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DOE Joint Genome Institute
Enabling advances in bioenergy and environmental research
Enabling advances in bioenergy and environmental research
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“There are protein complexes in bacteria called cellulosomes that pack together the enzymes to break down plant biomass. The idea is that these clusters are better at attacking biomass because they are keeping the different enzymes in place with plugs called dockerins so they work more efficiently. This has been detailed in bacteria for more than 20 years, but now seen for the first time in fungi.”

In Nature Microbiology, a team led by +UC Santa Barbara researchers has found for the first time that early lineages of fungi can form complexes of enzymes capable of degrading plant biomass. Their work was enabled by harnessing capabilities at the DOE Joint Genome Institute, a national science user facility at +Berkeley Lab, and the +Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), a national science user facility at +Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) More: jgi.doe.gov/fungal-enzymes-team-up-efficiently-break-down-cellulose

#fungi #genomics #proteomics #nationallabs #biofuels #energy #bacteria #biomass #plant #proteins #science +U.S. Department of Energy

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“It’s kind of geeky but we’re poised to do something that’s never been done with alpine meadows.”

In +Scientific American, a look at a study of California’s alpine meadows is part of the state’s efforts to reduce carbon emissions. More: http://bit.ly/2r96v9q


#carbon #co2 #california #meadows #snow #soil #microbes #restoration #water #science #environment #sierra

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“When less natural dust blows in, the air quality for millions of people worsens.”

A team including +Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and +Berkeley Lab researchers report on the role natural dust has in promoting winds that can blow away manmade pollution. More: http://bit.ly/2r8JRxU


#dust #wind #climate #desert #gobi #china #atmosphere #science #environment

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Coming to the Society for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology annual meeting in Colorado?

The DOE Joint Genome Institute is hosting a working on July 30 on “Mining Microbial Genomes & Metagenomes for Biotech Applications.”
Register now: http://bit.ly/IMGatSIMB17


#microbiology #genomics #conference #colorado #metagenomes #hpc #computing #biotechnology #energy #environment

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“This focus on genes in our food is a distraction from the really, really important issues.... How can we be sure that farmers have access to seeds, and that consumers can afford the food that’s produced?”

In +MIT Technology Review, a profile of +UC Davis Official plant geneticist Pamela Ronald and her work on rice varieties that can tolerate various environmental stresses. More: http://bit.ly/2q8YfTL


#rice #agriculture #science #genetics #environment #genomics #seeds

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“The technique offers enormous flexibility, and can be adapted to other types of cleanup besides oil in seawater. You could attach a different molecule to grab any specific substance you need.”

In response to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, researchers at +Argonne National Laboratory invented Oleo Sponge, a new, reusable foam that easily absorbs oil from water. Argonne is now looking for collaborators interested in helping to commercialize the material. More: http://www.anl.gov/articles/argonne-invents-reusable-sponge-soaks-oil-could-revolutionize-oil-spill-and-diesel-cleanup


#oilspill #sponge #oil #water #seawater #bioremediation +U.S. Department of Energy #science #innovation #technology

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"We use waste plastics to add into an asphalt mix to create a stronger, longer-lasting, pothole-free road."

A short video on BBC World Hacks features a Scottish start-up that takes waste plastics and farm waste which would otherwise go into landfills and converts them into pellets that can be added to the asphalt mix used on roads.


#plastics #recycling #waste #innovation #roads #transportation #science

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“I recently saw a graphic that said we’ve mapped 100 percent of the moon’s surface and 100 percent of Mars’s surface, but only 5 percent of the Earth’s ocean. With more time and investment in developing technologies, I hope we’ll see that start to change.”

In +The New York Times, +Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) researchers report giant larvaceans help transfer carbon that has been removed from the atmosphere to the deep sea. More: http://nyti.ms/2pdCaBz


#carbon #marine #ocean #technology #science 

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"The discovery of DNA methylation in early diverging fungi helps the research community better understand regulation of genes that encode the parts for bio-based economy and bioenergy applications.”

Today in the journal Nature Genetics: our researchers report finding a subtle but prevalent DNA base modification in the earliest branches of the fungal kingdom that provide a repertoire of important and valuable gene products for DOE missions in bioenergy and environment. More: http://jgi.doe.gov/finding-major-gene-expression-regulator-fungi/


#dna #fungi #genomics #energy #environment #science #genetics #research

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"Although we cannot pinpoint the exact origin of the organic matter, chemical analysis of the constituents resembles molecular signatures that could be produced by microbial life deep within or below the mud volcano."

In +Seeker, a look at a +PNAS report on chemical traces found in serpentinite samples from more than 20 km beneath the ocean, near an underwater volcano close to what is known as the deepest part of the ocean. More: http://bit.ly/2oZbnKI


#microbes #marine #ocean #archaea #bacteria #science
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