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Wind Turbine Human Rights Abuses Massachusetts 

Falmouth wind turbines complex, uncharted finacial teritory 

Falmouth Wind Turbine Losses Continue Due To Health Problems

Falmouth residents and thousands statewide living near wind turbines complain of chronic sleep loss, headaches and other symptoms

The Massachusetts Clean Energy Center and Town of Falmouth were aware the turbines generated 110 decibels of noise prior to installation and admitted in an April 2013 staff memo to the MassCEC board of directors the acoustic noise tests for Falmouth Wind 1 were extrapolated.

The news media, politicians and everyone involved  in the installation of megawatt turbines in Massachusetts understand the program is a human health hazard statewide. 

The Massachusetts Clean Energy Center, state and local officials continue to use renewable energy tax money to finace litigation to hide the embarrassment. Twenty one commuities in Massachusetts have neighborhoods turned into prison camps with a wind turbine noise derscribed as torture.   

Two years after the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center approved giving Falmouth up to $1.8 million to offset lost revenue from its controversial wind turbines and help pay litigation costs against wind turbine victims.

Every six months Falmouth Town Meeting Members are asked for hundreds of thousands in tax dollars to pay legal expenses.

At one time recently there were eleven different types of litigation over the turbines in Falmouth alone.  

The Board of Selectmen last year voted to sign two contracts with the MassCEC a quasi-public state agency that will help the town recoup losses because of the turbines’ reduced operation. This year Falmouth Wind I is completly shut down

In the first contract, the town will received a one time, $500,000 grant to cover unplanned maintenance. The wind turbine  reserve account has been depleted due to the reduced operations. 

The second contract modified  the town’s 2009 agreement with MassCEC and reduces the number of renewable energy certificates the town has to provide MassCEC on a yearly basis. 
Each certificate represents one megawatt-hour of electricity generated by the turbine.

The Town of Falmouth was given one million in renewable energy credits in advance to but the loud Falmouth Wind turbine. The town had to deliver a certain number of certificates to the state to repay a $1 million advance that partially funded installing Wind 1.

The Massachusetts Clean Energy Center will  pay more for the renewable energy certificates it does receive: up to $73,000 extra per year under the current operations. That reduces to $65,000 a year, or $975,000 over 15 years, if the town returns to its 16-hour-a-day operation. 

Falmouth Wind 1 is no longer in operation since October 2015

Massachusetts taxpayers are on the hook for  massive litigation payments for taking the health and property rights and  creating a second class group of citizens in Massachusetts 
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WIND TURBINE NEWS MASSACHUSETTS FEB 2016 

 
FALMOUTH BI-ANNUAL WIND TURBINE PAYMENTS DUE APRIL

Every 6 Months Hundreds of Thousands Are Needed For Wind Turbine Attorneys and Money To Pay Court Ordered Shut Downs

Board of Selectmen Agenda 

Board of Selectmen Agenda for: 02-08-2016

Truniciated click link to read entire Agenda 

http://www.falmouthmass.us/agenda.php?depkey=selectmen&number=7796

TOWN OF FALMOUTH, BOARD OF SELECTMEN
AGENDA
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2016 – 6:00 P.M.
SELECTMEN’S MEETING ROOM

6:00 p.m. EXECUTIVE SESSION
2. M.G.L. c.30A s.21(a)(3) – Litigation – Wind Turbine Litigation, Andersen Case

8:15 p.m. BUSINESS
6. Vote Articles and Execute Warrant – April 2016 Annual Town Meeting and Special Town Meeting

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------COMMENTARY :

A wind turbine article will surely appear on the warrant for Town Meeting or Special Town Meeting April 4 and 5 , 2016.

There may in fact be multiple articles. 

Falmouth wind turbine number one has been shut down since October of 2015. 

The Town of Falmouth faces multiple lawsuits over the wind turbines and one of which could be heard within the next few weeks in Barnstable Superior Court. 

The Falmouth Select Board will start warrant deliberations Monday February 8, 2016. Every six months for years Town Meeting has been asked to tackle this ongoing problem.

Taxpayers are going to keep on paying . The original purchase price of two Vestas V 82 commercial megawatt wind turbines purchased by the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center in 2004 was 5.2 million.

The litigation of the turbines and negotiations has surely surpassed the origanal purchase price. A failure in basic economics (101)

Here is a safe bet for the April 2016 Town Meeting Members :

A . An article to appropriate the transfer of money to the town’s energy receipts reserve to cover costs incurred by stopping Wind 1.

