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#Logistics China#China is Leading Global Growth in Contract Logistics

The Asia-Pacific region is set to unseat Europe as the world’s largest contract logistics market as growing consumer demand in China and other countries pushes companies to build more sophisticated distribution channels, according to a new report.

United Kingdom-based Transportation Intelligence Ltd. said it expects the overall market for firms that provided a combination of warehouse and transportation services to grow at a rate of 6.8% a year from through 2018, driven by expanding demand in emerging markets for contract logistics services.

The research group, also called Ti, said the contract logistics market grew 5.4% by revenue in 2014, faster than the 2.8% growth in 2013 and outstripping the growth pace of the global economy.

The market is led by companies including Kuehne & Nagel AG and Deutsche Post AG of Germany and Netherlands-based CEVA Logistics, a division of CEVA Holdings LLC.

Ti expects the overall contract logistics market to grow 6.8% per year from 2014 to 2018, driven by Africa, the Asia Pacific, and Central America, which are all expected to grow more than 10% a year on average. The Asia Pacific market could be larger than Europe, where sophisticated logistics services have been entrenched for many decades, by as early as 2016, the group said. And by 2018, the revenue for contract logistics in the Asia Pacific will grow to $96.1 billion, the majority of growth coming from China, while Europe will grow to $82.7 billion.

The projection of rapid growth for the higher-end services in China and emerging markets suggests deeper changes in those economies, including greater demand for pricier consumer goods and perishable foods that require logistics management that includes better security and handling.

Contract logistics has traditionally been centered on developed economies with high domestic consumer demand and a longer history of outsourcing such services, while companies in most emerging markets have kept those operations in-house for lack of good infrastructure and third-party logistics options, the report said.

“Infrastructure is still very poor in many of these countries, and the potential is great. That’s where the population growth is, and the middle class is expanding in these markets,” said Cathy Roberson, Roswell, Ga-based analyst for Ti. A lot of companies are moving into these markets to meet growing demand, which leads to growth in demand for contract logistics.

A string of recent mergers and acquisitions in the industry is expanding the reach of some providers, and will likely continue to do so, the group said. “Overall, the market is highly fragmented,” but “the market will gradually become increasingly concentrated over time,” the Ti report said. “This process could accelerate in the coming years, especially as the appetite for major logistics acquisitions intensifies.”

This consolidation will expand logistics services to more regions and fuel the growth in Asia and emerging markets, as well as more global connections. For example Japan Post Holdings Co., Japan’s state-owned postal service, announced in February that it would acquire Australian logistics company Toll Holdings Ltd. for $5.1 billion, which gives it international reach.

“They basically have acquired Toll [customers] not only in Asia, but in the U.S. and Europe as well,” entering the logistics and freight forwarding business, Ms. Roberson said.
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#Logistics China#Cross-border e-commerce a boon for China's bonded logistics properties

Cross-border e-commerce that enables consumers to buy directly from merchants around the world and save taxes is rapidly gaining popularity in China.

While online shopping growth is emerging as a threat to retail property owners, the new trend is expected to boost bonded logistics property developments, say property consultants.

"Rents of bonded logistics developments [in Shanghai] have been rising in the past four to five years" because supply had not caught up with demand, said Carlby Xie, the head of China research at Colliers International.

The average rent for a bonded logistics facility in Shanghai was about 1.26 yuan per square metre per day last year, according to Colliers' latest report on the outlook of the bonded logistics sector. That compares with an average rent of below 1.10 yuan per square metre per day in 2010.

"Chinese online shoppers buying goods from overseas have the potential to benefit bonded logistics property because e-commerce operators that conduct overseas business may choose to store [frequently purchased] goods in bonded warehouses where they will not incur customs duties," said Rita Wong, an international director of valuation advisory services at JLL. She said examples of this practice had been observed in bonded logistics areas in Ningbo and Hangzhou with firms selling baby and children's goods.

Popular products bought through cross-border sales include cosmetics and skin-care products, women's apparel, baby milk powder and food supplements.

