall (Harvard 1878) and Josiah Royce (Johns Hopkins 1878). Both of them had German educations.

Philosophers were scattered across the landscape during the Reconstruction era and the beginnings of the Gilded age. They were found only at the best colleges. Most of those granted the title of Professor of Philosophy were presidents of their colleges. Not all of them had doctorates. Some held a bachelors of divinity degree. They taught the senior classes in denominational theology and religious ethics. G. Stanley Hall reported that perhaps 40 of these professors actually had serious philosophical training in "Philosophy in the United States" in 1879.

Much of the important philosophical creativity was still generated by theologians. Those who responded to the issues of workers' rights or to the challenge of evolution were especially instrumental in shifting the focus from theology to political and social policy. Social Science provided another fertile source for philosophical thinking. Thought was valued in the identification of social problems for cure.

Hundreds of scholars attended German universities during 1870-1900 for their higher prestige and lower cost. That trend would reverse by 1900. American universities would come to swell with graduate students.

The Calvinist tradition continued at Princeton, Yale, Union, and innumerable smaller colleges with special attention to the history of religion in the US. Unitarian Harvard, Liberal Andover, Humanist Chicago and Personalist Boston had strong counter-balancing theological movements. Historicism, biblical hermeneutics and evolution became acceptable.

American theology was also re-energized by the new holiness churches. The Third Great Awakening would seek to make an impact on the 1880’s and 90’s. Everyone was called to take notice of the Social Gospel and Christian Progressive movements that demanded new religious activism. The focus was on the consequences of unrestrained capitalism, industrialism, and immigration.

Evolution was accepted before Darwin even by clergy, but only as a theory of divine providence aiming at the eventual productivity of mankind. Only a few daring thinkers embraced the theory of natural selection by random mutation after the publication of Darwin's Origin of the Species, (1859). Some applied evolution to metaphysics and cosmology. Others applied evolution to the human mind.

The philosophical category of "mental science" popularized by the Scottish realists was the original home to those who called themselves psychologists. Experiments for nerve and brain physiology trained subjects to track mental processes. Some were eager to apply the new biological theories of evolution. The Scottish realist James McCosh and pragmatists Charles Peirce and William James belong to the early evolutionary philosophers.

The contrast between evolution and fundamentalism could not have been sharper than at Princeton in the 1860’s and 70’s. McCosh taught an evolutionary philosophy and Charles Hodge taught anti-Darwinian fundamentalism. Many universities harbored such conflict during this period. The relations between philosophy and psychology were similarly contentious. Physiological and experimental methods challenged traditional introspection into the mind's operations.

Transcendentalism was evolving into Pragmatism's commitment to the notion that an idea is true if it a makes a practical difference in the life of the person who thinks it. Truth is not some abstract certainty that exists outside of human experience. It is a manifestation of practical reason.

The Cambridge Metaphysical club had its origins in James's 1868 proposal to Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. (1841-1935). He proposed that they establish 'a philosophical society to have regular meetings and discuss none but the very tallest and broadest questions' (Kuklick 1974: 47). The club was underway by 1871. It centered around six men with Harvard degrees: James, Holmes, Charles Peirce (1839-1914), Chauncey Wright (1830-75), Nicholas St. John Green and Joseph Bangs Warner.

Green, a Boston attorney, introduced the thought of the British psychologist and philosopher Alexander Bain (1818-1903) to the group. Bain’s definition of belief as 'that upon which a man is prepared to act' was highlighted. Wright was a mathematician employed by the Nautical Almanac as a 'calculator.'

He was also an occasional lecturer in psychology and physics at Harvard. He applied Darwin's evolutionary theory to the development of consciousness in such publications as the “Evolution of Consciousness” (1873). He maintained that consciousness comes about not from anything new but from the use of an old capacity. The forming of images in a new way shapes the structure of thought.

Josiah Royce (1855-1916) was raised in the California gold rush town of Grass Mountain. He studied English at the University of California at Berkeley. He explored philosophy in Germany. He studied with George Sylvester Morris, a scholar of German philosophy and a proponent T. H. Green, at Johns Hopkins from 1876-8,. He received his Ph. D. in 1878.