B. An article seeking to increase the town’s legal budget, due to labor and wind turbine litigation expenses. 

Notwithstanding this heavy wind tax burden every six months, the political elites in Falmouth have previously put forward numerous proposals to raise taxes even higher., Apparently, it has never occurred to them that perhaps they should address the endemic waste, fraud and abuse that permeates all levels of government. 

More than 45 Falmouth residents have complained to the town’s Board of Selectmen about a noise described as torture. The Falmouth wind turbines have blown up a political storm in Massachusetts that has resonated throughout the wind energy industry worldwide. 

The Falmouth residential home owners are the original stakeholders. Massachusetts made a catastrophic mistake placing commercial megawatt wind turbines too close to residential homes 

With residential home owners and landowners increasingly resistant to energy projects in their proverbial backyards, law suits alleging nuisance are on the rise. Commercial megawatt wind turbine projects are not immune. 

Public nuisance claims continue to appear in environmental lawsuits. Massachusetts residents describe wind turbine noise as torture.

State Constitutional Law Environmental plaintiffs may invoke state constitutional provisions about the environment more frequently after Massachusetts created a second class group of citizens living far too close to wind turbines.

Dismantle the turbines, stop the mounting financial catastrophe
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Bill Carson

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Massachusetts : Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy

http://patch.com/massachusetts/falmouth/wind-turbine-noise-complaint-predictions-made-easy-2
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy
Large wind turbines produce loud noise levels that travel thousands of feet and could not comply with existing town bylaw noise limits.
Falmouth, Massachusetts 
By  (Open Post) -  February 4, 2016 8:42 am ET 

Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy


Credit :
by Steve Ambrose and Rob Rand
Introduction
The public response to wind turbines operating in a number of Massachusetts coastal communities have been greeted with a mixed response. A series of one-page articles have been written based on the acoustic investigations and research by Robert Rand and Stephen Ambrose. They are career-long friends and colleagues dating back to 1981 when they both worked as noise control engineers for Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation in Boston, Massachusetts. Currently, they are independent acousticians working in Maine.
There should be no wind turbine complaints about noise with today’s knowledge and instrument capabilities. They have never investigated a noise problem where the public has been so vocal about ruined lives and home abandonment. Why are neighbors complaining about wind turbines? Why are regulatory officials unable to protect public health and well-being. The following is written to help answer these two-questions. (Click to view a PDF version of the four one-page articles).
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 1
Acousticians have known for decades how to predict the community reaction to a new noise source. Wind turbine consultants have chosen not to predict the community reaction as they have previously done for other community noise sources. If they had, there would be far fewer wind turbine sites with neighbors complaining loudly about excessive noise and adverse health impacts.
In 1974, the USEPA published a methodology that can predict the community reaction to a new noise. A simple chart can be used that shows the community reactions (y-axis) versus noise level (x-axis). This chart was developed from 55 community noise case studies (black squares). The baseline noise levels include adjustments for the existing ambient, prior noise experience, and sound character. The predicted wind turbine noise level is plotted on the ‘x-axis’ and the predicted community reaction is determined by the highest reaction, indicated by the black squares. Here are some examples: 32 dBA no reaction andsporadic complaints, 37 dBAwidespread complaints, 45 dBA strong appeals to stop noise and 54 dBAvigorous community action, the highest.
ambrose2013part1graphic.png?w=300&h=213

The International Standards Organization (ISO) determined that 25 dBA represents a rural nighttime environment. The World Health Organization (WHO) found that noise below 30 dBA had no observed effect level (NOEL) and 40 dBA represented the lowest observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) for noise sources that excluded wind turbines. Wind turbines produce strong low frequency energy that may reduce the WHO cautionary levels by 5 dB, thereby showing closer agreement with the 33 dBA recommendations.
Pederson & Waye (2004) research found that when wind turbine noise levels reached 35 dBA, 6% of the population was highly annoyed, and this rapidly increased to 25% at 40 dBA. Independent researchers recommend that noise levels should not exceed 33 dBA, which is near the upper limit for sporadic complaints, or a maximum increase of 5 dB, whichever is more stringent.
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 2
People react in a predictable manner to changes in sound level and frequency content caused by a new noise source. Wind turbines are the cause for numerous complaints about excessive noise and adverse health effects. These complaints will continue to be a public health hazard as long as modern acoustic instruments are used without a person listening to identify the sound sources or by manipulating computer prediction models to provide acceptable results. Wind turbine predictions are based on meeting a specific noise level. Regulatory boards and agencies are not assessing noise levels consistent with how people hear.
ambrose2013part2graphic.png?w=300&h=188

