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"Stochastic terrorism" is a concept in the theory of war. It refers to putting out open calls for terrorism, and trying to incite specific acts of terror, without knowing who (if anyone) will take you up on it. It's one of the principal tactics of ISIS outside its home regions: this is why we hear of "ISIS-inspired" terrorists, who had no particular funding, backing, or material support from the organization, but who were simply acting on a call to arms put out by the terror group to go out and kill infidels. (Or other Muslims, or whoever else ISIS feels like killing that day)

It's not a legal concept, and in fact our laws have no good mechanism to handle it. "Vague threats" are deliberately not threats, under the law; you can't be imprisoned for saying "I'm gonna kill that son-of-a-bitch," or for "Someone oughta do something," unless one can show that in the context it was said, that's something that would cause someone to fear for their life. (It's actually even more complicated than that, but that would be a whole long article in its own right. +Ken Popehat wrote a short summary relevant to today's news here: https://popehat.com/2016/08/09/lawsplainer-no-donald-trumps-second-amendment-comment-isnt-criminal/)

In general, this sort of narrow law is wise; we don't want people being rounded up and imprisoned for anything that sounds vaguely angry. However, it creates an opening for groups like ISIS to actively try to radicalize people around the world.

In the specific case of ISIS, of course, there's a workable solution, one which involves the liberal application of high explosives. However, not all terror threats so conveniently live in places where we feel free to engage in open warfare.

All of this brings us to today's news. Remember that just a few days ago, Trump "suggested" that the election was rigged, and that if he loses it, people should reject its legitimacy. Today, he took that a step further, "suggesting" that, if elected, Clinton should be murdered. That is to say, Trump has rather pointedly rejected the most fundamental principle of democracy: that elections should be the mechanism which decides who is in office.

(People often say that elections are the basis of democracy, but that's not quite true. Syria has had elections for decades, in which you could vote for anyone you wanted, so long as it was Hafez (or later Bashar) al-Assad. The crucial thing which defines a democracy is that after an election, the losers step down. The preconditions for people to feel safe doing this are complex, and have a lot to do with why democracy is working better in some places than others)

Beyond the obvious problems of an American Presidential candidate openly preaching against democracy is the issue we just discussed: this was not merely a thinly veiled call to overthrow a potential US President, but a textbook example of stochastic terrorism.

As this article put it:

Stochastic terrorism, as described by a blogger who summarized the concept several years back, means using language and other forms of communication "to incite random actors to carry out violent or terrorist acts that are statistically predictable but individually unpredictable."

Let's break that down in the context of what Trump said. Predicting any one particular individual following his call to use violence against Clinton or her judges is statistically impossible. But we can predict that there could be a presently unknown lone wolf who hears his call and takes action in the future.

Stated differently: Trump puts out the dog-whistle knowing that some dog will hear it, even though he doesn't know which dog.

h/t +Lev Osherovich.
Donald Trump engaged in so-called stochastic terrorism with his remarks about "Second Amendment people" and Hillary Clinton.
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The sunset was stunning tonight, changing almost as fast as I could snap the pics. reds, yellows, purples, and oranges. It was AMAZING! I feel so blessed to be able to witness and capture such beauty. 
#sunsetphotography   #Minnesota   #Farm   #black   #orange   #yellow   #red   #sky   #mezzilicious   #LMMesmerPhotography  

Small web version. Please do not save/alter photo in any way
Like, shares and comments are always welcome and greatly appreciated! 
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Why Matt Taibbi rocks: the best piece about Donald Trump published this election cycle.
Matt Taibbi is one of our decade’s best observers of corruption and abuses of power, combining careful research with flamboyant, HS Thompson-esque verbal pyrotechnics, an absolute gift for co…
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Help Beethoven arrange his masterpieces in today’s #GoogleDoodle
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Legalized theft.
 
New Frontiers in Civil Asset Forfeiture: OHP Will Use Card Readers to Drain Your Debit Cards and Stored-Value Cards

"State Sen. Kyle Loveless, R-Oklahoma City, said that removes due process and the belief that a suspect is presumed innocent until proven guilty. He said we've already seen cases in Oklahoma where police are abusing the system.

"'We've seen single mom's stuff be taken, a cancer survivor his drugs taken, we saw a Christian band being taken. We've seen innocent people's stuff being taken. We've seen where the money goes and how it's been misspent,' Loveless said."

The company that makes the card readers gets a 7.7% kickback of the funds seized, too.
You may have heard of civil asset forfeiture. That's where police can seize your property and cash without first proving you committed a crime; without a warrant and without arresting you, as long as they suspect that your property is somehow tied to a crime. Now, the Oklahoma Highway Patrol has ...
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Craig Froehle's profile photo
 
You know that police shit's broken when I'm nodding in agreement with the Oklahoma Republican lawmaker.
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Neuschwanstein Castle by Sara Gossett .....
Neuschwanstein Castle is a nineteenth-century Romanesque Revival palace on a rugged hill above the village of Hohenschwangau near Füssen in southwest Bavaria, Germany. The palace was commissioned by Ludwig II of Bavaria as a retreat and as a homage to Richard Wagner. Ludwig has paid for the palace out of his personal fortune and by means of extensive borrowing, rather than Bavarian public funds. The palace was intended as a personal refuge for the reclusive king, but it was opened to the paying public immediately after his death in 1886. Since then more than 60 million people have visited Neuschwanstein Castle. More than 1.3 million people visit annually, with as many as 6,000 per day during the summer. The palace has appeared prominently in several movies and was the inspiration for Disneyland's Sleeping Beauty Castle and later, similar structures. Füssen im Allgäu is an enchanting town in Bavaria, Germany known for the Hohes Schloss and its Basilica and former Benedictine monastery of St Mang. The world-famous Neuschwanstein Castle is situated for a few kilometres in the east. Some visitors come to tour the castles and leave immediately afterwards leaving the beautiful little town unexplored. This is a great pity as there is much to see in Füssen and the surrounding area if you know what you are looking for! There are magnificent lakes with beautiful views and the "Kalvarienberg" which has the "Stations of the Cross" on it.
https://www.flickr.com/photos/saragossett/
#castle   #germany   #bavaria  
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I love the lighthouse, dwarfed by nature's magic and beauty, the White Cliffs of Dover, in England
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蘋果自動剝皮和切割機~~~😍🍎😍🍏😍🍎👍👏

Automatic Apple Peeling & Cutting Machine~~~😍🍏😍🍎😍🍎👍👏
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That's kinda mesmerizing!
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The good Costa: 
Douglas Costa ended the careers of several Peru defenders while setting up Renato Agusto's goal.
(He also scored two goals)
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