EYP Senior Project Director Charles Enos served eight years in the U.S. Navy and 22 years in the Navy Reserve, retiring in 2007. For much of his time in the Navy Reserve, he was also practicing architecture with EYP.
“While attending the University of Oklahoma, the Navy recruiters wooed me to sign up for naval aviation,” Charles remembers. “So after receiving my degree in architecture, I went to Pensacola, Florida, as an Aviation Officer Candidate. It was just like the movie An Officer and a Gentleman, except you definitely did not fight with the drill instructor. After commissioning, I continued aviation training as a Naval Flight Officer — a backseater in charge of weapons, communication, navigation and the mission. Basically we tell the pilot where to go.”
Ensign Enos in 1977 with a T-2 Buckeye in Pensacola during training to become a Naval Flight Officer.
After basic aviation training, Charles was selected for the Patrol Community and attended Advanced Navigation Training at Mather Air Force Base in Sacramento, California. Upon earning his “wings of gold,” Charles reported to Moffett Field in San Jose, California and learned the systems and tactics in the P-3C Orion aircraft.
“The P-3C Orion aircraft is a four-engine turboprop patrol aircraft specializing in anti-submarine warfare,” Charles explains. “We drop sonobuoys to listen for submarines. The Tactical Coordinator formulates the buoy drop submarine localization tactics based on the acoustics of the water, which is driven primarily by temperature, salinity and currents. Once the TACCO has localized the submarine to within 500 feet of certainty, we accurately confirm the sub's location using the ‘madboom,’ which is the Magnetic Anomaly Detection boom extending from the tail of the aircraft. We fly at 300 feet over the position, and when the indicator verifies the disturbance in the earth’s magnetic field caused by a large chunk of metal (the submarine), we drop a torpedo. During the Cold War with the Soviets, we only simulated dropping a torp.”
“This was the height of the Cold War and we were on top of Soviet subs all throughout the Pacific Ocean,” Charles says. “We also kept abreast of all surface traffic on the ocean and paid special attention to what the Soviet naval combat vessels were up to.”
Photo "on-top" of a surfaced Soviet Foxtrot submarine taken by LT Enos, TACCO, VP-50 Combat Air Crew One, Sea of Japan, 1980. Note that engine number 3 is "feathered" or shutdown to conserve fuel while on-station.
During his tour with VP-50 from 1979 to 1982, Charles made two six-month, full (12-aircraft) squadron deployments to Japan, as well as three-plane detachments to Adak, Alaska; Guam; the Philippines; and Diego Garcia. He also flew single plane detachments from Oman and Somalia. “I flew intelligence-gathering surface surveillance missions, anti-submarine missions on Soviet submarines, combat missions exercising U.S. policy of Freedom of the Seas near the coasts of Russia and China, and combat missions in support of the Iranian hostage crisis,” Charles says.
LT Enos (center top row), TACCO and Mission Commander, with his 14 member crew: VP-50 Combat Air Crew One, on the wing of their P-3C "Blue Dragon" aircraft at some base in the Pacific (and probably returning from a successful mission "on-top" a soviet sub and ready for the O-Club and a few beers).
After eight years active duty, Charles became a civilian and launched his architecture career in Charleston, South Carolina. He affiliated with the Navy Reserve and flew the P-3 with various east coast squadrons from 1985 through 1992, serving in Squadron Department Head positions and as a Squadron Augment Unit Executive Officer. He amassed over 3,000 hours of operational flying.
“By this time the Cold War was subsiding and we were flying patrol missions in the Caribbean supporting the Coast Guard locating drug smuggling vessels,” he says.
When Charles came to EYP in 1992, he was also promoted to Commander in the Navy Reserve. “My flying days were over to make room for younger officers to fly, "Charles says. "I served with the Reserve unit that supports the Bureau of Naval Personnel housed in the Navy Annex in Washington, D.C. The Navy Annex housed the Navy and Marine Corps Headquarters and is Federal Office Building Number Two, up the hill from the Pentagon, which is Federal Office Building Number One.