The wind turbines at Falmouth Massachusetts clearly show why there are so many neighbors complaining. An effective way to evaluate a sound source is by comparing the ON operation to OFF. The graph shows wind turbine ON fluctuates from 35 to 46 dBA and when OFF decreases to 27 dBA.
More from Falmouth Patch
4-6 Inches of Snow Forecast for Falmouth
Armed Robbery Near Sagamore Bridge
Filing Taxes? BBB Offers Tips to Avoid Tax Identity Theft
Using the USEPA (1974) community noise assessment methodology adjusted for a quiet area, the predicted public reaction for wind turbine noise indicates widespread complaints andthreats of legal action, as shown by the shaded box. Massachusetts DEP noise regulation limits the wind turbine ON maximum levels to no more than 10 dB above the ambient background (L90, exceeded 90% of the time) when OFF. The sound level increase is 19 dB for wind turbine operation.
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 3
Sleep interruption and disturbance indicates the real potential for causing significant public harm from nearby wind turbines. A peer-reviewed research paper has investigated residents living near GE 1.5 MW wind turbines. Dr. Michael Nissenbaum, Jeffrey Aramini and Christopher Hanning published “Effects of industrial wind turbine noise on sleep and health” in the peer-reviewed bi-monthly journal Noise & Health, September-October 2012.
The study focused on sleep quality as defined by the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), daytime sleepiness by Epworth Sleepiness Score (ESS), and general health according to SF36 ver2; Mental Component Score(MSC) and Physical Component Score (PSC). Residents received questionnaires based on participant-inclusion criteria for individuals living within 1.5-km (4921-ft) of the nearest 1.5 MW wind turbine(s). Baseline random samples were collected from residents living 3 to 7 km (9840 to 22,965-ft) away. The study conclusion has a strong recommendation for a separation distance of 1.4-km (4593-ft) away from a 1.5 MW wind turbine. This would be especially true for wind turbines located in quiet environments.
ambrose2013part3graphic.png?w=300&h=248

An aerial photo shows the locations of Falmouth’s Wind 1, 2 and NOTUS turbines as red pins. The above sleep study-recommended separation distance of nearly 4600 ft is shown as red circles. The Falmouth Board of Health’s health study (June 11, 2012) confirms the sleep study’s conclusion for complaints inside the red circles with yellow pins inside.
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 4
Wind turbine developers promote wind energy for financial benefit for communities when they are built on municipally-owned properties as in Falmouth, Kingston, Scituate and Fairhaven. In return, towns relax their bylaw restrictions to permit loud industrial-type noise sources on municipal land often near quiet residential areas. Town planners approve wind turbine development without performing proper reviews as required in the bylaws. Towns understand they can build a municipal project in any land use zone. However, these projects still need to comply with the zoning bylaws.
Zoning bylaws are enacted to control community development to minimize conflicts between abutting land uses. Industrial and commercial development often produces more traffic, noise, smoke, odors, etc. than residential use. Industrial and commercial facilities are limited to districts with large lots and setback distances. Residential district restrictions protect neighbors’ expectations for peace, tranquility and protection of public health and wellbeing.
Bylaws are implemented to provide guidance to town officials and regulatory boards. Public officials are required to perform their duties in a consistent manner. Boards review new developments for appropriate economics, engineering and environmental impacts. Decisions can become emotional when there are disputed considerations for public good versus public harm. Boards are required to enforce their bylaws and should not alter rules, grant waivers or create amendments to benefit a project under consideration.
Too many towns have adopted changes to encourage wind turbine development, changes which were later proven detrimental to public health, safety and wellbeing. Large wind turbines produce loud noise levels that travel thousands of feet and could not comply with existing town bylaw noise limits.
Source : http://windwisema.org/wind-turbine-noise-complaint-predictions-made-easy/
Falmouth, MA - Large wind turbines produce loud noise levels that travel thousands of feet and could not comply with existing town bylaw noise limits. | Patch
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Bill Carson

