Every organisation has someone at the head to lead everyone else. Orthodox Christians can trace the people who lead the Church from the Apostle St Andrew right through to the present day.  Orthodox Christians value the fact that we have a direct descent of leadership from the Apostle St Andrew to the present Ecumenical Patriarch.

This is the of list them.

Close observers will read that there is period of history where those who held the position of authority changed frequently and in some cases the position was held by more than one person. The background to this refers to a time where the Turks under the Ottoman empire found it was a good way to raise revenue by exiling key political figures (including those in the church) and then charging a fee for them to hold take their position. Sometimes they used this corrupt practice with such frequency there was some confusion as to who was in charge, but such was the determination of the church to make sure there was some continuity that great efforts were made to keep someone enthroned, and if it meant that there were two holding such a title it were better than than none at all.  Thankfully such corruption is long behind us and the Turks no longer cause such problems!


Andrew the Apostle
Stachys the Apostle  38-54
Onesimus  54-68
Polycarp   I71-89
Plutarch  89-105
Sedekion  105-114
Diogenes  114-129
Eleutherius  129-136
Felix 136-141
Polycarp II  141-144
Athenodorus (Athenogenes)  144-148
Efzois  148-154
Laurence  154-166
Alympius (Olympius)  166-169
Pertinax  169-187
Olympian  187-198
Mark  I  198-211
Philadelphus  211-217
Cyriacus   I214-230
Castinus  230-237
Eugenius 1  240-265
Titus  242-272
Dometius--Rufinus I 284-293
Probus  303-315
Metrophanes   I306-314
Alexander  314-337
Paul I  337-339, 341-342, 346-351
Eusebius of Nicomedia  339-342
Macedonius I  342-346, 351-360
Eudoxius (of Antioch)  360-370
Evagrius  370
Demophilus  370-380
Gregory I of Nazianzen  379-381
Maximus the Cynic  380
Nectarius  381-397
John I Chrysostom  398-404
Arsacius  404-405
Atticus  406-425
Sisinius  426-427
Nestorius  428-431
Maximian  431-434
Proclus  434-446
Flavian  446-449
Anatolius  449-458
Gennadios   I458-471
Acacius  472-489
Fravitas  489
Euphemius  489-495
Macedonius II  495-511
Timothy I  511-518
John II  518-520
Epiphanius  520-535
Anthimos I  535-536
Menas  536-552
Eutychius  552-565, 577-582
John III the Scholastic  565-577
John IV the Fasting  585-595
Cyriacus (Cyril)  595-606
Thomas I  607-610
Sergius I  610-638
Pyrrhos  638-641, 654
Paul II  641-653
Peter  654-666
Thomas II  667-669
John V  669-675
Costantine I  675-677
Theodore I  677-679, 686,687
George I  679-686
Paul III  687-693
Callinicus I  693-705
Cyrus  706-711
John VI  712-714
Germanos I  715-730
Anastasius  730-754
Constantine II  754-766
Nikitas I  766-780
Paul IV  780-784
Tarasios  784-806
Nikiohoros I  806- 815
Theodotos I Kassiteras  815-821
Antonius I Kassimatis  821-836
John VII Grammatikos  836-842
Methodius I  842-846
Ignatius I  846-858, 867-877
Photios I  858-867, 877-886
Stephanos I  886-893
Antonios II Kauleas  893-901
Nicholas I Mysticos  901-907, 912-925
Euthymios I  907-912
Stephanos II 925-928
Tryphon  928-931
Theophylaktos  931-956
Polyeuktos  956-970
Basil I Skamandrinos  970-974
Antonios III the Studite   974-980