Charles laments “The Navy Annex was demolished earlier this year, sadly, to expand Arlington National Cemetery to make room for veterans from our current conflicts.”
Charles completed the Naval War College Reserve Officer Joint Military Operations course in Newport, R.I., in 1994, and from 1995 to 1998 served as Executive Officer and Commanding Officer of NR COMUSFORAZORES 104, augmenting Joint Command, U.S. Forces Azores. In late 1998 and early 1999, he served as Executive Officer for NR CNO N1 COMP 506, where he directed military-wide augmentation support for the Joint Contingency Manpower Branch during the Haiti and Kosovo crises.
“In April 1999, I was invited to become a principal at EYP and was also promoted to Captain in the Navy Reserve,” Charles says. “For the next eight years, I supported the Office of Naval Research. First, I was senior military assessor for Extending the Littoral Battlespace Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration during deployment aboard the USS Tarawa. Then in October 2000, I was appointed Director of Operations for NR Program 38 where I focused the efforts of 250 Naval Reserve Science and Technology officers in direct alignment with the Chief of Naval Research’s high-interest areas.”
In October 2001, Charles was selected as Commanding Officer of ONR S&T 304 in Norfolk, Virginia where he provided urgent force protection science and technology support to Combat Commanders in the wake of 9/11. A year later, he assumed command of ONR S&T 201 in Newport, Rhode Island, providing science and technology impact to the Naval Warfare Development Center, Naval War College and the CNO’s Strategic Studies Group while also leading the Navy’s Sea Trial Initiative.
“I then was selected and served an unprecedented third C.O. tour as a Navy Reserve Captain as Commanding Officer of ONR/NRL S&T 112 in Albuquerque, N.M., and led the Test and Evaluation effort for Program 38, providing early assessment of technology needed in the fleet to combat the Global War on Terrorism and save American lives during Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom,” Charles says. “We were instrumental in bringing advanced technologies to the fleet, such as the now indispensable Silver Fox and Predator Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.”
Predator UAV deployed in Afghanistan, also used to locate and defeat Osama Bin Laden.
Charles says “Serving in the U.S. Navy has been one of the most rewarding aspects of my life. I am grateful that EYP has supported my weekend warrior status and two weeks of annual active duty each year, as such, we have helped make a difference in the global war on terrorism!”
All of Matt’s projects involve the sensitive insertion of modern systems, providing modern technology and environmental control while maintaining the historic integrity of the building and site. He has deep experience partnering with design architects to set the philosophy and concept approach to historic campuses through sensitive additions and new, stand-alone facilities. A number of his projects have received preservation awards.
Matt has taught at the University of Maryland Historic Preservation Program and shares his expertise through presentations for the Association for Preservation Technology and the Traditional Building Conference. His projects include U.S. Supreme Court Building, Birch Bayh Federal Office Building, and the United Nations Headquarters.
EYP, in conjunction with a design/build contractor, provided design for a new 10-acre embassy compound consisting of a chancery and office building, a support annex and high bay storage warehouse, a Marine Security Guard Quarters, recreation facilities, three compound access control facilities, a five generator utility building, staff parking, visitor parking, canopies and related site development. The compound will provide a safe, secure and functional facility for desk employees who will work at the embassy.
Burundi’s landlocked location and violence, unrest and instability placed technically challenging requirements on design. The complex is designed with 100% prime power, including diesel generators, buried fuel tanks, and photovoltaic panels, and incorporates sun shading and other design features that reduce the complex’s need for heating and cooling power. High security technology, access control and blast requirements are all incorporated. Design specifications were tailored to accommodate the remote land-locked location: all materials could be shipped in 40’ containers, withstand long travel times, be assembled in the field, and provide efficient space use for shipping. The buildings were cast in place concrete structures.
• 10-acre site
• Three compound access control buildings (CACs) and perimeter walls
• 3- story new office building (NOB)
• 7-bed marine security guard quarters (MSGQ)
• High bay storage warehouse (WHE)
• Five generator utility building (UTL)
• Recreation building (REC) with additional facilities including a pool and half basketball court,
• Parking and canopies for staff and visitor parking
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