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Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy

http://patch.com/massachusetts/falmouth/wind-turbine-noise-complaint-predictions-made-easy-2
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy
Large wind turbines produce loud noise levels that travel thousands of feet and could not comply with existing town bylaw noise limits.
Falmouth, Massachusetts 
By  (Open Post) -  February 4, 2016 8:42 am ET 

Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy


Credit :
by Steve Ambrose and Rob Rand
Introduction
The public response to wind turbines operating in a number of Massachusetts coastal communities have been greeted with a mixed response. A series of one-page articles have been written based on the acoustic investigations and research by Robert Rand and Stephen Ambrose. They are career-long friends and colleagues dating back to 1981 when they both worked as noise control engineers for Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation in Boston, Massachusetts. Currently, they are independent acousticians working in Maine.
There should be no wind turbine complaints about noise with today’s knowledge and instrument capabilities. They have never investigated a noise problem where the public has been so vocal about ruined lives and home abandonment. Why are neighbors complaining about wind turbines? Why are regulatory officials unable to protect public health and well-being. The following is written to help answer these two-questions. (Click to view a PDF version of the four one-page articles).
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 1
Acousticians have known for decades how to predict the community reaction to a new noise source. Wind turbine consultants have chosen not to predict the community reaction as they have previously done for other community noise sources. If they had, there would be far fewer wind turbine sites with neighbors complaining loudly about excessive noise and adverse health impacts.
In 1974, the USEPA published a methodology that can predict the community reaction to a new noise. A simple chart can be used that shows the community reactions (y-axis) versus noise level (x-axis). This chart was developed from 55 community noise case studies (black squares). The baseline noise levels include adjustments for the existing ambient, prior noise experience, and sound character. The predicted wind turbine noise level is plotted on the ‘x-axis’ and the predicted community reaction is determined by the highest reaction, indicated by the black squares. Here are some examples: 32 dBA no reaction andsporadic complaints, 37 dBAwidespread complaints, 45 dBA strong appeals to stop noise and 54 dBAvigorous community action, the highest.
ambrose2013part1graphic.png?w=300&h=213

The International Standards Organization (ISO) determined that 25 dBA represents a rural nighttime environment. The World Health Organization (WHO) found that noise below 30 dBA had no observed effect level (NOEL) and 40 dBA represented the lowest observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) for noise sources that excluded wind turbines. Wind turbines produce strong low frequency energy that may reduce the WHO cautionary levels by 5 dB, thereby showing closer agreement with the 33 dBA recommendations.
Pederson & Waye (2004) research found that when wind turbine noise levels reached 35 dBA, 6% of the population was highly annoyed, and this rapidly increased to 25% at 40 dBA. Independent researchers recommend that noise levels should not exceed 33 dBA, which is near the upper limit for sporadic complaints, or a maximum increase of 5 dB, whichever is more stringent.
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 2
People react in a predictable manner to changes in sound level and frequency content caused by a new noise source. Wind turbines are the cause for numerous complaints about excessive noise and adverse health effects. These complaints will continue to be a public health hazard as long as modern acoustic instruments are used without a person listening to identify the sound sources or by manipulating computer prediction models to provide acceptable results. Wind turbine predictions are based on meeting a specific noise level. Regulatory boards and agencies are not assessing noise levels consistent with how people hear.
ambrose2013part2graphic.png?w=300&h=188

The wind turbines at Falmouth Massachusetts clearly show why there are so many neighbors complaining. An effective way to evaluate a sound source is by comparing the ON operation to OFF. The graph shows wind turbine ON fluctuates from 35 to 46 dBA and when OFF decreases to 27 dBA.
More from Falmouth Patch
4-6 Inches of Snow Forecast for Falmouth
Armed Robbery Near Sagamore Bridge
Filing Taxes? BBB Offers Tips to Avoid Tax Identity Theft
Using the USEPA (1974) community noise assessment methodology adjusted for a quiet area, the predicted public reaction for wind turbine noise indicates widespread complaints andthreats of legal action, as shown by the shaded box. Massachusetts DEP noise regulation limits the wind turbine ON maximum levels to no more than 10 dB above the ambient background (L90, exceeded 90% of the time) when OFF. The sound level increase is 19 dB for wind turbine operation.
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 3
Sleep interruption and disturbance indicates the real potential for causing significant public harm from nearby wind turbines. A peer-reviewed research paper has investigated residents living near GE 1.5 MW wind turbines. Dr. Michael Nissenbaum, Jeffrey Aramini and Christopher Hanning published “Effects of industrial wind turbine noise on sleep and health” in the peer-reviewed bi-monthly journal Noise & Health, September-October 2012.
The study focused on sleep quality as defined by the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), daytime sleepiness by Epworth Sleepiness Score (ESS), and general health according to SF36 ver2; Mental Component Score(MSC) and Physical Component Score (PSC). Residents received questionnaires based on participant-inclusion criteria for individuals living within 1.5-km (4921-ft) of the nearest 1.5 MW wind turbine(s). Baseline random samples were collected from residents living 3 to 7 km (9840 to 22,965-ft) away. The study conclusion has a strong recommendation for a separation distance of 1.4-km (4593-ft) away from a 1.5 MW wind turbine. This would be especially true for wind turbines located in quiet environments.
ambrose2013part3graphic.png?w=300&h=248

