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Mark Thomas
4,802 followers -
Avid Google+ fan, teacher, proud progressive liberal, history blogger and foodie.
Avid Google+ fan, teacher, proud progressive liberal, history blogger and foodie.

4,802 followers
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It was on this date in 1890 that Sitting Bull was killed while in custody of Native-American soldiers. Below is a blog covering several accounts of the killing.
http://thefirstscout.blogspot.com/2015/12/bullhead-and-last-days-of-sitting-bull.html

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On this date in 1870, Joseph Rainey was sworn in as the first African-American to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives.
http://history.house.gov/People/Listing/R/RAINEY,-Joseph-Hayne-(R000016)/
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On this date in 1941, citing obligations of the Tri-Partite Act, Germany and Italy declare war on the United States. Within hours, both houses of Congress unanimously vote for declarations of war against Germany and Italy.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/11/newsid_3532000/3532401.stm

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100 years ago today, thirteen Buffalo Soldiers were hanged in Houston.

Resistance to Jim Crow proved reliably deadly when soldiers stationed at Camp Logan clashed with local townsfolk, including police officers. Today, little evidence points to the guilt of most, if not all, of those executed in the mass hanging.
http://progressive.org/dispatches/a-century-later-a-little-known-mass-hanging-of-black-soldier/

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On this date in 1941, one day after the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt asked Congress for a declaration of war against the Empire of Japan. With only one dissenting vote, Congress declared war on Japan.


https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=false&doc=73
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On this date in 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy launched the surprise attack on the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor.

Though often portrayed as scapegoats for some improbable conspiracy by FDR, Admiral Husband Kimmel and General Walter Short, the senior co-commanders of the military installation in Hawaii, ignored ample evidence that such an attack was not only possible but likely.

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/20/books/review/countdown-to-pearl-harbor-steve-twomey.html
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Just when you think you've heard of every humiliation foisted upon African-Americans by Jim Crow and a complicit U.S. Government, you find out you've only seen the tip of the iceberg.

I've found timeline.com to be a very worthwhile source of information regarding topics followed on History as Prologue.

https://timeline.com/when-the-u-s-government-organized-segregated-trips-for-gold-star-mothers-black-women-protested-94ed5b0988ea

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It was on this date in 1847 that Martin Delany and Frederick Douglass established the North Star. Delany, father of Black Nationionalism, and Douglass had a peculiar, lifelong friendship, and yet today, few know of Delany's name, much less his efforts on behalf of African-Americans.
http://www.post-gazette.com/life/lifestyle/2011/02/06/Martin-Delany-Father-of-Black-Nationalism/stories/201102060355

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It was on this date in Red Summer of 1919 that the Elaine Massacre took place in Arkansas.
African-American sharecroppers who had recently organized into a union were meeting near the small, urban community of Elaine. When two whites came to intimidate the gathering, a fight ensued, leaving one white dead and the other wounded. Rumors quickly spread that the sharecroppers were planning to attack whites, (who were the minority in that county), and several hundred whites descended upon Elaine, murdering at least 200 African-Americans.

When the governor sent in troops to quell the violence, it was the black residents who were arrested, with 73 charged. These courts convicted the first 12 to be tried with murder and sentenced each to death. The remaining defendants plead guilty and were sentenced to long prison terms.

The NAACP assisted in the appeals cases, eventually securing the freedom of all the defendants as courts, including the Supreme Court, overturned the convictions based upon violations of due process and civil rights guaranteed by the Civil Rights Act of 1875.

Local, all-white juries sentenced
http://www.blackpast.org/aah/elaine-arkansas-riot-1919
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