In 2012, the central government rolled out a pilot programme and set up trial zones for cross-border e-commerce businesses to allow consumers to shop on foreign websites and have their orders shipped under the supervision of China Customs.

Qualified e-commerce companies are allowed to buy goods from abroad and store them in bonded warehouses in the pilot zones. Tariff payments are made after the goods are sold to consumers, according to a report by the Fung Business Intelligence Centre.

Before this arrangement, Chinese online shoppers bought overseas goods through agencies or directly from overseas websites in foreign currencies.

Colliers said the new pilot zone system improved the cross-border e-commerce trade by cutting delivery times and avoiding smuggling. The pilot zones have been established in Shanghai, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Zhengzhou, Guangzhou and Shenzhen.

However, Wong said the scale of such trading was still small.

"As to whether this activity will provide a boost to bonded warehouse markets, it is too soon to tell," she said.

Xie said the value of imports from online trading was small but rising.

Research has found that the value of imports was only about 13 per cent, or about 53 billion yuan, of the total cross-border e-commerce trade, with exported goods and business-to-business e-commerce contributing the majority.

"As consumers in China adopt new online shopping habits, this figure will undoubtedly grow" to the benefit of bonded logistics properties, Xie said.

"The rental growth in bonded logistics properties will be faster than non-bonded logistics properties due to the rapid growth of cross-border e-commerce trade."

Investors are free to enter the bonded logistics market as long as they can afford the land price and have the legal entity set up as a logistics firm, according to Xie.

In Shanghai, the major players include Mapletree, Goodman and Global Logistic Properties.
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#Logistics China#Goodman inaugurates Chongqing Airport Logistics Park in China

Logistics property group Goodman has inaugurated $130m Chongqing Airport Logistics Park in Western China.

Located near the Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, the park covers 190,000m2 area with eight warehouses.

The strategic development is well-connected to the Chongqing-Chengdu economic corridor and Chongqing downtown.

Danish pump manufacturer Grundfos, Japan's Nikkon Logistics, China's Best Logistics and Chinese express delivery firm Yunda Express are the customers of the facility.

Goodman managing director for Greater China Philip Pearce said: "Goodman Chongqing Airport Logistics Park is our flagship development in Western China, an area of growth for us and where we see growing demand for prime logistics space.

"There is surging demand for and a lack of supply of quality transport and prime logistics space in Chongqing, propelled by the city's robust economic growth. We look forward to further expansion in this region and to securing high quality opportunities for our customers and investors."

Australia Governor-General Peter Cosgrove AK MC (Retd), who inaugurated the park, said, "This logistics park is a landmark Australian investment and a tangible example of Australia's strong presence here in Western China."

Up until now Goodman has developed 110,000m2 of the Chongqing Airport Logistics Park. It still needs to construct another 80,000m2 at the site.

The logistics property developer plans to invest $400m in western China within the next three years.
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#Logistics China#China replaces India as Dubai’s biggest non-oil trade partner

China is now Dubai’s biggest non-oil trade partner, government figures show.

Trade with China totalled Dh175 billion in 2014, up from Dh135.7bn the previous year.

That represents an increase of 29 per cent – enough to push India off the top spot as Dubai’s major non-oil trade partner.

Non-oil trade between Dubai and India totalled Dh109bn last year. The United States accounted for Dh83bn of trade, while Saudi Arabia was the UAE’s largest Gulf trade partner, with a total trade value of Dh52bn.

Overall non-oil trade totalled Dh1.33 trillion in 2014 – an increase of 0.15 per cent against 2013’s figure of Dh1.32 trillion.

Non-oil exports and re-exports accounted for Dh486bn, while Dubai imported Dh845bn of goods and services.

Dubai’s appetite for smartphones accounted for the biggest chunk, with trade in the devices totalling Dh178bn in 2014, an increase of 9 per cent against the previous year.

Direct trade accounted for Dh818.8bn of Dubai’s total non-oil trade, while free zones accounted for Dh488.7bn.