An aerial photo shows the locations of Falmouth’s Wind 1, 2 and NOTUS turbines as red pins. The above sleep study-recommended separation distance of nearly 4600 ft is shown as red circles. The Falmouth Board of Health’s health study (June 11, 2012) confirms the sleep study’s conclusion for complaints inside the red circles with yellow pins inside.
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 4
Wind turbine developers promote wind energy for financial benefit for communities when they are built on municipally-owned properties as in Falmouth, Kingston, Scituate and Fairhaven. In return, towns relax their bylaw restrictions to permit loud industrial-type noise sources on municipal land often near quiet residential areas. Town planners approve wind turbine development without performing proper reviews as required in the bylaws. Towns understand they can build a municipal project in any land use zone. However, these projects still need to comply with the zoning bylaws.
Zoning bylaws are enacted to control community development to minimize conflicts between abutting land uses. Industrial and commercial development often produces more traffic, noise, smoke, odors, etc. than residential use. Industrial and commercial facilities are limited to districts with large lots and setback distances. Residential district restrictions protect neighbors’ expectations for peace, tranquility and protection of public health and wellbeing.
Bylaws are implemented to provide guidance to town officials and regulatory boards. Public officials are required to perform their duties in a consistent manner. Boards review new developments for appropriate economics, engineering and environmental impacts. Decisions can become emotional when there are disputed considerations for public good versus public harm. Boards are required to enforce their bylaws and should not alter rules, grant waivers or create amendments to benefit a project under consideration.
Too many towns have adopted changes to encourage wind turbine development, changes which were later proven detrimental to public health, safety and wellbeing. Large wind turbines produce loud noise levels that travel thousands of feet and could not comply with existing town bylaw noise limits.
Source : http://windwisema.org/wind-turbine-noise-complaint-predictions-made-easy/
Falmouth, MA - Large wind turbines produce loud noise levels that travel thousands of feet and could not comply with existing town bylaw noise limits. | Patch
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CARBON CREDITOR SHOVES FALMOUTH TAXPAYER

A wind turbine article will surely appear on the warrant for Town Meeting or Special Town Meeting April 4 and 5 , 2016.

There may in fact be multiple articles. 

Falmouth wind turbine number one has been shut down since October of 2015. 

The Town of Falmouth faces multiple lawsuits over the wind turbines and one of which could be heard within the next few weeks in Barnstable Superior Court. 

The Falmouth Select Board will start warrant deliberations Monday February 8, 2016. Every six months for years Town Meeting has been asked to tackle this ongoing problem.

Taxpayers are going to keep on paying . The original purchase price of two Vestas V 82 commercial megawatt wind turbines purchased by the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center in 2004 was 5.2 million.

The litigation of the turbines and negotiations has surely surpassed the origanal purchase price. A failure in basic economics (101)

Here is a safe bet for the April 2016 Town Meeting Members :

A . An article to appropriate the transfer of money to the town’s energy receipts reserve to cover costs incurred by stopping Wind 1.

B. An article seeking to increase the town’s legal budget, due to labor and wind turbine litigation expenses. 

Notwithstanding this heavy wind tax burden every six months, the political elites in Falmouth have previously put forward numerous proposals to raise taxes even higher., Apparently, it has never occurred to them that perhaps they should address the endemic waste, fraud and abuse that permeates all levels of government. 

More than 45 Falmouth residents have complained to the town’s Board of Selectmen about a noise described as torture. The Falmouth wind turbines have blown up a political storm in Massachusetts that has resonated throughout the wind energy industry worldwide. 