Royce taught English at Berkeley. Then he moved to Harvard to teach philosophy. He became a mainstay of the department. Royce introduced formal logic into the curriculum. He was a respected idealist opponent of James's more naturalistic, open-ended pragmatism.

Royce's early philosophical writing is in accord with his lifelong interests both in the history of philosophy and in developing his own version of metaphysical idealism. His first book,”The Religious Aspect of Philosophy” (1885) argued for an Absolute Mind that contains all thoughts and their objects.

He traced 'the rediscovery of the inner life' from Spinoza to Kant in “The Spirit of Modern Philosophy: An Essay in the Form of Lectures” (1892). Special emphasis was given to Fichte for his 'beautiful waywardness,' He revisited the Romantic School, including Goethe, Novalis, and Schelling, and Hegel. Royce argued, however, that the inner life is essentially public.: We live in the coherence of our relationships with other people.

Dewey's educational philosophy took shape in the 1890’s. He was a professor not only of philosophy, but of psychology and pedagogy. He worked with high school faculty in Michigan and with the Laboratory School at Chicago. He argued that interest is a complex of felt worth and incipient action in 'Interest in Relation to the Training of the Will.'

When we are genuinely interested in something, we don't have to will to do it. It becomes automated in action. Only genuine interest 'marks the annihilation of the distance between the person and the materials and results of his action.' The will is effectively trained by interest. (Dewey 1896: 122). He maintained that education is 'a process of living and not a preparation for future living,' in 'My Pedagogic Creed' (1897). Therefore inquiry must seek 'forms of life that are worth living for their own sake' (Dewey 1897: 87).
The threats of scientific evolution and materialistic psychology had encouraged many scholars to study Kant and Hegel after the Civil War. Many took refuge in some form of idealism. Idealism ranged from personal to the absolute. The comfortable alliance with Christianity put many idealists in charge of philosophy.

College presidents were fearful of evolution and materialism.
Idealism had dominated American philosophy and its professionalization from 1880 to 1920. The Hegelian and personalist themes for idealism were nearly extinguished during the second half of the 20th Century. The themes have been continued by some pragmatists, phenomenologists and pantheists.

Psychology departments had mostly split off from philosophy by 1920. Dewey's social behaviorism and Watson's reductionist behaviorism ensured evolution's dominance in philosophy. Mid to late Victorian-age philosophy had its wild side also. It supplied many members for the American Society for Psychical Research.

Philosophers had been trained almost exclusively as ministers and theologians until 1880. Theological seminaries and their journals were still the center of philosophical energy. The influence of denominational colleges and theological seminaries declined in prominence. The next generation of academic philosophers like Dewey, Baldwin, Royce, Santayana found their positions in the 1880s and 90s without a theological degree.

Their degrees were from German universities or from a handful of American universities like Harvard, Princeton, Cornell (founded 1865) and Johns Hopkins (founded 1876). These offered the new Ph.D.

The professionalization of philosophy was swiftly achieved in the 1890’s and early 1900’s. Enlarged universities separated the various social sciences and psychology from philosophy. The philosophy departments were inflated by hiring the new graduates from Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Cornell, Columbia, and Johns Hopkins.

Dewey was the lone giant of pragmatism by 1920. He was supported in the next decades by second and third generation thinkers across the social sciences. Pragmatism would not be eclipsed until the 1950’s. Philosophy departments would come to be consumed by reductive materialism and language analysis.

20th Century
George Santayana (1863–1952) was born in Spain. He was one of the leading proponents of pragmatism in the 20th century. He did not fit the mold of William James, Charles Sanders Peirce, Josiah Royce, or John Dewey, but “The Life of Reason” is arguably the first extended treatment of pragmatism written.