Nicholas II Chrysovergis  984-995
Sisinius II 996-999
Sergius II 999-1019
Efstathius 1020-1025
Alexius Stoudite 1025-1043
Michael I Kiroularios 1043-1059
Constantine III Leichoudis  1059-1063
John VIII Xifilinos 1063-1075
Kosmas I of Jerusalem 1075-1081
Efstratius Garidas 1081-1084
Nicholas III the Kyrdiniates 1084-1111
John IX Ieromnemon 1111-1134
Leo Styppis 1134-1143
Michael II the Kourkouas  1143-1146
Kosmas II the Attic 1146-1147
Nicholas IV Mouzalon 1147-1151
Theodotos I  1151-1153
Neophytos I  1153
Constantine IV Chliarinos 1154-1156
Luke Chrysovergis 1156-1169
Michael III  1170-1177
Chariton Eugeniotis  1177-1178
Theodosius II Vorradiotis 1178-1183
Basil II Camateros  1183-1186
Nikitas II Mountanis 1187-1189
Leontius Theotokitis 1189-1190
Theodosius III or Disitheus  1190-1191
George II Xifilinos  1191-1198
John X Camateros  1198-1206
Michael IV Autoreianos  1207-1213
Theodore II the Peaceful 1213-1215
Maximos II 1215
Manuel I Charitopoulos 1215-1222
Germanos II 1222-1240
Methodius II 1240
Manuel II1240-1255
Arsenios Autoreianos  1255-1260, 1261-1267
Νικηφόρος II  1260-1261
Germanos III   1267
Joseph I 1267-1275, 1282-1283
John XI Vekkos 1275-1282
Gregory II 1283-1289
Athanasius I 1289-1293, 1304-1310
John XII 1294-1304
Nifon I 1311-1315
John XIII Sweet 1316-1320
Gerasimos I 1320-1321
Isaias 1323-1334
John XIV Kaletas 1334-1347
Isidore I 1347-1349
Kallistos I 1350-1354, 1355-1363
Philotheos Kokkinos 1354-1355, 1364-1376
Makarios1376-1379, 1390-1391
Neilos 1380-1388
Antonius IV 1389-1390, 1391-1397
Kallistos II Xanthopoulos 1397
Matthew I 1397-1410
Euthymios II 1410-1416
Joseph II 1416-1439
Metrophanes II 1440-1443
Gregory III Mammas 1443-1450
Athanasius II 1450-1453
Gennadios II the Scholar (1st time) 1454-1456
Isidore II1456-1462
Gennadios II (2nd time) 1462
Sophronios I1463-1464
Gennadios II (3rd time) 1464
Joasaph I  1465-1466
Mark II  1466
Symeon I (1st time)  1466
Dionysios I  1467-1471
Symeon I (2nd time)  1471-1475
Raphael I  1475-1476
Maximos III  1476-1481
Symeon I (3rd time)  1482-1486
Nifon II (1st time)  1486-1488
Dionysios I (2nd time)  1488-1490
Maximos IV  1491-1497
Nifon II (2nd time)  1497-1498
Joachim I (1st time)  1498-1502
Nifon II (3rd time)  1502
Pachomios I (1st time)  1503-1504
Joachim I (2nd time)  1504
Pachomios I (2nd time)  1504-1513
Theoliptos I  1513-1522
Jeremias I  1522-1545
Joannicios I  1526
Dionysios II1546-1556
Joasaph II 1556-1565
Metrophanes III (1st time) 1565-1572
Jeremias II (1st time)  1572-1579
Metrophanes III (2nd time) 1579-1580
Jeremias II (2nd time)  1580-1584
Pachomius II 1584-1585
Theoliptos II 1585-1586
Jeremias II (3rd time)  1587-1595
Matthew II (1st time) 1596
Gabriel I 1596
Theopanes I  1597
Meletius I Pigas (overseer) 1597-1598
Matthew II (2nd time) 1598-1602
Neophytos II (1st time) 1602-1603
Matthew II (3rd time) 1603
Raphael II 1603-1607
Neophytos II (2nd time)  1607-1612
Cyril I Lucaris (overseer)  1612
Timothy II  1613-1620
Cyril I (2nd time)  1620-1623
Gregorios IV 1623
Anthimos II 1623
Cyril I (3rd time)  1623-1633
Cyril II (1st time)  1633
Cyril I (4th time)  1633-1634
Athanasius III (1st time)  1634
Cyril I (5th time)  1634-1635
Cyril II (2nd time)  1635-1366
Neophytos III  1636-1637
Cyril I (6th time)  1637-1638
Cyril II (3rd time) 1638-1639
