Science vs. Technology: What's the Difference?
On a recent +Science on Google+
post that highlighted advances in technology
, a discussion arose on what is science and why it is different from technology. +Jonah Miller
emphasized that the distinction between the two was blurry, but "most scientists draw the line at falsifiability. In other words, if you are investigating an idea that you can prove false, then you might be doing science. This idea was first put forward by Karl Popper. Here's a basic introduction for you:https://explorable.com/falsifiability
Now, is falsifiability all it takes to do science? Most modern scientists would say no. Science also involves a system of checks to make sure that you're not fooling yourself (and you are very easy to fool). This includes things like the peer-review system, keeping careful records, and an emphasis on reproducibility. And by this heuristic, when you build something, like a phone app, with the goal of selling or giving that app away, you're probably not doing science."
The image makes the point: Science involves a question. Technology involves a problem. "It may sound like semantics, but projects following each method start at a different point and with different assumptions. Starting with a question suggests that a project will be constructed as a way to find an answer by performing a test or experiment. Starting with a problem, on the other hand, sets an engineering design project up to find a solution—the development of something that can address the needs of the problem."Image source
: http://www.sciencebuddies.org/blog/2013/09/understanding-the-engineering-design-process.php+Science on Google+