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洪靖(Ching Hung)
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Designing Society with Philosophy of Technology
Designing Society with Philosophy of Technology

120 followers
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Nice Read - No, You Can't Feel Sorry for Everyone - Issue 51: Limits - Nautilus

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Nice Read - Evolutionary Ethics | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Nice Read - 全球化時代的民族寓言:當代中國科幻中的文化政治

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Ello 上的好作品(credit: http://ift.tt/2igTaJ1)
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「从自由软件运动到维基、从暗网再到最近的零网(ZeroNet),都被捆绑上了强烈的技术乌托邦设定。创始人和早期用户们往往是教育良好、熟悉代码的极客,相信网络超越于现实,现实的问题可以利用网络解决。」 ​

【閱讀文摘】
 
"The whole debate about nudging rests on the theory of heuristics and biases. In a nutshell, this theory depicts human agents as deeply and incorrigibly irrational. This irrationality is used to justify nudging: People are saved from the consequences of their irrational choices, often via manipulation of these very same psychological mechanisms."
 
— Diefenbach, S., Kapsner, A., Laschke, M., Niess, J., & Ullrich, D. (2016). Technology for behavior change—potential, challenges, and ethical questions. i-com, 15(2): 200.

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這則新聞有趣,正好凸顯了助推(Nudge)中「預設值」的強力效果。重點不在業者好心或壞心,而在人們往往不假所思活在各種預設值中。

【閱讀文摘】
 
"No one will question the importance of the historical struggle for freedom, through which people have escaped from and weakened or destroyed those who have treated them aversively, but this process of establishing the right to life and liberty has reached the point at which any infringement upon the free movement of the individual is challenged. People claim the right to do as they please—to gamble away a fortune, risk unnecessary danger by not wearing a seatbelt, die an alcoholic, and consume resources and pollute the environment without restriction"
 
— B. F. Skinner (1978). “Human Behavior and Democracy” in Reflections on Behaviors and Society. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, p.6.
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