Parthenius I  1639-1644
Parthenius II (1st time)  1644-1646
Joannicius II (1st time)  1646-1648
Parthenius II (2nd time)  1648-1651
Joannicius II (2nd time) 1651-1652
Cyril III (1st time) 1652
Athanasius III (2nd time) 1652
Paisios I (1st time) 1652-1653
Joannicius II (3rd time) 1653-1654
Cyril III (2nd time)  1654
Paisios I (2nd time) 1654-1655
Joannicius II (4th time) 1655-1656
Parthenius III [24 Mar.] 1656-1657
Gabriel II 1657
Parthenius IV (1st time) 1657-1662
Dionysios III  1662-1665
Parthenius IV (2nd time)  1665-1667
Clement  1667
Methodius III  1668-1671
Parthenios IV (3rd time)  1671-1673
Dionysios IV (1st time) 1671-1673
Gerasimos II  1673-1674
Parthenius IV (4th time) 1675-1676
Dionysios IV (2nd time) 1676-1679
Athanasius IV  1679
James (1st time)  1679-1682
Dionysios IV (3rd time) 1682-1684
Parthenius IV (5th time) 1684-1685
James (2nd time)  1685-1686
Dionysios IV (4th time) 1686-1687
James (3rd time)  1687-1688
Callinicus II (1st time)  1688
Neophytos IV  1688-1689
Callinicus II (2nd time)  1689-1693
Dionysios IV (5th time) 1693-1694
Callinicus II (3rd time)  1694-1702
Gabriel III  1702-1707
Neophytos V  1707
Cyprian I (1st time) 1707-1709
Athanasius V  1709-1711
Cyril IV  1711-1713
Cyprian I (2nd time)  1713-1714
Kosmas III  1714-1716
Jeremias III (1st time)  1716-1726
Paisios II (1st time)  1726-1732
Jeremias III (2nd time)  1732-1733
Seraphim I  1733-1734
Neophytos VI (1st time)  1734-1740
Paisios II (2nd time)  1740-1743
Neophytos VI (2nd time)  1743-1744
Paisios II (3rd time) 1744-1748
Cyril V (1st time) 1748-1751
Paisios II (4th time)  1751-1752
Cyril V (2nd time)  1752-1757
Callinicus III 1757
Seraphim II 1757-1761
Joannicios III  1761-1763
Samuel I (1st time)  1763-1768
Meletius II  1768-1769
Theodosios II  1769-1773
Samuel I (2nd time) 1773-1774
Sophronios II 1774-1780
Gabriel IV 1780-1785
Prokopios 1785-1789
Neophytos VII (1st time)  1789-1794
Gerasimos III  1794-1797
Gregory V (1st time)  1797-1798
Neophytos VII (2nd time)  1798-1801
Callinicus IV (1st time)  1801-1806
Gregory V (2nd time) [10 Apr.]  1806-1808
Callinicus IV (2nd time)  1808-1809
Jeremias IV  1809-1813
Cyril VI  1813-1818
Gregory V (3rd time) [10 Apr.]  1818-1821
Eugenius II  1821-1822
Anthimos III  1822-1824
Chrysanthos  1824-1826
Agathangelos  1826-1830
Constantios I  1830-1834
Constantios II   1834-1835
Gregory VI (1st time)  1835-1840
Anthimos IV (1st time)  1840-1841
Anthimos V  1841-1842
Germanos IV (1st time) 1842-1845
Meletius III  1845
Anthimos VI (1st time)  1845-1848
Anthimos IV (2nd time)  1848-1852
Germanos IV (2nd time)  1852-1853
Anthimos VI (2nd time)  1853-1855
Cyril VII 1855-1860
Joachim II (1st time)  1860-1863
Sophronios III  1863-1866
Gregory VI (2nd time)  1867-1871
Anthimos VI (3rd time)  1871-1873
Joachim II (2nd time)  1873-1878
Joachim III (1st time)  1878-1884
Joachim IV  1884-1886
Dionysios V  1887-1891
Neophytos VIII  1891-1894
Anthimos VII   1895-1897
Constantine V  1897-1901
Joachim III (2nd time)  1901-1912
Germanos V  1913-1918
Meletius IV  1921-1923
Gregory VII  1923-1924
Constantine VI  1924-1925
Basil III  1925-1929
Photios II  1929-1935
Benjamin  1936-1946
Maximos V  1946-1948
Athenagoras  1948-1972
Dimitrios 1972-1991
Bartholomew  22.10.1991 to present day
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