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Colonial Period  
The Inquisition in Cartagena
CARTAGENA: Torture at the Inquisition Museum
History of Cartagena de Indias - The Inquisition in CartagenaThe King Philip III introduced in 1610 the Tribunal de Penas del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición in the city.

The Inquisition was created during the Middle Ages (1223); it was a religious tribunal dedicated to "rescue" from the claws of the furious people all those persons that attempted against the Catholic faith (heretics) to judge them as they deserved. From the ample expansion in all the christian countries in Europe, the Inquisition in Spain had somehow deviated from the primary objectives.

Apart from applying the justice in religious terms, it was an instrument of the Spanish Crown to exert political pressure and influence in all the sectors, almost independently from the Vatican.

Due to the particular way of judging and sentencing of the accused (torments, tortures), a wrong concept of the mentality of the inquisitors was formed, who were not only very passionate about their job, but also very convinced with what they were doing and abused their appointment and committed cruelties in pro of religious ideas.

Many torments to draw out a confession were applied in Cartagena, among them were the water pitcher, the water drop, the colt, the cord,etc. One of the most prosecuted crimes was witchcraft, which was widely practiced. 

The Inquisition worked in Cartagena de Indias until the revolution on November 11th of 1811, coming back in 1816 with the pacifier Pablo Morillo and then was finally exiled in 1821 when Cartagena de Indias was liberated by the patriot army.
#cartagena   #inquisition   #spain   #colombia  
Kenala Jazz's profile photoSamuel Schmid's profile photoDirk Schweitzer's profile photoPlínio Naves's profile photo
the inquisition happens in the whole world, where catolic romans or christian were in the power! stop religions! it's just a fairy tale! based on the the egypthian mithology > read about Horus
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Mr. Juan de Borja former governor of Colombia gave in 1640 the order to build a church on the mountain. The church was built in honor of Montserrat's Virgin Morena whose shrine was located in Barcelona. In 1657, there is also a monastery completed. In the monastery there is the painting  of "The fallen lord". It is the work of local artists Pedro de Lugo and Albarracín. Since that day of the opening thousands of people went to Montserrat.
Come up on the mountain

You can go up in different ways. There is a cable car, a train, but you can also just walk. The cable car was built in 1953 and consists of 2 cars with a capacity of 40 persons per car. The cable car ride takes about 4 minutes. The train was ready a bit earlier. The train is already at the mountain since 1928. With a speed of 3.2 meters per second it takes about 5 minutes to reach the top. In December 2003, it is possible, the arrival of the new train with a glass roof, nothing of nature to be missed during the ride up.
The most famous peak - the Cerro de Montserrat is at 3030 m. (10,000 ft) and a favorite with Bogoteños and tourists who go there for the spectacular views. The church which has the statue of the Señor Caído Fallen Christ, is claimed to be a place of miracles. The top is accessible by climbing hundreds of stairs or by the cable car (which I decided to take instead! Much safer and quicker!). There have been isolated reports of mugging if you walk up, so tourists beware!
But at the top, the view of Bogota is definitelty unmatched and you will have a lot of good pictures. There is also very nice souvenir market with reasonable prices at the side of the church. 
#monserrate   #bogota   #colombia   #turismo  
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I really enjoyed my visit to Monserrate
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Highlights: Japan 1-4 Colombia 
Thank you  thank you 
2014 FIFA World Cup Group C: Japan 1-4 Colombia
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+TP Wu gayyyyy
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Mañana juega Colombia!!! Vamos mi Tricolor.
A look ahead to Japan’s effort to join Colombia to the Round of 16
It is mission accomplished for Colombia as Los Cafeteros have gathered enough points to qualify to the Round of 16, however first place is not for certain as a blunder against Japan could be costly if Ivory Coast beat Greece in Fortaleza with a lengthy score.

Nevertheless, Jose Pekerman feels comfortable enough to rest a couple of players ahead of the next round as team captain Mario Yepes along with the impressive winger Juan Cuadrado will sit that one out. 

Porto striker Jackson Martinez is expected to start alongside Sevilla’s Carlos Bacca, while Juventus midfielder Fredy Guarin could feature in the starting line-up as well.

Japan desperately need a win, as well as a gift from Greece, and manager Alberto Zaccheroni is fortunate enough to be dealing with no injuries or suspensions. 