“The Sense of Beauty” (1896) was his first book-length monograph and perhaps the first major work on aesthetics written in the United States. “The Life of Reason” (5 volumes, 1905–6) was the highpoint for his Harvard career. “Scepticism and Animal Faith” (1923) argued that knowledge is not the result of reasoning. It was required by animal faith in order to act and successfully engage with the world. “The Realms of Being” (4 vols., 1927–40) was about ontology.

Santayana was committed to metaphysical naturalism. He believed that human cognition, cultural practices and social institutions have evolved so as to harmonize with the conditions present in their environment. Their value may be judged by the extent to which they facilitate human happiness.

He held that idealism was a rejection of common sense. If something must be certain in order to be knowledge, then no knowledge may be possible. The result will be skepticism. Knowledge requires “animal faith.”

Process philosophy embraces relativity as a world-view. Its main proponents include Alfred North Whitehead (1861–1947)and Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000). The core belief of process philosophy is the claim that processes are the principal ontological category.

Whitehead referred to "concresences" in “The Concept of Nature” (1920). These are a conjunction of events that maintain a permanence of character. Process philosophy is Heraclitan in the sense that change is a fundamental category. Charles Hartshorne was responsible for developing the process philosophy of Whitehead into process theology.

The middle of the 20th century was the beginning of the dominance of analytic philosophy in America. Analytic philosophy had started with the work of Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and the logical positivists in Europe. The truths of logic and mathematics are tautologies according to logical positivism. Those of science are empirically verifiable.

Metaphysical statements including those of ethics, aesthetics, theology and ontology are meaningless. This theory was called verificationism. Many positivists fled Germany to Britain and America with the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party. This helped reinforce the dominance of analytic philosophy in the United States in subsequent years.
There was to be a revival of pragmatism in the last couple of decades in the 20th century. The emergence of feminist and "minority" issues spearheaded concern for people and groups who had been marginalized and under-represented throughout the nation's history. Civics or civil philosophy declares democracy for the republic as an aspect of moral law. Some movements like existentialism, phenomenology and Marxist economic theory did not gain widespread attention in American philosophy though they had been prominent in Europe.

It was the revival of transcendentalism in the philosophy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr that had the largest impact on American society during the 60’s. Thoreau’s non-violent protest became the keynote of the civil rights movement. Mohammed Ali, the boxer met with Dr. King to contribute his view on peace. The expansion of the non-violent component of transcendence included opposition to war. This had a profound impact on the economy. Money that had been channeled into destructiveness was redirected into infrastructure. The economy had a greater amount of cash flow. Democracy was seen to have economic benefit for people.

Use the past to anticipate the future?
Watch out for those who use the future to exploit the present. Spending on the destruction of cities doesn't only tax our national budget, it taxes our future. It puts people in debt to those who have decided to do something that didn't have to be done; that isn't legal; that is harmful to democratic republic or kingdom; that destroys property; kills people; drives them from their homes into territory that isn't being destroyed and blames the government of the cities targeted for destruction.

It is the most irresponsible management imaginable, yet the anti-social agenda of illegal capitalism makes it a solemn duty that must be performed to get things done whatever it takes despite any cost. What is that winning? Tyranny? It is an anti-social economy.

Free Will
The Likeness of Accomplishment

Stephen Kidde's profile photo
It was the revival of transcendentalism in the philosophy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr that had the largest impact on American society during the 60’s. Thoreau’s non-violent protest became the keynote of the civil rights movement. Mohammed Ali, the boxer met with Dr. King to contribute his view on peace. The expansion of the non-violent component of transcendence included opposition to war. This had a profound impact on the economy. Money that had been channeled into destructiveness was redirected into infrastructure. The economy had a greater amount of cash flow. Democracy was seen to have economic benefit for people.
Add a comment...

Stephen Kidde

Shared publicly  - 
Love Guides Duty

When duty is placed over love, the law against murder is treated as negotiable. War is used to extract wealth from people.

