is the author of "The Third Industrial Revolution" and has a reputation that speaks for itself.
"In his new book, The Zero Marginal Cost Society, Rifkin uncovers a paradox at the heart of capitalism that has propelled it to greatness but is now slowly taking it to its death—the inherent entrepreneurial dynamism of competitive markets that relentlessly drives productivity up and marginal costs down. (Marginal cost is the cost of producing additional units of a good or service, if fixed costs are not counted.) Now, a formidable new technology infrastructure—the Internet of Things (IoT)—is emerging with the potential of pushing large segments of economic life to near zero marginal cost in the years ahead, making a wide range of goods and services available for nearly free, allowing prosumers to bypass capitalist markets altogether.
Billions of sensors are already being attached to natural resources, production lines, logistics networks, recycling flows, and implanted in homes, offices, stores, vehicles, and even human beings, feeding Big Data into an IoT global neural network. The Big Data is being processed by advanced analytics and turned into predictive algorithms to speed efficiency, dramatically increase productivity, and lower the marginal cost of producing and distributing products and services to near zero across the global economy. As a result, observes Rifkin, profits are beginning to dry up, property rights are weakening, and the conventional notion of economic scarcity is giving way to the possibility of abundance as more and more sectors of the economy are drawn into the zero marginal cost web. The wildcard is insuring data security and the protection of personal privacy in an open, transparent, and globally connected world.
The plummeting of marginal costs is spawning a hybrid economy—part capitalist market and part Collaborative Commons—with far reaching implications for society. Rifkin describes how hundreds of millions of people are already transferring parts of their economic lives to the global Collaborative Commons. “Prosumers” are making and sharing their own information, entertainment, green energy, and 3D-printed products at near zero marginal cost. They are also sharing cars, homes, clothes and other items via social media sites, rentals, redistribution clubs, and cooperatives at low or near zero marginal cost. Students are enrolling in free massive open online courses (MOOCs) that operate at near zero marginal cost. Social entrepreneurs are even bypassing the banking establishment and using crowdfunding to finance humane businesses as well as creating alternative currencies in the fledgling sharing economy. In this new world, social capital is as important as financial capital, access trumps ownership, sustainability supersedes consumerism, cooperation ousts competition, and “exchange value” in the capitalist marketplace is increasingly replaced by “sharable value” on the Collaborative Commons.
Rifkin concludes that capitalism will be with us for the foreseeable future, albeit in an increasingly streamlined role, primarily as an aggregator of network services and solutions, allowing it to flourish as a powerful niche player in the coming era. However, it will no longer reign over the economy by the second half of the 21st Century. We are, Rifkin says, entering a world beyond markets where we are learning how to live together in an increasingly interdependent global Collaborative Commons."
Between 40 and 50 per cent of the adult population in Belgium and Colombia are overweight, reports the Watch 2014.
On the other hand, agribusiness and financial investors are taking control of natural resources and undermining the rights and food sovereignty of local communities and small-scale food producers. Such practices are promoted and condoned by governments in the name of 'development'."
It's based on a 50 year old hypothesis that the disorder is caused by too much dopamine. Both typical and atypical antipsychotics are created to inhibit dopamine receptors.
Big pharma makes billions creating medications that barely work for 20% of the people that take them. They do more to inhibit ones ability to act on the symptoms than actually remove the symptoms themselves..
We have learned in the past 10 years that dopamine over-production is not the cause. Single-bit errors in gene expression that affect the prefrontal cortex (the seat of reason) function, are what seem to cause the disorder. Not an overproduction of dopamine.
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