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This Tuesday we remember the great modern artist Paul Cezanne,
who died on October 22nd in 1906. Cezanne lived during the time of the Impressionists, and actually exhibited with them in 1863, but his work was not only attacked by critics who denigrated all of the Impressionists, but by many other artists as well, who considered it too violent and he was not asked to exhibit with them again.
His style of painting did not 'fit' with the Impressionistic ideas, the thick, broad brush strokes, dark colors and seemingly blocky shapes that made up his forms were simply not 'en vogue'. So Cezanne, though a contemporary of many Impressionists, became what is called a 'Post-Impressionist', a style that +R. Harlan Smith
describes so well in his text below.
Cezanne wanted to produce art that would outlast the fashion of the moment, that would retain its value apart from current fashions and tastes. He wanted to 'do Poussin from life'
by reducing the forms in nature to 'Cylinder and sphere.'_ It was only late in his life that his work was recognized and appreciated, and today he is considered one of the giants or modernism.
This painting, his Large Bathers,
has been pronounced to be one of the greatest 100 masterpieces by a number of critics. It is more or less the culmination of a series of 'Bathers' paintings that Cezanne made starting in 1871 (there are at least 18 that I could find). It is done in his later, somewhat lighter and smoother style and shows a number of women (some say Goddesses) in front of a tranquil lake. The reduction of figures to geometric shapes is subtle, but present and the tone, lighting and composition truly make this a great work.
I need to run off to a 7am appointment, but hope you have a tranquil day, and tread lightly
Additional Information provided by +R. Harlan Smith
:Paul Cezanne 1839-1906 French Post-Impressionist
Post-Impressionism is both an historical period in French painting and a movement in painting that moves away from Impressionism. It is a style of painting labeled by Roger Fry, an English art critic, pointing to French art following Edouard Manet (1832-1883).
Post Impressionism is an important step in French art in that it further defines Impressionism by its separation from it. The Post-Impressionists went on with the use of brilliant coloring and the heavy application of paint to real-life subject matter, but that is where the similarity ends. The marked difference begins with Cezanne's admitted use of geometric forms in his compositions, such as cone shapes, spheres, a tree might be a cylinder shape, etc. You will also see some distortion of form and the use of arbitrary coloring, perhaps opening the door to Expressionism.
What is interesting about Post-Impressionism is its peculiar fragmentation into other styles of application such as George Seurat's Pointillism
, also referred to as Divisionism
, and van Gogh's thick, swirling application of paint, (Neo-Impressionism) which was also a step away from the Expressionist manner of artists like Edvard Munch the German Expressionist's (The Scream).
It is easy to group all of the Impressionists together, but a common mistake. There are obvious differences in the various styles.These styles were all taking place at the peak of French art's modern era and were soon to give way to the Modernist
styles of Fauvism, Cubism, and Expressionism on their way with the 1900's.#art #treadlightly #artandclassontheplus #EuropeanHistory #europeanpainting #yourdailyartstory #arthistory