Manchester United attacking midfielder Shinji Kagawa is possibly starting and the same goes for the experienced midfielder Yasuhito Endo, whereas much will be expected by the team’s star Keisuke Honda who will be pulling the strings in the attack.
#colombia   #japan   #worldcup2014brazil  
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Colombia winning 4-1against Japan is very good scoring .Pushed in 16 .Wishing Colombia to enter finals this time .By Lolita Coffee Medallin city Colombia.
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El Qhapaq Ñan ya es Patrimonio Mundial
En Colombia, los 17 kilómetros identificados recorren ocho municipios de Nariño, desde el río Guáitara, en Ipiales, hasta Pasto, pasa por las localidades de Potosí, Gualmatán, El Contadero, Funes, Yacuanquer y Tangua.
El Qhapaq Ñan ya es Patrimonio Mundial
Qhapaq Ñan / Sistema Vial Andino inscrito en la Lista de Patrimonio Mundial de la UNESCO
The Inca Trail is an Andean road system that extends from southern Colombia to Argentina and Chile, through Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. (Photo Archive) 

Unesco declared the Sunday World Heritage Site called the Inca Trail, which spans several South American and of which 109 km are in the territory of Ecuador countries, reported local media on Friday.
The Qhapac Nan (Main Road in Kichwa), known as the Inca Trail, is an Andean road system that extends from southern Colombia to Argentina and Chile, through Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.
 With 23 thousand kilometers long, it was an essential avenue for political and economic power of the Inca empire as it announced several production centers, administrative and ceremonial, told the newspaper the Telegraph.
 The director of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Irina Bokova, said recently that its value is not limited to the road system, but “the whole tradition, history, identities of peoples, the different communities. ”
Regarding the Ecuadorian side, you are 108 miles of road in which there are 49 archaeological sites associated with 31 communities in 22 sections and subsections.
 This will be the fifth Ecuadorian target to be recognized as Heritage, preceded by the city of Quito (1978), Galapagos (1978), the Sangay National Park (1983) and Cuenca (1999).Since 2007, the countries involved have worked together to prepare the nomination dossier, coordinated by the World Heritage Centre and articulated by the permanent delegations to UNESCO countries and their respective foreign ministries process, reported the newspaper. The statement is scheduled for next Sunday in Doha, Qatar, where the thirty-eighth UNESCO conference unfolds.

legado de antiguos peruanos. Ayer, la Unesco reconoció a la extensa red vial de los Incas como una obra de importancia cultural de la humanidad, luego que Perú, Colombia, Ecuador, Chile, Argentina y Bolivia impulsaran su candidatura desde el año 2001. Nuestro país se compromete a proteger este vestigio del imperio incaico, así como ponerlo al alcance de los turistas.
Como se recuerda, el Qhapaq Ñan ha sido reconocido como un patrimonio mundial transnacional con una vasta red de 30,000 kilómetros de camino.

En el caso de nuestro país están nominados unos 250 kilómetros y unos 81 puntos arqueológicos. Hasta entonces, solo teníamos 11 puntos inscritos. Solo en la región Cusco existen 5 tramos nominables: la Plaza Inka Hauk’aypata, tramo Cusco-Desaguadero, tramo Ollantaytambo-Lares-Valle de Lacco, tramo Vitkus-Choquequirao y Puente Q’eswachaka. A lo largo de estos tramos se encuentran unos 25 puntos arqueológicos de importancia.
#patrimoniomundial   #history  
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Que via mi seleccion 
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Have them in circles
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Getsemani  Cartagena, Colombia

