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Mark Thomas
Avid Google+ fan, teacher, proud progressive liberal, history blogger and foodie.
Avid Google+ fan, teacher, proud progressive liberal, history blogger and foodie.

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On this date in 1948, the Berlin Airlift began.

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Just a few weeks ago Don Sender, retired Chief Warrant Officer, gave a lecture to the Civil War Round Table audience about "Custer's Last Stand" and debunked many of the myths which have surrounded this tragic event.

+Marc Kunis has a YouTube page ( with many of the Civil War Round Table lectures posted. I have yet to watch one of these videos and been let down. They are all well done and full of information!

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From +Vicky Veritas :

"Since 1941, the CIA Cartography Center maps have told the stories of post-WWII reconstruction, the Suez crisis, the Cuban Missle crisis, the Falklands War, and many other important events in history. Now their map collection is declassified and all on Flickr.

Find the maps here:

Thank you, +Fulcrum and +GeoAwesomeness "

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For those of you who are not familiar with the RIDICULOUS, DESPERATE attempt by the people of the South to try to justify and explain their futile attempt at secession and provocation of the Civil War, here are the very first seeds of its germination.

"The Lost Cause" theory was created after the Civil War by the people who supported the Confederacy and it's STILL used, in this day and age, to justify the Confederacy's failure and it's subsequent destruction of its own states. Those supporters needed to explain why they dragged their own people into a war which was all about saving slavery for the rich plantation owners. They needed to explain why they started a cause which was doomed FROM THE START! And, of course, the reason that it was doomed from the start is a TERRIFIC way to explain how and why they lost!

To start with, "The Lost Cause" theory doesn't say that they seceded from the Union because they wanted to preserve slavery- NO! It tries to say that the Confederacy seceded for much more noble reasons; States' Rights and some sort of tariff bullshit! Unfortunately, every State, in their own Secession Declaration, says that they are seceding IN ORDER TO SAVE SLAVERY IN THEIR STATE! Find South Carolina's declaration online and it says it right there in the first paragraph! So, any earnest high schooler can see the hypocrisy in "The Lost Cause" theory.

But, this post is about showing you how the seeds of "The Lost Cause" theory actually began with Robert E. Lee's farewell address to his soldiers at Appomattox-IMMEDIATELY following the surrender of Lee's army! In the very first paragraph, Lee explains to his soldiers that they are not to be faulted with the losing of the war or blamed for the destruction of a majority of their country because "...the Army of Northern Virginia has been COMPELLED to YIELD to OVERWHELMING NUMBERS AND RESOURCES." This is one of the MAIN POINTS that they dreamed up for "The Lost Cause" theory. The Confederate sympathizers use this point in this fashion, "My gosh, of course, you can't blame us for losing, those other boys just had too many more guys than we did!" Well... you idiots...if you knew that those other guys had so many more guys than you did, from the start, THEN YOU ARE THE DUMBEST S.O.B.s to have started a fight from the get go!! How stupid can you be to start a war with a country that you KNEW had more men in the well to draw from than you had! Jefferson Davis and his minions were the dumbest men in the world to start the Civil War with the North having many more men and so much more resources to draw from!

So, folks, there's my "once a month" attempt at showing you just how ridiculous "The Lost Cause" theory is! And, while there are still people out there who believe in this "thing", I'll continue to attempt to DEBUNK it!
Thanks for your time, Michael.

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Today June 17, 1865 - Susan La Flesche Picotte an Omaha Native American doctor was born. She is widely acknowledged as the first Native American physician. She campaigned for public health and for the formal, legal allotment of land to members of the Omaha tribe. She is today's featured Google Doodle.

Picotte was an active social reformer as well as a physician. Ms. Picotte also campaigned against tuberculosis, as part of a public health campaign on the reservation. She also worked to help other Omaha navigate the bureaucracy of the Office of Indian Affairs and receive the money owed to them for the sale of their land.

LaFlesche's education began early, at the mission school on the reservation, which was run first by the Presbyterians and then by the Quakers after the enactment of the "Peace Policy" in 1869. The reservation school was a boarding school where whites took LaFlesche and other Native children away from their families and taught them the habits of white people in hopes of assimilating them into white society.

After several years at the mission school, LaFlesche left the reservation for Elizabeth, New Jersey, where she attended the Elizabeth Institute for two and a half years.[8] She returned to the reservation in 1882 and taught at the agency school before leaving again for more education, this time at the Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia, from 1884 to 1886.[9]

At Hampton, LaFlesche was with her sister Marguerite, her stepbrother Cary, and ten other Omaha children. The girls learned housewifery skills and the boys learned vocational skills as part of the ongoing campaign to "civilize" Native Americans through education. While LaFlesche was a student at the Hampton Institute, she became romantically involved with a young Sioux man named Thomas Ikinicapi. She referred to him affectionately as "T.I." but broke off her relationship with him before graduating from Hampton.

Female graduates of the Hampton Institute were generally encouraged to teach or to return to their reservations and become Christian wives and mothers. LaFlesche, however, decided in 1886 that she would apply to medical school.

Though women were often healers in Omaha society, it was uncommon for a Victorian woman to go to medical school. LaFlesche was accepted at the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania (WMCP), which had been established in 1850 as one of only a few medical schools on the East Coast that accepted women. She was valedictorian and graduated at the top of her class on March 14, 1889, after a rigorous three-year course of study.

In June 1889, she applied for the position of government physician at the Omaha Agency Indian School and was offered the position less than two months later. LaFlesche returned to the Omaha reservation in 1889 to take up her position as the physician at the government boarding school on the reservation. She was widely trusted in the community, making house calls and caring for patients sick with tuberculosis, influenza, cholera, dysentery, and trachoma. For several years, she traveled the reservation caring for patients, on a government salary of $500.00 per year, in addition to the $250 from the Women's National Indian Association for her work as a medical missionary.

From her time in medical school onward, she also campaigned for the building of a hospital on the reservation, which was finally completed in 1913 and later named in her honor. Her most important crusade was against tuberculosis, which killed hundreds of Omaha.

The reservation hospital in Walthill, Nebraska, now a community center, is named after Picotte and was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1993.
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