The Falmouth residential home owners are the original stakeholders. Massachusetts made a catastrophic mistake placing commercial megawatt wind turbines too close to residential homes 

Dismantle the turbines, stop the mounting financial catastrophe
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Bill Carson

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Falmouth, MA - Every 6 Months Hundreds of Thousands Are Needed For Wind Turbine Attorneys and Money To Pay Court Ordered Shut Downs. | Patch
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Bill Carson

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FALMOUTH BI-ANNUAL WIND TURBINE PAYMENTS DUE APRIL

Every 6 Months Hundreds of Thousands Are Needed For Wind Turbine Attorneys and Money To Pay Court Ordered Shut Downs

Board of Selectmen Agenda 

Board of Selectmen Agenda for: 02-08-2016

Truniciated click link to read entire Agenda 

http://www.falmouthmass.us/agenda.php?depkey=selectmen&number=7796

TOWN OF FALMOUTH, BOARD OF SELECTMEN
AGENDA
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 2016 – 6:00 P.M.
SELECTMEN’S MEETING ROOM

6:00 p.m. EXECUTIVE SESSION
2. M.G.L. c.30A s.21(a)(3) – Litigation – Wind Turbine Litigation, Andersen Case

8:15 p.m. BUSINESS
6. Vote Articles and Execute Warrant – April 2016 Annual Town Meeting and Special Town Meeting

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------COMMENTARY :

A wind turbine article will surely appear on the warrant for Town Meeting or Special Town Meeting April 4 and 5 , 2016.

There may in fact be multiple articles. 

Falmouth wind turbine number one has been shut down since October of 2015. 

The Town of Falmouth faces multiple lawsuits over the wind turbines and one of which could be heard within the next few weeks in Barnstable Superior Court. 

The Falmouth Select Board will start warrant deliberations Monday February 8, 2016. Every six months for years Town Meeting has been asked to tackle this ongoing problem.

Taxpayers are going to keep on paying . The original purchase price of two Vestas V 82 commercial megawatt wind turbines purchased by the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center in 2004 was 5.2 million.

The litigation of the turbines and negotiations has surely surpassed the origanal purchase price. A failure in basic economics (101)

Here is a safe bet for the April 2016 Town Meeting Members :

A . An article to appropriate the transfer of money to the town’s energy receipts reserve to cover costs incurred by stopping Wind 1.

B. An article seeking to increase the town’s legal budget, due to labor and wind turbine litigation expenses. 

Notwithstanding this heavy wind tax burden every six months, the political elites in Falmouth have previously put forward numerous proposals to raise taxes even higher., Apparently, it has never occurred to them that perhaps they should address the endemic waste, fraud and abuse that permeates all levels of government. 

More than 45 Falmouth residents have complained to the town’s Board of Selectmen about a noise described as torture. The Falmouth wind turbines have blown up a political storm in Massachusetts that has resonated throughout the wind energy industry worldwide. 

The Falmouth residential home owners are the original stakeholders. Massachusetts made a catastrophic mistake placing commercial megawatt wind turbines too close to residential homes 

With residential home owners and landowners increasingly resistant to energy projects in their proverbial backyards, law suits alleging nuisance are on the rise. Commercial megawatt wind turbine projects are not immune. 

Public nuisance claims continue to appear in environmental lawsuits. Massachusetts residents describe wind turbine noise as torture.

State Constitutional Law Environmental plaintiffs may invoke state constitutional provisions about the environment more frequently after Massachusetts created a second class group of citizens living far too close to wind turbines.

Dismantle the turbines, stop the mounting financial catastrophe
1
Add a comment...

Bill Carson

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Falmouth Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy

http://patch.com/massachusetts/falmouth/wind-turbine-noise-complaint-predictions-made-easy-2
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy
Large wind turbines produce loud noise levels that travel thousands of feet and could not comply with existing town bylaw noise limits.
Falmouth, Massachusetts 
By  (Open Post) -  February 4, 2016 8:42 am ET 

Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy


Credit :
by Steve Ambrose and Rob Rand
Introduction
The public response to wind turbines operating in a number of Massachusetts coastal communities have been greeted with a mixed response. A series of one-page articles have been written based on the acoustic investigations and research by Robert Rand and Stephen Ambrose. They are career-long friends and colleagues dating back to 1981 when they both worked as noise control engineers for Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation in Boston, Massachusetts. Currently, they are independent acousticians working in Maine.
There should be no wind turbine complaints about noise with today’s knowledge and instrument capabilities. They have never investigated a noise problem where the public has been so vocal about ruined lives and home abandonment. Why are neighbors complaining about wind turbines? Why are regulatory officials unable to protect public health and well-being. The following is written to help answer these two-questions. (Click to view a PDF version of the four one-page articles).
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 1
Acousticians have known for decades how to predict the community reaction to a new noise source. Wind turbine consultants have chosen not to predict the community reaction as they have previously done for other community noise sources. If they had, there would be far fewer wind turbine sites with neighbors complaining loudly about excessive noise and adverse health impacts.
In 1974, the USEPA published a methodology that can predict the community reaction to a new noise. A simple chart can be used that shows the community reactions (y-axis) versus noise level (x-axis). This chart was developed from 55 community noise case studies (black squares). The baseline noise levels include adjustments for the existing ambient, prior noise experience, and sound character. The predicted wind turbine noise level is plotted on the ‘x-axis’ and the predicted community reaction is determined by the highest reaction, indicated by the black squares. Here are some examples: 32 dBA no reaction andsporadic complaints, 37 dBAwidespread complaints, 45 dBA strong appeals to stop noise and 54 dBAvigorous community action, the highest.
ambrose2013part1graphic.png?w=300&h=213

The International Standards Organization (ISO) determined that 25 dBA represents a rural nighttime environment. The World Health Organization (WHO) found that noise below 30 dBA had no observed effect level (NOEL) and 40 dBA represented the lowest observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) for noise sources that excluded wind turbines. Wind turbines produce strong low frequency energy that may reduce the WHO cautionary levels by 5 dB, thereby showing closer agreement with the 33 dBA recommendations.
Pederson & Waye (2004) research found that when wind turbine noise levels reached 35 dBA, 6% of the population was highly annoyed, and this rapidly increased to 25% at 40 dBA. Independent researchers recommend that noise levels should not exceed 33 dBA, which is near the upper limit for sporadic complaints, or a maximum increase of 5 dB, whichever is more stringent.
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 2
People react in a predictable manner to changes in sound level and frequency content caused by a new noise source. Wind turbines are the cause for numerous complaints about excessive noise and adverse health effects. These complaints will continue to be a public health hazard as long as modern acoustic instruments are used without a person listening to identify the sound sources or by manipulating computer prediction models to provide acceptable results. Wind turbine predictions are based on meeting a specific noise level. Regulatory boards and agencies are not assessing noise levels consistent with how people hear.
ambrose2013part2graphic.png?w=300&h=188

The wind turbines at Falmouth Massachusetts clearly show why there are so many neighbors complaining. An effective way to evaluate a sound source is by comparing the ON operation to OFF. The graph shows wind turbine ON fluctuates from 35 to 46 dBA and when OFF decreases to 27 dBA.
More from Falmouth Patch
4-6 Inches of Snow Forecast for Falmouth
Armed Robbery Near Sagamore Bridge
Filing Taxes? BBB Offers Tips to Avoid Tax Identity Theft
Using the USEPA (1974) community noise assessment methodology adjusted for a quiet area, the predicted public reaction for wind turbine noise indicates widespread complaints andthreats of legal action, as shown by the shaded box. Massachusetts DEP noise regulation limits the wind turbine ON maximum levels to no more than 10 dB above the ambient background (L90, exceeded 90% of the time) when OFF. The sound level increase is 19 dB for wind turbine operation.
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 3
Sleep interruption and disturbance indicates the real potential for causing significant public harm from nearby wind turbines. A peer-reviewed research paper has investigated residents living near GE 1.5 MW wind turbines. Dr. Michael Nissenbaum, Jeffrey Aramini and Christopher Hanning published “Effects of industrial wind turbine noise on sleep and health” in the peer-reviewed bi-monthly journal Noise & Health, September-October 2012.
The study focused on sleep quality as defined by the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), daytime sleepiness by Epworth Sleepiness Score (ESS), and general health according to SF36 ver2; Mental Component Score(MSC) and Physical Component Score (PSC). Residents received questionnaires based on participant-inclusion criteria for individuals living within 1.5-km (4921-ft) of the nearest 1.5 MW wind turbine(s). Baseline random samples were collected from residents living 3 to 7 km (9840 to 22,965-ft) away. The study conclusion has a strong recommendation for a separation distance of 1.4-km (4593-ft) away from a 1.5 MW wind turbine. This would be especially true for wind turbines located in quiet environments.
ambrose2013part3graphic.png?w=300&h=248