War creates an enemy where none would have existed. The public is misdirected by mass media expression. The enemy is dehumanized to objectify their existence. They are objectified for manipulation. The claim that ‘they’ are guilty of violations is used to pay for insurrection against them; to pay for air strikes to keep them in line; to blame their government for the destruction; to keep our government on task for getting things done; to tax the people for the expense; to keep the wealthiest in power with an unsustainable increase in their advantage; to increase their accumulation of capital at an unsustainable rate; to claim justification for the unsustainable rate by using the violation of right to punish violations of rights.

Love uses duty to stand against murder, discrimination and exploitation for oppression.

Mass Media Misdirection
They did it. It was them.

The commander--in-chief is not the president. Profit for the private banking interest drives the decisions for total war. Total war targets non-combatant populations, then uses propaganda to deny responsibility for the action.

"Moscow and Washington announced the ceasefire two weeks ago with great fanfare. But the agreement, probably the final bid for a breakthrough on Syria before President Barack Obama leaves office next year, appears to have suffered the same ill fate as all previous peace efforts in a war that has killed hundreds of thousands of Syrians and made half the nation homeless."

Assad: ""They (the rebels) have been shelling neighbouring areas and Syrian army for years, non stop shelling... how could they be starving while at the same time have armaments? How can we (the government) prevent the food and medical aid from reaching that area when we cannot stop the armaments reaching the area?""

Co-ordinated Attack
Assad: "“The IS troops attacked at the very same time as the American strike. How could they know that America was going to attack that position in order to gather their militants right away and attack it one hour after the strike. It was definitely intentional and not unintentional,” he added."

US and Russia Against Terrorists?
Interview with Assad
"Q: Do you believe there could ever be a joint US-Russian military partnership against the militants, as outlined in the deal?

"A: Again, practically, yes, but in reality, no, because the United States doesn’t have the will to work against al-Nusra or even ISIS, because they believe that this is a card they can use for their own agenda. If they attack al-Nusra or ISIS, they will lose a very important card regarding the situation in Syria. So, I don’t believe the United States will be ready to join Russia in fighting terrorists in Syria."

"Have a heart. Don't be cynical."
"The image of five-year-old Omran sat alone in an ambulance, covered in dust and blood, shocked the world and inspired six-year-old Alex, from Scarsdale, New York, to take action.

"In a handwritten letter sent to the White House, Alex asked Obama to go and collect Omran and bring him to his house where "we will be waiting for you guys with flags, flowers, and balloons.""


Alex has a young heart. I have sympathy for Omran and the Syrian people also. My skepticism against mass media expression is cynical, but it is directed against funding for insurrection and air strikes in Syria. The American people are being taxed for these actions.

Russia and Syria are being blamed for the destruction by the US through mass media expression. Misdirection requires cynical skepticism for refutation. One thing can be said for the expression today. They interviewed Assad for his perspective.

Stephen Kidde's profile photo

Acquiescence to the Status Quo?

"Castro said that religion has been used to justify slavery and Jim Crow laws in the past, and that he believes this dynamic is once again unfolding in the current dispute over the quest to find a balance between religious liberty and civil rights."

Acquiescence is not religion. Dr. King protested injustice. He led a nation of people to challenge the status quo to oppose injustice. His efforts brought the US closer to democracy than at any other time in history.

The knowledge of our history has been conditioned by our experience of the improvement that we accomplished together with his leadership. The rhetoric had been there on paper, but it wasn't until economic conditions were improved that we saw the potential for democracy as the rule of law.

Add a comment...

Stephen Kidde

Shared publicly  - 

No one is born in a state of timelessness. Each is created in time with half the genetic heritage for the person coming from the father and his family and half from the mother and hers. The opportunity to change fate into destiny is afforded to any who choose to work for the evolution of law for government in the culture in which creation was generated.

Anna was born in a time when there was both the promise for improvement with the emancipation from slavery and the threat of being classified as a criminal by government laxity in the face of the growth of the national bank in an economy that was starting on the path to industrialization.

She was fated to be poor, but she chose education as her destiny. She was destined to educate for the literacy to petition government for improvement and the intelligence to live ethically in relation to moral law.

