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Indian Defence Review
Indian Defence Review

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For India, the problem is not mainly about 40,000 Rohingya refugees, but its facet of global jihad that impacts on its security. In the year 2012, the reverberations of the Rohingya – Buddhist clashes manifested in communal riots in Kokrajhar (July 2012) and subsequently the jihadi narrative moved to Mumbai (August 2012), wherein the ‘Amar Jawan’ was desecrated, something which went viral on social media.

The reverberations were then felt in Hyderabad and Bengaluru wherein jihadi threats resulted in the exodus of thousands of boys and girls from Northeast (India). Similarly in July 2013, the Indian Mujahideen tried to target pilgrims from Myanmar on Bodhgaya temple by use of bombs.

Even before 2012 clashes Abudul Kareem Tunda of LeT had revealed to Indian interrogators that he had travelled from Pakistan to Bangladesh to explore the possibility of recruiting Rohingya youth for terror.

http://www.indiandefencereview.com/news/why-rohingyas-cannot-be-allowed-in-india/
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Though two successive negative budgets have left little scope for modernizing the Armed Forces, whatever modernization is planned remains haphazard. Why haphazard is because while much noise is made about ‘big ticket’ weapon systems, the poor infantry, referred to as poor bloody infantry’ in army parlance, remains grossly neglected by way of both arming and equipping.

The massive governmental defence-industrial sector has failed to deliver despite years of fidgeting. Even now if plans have got going for state-of-the-art bullet proof jackets, it is because of the initiative of Professor Shantanu Bhowmick, Departmental Head Aerospace Engineering in Coimbatore’s Amrita University.

When the IPKF went to Sri Lanka, it discovered the Sri Lankan foot soldier was much better equipped. The state has not improved much since.
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Most significantly, US has replaced the term India-administered Kashmir with Jammu and Kashmir in its order designating Syed Salahuddin as SDGT, which indicates the US acknowledges J&K as one entity. For too long successive US administrations have ignored Pakistani terrorism despite US casualties under the utopia that Pakistan will not join the Chinese camp, which Pakistan not only has but is China’s North Korea 2.0.

India’s consistent diplomatic efforts and PM Modi’s personal initiatives have helped the US and many other nations realize that Pakistan is indeed a hatchery of terrorism.

But the branding of Salahuddin as SDGT is also to do with the US targeting HM’s ideological ally; the US based Muslims of America Organization (MOA) that supports Kashmiri terrorist groups. Significantly, Sheikh Gilani, MOA’s extremist leader is based in Lahore.

The FBI had reported way back in 2003 that MOA was working as conduit to Pakistani terrorist groups affiliated with Al Qaeda. MOA’s affiliation with HM goes back to 1990, but what concerns US more is that MOA boasts of having 22 ‘Islamic Villages’ in the US. However, neither the HM nor MOA whose original informal name was Jamaat ul-Fuqra are yet on the State Department’s list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations

http://www.indiandefencereview.com/news/us-stance-on-pakistan-finally-righting/
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In a further boost to Make in India post defining the Strategic Partnership, French electronics major Thales and Reliance Defence Limited (RDL) have announced intention to form a JV with proposed shareholding of 49% and 51% respectively. This JV is in consequence to the ‘Offset’ commitment by Thales as part of the Rafale contract.

The JV will develop Indian capabilities to integrate and maintain radar and electronic warfare sensors in the Mihan-Nagpur Special Economic Zone where RDL is also involved in an Indian supply chain for manufacturing of microwave technologies and high performance airborne electronics.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s forthcoming visit to Israel too will boost India-Israel defence cooperation similarly; possible co-production of SAM systems, UAVs etc. However, much more work requires to be done to streamline ‘Make in India’ and give it the necessary boost, without which its execution will be as patchy as that of the DRDO, often described as the White Elephant.

Our private industry despite plenty potential, never could contribute adequately to defene requirements because everything was “through DRDO” which had the first lien despite sub-standard products.

http://www.indiandefencereview.com/news/beyond-defining-the-strategic-partnership/
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India and Pakistan are the seventh and eighth members of the SCO after China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. India was admitted into the SCO as an observer at the 2005 Astana Summit along with Iran and Pakistan.

The SCO as a regional organisation has evolved as a forum for debate and discussion on security and economic issues in the post–9/11 environment, as growing ethnic nationalism and Islamic fundamentalism emerged as major causes of concern for Russia, China and Central Asian states. According to Harsh V. Pant, Professor of international relations in the Defence Studies Department and the India Institute at King’s College London, the SCO has served for them as a means to keep control of Central Asia and limit American influence in the region. Beyond that, however, it has not been able to accomplish much so far.

India’s growing interests in Central Asia are well-recognized by SCO members. For India, therefore, membership of the SCO is primarily its gateway to Central Asia. SCO would help India in terms of connectivity and economic and counter-terror cooperation with the Eurasian bloc. India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in a statement before his departure for Astana, said, "I look forward to deepening India's association with the SCO which will help us in economic, connectivity and counter-terrorism cooperation, among other things." He also said India was looking forward to progress in ties with SCO nations for "mutual betterment and growth of our countries and our people".

http://www.indiandefencereview.com/spotlights/indias-sco-membership-what-it-means-for-the-country/
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Mainstream news reporters ran after the alleged stone pelter, Farooq Ahmad Dar, who was tied to the jeep for a media bite, but no one took time to elicit the views of the CRPF jawans who abused and physically attacked a few days earlier, or tried to present the entire picture and the circumstances under which the Army major had to take such a step.