Jebel Ali Free Zone, which reported its full-year results this month, added 650 new businesses last year, leading profits to grow by 50 per cent across 2014.

Demand for warehouse space near Dubai World Central, and around the area of Dubai’s mooted logistics corridor, is strong, real estate analysts said.

Dubai aims to become one of the world’s leading logistics hubs.

“Historically, trade has always been a prime economic activity commonly practiced by the people of the UAE, and today the trade sector plays a significant role in our overall economic development,” said Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed, Crown Prince of Dubai.

“Within the framework of our comprehensive developmental strategy, trade has integrated with other sectors to secure diversification of our national income confirming our ability to sustain solid growth,” he said.
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#Logistics China#Containers on rail: China’s Next Big Opportunity in Supply-Chain Logistics

 The transportation of containers by rail could grow substantially in China, especially if the nation continues adopting the kind of operating practices and regulatory reforms that have boosted the development of the North American rail network, according to a new World Bank research paper.

Those measures include the ability of rail operators to tailor service offerings including pricing, routing and delivery time to client needs, as well as “mainstreaming” of specialization in the value chain, allowing rail operators to focus on the things they are good at, according to the paper, Customer-driven Rail Intermodal Logistics: Unlocking a New Source of Value for China.

“A more intense use of rail as part of the country’s containerized freight delivery logistics system could be a game-changer for Chinese manufacturers and consumers alike, as we have seen in North America,” said Luis Blancas, a World Bank Senior Transport Specialist and lead author of the paper. “That’s because more and more manufacturing has moved to China’s western provinces, which increases the distance of international and domestic shipments. At the same time, China’s highways are becoming more congested, making it difficult to deliver goods and get value-for-money in trucking services.”

Since 1998, freight container traffic in China has grown faster than the rate of economic growth. While container traffic on trucks and ships has increased, the use of trains for part of the journey – which is known as rail intermodal logistics – decreased in the same period. A 2013 study found that only 1.3 percent of container traffic through China’s ports involved trains, with 85 percent of all containers entering or leaving the ports on trucks and the rest on ships.

Faced with similar challenges, the United States partially deregulated a stagnated rail transport industry unable to innovate in response to growing demand. By eliminating government-regulated tariffs to promote competition and freeing rail carriers to design their networks and collaborate with other transport service providers in the supply chain, regulatory reform in the U.S. rail transport sector empowered rail operators to become critical players in international and domestic supply chains.

That experience resonates in China, because North America shares many of China’s economic geography features, and many of the supply chains served by rail intermodal in the U.S. originate in China. 

China Railway Corporation, China’s national rail operator, began reforms in 2013 to improve operational efficiency and customer service, with more flexibility in setting rates and offering services based on market forces of supply and demand.

Such initial reforms can pave the way for the broader adoption of some of the approaches that helped make North America a world leader in rail container transport, according to the paper.

This paper is part of the China Transport Note Series produced by the World Bank to share experience about the transformation of the Chinese transport sector. The World Bank has supported numerous freight and passenger railway development projects in China.
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#Logistics China#Evergreen Line enhances South-East Asia service

Evergreen Line is implementing service enhancements for its services to/from South-East 

Asian markets.

The carrier will launch its new Taiwan-Shekou-Malacca Strait service (TSS) this week and, at 

the same time, introduce a dedicated Taiwan-Hong Kong service (THK).

Evergreen will deploy three ships of 1,600 Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit (TEU) on the TSS 

service, connecting Taiwan, Southern China, Singapore and Malaysia. The start of this weekly 

service will be marked by the inaugural sailing from Kaohsiung on March 19, informed a 

release. The port rotation will then follow as Hong Kong, Shekou, Port Klang, Penang, Port 

Klang, Singapore, Tanjung Pelepas, Kaohsiung.
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#Logistics China#Kerry Logistics jumps aboard China’s trade strategy train

 Kerry Logistics has formed a strategic partnership with China’s state-owned rail operator as it begins to tap into Beijing’s One Belt One Road national trade strategy that was announced in March.