While the walled Ciudad Vieja is rightfully the main attraction of Cartagena, Getsemani, just outside the walls shouldn’t be missed. The Camellón de los Martires links the Torre de Reloj (Clock Tower) Gate of the old city to Getsemani. It is lined by the busts of nine named heroes of Cartagena who were shot or hung by the Spanish when they retook Cartagena in 1815 (some 6000 people, mostly unnamed, were killed by the Spanish). Most of the nine were born Cartageneros but one of them was an Irishman by the name of Santiago Stuart (a story worth exploring). In front of you as you walk across the plaza towards Getsemani are the Teatro Cartagena and the Teatro Colon. The latter was opened in 1908 with a performance of Aida, and Enrique Caruso and Maria Callas are among the famous singers who have passed across its stage. It was also the traditional venue for the annual final of the national beauty contest. After restoration it was reopened in 2010 to mark the bicentenary of the May Revolution that opened the path to independence in South America.
#cartagena   #colombia   #history   #turismo  
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Colombians in Bogota Show the LOVE  to our  football team
Great Job!!!!!
¸.•´¸.•*´¨) ¸.•*¨) 
(¸.•´ (¸.•` ¤ Colombia   
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Well done!!
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Colombia  Japan  worldcup 2014 
Tomorrow is your day to shine
#colombia   #japan   #worldcup2014  
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Haber en Brasil solo esta neymar y en colombiano James cuadrado y ospina
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Qhapaq Ñan, the living road of South America

The Andean highway system spanning six countries entered the World Heritage list.
Qhapaq Ñan. It means 'the way of the Lord' and is considered the oldest roads of Latin America which allowed to communicate to Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia, and most importantly, still alive.


In our country, the Qhapaq Ñan has 17 kilometers of roads that run through eight municipalities: Ipiales, Potosi, Gualmatán, Contadero, Funes, Yacuanquer, Tangua, and grass.

"In Colombia, the road is distinguished from the other three 'his' of the Tawantinsuyo present a greater environmental, landscape and cultural diversity by the geographic location in the torrid zone of the planet", indicate the Qhapaq experts.

So, as explains Claudia Afanador, the most important thing of this recognition, is keep the road even more alive.

"Stones without the human being to the side are still stones. "Here the most important are communities that pass it, because this is a vivid way that has lasted through the years and even the roads".

'Road, in its splendour during the epoch of the Tawantinsuyo was, linearly, 6,000 kilometers from southern Argentina to Colombia, but the road network reaching 30,000 kilometers,' explains Claudia Afanador, researcher at the University of Nariño and who tracked the stages of the path that correspond to Colombia.
The technical secretariat of the Qhapaq Ñan indicates that for that long road network reported administrative and ceremonial, production centers built in over 2000 years of pre-Inca Andean culture.
#humanhistory   #road   #andean  
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+Colombia Forum 2 month Minimum only for the part in Peru plus around 1 month Colombia and Ecuador.After Peru, Bolivia-Argentina or Bolivia-Chile each with around 2-3 monthes. Solution: To walk only the most important routes, the rest of it you make by car ;-) 
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Life and Works of Fernando González Colombian philosopher and writer Fernando González (1895-1964).
Address: Carrera 43A # 27A Sur - 11, Envigado, Antioquia 055422, Colombia

The front of Casa Museo Otraparte and the surrounding gardens.

This past weekend while down in Envigado I made the trip to a lesser known and seldom visited museum (at least among the gringo crowd) called Casa Museo Otraparte.

Casa Museo Otraparte is a small museum dedicated to the life and works of Colombian philosopher and writer Fernando González (1895-1964).

González was born in Envigado and saw a great deal of change and upheaval throughout the nation during his life, from the loss of Panama, to the rise of the Colombia’s industrial revolution in Medellin, to the assassination of presidential candidate Gaitán which would set off a new wave of violence in the country.

González studied law at the Universidad de Antioquia, and went on to become a judge and later a consul in Italy, before ultimately returning to Envigado and beginning the construction of his villa which he called La Huerta del Alemán (The Garden of the German).
#envigado   #colombia  
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Casa Museo Café de Otraparte lugar para  el encuentro, la conversación inteligente, la buena música, entre otras cosas.
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Ciudadela Colsubsidio, Localidad de Engativá.
Ciudadela Colsubsidio urbanization is a complex residential project, located in the locality of Engativá in the city of Bogota with a capacity of accommodating 14,000 homes and whose design was in charge of the Colombian architect Germán Samper Gnecco and financed by the Colsubsidio family compensation fund.
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Education | Travel | Jobs | Expats | Economy | News | Shopping | Real Estate
Moving to Colombia ~ Living in Colombia ... Use our Colombia forum to meet other expats, find the right international school in Colombia, jobs in Colombia, the best places to live in Colombia, cost of living Colombia -- even where to find the best pizza in Colombia! 

