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Mark Thomas
4,740 followers -
Avid Google+ fan, teacher, proud progressive liberal, history blogger and foodie.
Avid Google+ fan, teacher, proud progressive liberal, history blogger and foodie.

4,740 followers
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Happy Juneteenth!
(If you don't know what Juneteenth is, you're not alone.)

Here's the history of and the history behind this celebration.
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/african-americans-many-rivers-to-cross/history/what-is-juneteenth/

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It was on this date in 1967 that the Supreme Court ruled miscegenation laws, which prohibited interracial marriage, to be unconstitutional. The landmark case was Loving v. Virginia.
http://time.com/4362508/loving-v-virginia-personas/

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It was on this date in 1963 that Alabama Governor George Wallace temporarily blocked the admission of two African-American students to the University of Alabama. President Kennedy had federalized the Alabama National Guard in order to enforce civil rights laws requiring an end to segregation of public universities.

Seven years earlier, Autherine Lucy had become the first African-American to be admitted by the university, but upon her admission, a violent mob rioted on and around the campus, pelting the car in which the university's dean of women and Ms. Lucy were riding.

Citing concern for Lucy's life, the board of trustees voted to expel her for her own safety. This would not be the case with Vivian Malone and James Hood.

Though Mr. Hood left the University of Alabama after two months achieving academic accomplishments elsewhere, Vivian Malone went on to become the first African-American to graduate from U of A.
http://throughthedoors.ua.edu/vivian-malone.html

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Remember the Bonus Army on this anniversary of the GI Bill

One of the most transformative pieces of legislation in our history was the GI Bill. Passed on this date in 1944, it was arguably the culmination of an effort made by veterans from another world war.
http://dmarkthomas.com/bonus-army-gi-bill/

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Marines lead advance on Belleau Wood - OTD in 1918

Gambling, in part, that American troops would prove inferior when tested in battle, Germany launched a determined offensive aimed, once again, at Paris. However, U.S. Marines of the Allied Expeditionary Force's 2nd Division led the fight to recapture ground lost early in the German drive.

During a period lasting nearly three weeks, Marines advanced against withering machine gun fire and engaged German troops in scores of bitterly contested fights in the old reserve that forever more bears the name of the Americans who stopped the assault on Paris: Bois de la Brigade de Marine.
http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/belleau.htm
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OTD needs clarifying when referring to colonial era

If I'd ever know about the controversial switch from the Julian to the Gregorian Calendar, I most certainly forgot the fact. What brought the change to my attention was the famed massacre of Pequot men, women, and children by Puritans in present-day Connecticut.

Known both as the Mystic Massacre and the primary event of the Pequot Massacre, (in an ongoing cleansing), the incident is referenced by two dates, May 26, and June 5, 1637.

Most references I've read incorrectly place the massacre as happening on May 26, but the reference below, quoting a primary source, clarifies that our present Gregorian Calendar would have the engagement as happening on June 5, 1637.

https://www.mptn-nsn.gov/pequotwar.aspx

http://clearlyexplained.com/old-and-new-style-dates/index.html
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3 Whites Hanged in Indiana for Murdering 9 Native Americans - 1825

It was on this date in 1825 when three whites, (almost four), were hanged near the falls at Pendleton, Indiana. The death sentences were meted out following the senseless murder of nine Native Americans near the banks of the Deer Creek some few miles east of Pendleton.

In dramatic fashion, Indiana Governor James Brown Ray issued a last-minute pardon to the youngest of the four men who took part in the killings the previous year. The other three were not so fortunate, thus becoming the first whites in the state executed for murdering American Indians.

https://indianapublicmedia.org/momentofindianahistory/fall-creek-massacre/
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It was on this date in 1850 that would-be secessionists attempted to build a coalition of slave-states willing to, (unlawfully), secede from the union. To the disappointment of major slave-holders, no traction was gained from a large majority of states as compromise won the day.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nashville_Convention
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It was on this date in 1889 that the horrific Johnstown Flood killed more than 2,200 souls in West-Central Pennsylvania.
http://www.jaha.org/attractions/johnstown-flood-museum/
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OTD - 1637
Today marks the anniversary of the 1637 massacre of Pequot men, women and children in what is today Connecticut.
As we read contemporary accounts of atrocities perpetrated by members of ISIS, let's also note the many similarities between today's terrorists and the Pilgrims we annually celebrate here in America.
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