What is a young major of the Indian Army, in-charge of a particular location, supposed to do when a large mob is after the life of the election officials, ITBP jawans, policemen and Indian army personnel? He had two options to save the life of his colleagues: either open fire on the mob which would have resulted in a bloodbath or to come out with some innovative technique to forestall the loss of lives on both sides.

In recent years, 1000s of security personnel have been wounded in murderous attacks by ‘stone pelters’ – these are radicalized youth, funded by Pakistan, who are organized via social media (WhatsApp groups etc.) to quickly assemble in areas where counter-terror operations are going on, and attack security forces to help terrorists escape.

While it can be argued that there is no policy per se to avoid such actions but as the officer was faced with a grave situation, he must be commended for his presence of mind through which he could avoid an ugly flare-up.

However, our political class are quick to equate army’s action to that of terrorists and cites Geneva Convention for the human rights of stone-pelters, they conspicuously remain silent when the forces are attacked by these same stone-pelters. Is this how armed forces should be treated?

The statements of some of our intellectuals and political class have been outrageous and denigrate the very Armed forces which not only safeguard our boundaries but also come to help when the situation arises like it did during floods in Kashmir. These political leaders and intellectuals should strive to create a conducive environment to restoring peace instead of adding fuel to fire.

It is high time that these crass classes should be alienated from defense matters and let the Army do its duty.

http://www.indiandefencereview.com/news/why-the-human-rights-of-soldiers-not-respected-in-india/
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The sedate and dignified debate post Manchester and London Bridge/ Borough Market, and critique also in measured tones, must have strengthened the hands of those involved incessantly in combating terrorism.

In India this situation is not akin to the insurgencies of the sixties and the seventies, where paucity of information in the drawing rooms, denied societal pressures of the democracy on the polity. In combating terrorism abetted by a proxy war, as in on in Kashmir, where control in use of force is of paramount consideration, there can be but no victors.

The soldier and his leader is NOT divorced from reality, is also in touch with the society through friends, family and social media. For the security forces part and parcel of the democratic dispensation and the society at large, the recognition of their thankless, life threatening ventures is oxygen.

With concurrent journalistic probing, the disharmony of loud and brash electronic media incessantly debating operations, the polarization of public opinion, the radicalization evident, strain the state agencies.

The arm-chair televised debates witnessed the nation-over, also affect the soldier, and his ilk, as many of the ‘analysts’ and ‘commentators’ use pejorative language and mannerisms.

http://www.indiandefencereview.com/combating-terrorism-the-soldier-and-the-society/
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The only nation that comes to mind that has given up lands captured in territories without anything in return is India, who gave up the Haji Pir Pass in 1965 and withdrew from the Ichogill canal. There were many other territories that India captured that India returned ignominiously. The same thing in 1971 when more than 5,800 miles of territory was returned to Pakistan in the Western Sector.

For India, the message was clear: the politicians did not care about the blood of its soldiers, whom they still consider a commodity that will fight when called upon, and disengage when told, as if they were all robots, and as if morale and motivation had nothing to do with war.

India is paying for those decisions to this day, where a relentless terrorist campaign promises to destroy Kashmir, and makes criminals out of soldiers and CPRF personnel by giving them the opportunity to mistreat local civilians.

http://www.indiandefencereview.com/news/war-peace-in-the-west-bank-comparisons-and-differences-between-israel-india/
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What was the objective of the gathering?

The website said to “show innovative idea of product design on Tibet’s travel, strengthen exchanges and communications with fellow traders, promote developmental directions of individuation, branding, and high-end quality in tourism industry, activate developmental vitality of folk travel organization, as well as expand upgrading of tourism product and profit space.”

This is fine.

A question however remains, why ‘Tibet-South Asia’?

Apart Nepal, Tibet has no ‘tourism’ contact with any ‘South Asian’ country.

Except for the Kailash-Mansarovar Yatra opened from Pittoragarh district of Uttarakhand and Nathu-la in Sikkim, there are no ‘tourist tours’ crossing over the Himalaya to Tibet or vice-versa.

During the meeting in Lhasa, some travel agencies made some major recommendations for outbound ('out of Tibet') tourism products for Nepal …and other South Asian countries.
It is there that the route to Chumbi Valley and Yatung (written Yadong by the Chinese) was mentioned.


http://www.indiandefencereview.com/spotlights/the-tibet-india-railway/
The Tibet-India Railway
The Tibet-India Railway
indiandefencereview.com
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The main thrust of US President Trump’s address at the Arab Islamic-American Summit was a strident onslaught on Iran’s political credentials designating Iran as the main centre of terrorism in the Middle East.

It was an ironical assertion when it is taken into account that the inception of the most powerful Sunni Islamic Jihadi terror group, namely the ISIS was initially spawned by some of the Islamic countries participating in the Riyadh Summit.

The Sunni Muslim NATO Alliance emergence spells further conflict in the war-torn Middle East. It portends a sectarian polarisation between the Sunni Islamic World and the Shia Muslims World. It portends the dawn of increased proxy wars between these two powerful groups in the flash-points that plague the Middle East and North Africa.

http://www.indiandefencereview.com/sunni-nato-military-alliance-spells-conflict-in-the-middle-east/
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