Famous for its coffee, Colombia is situated in the northwest corner of South America.Gorgeous beaches along both Pacific and Caribbean coastlines combine with historic cities and a colourful culture to make this an exciting destination for visitors.

Bogata: Sitting at a lofty height of over 2,500 metres above sea level, Bogotá is the country’s capital and a destination brimming with attractions of cultural interest. Museums are especially plentiful and include venues such as the Gold Museum (El Museo del Oro), the National Museum (Museo Nacional), the Museum of Colonial Art and the Museum of Modern Art of Bogota. The city’s dining and evening entertainment scenes are lively and boosted by a large selection of establishments.

Cartagena is located on the northern Caribbean coast of Columbia. Cartagena was founded in 1533 but found itself at the centre of many pillages and attacks including those of pirates. It was for this reason that the city was fortified with walls, castles and fortresses. This colonial architecture is the main attraction of the city and can be seen in the walls baring cannons, the old city and the Castillo de San Felipe de Barajas. Though Cartagena de Indias is a thriving, modern city, it is also a UNESCO site that reflects Colombia’s rich heritage.

\¸.♥ ♥ COLOMBIA ♥ ♥¸.*
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Tayrona National Natural Park is a one of the country’s most popular nature reserves that encompasses the diversity of the Colombian terrain. Biodiversity ranges from arid Caribbean beach fronts to the mountains of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta range up to 900m above sea level. The park is home to a wide range of both animals and plant species including birds, deer and many different bats. You can hike a variety of paths within the park that take lead to various noteworthy ecological destinations including the Piedras River, the Pools, the San Juan Out and the Castilletes Beach. The Archaeologic Museum of Chairama located at the Cañaveral Site has evidence of early civilizations that lived within the park up until the early 1600’s.

Amacayacu National Park & Amazon Jungle: A trip to Amacayacu National Park provides you with the opportunity to explore the Amazon jungle. This 293 500 hectare area is based within the southern Amazon trapezoid. Features include viewing the varzea (seasonally flooded rainforest) as well as river systems, swamps, marshes and other beautiful areas that are characteristic of the Amazon forest. Arranged tours will allow you to visit native Indian settlements. The amount of wildlife in the park is staggering and includes among many others the lion marmoset, 469 bird species, enormous reptiles, crocodile, turtles, jaguars, tapirs, river dolphins and the famous Amazonian manatee.

Sante Fe de Antioquia is an agricultural city that produces maize, beans and coffee. The Colonial centre was established in 1541 and literally seems to be suspended in time as it retains all of the architecture from its early beginnings. This has resulted in entire city being declared a National monument. Places of interest include the Bridge of the West, the Plaza Mayor Juan de Corral, the Archiepiscopal Palace, the Museum of Religious Art, the House of the Two Palms, the Metropolitan Cathedral, and a famous ranch named La Playita.

Other cities and towns of interest: Other colonial towns of interest include Villa de Leyva, Popayan, and Santa Cruz de Mompox. Each hosts monuments and architecture that emulates the rich history of the country. The Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá and Las Lajas Cathedral are two other popular tourist destinations. Medellín, the country’s second largest city, offers pretty parks, modern architecture and art galleries.

Beaches: Colombia has a Caribbean coast of 1,600km in length and a Pacific Ocean coast 1,300km long. The result is over three hundred sun drenched tropical beaches that play host to both resorts and untouched public beaches that epitomize the Garden of Eden. The Caribbean coast is characterized by beautiful beaches with swaying palm trees, tropical vegetation and calm waters. Conversely the Pacific coast has stronger tides and dark sands. Both however boast warm water and amazing diving opportunities. Some famous areas are Chocó , Providencia Island, Pacífico, San Andrés and Santa Marta.

Other Highlights - Nature: Colombia has policies that strongly favour the eco tourist. This coupled with the wide variety of natural environments on offer has resulted in a plethora of natural parks and attractions to choose from. These include among others the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range, the Nevado del Ruiz volcano, Cabo de la Vela, the Cocora valley , the Pacific islands of Malpelo and Gorgona, the central Andean region's Tatacoa Desert and the Amazon River basin. The Andean mountains and the glaciers based within them are simply beautiful to behold. These also give rise to strong rivers which are the ideal location for river rafting

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Bogota area, Colombia