Kerry Logistics (China) signed an agreement with China Railway Import and Export Company, a foreign trade-focused unit under China Railways, the Hong Kong-listed logistics company said in a filing to the stock exchange.

The agreement that was signed in Beijing earlier this month will enable Kerry Logistics to integrate its strong network in Southeast Asia with the rail company’s extensive domestic network and growing international connections. The strategic cooperation follows the national “going out” development strategy that encourages China’s large-scale enterprises to take full advantage of growth opportunities brought on by the trade initiative.

Chinese premier Xi Jinping said in late March that the initiative will build on the routes linking Asia, Europe and Africa. It has two parts — a new Silk Road economic belt linking China to Europe through Central Asia; and the maritime Silk Road that links China's ports with Africa, the Mediterranean and Europe via the Suez Canal.

In a joint statement, general manager of China Railway Huo Hongguang and president of Kerry Logistics (China) Edwardo Erni said the move was “an important measure” taken under the new national strategy for both companies to strengthen their capabilities.

“In the future, to realise the potential of the One Belt One Road strategy, both sides will work together closely for the long-term growth and development of their businesses,” the joint statement said. “They will jointly explore new growth opportunities by broadening their strategic partnership, in an effort to contribute to China’s growth and advancement on the global stage.”

Delivering the company’s 2014 financial results, Kerry Logistics management made repeated references to the One Belt One Road strategy, and said it would be a strong boost to trade in the region.

The company said in a statement that although the global demand for logistics services was expected to remain flat in 2015 as a result of slowing growth across major economies, the group saw opportunities in the ASEAN and Greater China regions along with increasing intra-ASEAN trade propelled by China’s international trade development.

Citi Research said Kerry Logistics was continuing to build out its regional network. “We also see the potential for significant contract wins associated with the New Silk Road investment plan,” the bank said in a note to customers.

Since the company was listed on the Hong Kong Exchange in December 2013 it has been in aggressive expansion mode. Last year, Kerry Logistics developed facilities and acquired logistics companies or formed joint ventures in Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Canada, Australia and the UAE. During the year the company spent $250 million of the $300 million net proceeds from its listing and expects to use the balance for acquisitions this year.

According to the Kerry Logistics statement, China Railway Import and Export Company mainly focuses on foreign trade and has operated international projects including railways and maintenance in Saudi Arabia. The company was incorporated in 1988 under the approval of the former Ministry of Railways and the former Ministry of Foreign Trade, and through investments in railways, it was established as a state-owned foreign trade enterprise.
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#Logistics China#China's logistics revenue surges in 2014

  The revenue of China's logistics sector rose 6.9 percent year on year in 2014, driven by the online retail sales boom, new data showed on Friday.

  The total revenue of the sector topped 7.1 trillion yuan ($1.16 trillion) last year, according to a joint statement by the National Development and Reform Commission, the National Bureau of Statistics and the China Federation of Logistics & Purchasing.

  The total value of goods transported by logistics services in 2014 increased 7.9 percent year on year to 213.5 trillion yuan, according to the statement. The growth rate was 1.6 percentage points lower than in 2013.

  The slowdown was consistent with the pace of GDP, which registered a slower growth rate of 7.3 percent in 2014.
China's online sales of consumer goods, which are considered to be a boon to logistics as more and more people choose to shop online, soared 49.7 percent to 2.79 trillion yuan in 2014 from the previous year.
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#Logistics China#Air China profit up 17% to USD 622.6 million as revenues rise 7.8%

Air China has posted a 17% net profit increase to CNY 3.82 billion (USD 622.6 million) in 2014, drawn on revenues of CNY 105.88 billion, an increase of 7.8%.

Higher profits were largely attributed to "sustained growth of international air passenger market, steady recovery of the air cargo market and lower fuel prices."

Cargo traffic volume rose 6.6% year on year to 1.55 million tonnes (mt), while passenger numbers rose 6.9% to 83 million with an average load factor of 79.9%, down 0.93 points over 2013.