An aerial photo shows the locations of Falmouth’s Wind 1, 2 and NOTUS turbines as red pins. The above sleep study-recommended separation distance of nearly 4600 ft is shown as red circles. The Falmouth Board of Health’s health study (June 11, 2012) confirms the sleep study’s conclusion for complaints inside the red circles with yellow pins inside.
Wind Turbine Noise Complaint Predictions Made Easy – Part 4
Wind turbine developers promote wind energy for financial benefit for communities when they are built on municipally-owned properties as in Falmouth, Kingston, Scituate and Fairhaven. In return, towns relax their bylaw restrictions to permit loud industrial-type noise sources on municipal land often near quiet residential areas. Town planners approve wind turbine development without performing proper reviews as required in the bylaws. Towns understand they can build a municipal project in any land use zone. However, these projects still need to comply with the zoning bylaws.
Zoning bylaws are enacted to control community development to minimize conflicts between abutting land uses. Industrial and commercial development often produces more traffic, noise, smoke, odors, etc. than residential use. Industrial and commercial facilities are limited to districts with large lots and setback distances. Residential district restrictions protect neighbors’ expectations for peace, tranquility and protection of public health and wellbeing.
Bylaws are implemented to provide guidance to town officials and regulatory boards. Public officials are required to perform their duties in a consistent manner. Boards review new developments for appropriate economics, engineering and environmental impacts. Decisions can become emotional when there are disputed considerations for public good versus public harm. Boards are required to enforce their bylaws and should not alter rules, grant waivers or create amendments to benefit a project under consideration.
Too many towns have adopted changes to encourage wind turbine development, changes which were later proven detrimental to public health, safety and wellbeing. Large wind turbines produce loud noise levels that travel thousands of feet and could not comply with existing town bylaw noise limits.
Source : http://windwisema.org/wind-turbine-noise-complaint-predictions-made-easy/
Falmouth, MA - Large wind turbines produce loud noise levels that travel thousands of feet and could not comply with existing town bylaw noise limits. | Patch
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Falmouth, MA - Large wind turbines produce loud noise levels that travel thousands of feet and could not comply with existing town bylaw noise limits. | Patch
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Falmouth, MA - Dismantle the turbines, stop the mounting financial catastrophe | Patch
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New Bedford Ocean Wind Turbine Port Headed To 200 Million Is the New Bedford Marine Commerce Terminal ocean wind turbine port headed to 200 million ? If it is the public is never going to find out that's for sure. How many hundreds of millions is it going to cost ? The final cost of the New Bedford Marine Commerce Terminal is lost from public view for some reason. The New Bedford ocean wind turbine port was announced in 2010 by Governor Patrick at around 35 million. Today 6 months prior to the completion of the local terminal rumor has it that the project is already way over budget because of cost overruns. The project is nearing 100 million today with December being the completion date. The Massachusetts Clean Energy Center Senior Director of Offshore Wind has commented on the project but has never disclosed where the finances are on the project today. The Massachusetts Clean Energy Center is in charge of the project. Governor Patrick appears to be pushing for completion of the project by the end of the year at any cost. At any cost to who ? Where is all the extra money coming from to complete this project by the end of the year ? Why all the extra money to get the project done by December if Quonset Point ,Rhode Island is the construction port for Cape Wind ? The local spokesman for the New Bedford Wind Energy Center said that their is nothing being built like the New Bedford Marine Commerce Terminal to compete with the New Bedford Port. He is correct but Quonset Point, Rhode Island has already been built and is complete with crane service. Quonset Point, RI is the permitted construction base for Cape Wind. Richard J. Sullivan Jr., secretary of energy and environmental affairs told a house bonding committee that Cape Wind was going to do all the construction from the 200 million dollar wind turbine port In addition to New Bedford a wind turbine blade testing facility in Charlestown was built at a cost of around 40 million dollars two years ago. The Massachusetts Clean Energy Center also built the Charlestown facility.The wind turbine blade testing facility has only tested one large blade and the manufacturers name was not disclosed. The terminal has been idle. Cape Wind signed a lease with Quonset Point, Rhode Island. - Massachusetts Clean Energy Center CEO Alicia Barton said the port will transport fruit, sand and heavy industrial boilers rather than wind turbines . Massachusetts officials need to be brought up on RICO, Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations charges.
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