Butler Island Plantation
McIntosh County

Anna Ellison Butler Alexander, 1947

Anna Alexander (1865-1947)
Anna Ellison Butler Alexander was born on Butler Plantation in McIntosh County, Georgia. Her parents had just been emancipated from slavery. She was to become the only African American ordained to the order of deaconess in the Episcopal Church.

Georgia map

Darien, GA

Good Shepherd Episcopal Church and School

She founded Good Shepherd Episcopal Church and its parochial school in Pennick in 1902. The town is west of Brunswick.. She also established St. Cyprian’s School at the Episcopal Church of the same name in Darien.

St. Cyprian’s Episcopal Church and School

Bishop C.K. Nelson set Anna aside as a deaconess in 1907 at a service at Good Shepherd in Thomasville. The service was a part of the Convention for Colored Episcopalians. He wrote in his diary on May 3: “Admitted as Deaconess Anna E. B. Alexander, a devout, godly and respected colored woman, to serve as teacher and helper in the Mission of the Good Shepherd, Pennick, Ga.”
She taught children to read from the Book of Common Prayer and the Bible in a one-room schoolhouse. The school was later expanded to two rooms with a loft. Anna lived in the loft. she proclaimed in her treatise on education that “knowledge is the watchword.” She encouraged many of her students to further their educations at St. Paul College in Virginia, St. Augustine College in North Carolina, Voorhees College in South Carolina and Fort Valley State University in Georgia.

She ministered in Pennick for 53 years. She left a legacy of love. Her devotion is still felt in Glynn County. Deaconess Alexander lived and served in difficult times. The diocese segregated her congregations in 1907. African-American congregations were not invited to another diocesan convention until 1947.

She lived a good life. She improved what she could in the world with the time she had.

Add a comment...

Stephen Kidde

Shared publicly  - 
Oppression is made when the government helps the wealthiest people take more money from the economy. War is a primary vehicle for extracting wealth from the people.

Anna Alexander was born in McIntosh county Georgia, near Brunswick. She was born right at the end of the Civil War. She was to become the only black woman to serve as a deaconess in the Episcopal Church.

She was someone who knew the importance of duty. She knew that duty has to be guided by love. She also knew that total war sought to replace the plantation economy with something more severe. She lived, taught and served in a time when poll taxes, segregation by Jim Crow laws and lynchings were used to target African Americans as a criminal population..

Brunswick, Georgia 20th Century
Georgia was named after King George II of Great Britain. It was established in 1732. It was the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. It was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution. It was ratified on January 2, 1788.

Secession from the Union was declared on January 19, 1861. It was one of the original seven Confederate states. It was the last state to be restored to the Union. It was restored on July 15, 1870.

Georgia is the 8th most populous and the 24th largest of the 50 United States. Fourteen of Georgia's counties ranked among the nation's 100 fastest-growing from 2007 to 2008. It was second only to Texas. Georgia is known as the Peach State. Atlanta is the state's capital and its most populous city.

Georgia is bordered to the east by the Atlantic Ocean and South Carolina, to the west by Alabama, to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina and to the south by Florida..

The state has a humid subtropical climate. Hot and humid summers are typical. Only the highest elevations escape the heat. It receives moderate to heavy precipitation. The rain varies from 45 inches in the central part of the state to about 75 inches in the northeast.

The subtropical climate depends on the latitude, its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean or Gulf of Mexico and the elevation. The absence of humidity is felt chiefly in the mountainous areas of the northern part of the state. This region is farther away from the ocean. The mountains can reach to 4500 feet above sea level.

Plant hardiness zones are set by the USDA. The zones range from 6b to 8b in Georgia. Six b is no colder than −5 °F (−21 °C). This is the minimum temperature in the Blue Ridge Mountains. Eight b is no colder than 15 °F (−9 °C). This is the minimum for the Atlantic coast and the Florida border.

The highest temperature ever recorded is 112 °F (44.4 °C). This record was set in Louisville on July 24, 1952. The lowest is −17 °F (−27.2 °C). It was set in northern Floyd County on January 27, 1940.