Air China took delivery of 67 new aircraft and phased out 24 old planes last year. The carrier operated a total fleet of 540 aircraft with an average fleet age of 6.08 years.

"The improving development trend of the global civil aviation industry, the continued economic growth under "new normal" conditions and the increase in consumption standards and change of consumption structure of Chinese citizens have opened new scope for development," said Air China chairman Cai Jianjiang.
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“一带一路”规划(双语全文)
Action plan on the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative
 ·  Translate
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#Logistics China#Alibaba to start logistics service in South Korea in 2015

China's leading e-commerce company Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. said on Wednesday that it will start logistics service in South Korea this year.

Alibaba said the Cainiao Network, the logistics company belong to Alibaba, was planning and carrying out a medium- and long-term logistics program in South Korea.

The company said that it is analyzing the relevant data, preferring to cooperate with domestic and overseas partners and trying to utilize their logistic facilities. Its final goal is to create a better logistic service and experience with the platform of Cainiao Network.

But Alibaba denied that the logistic service will be launched in April reported by some South Korean media, saying it was "too fast."

Alibaba also said the price of the Cainiao logistic service per kilo from South Korea to China is not 4,800 won (some 4.25 US dollars) reported by local media.

After the launching of Cainiao logistic service in South Korea, Chinese consumers are able to purchase commodities directly from the South Korean sellors via Alibaba's one-stop services supplied by its online shopping mall Tmall.com, its online payment service provider Alipay and Cainiao network.

South Korea's Joongang Daily reported that South Korea was only accounted for less than 1 percent in China's huge direct overseas shopping market ("Haitao" market), thus South Korean government and business sectors are so eager to make more profit from the market boost by China-S. Korea FTA in the future.

Alibaba has continued expanding its market in South Korea in terms of logistic service, online and offline payment and other services in recent years. 

Last August, South Korean President Park Geun-hye met with Ma Yun, founder and chairman of Alibaba Group Holding, agreeing to boost e-commerce cooperation between the two countries, including helping Alibaba's Cainiao logistics enter South Korea's market. 

Ma told Xinhua that Alibaba will launch all-around cooperation on e-commerce with South Korea. It was the fourth all-around cooperation between Alibaba and foreign government since it has signed agreements with Britain, France and Italy. 

In 2014, Alipay opened tax refund service in South Korea. The tax refund can be easily transferred to the customers' Alipay account within one week.

Alipay also cooperated with South Korea's T-money company issuing "Alipay T-money" card for Chinese tourists. The card can be used for any public transportation in Seoul and Jeju Island. Coffee shops, convenience stores and many cosmetics stores also accept the Alipay and T-money card. 

According to Alibaba, Alipay has supplied cross-border payment services to over 400 South Korean enterprises. The transactions on South Korean shopping website via Alipay has surpassed 2 million.

Besides, South Korea's top two supermarket Emart and Lotte mart, its largest online retailer Gmarket, the country's largest TV shopping platform Cjmall and many other South Korean companies have all started business on Tmall.com. 

Park previously hoped Alibaba could offer more convenience for South Korea's small- and medium-size enterprises to enter China's e-commerce market. 

Now Alibaba has finished one training courses to around 20 South Korea's small- and medium-size enterprises, teaching them how to make business online. The rest four training courses will be launched soon.
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#Logistics China#Evergreen Line enhances South-East Asia service

Evergreen Line is implementing service enhancements for its services to/from South-East 

Asian markets.

The carrier will launch its new Taiwan-Shekou-Malacca Strait service (TSS) this week and, at 

the same time, introduce a dedicated Taiwan-Hong Kong service (THK).

Evergreen will deploy three ships of 1,600 Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit (TEU) on the TSS 

service, connecting Taiwan, Southern China, Singapore and Malaysia. The start of this weekly 

service will be marked by the inaugural sailing from Kaohsiung on March 19, informed a 

release. The port rotation will then follow as Hong Kong, Shekou, Port Klang, Penang, Port 

Klang, Singapore, Tanjung Pelepas, Kaohsiung.
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