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Andy Semler
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Andy Semler

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Had this playing while in the bath sans glasses, and I realized I'm missing out on all the sweet zhaif action.
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Andy Semler

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You can also join the #atheist and #humanist communities in donating on the Foundation Beyond Belief website: https://foundationbeyondbelief.org/chapel-hill-shooting-drive #ChapelHillShooting
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If you're ever in the New Haven/Washington area, I highly recommend visiting!
reviewed:
Pinckney Bend Distillery
1101 Miller St, New Haven, MO 63068
I'd heard about this distillery through word-of-mouth and decided to visit myself. It's a free tasting and tour, but you will not want to leave without a bottle or two, so plan on spending at least $35. They currently have 5 different products, pretty impressive for a small-batch distillery - you get to try out all 5 and listen to an enthusiastic and informative sales pitch. The tour itself is only about 15 minutes, so plan on visiting other attractions in the New Haven/Washington area, to fill out your afternoon. Recommended for all ages (though young children may become quickly bored).
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Feeding extra 4 billion people

Last week this article
"Redefining agricultural yields: from tonnes to people nourished per hectare" (http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/3/034015/) caught my eye. After going through the paper's abstract I became very interested and read the whole thing. The numbers presented in this paper are very thought provoking with huge implications. I decided to share some of the major numbers of the paper to help disseminate its massage to a greater audience.

(apologies for long post; lot of interesting things needed to be said)
-----------------------------------------------------
(Paraphrasing the article's text for the sake of coherence)

Introduction - Human population is projected to increase by 60-120% by the year 2050. Economic growth in many countries (roughly 40% of world population) is fueling a 'Livestock Revolution' which is likely to push these rising economies to more meat-based western diet. Which means that more and more % of the world's crop yields will be diverted to feeding the Livestock animals.

Livestock production is the single largest anthropogenic use of land right now. 75% of all agricultural land (including crop and pasture land) is dedicated to animal production. Livestock production is responsible for around 18% of the total greenhouse gas emissions.

Search for alternative fuels is also starting to divert substantial crop yields to bio-fuels (around 6% of global production in 2010).

With billions of more people coming in future, this way of resource allocation is completely unsustainable.

Method - Researchers used satellite imagery data to map crop-land. They also used national-level data of crop allocation of various countries around the world to see what countries produce and what % goes where.

Results - India, China, Brazil, and US represent around 43% of global crop area and produce 48% of global calorie production.

Crop allocation
India:  *77% of crop protein goes to human food*;
18% to animal feed; 5% other uses.

China: 50% of crop protein goes to human food;
42% to animal feed; 8% other uses.

Brazil: 16% of crop protein goes to human food;
79% to animal feed; 5% other uses.

US:     14% of crop protein goes to human food;
80% to animal feed; 6% other uses.

Calorie conversion efficiency:
40% for dairy; 22% for eggs;
12% for chicken; 10% for pork;
3% for beef

Protein conversion efficiency:
43% for dairy; 35% for eggs;
40% for chicken; 10% for pork;
5% for beef

[10% calorie or protein conversion efficiency means that after feeding an animal 100 calories or 100g protein we get 10 calories or 10g of protein in return]

Indian croplands currently feed around 5.9 people per hectare (in India) and could feed 6.5 people after diet change and no bio-fuel.

China feeds 8.4 people per hectare and could feed 13.5 people.

Brazil feeds 5.2 people per hectare and could feed 10.6.

US feeds 5.4 people per hectare and could feed 16.1.

See the attached figure to see the distribution of how people eat around the world. Greener and redder shades represent more plant-based and meat-based diets, respectively.

Globally we produce around 9.5 quadrillion calories in plant form, of which 55% goes to direct human consumption. 36% of these
calories go to animal feed, of which 89% is lost due to the inefficiencies in generating animal products. Remaining 9% of calories are completely lost due to bio-fuels and industrial applications. In total 41% of crop produced calories are lost and never reach human mouth.

A quadrillion calories are just enough to feed around 1 billion people on a 2700 calorie/day diet. Eradicating beef usage and using only chicken and pork could feed around 357 million more people. Shifting to completely ovo-lacto vegetarian diet (milk+egg+plant food) would add 815 million additional people. Shifting to a completely plant-based diet will add 4 billion people to the current population which can be sustained by present day crop production.
-------------------------------------------------

The implications of changing diet and ditching conventional bio-fuel practices could help humanity on a major scale. I think in future when more people are educated, they will (I hope) start thinking about these issues more. We must start using science in everyday life and habits if we want to have a future. Optimization should be given priority over consumerism and wasteful consumption.

Such kind of scientific studies should be a part of popular media as the methods employed and the results of these studies can be easily grasped by anyone people with basic knowledge of nutrition.

I hope these numbers have at least made you to think about it.

#sciencesunday   +ScienceSunday 
+Buddhini Samarasinghe  +Rajini Rao  +Robby Bowles  +Allison Sekuler  +Chad Haney 
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Andy Semler

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I <3 brussels sprouts!
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Mel Warner's profile photoAndy Semler's profile photo
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Andy Semler

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This is beautiful.
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+Andy Semler thanks
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Andy Semler

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Yes!  And people who give presentations should make the text available.  Every presentation I've given has had a transcript, which I am sure to make available along with the audio, even if it's a link to my blog or whatever.
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I love this article - it was written from the perspective of putting the people's experiences first.  And I may be biased toward mah #StL peeps. <3
For many people, selecting “male” or “female” on their Facebook profile is an easy choice. But for those who identify differently, Facebook now provides 56
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how about one gender.


The suck it gender? Always been my favorite one
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Andy Semler

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:D
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Delicious pizza! Wonderful Italian - style crust that is difficult to find anywhere else.
Public - 4 months ago
reviewed 4 months ago
Wonderful much-needed charitable resource for the local community. All-ages volunteer opportunities too.
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago
The biggest fullest most delicious vegetarian gyro I've ever had. This place may be new, but they know what they're doing! $7-10 per person.
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago
Bring knee pads! I typically take the bus when I visit, to avoid the parking hassle that is Downtown St Louis. Your ticket is a wristband, so feel free to visit a local eatery if you get hungry instead of the overpriced food at City Museum, as they allow re-entry. A huge part of the fun for children is the ability to get lost in a wonderland, so be sure you have a meetup location planned out for when you get separated. The staff are very familiar with helping kids find their parents too. You could easily spend hours at the City Museum without running out of things to do, making the entry fee of $12 per person [check their website to verify] well worth it.
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Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago
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Great park hidden in the basin of Clifton Heights. Playground, duck pond, and little-used loop of a road perfect for a walk/jog. 4 stars because the restrooms have been locked all summer.
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago
Good collection of online courses available for adults with busy schedules.
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago
A wide variety of continuing education classes at affordable prices for the local community.
Public - a year ago
reviewed a year ago