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Nick de Vera
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Among the Lozi of Zambia, Max Gluckman discovered a culture focused on debates with a rich vocabulary to describe the quality (or lack thereof) of someone’s argumentation: kuyungula —to speak on matters without coming to the point kunjongoloka —to wander aw...
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As summarized by someone on Twitter: "the story of Walter Pitts, the homeless teenager who went on to kick off the field of neural networks (the foundations of many ideas in modern AI), and then burned his PhD thesis, and vanished from view."

We read two of the papers mentioned in the article, "A Logical Calculus of Ideas Immanent in Nervous Activity", as well as "What the Frog’s Eye Tells the Frog’s Brain", as part of a history of cognitive science course in my degree. Never knew about the history of the people behind those papers. Nor did I know that a person existed who seems to have been judged by his contemporaries as being even smarter than John von Neumann:

> That winter, Wiener brought Pitts to a conference he organized in Princeton with the mathematician and physicist John von Neumann, who was equally impressed with Pitts’ mind. Thus formed the beginnings of the group who would become known as the cyberneticians, with Wiener, Pitts, McCulloch, Lettvin, and von Neumann its core. And among this rarified group, the formerly homeless runaway stood out. “None of us would think of publishing a paper without his corrections and approval,” McCulloch wrote. “[Pitts] was in no uncertain terms the genius of our group,” said Lettvin.
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title testing
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Mission Impossible becomes real
The best silicone/latex face masks are now capable of reliably fooling almost all people.
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I am using this app to track my heart rate
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Certainly not “superior in some ways to modern trigonometry”
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Recent evolution: North Ronaldsay sheep have evolved in <180 years to eat exclusively seaweed to the point where a grass diet might kill them by copper poisoning, due to an enormous wall (the Sheepdyke) built around the entire island by their ancestors to exile the sheep onto the beaches away from them. Oh, and winter is actually the best season for them to fatten up. (You would hardly believe this if it were a plot point in Game of Thrones...) http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/seaweed-sheep-north-ronaldsay-orkney-festival https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Ronaldsay_sheep

"A primitive breed, part of the North European short-tailed sheep group, and smaller than most modern breeds, North Ronaldsay sheep have evolved in isolation since their arrival on the island, possibly as far back as the Iron Age. There are currently around 3,000 on North Ronaldsay, grazing all along the coastline and eating seaweed at low tide. Aside from the Galapagos marine iguana, they are thought to be the only land animals able to survive solely on seaweed. This is not just a quirk, but the result of necessary evolution. In 1832, the island’s laird, or landowner, cleared the land for more valuable cattle and crops. He banished the sheep to 271 acres of shoreline, encircled by a roughly 13-mile-long stone wall known as the sheepdyke. Left with no choice but to adapt to this new stark environment, the sheep survived by feeding on the abundant seaweed they found. They have remained on the sea-facing side of the dyke ever since, fattening up in winter when storms throw plentiful seaweed onto the shore...The dyke is critical to the survival of the breed. The sheep do eat some grass from time to time, but their bodies have so adapted to their seaweed diet that eating too much can cause copper poisoning (seaweed inhibits copper absorption). The dyke keeps them off the grassy fields inland and also prevents gene-pool pollution through crossbreeding with other types of sheep kept on the island. In-breeding, however, has not been a concern because fertile rams tend to cross the clowjoung boundaries to mate, according to Peter Titley, Secretary of the Orkney Sheep Foundation."
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The simple-minded genetic determinism of ignorant white nationalists is backfiring on them. They are getting genetic tests to prove how Caucasian they are, and very few of them are getting the results they expect. Anthropologist Raymond Firth wrote a long time ago that whenever two populations meet, they may or may not bleed, but they will most certainly breed.

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/white-nationalists-are-flocking-to-genetic-ancestry-tests-with-surprising-results/?WT.mc_id=SA_HLTH_20170822

This raises a potentially effective – and hilarious – way to combat these groups. Show up at their rallies and hand out coupons for 23&Me…or some cheaper site… to get their haplotype inheritance markers tested. At minimum, you’ll roil their pot, isolating the extreme racial purists and getting them acting hateful to many of their own recruits! Even better, some of the marchers may get drawn toward both science and acceptance of complexity, plus identification with more than one simplistic (and actually nonexistent) “European” stock. Heck, talk those Silicon Valley types into doing this in a test somewhere, then see how effective it is. If so, then fund giving spit kits away at every rally!
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