Georgia is one of the leading states in the frequency of tornadoes. The tornadoes are rarely stronger than F1. A tornado hit downtown Atlanta on March 14, 2008. It was a F2 nonviolent tornado. It caused moderate to severe damage to various buildings. Tornadoes striking the city are very rare,

The coastline on the Atlantic Ocean makes the state vulnerable to hurricanes, but direct strikes were rare during the 20th century. Georgia is often affected by hurricanes that strike the Florida panhandle. The systems weaken over land, and bring strong tropical storm winds and heavy rain to the interior. Hurricanes that brush the coast on their way north also deposit heavy rain with high winds.

Gold in them Indian lands.

Placer Mining
The Poor Man Pans in Streams

Georgia Gold Rush

Gold was discovered in the North Georgia mountains in 1829. The gold rush established a federal mint in Dahlonega. The mint operated until 1861. The influx of white settlers was used to take land from the Cherokee Nation.

President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act into law in 1830. Many eastern Native American nations were sent to reservations in present-day Oklahoma. All of Georgia's tribes were included.

Round em up. Send em West

President Jackson and the state of Georgia ignored the Supreme Court's ruling in Worcester v. Georgia that states were not permitted to redraw the Indian boundaries. His successor, Martin Van Buren, dispatched federal troops to gather the Cherokee and deport them west of the Mississippi in 1838. This forced relocation is called the Trail of Tears. It led to the death of over 4,000 Cherokees.

Stone Mtn. Park
Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson
Georgia joined the Confederacy in early 1861. It became a major theater of the Civil War. Large battles took place at Chickamauga, Kennesaw Mountain and Atlanta. A large swath of the state was destroyed during General William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea in December 1864. The swath extended from Atlanta to Savannah. Roughly 1 of every 5 Georgian soldiers died in service. The total was 18,253 soldiers. Georgia became the last Confederate state restored to the Union. It was restored in 1870. This was after reconstruction.

Jim Crow Laws
White Democrats regained power in the state legislature. They passed a poll tax in 1877. The tax disenfranchised many poor blacks and whites. It prevented them from registering to vote. The state established a white primary in 1908. The only competitive contests were within the Democratic Party. It was another way to exclude blacks from politics. They constituted 46.7% of the state's population in 1900.

The proportion of Georgia's population that was African American dropped thereafter to 28%. The drop was due to the large number that left during the Great Migration. This disfranchisement persisted through the mid-1960’s. It wasn’t until federal legislation with the Voting Rights Act of 1965 that the black population started to increase in size.

McIntosh county is located north of Brunswick. Much of Anna Alexander’s work was done in the area around the city.

Brunswick is located on a harbor of the Atlantic Ocean. It is about 30 mi (50 km) north of Florida and 70 mi (110 km) south of South Carolina.

The city was abandoned during the Civil War. Citizens were ordered to evacuate to avoid destruction by the "total war" tactics of Colonel James Montgomery in June 1863. Total war includes any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure as legitimate military targets. It mobilizes all of the resources of society to fight the war. It gives priority to warfare over non-combatant needs.

Montgomery was an abolitionist in Kansas. He was one of the Jayhawkers.. He had been authorized to raise a regiment of African-American infantry in January 1863. They would become the 2nd South Carolina. Montgomery practiced his brand of warfare in South Carolina, Georgia and Florida throughout 1863 and part of 1864.

Brunswick suffered from post-war depression. It was like many other cities in the South. Economic prosperity returned after one of the nation's largest lumber mills began operation on nearby St. Simons Island,. Rail lines were constructed from Brunswick to inland Georgia. The railroad stimulated a sawmill boom. The boom was said to average one mill every two miles along the new industrial corridor.

Poet and native Georgian Sidney Lanier sought relief from tuberculosis in Brunswick's climate. He wrote The Marshes of Glynn in 1878. The poem reflects on the salt marshes that span across Glynn County. The poem helped to build the reputation for the city as a resort area.

The December 1888 issue of Harper's Weekly predicted that "Brunswick by the Sea" was destined to become the "winter Newport of America." Jekyll Island had become a destination for some of the era's most influential families. The Rockefellers, Vanderbilts, Pulitzers and Goodyears were among them. They arrived by train or yacht. Georgia acquired the name, the Empire State of the South with the arrival of the elite.

A yellow fever epidemic hit in 1893. This started a decade of hardships for the city. It was flooded in 1893 when the Sea Islands Hurricane paralleled the coast of Georgia before hitting South Carolina. This was a modern-day Category 3 hurricane. The city was left under six feet of water by the storm.

One hundred and seventy nine people were killed by a 16 foot storm surge when a Category 4 hurricane hit Cumberland Island just south of Brunswick in October 1898.

Construction of an electric streetcar line began in 1909. It was completed by 1911. Tracks were laid in the center of several city streets. The F.J. Torras Causeway, the roadway between Brunswick and St. Simons Island, was completed in July 1924. Passenger boat service from Brunswick to St. Simons Island was terminated. The electric streetcar line in Brunswick was discontinued by 1926. The decline of the streetcar system coincided with the rise of the automobile.

No one is born in a state of timelessness. Each is created in time with half the genetic heritage for the person from the father and his family and half from the mother and hers. The opportunity to change fate into destiny is afforded to any who choose to work for the evolution of law for government in the culture in which creation was generated.

Anna was born in a time when there was both the promise for improvement with the emancipation from slavery and the threat of being classified as a criminal by government laxity in the face of the growth of the national bank in an economy that was starting on the path to industrialization.

She was fated to be poor, but she chose education as her destiny. She was destined to educate for the literacy to petition government for improvement and the intelligence to live ethically in relation to moral law.

Oppression is made when the government helps the wealthiest people take more money from the economy. War is a primary vehicle for extracting wealth from the people. 
Add a comment...

Stephen Kidde

Shared publicly  - 
Now that's a dark spin on the success story! :O
Stephen Kidde's profile photo
The Cotillard Affair
"“The atmosphere [off-set] was full of hard drugs and Russian hookers, and Angie was told Brad got caught up in it,” the source said.

"“He’s in the throes of some insane midlife crisis, and Angie is fed up.”"
Add a comment...
Collections Stephen is following
View all
I teach.
  • Pinellas County School District
    Substitute Teacher, 2003 - present
  • Boley Mental Health
    Residential Teacher, 2001 - 2002
  • Mtn Vw Social Dev Ctr
    Rehab Specialist, 1995 - 2000
  • US Army
    Field Radio Sgt., 1982 - 1986
Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
Tampa, FL
El Paso, TX - Park Forest, IL - Barrrington, IL - Massapequa, NY - Westhampton, NY - Londonderry, VT - Northhampton, MA - Ft. Bragg, NC - S.Canaan, PA - Glasgow, MT - Butte, MT - Tampa, FL
Contributor to
education, teacher, social studies, mathematics
I was born in El Paso, TX. I have lived in 11 different places in the US. The states were Illinois, New York, Vermont, Texas, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Montana and Florida. Now I live in the Tampa Bay area because it is close to family. The yard to my place looks great from outer space!
Bragging rights
GMUHS, Hampshire C., Marywood U., Mt. Tech, SPCollege, USF
  • Hampshire College
    Performing Arts, 1978 - 1982
  • Marywood University
    Religious Studies, 1987 - 1990
  • St.Tikhon's Seminary
    Religious Studies, 1987 - 1992
  • Montana Tech of The University of Montana
    Human Services, 1994 - 1997
  • St Petersburg College
    Education, 2006 - 2008
  • University of South Florida
    Math Education, 2009 - 2010
Basic Information
Looking for
Friends, Networking
It's complicated
Other names
Steve K., Mr. Kidd
One taillight and my headlights were not working. I had been told that good electrical repair was hard to find. Marvin's replaced the bulbs and a switch for less than I had expected. The lights are working! 2013 The oil leak to my '97 Sentra has been stopped! 2015
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago
1 review