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洪靖(Ching Hung)
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Designing Society with Philosophy of Technology
Designing Society with Philosophy of Technology

120 followers
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「从自由软件运动到维基、从暗网再到最近的零网(ZeroNet),都被捆绑上了强烈的技术乌托邦设定。创始人和早期用户们往往是教育良好、熟悉代码的极客,相信网络超越于现实,现实的问题可以利用网络解决。」 ​

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"The whole debate about nudging rests on the theory of heuristics and biases. In a nutshell, this theory depicts human agents as deeply and incorrigibly irrational. This irrationality is used to justify nudging: People are saved from the consequences of their irrational choices, often via manipulation of these very same psychological mechanisms."
 
— Diefenbach, S., Kapsner, A., Laschke, M., Niess, J., & Ullrich, D. (2016). Technology for behavior change—potential, challenges, and ethical questions. i-com, 15(2): 200.

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這則新聞有趣,正好凸顯了助推(Nudge)中「預設值」的強力效果。重點不在業者好心或壞心,而在人們往往不假所思活在各種預設值中。

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"No one will question the importance of the historical struggle for freedom, through which people have escaped from and weakened or destroyed those who have treated them aversively, but this process of establishing the right to life and liberty has reached the point at which any infringement upon the free movement of the individual is challenged. People claim the right to do as they please—to gamble away a fortune, risk unnecessary danger by not wearing a seatbelt, die an alcoholic, and consume resources and pollute the environment without restriction"
 
— B. F. Skinner (1978). “Human Behavior and Democracy” in Reflections on Behaviors and Society. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, p.6.

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"生物學家 Anthony Cashmore 也提出相同的結論,表示任何動作,不管看起來有多自由,「直至行動前的幾分之一微秒,都只是反映出生物體的遺傳組成和環境史而已」。除了影響你的外部和內部因素之外,還有什麼能決定你的行動?他表示相信有自由意志的信念就類似於宗教信仰,或是相信荒謬的生機論一樣,這個長期以來就受到駁斥的概念主張構成生物體的物質具有一些不同的物理特性。"
 
— Matt Ridly 著,王惟芬譯(2016),《無所不在的演化:如何以廣義的演化論建立真正科學的世界觀》。台北:商周,頁 185。

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荷蘭國王也太可愛啦!說不定我搭過他開的歐洲線 😂😂😂

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這周在阿姆斯特丹參加研討會,主辦單位準備的點心時間未免也擺得太可愛 😂
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吃太多是因為意志力不足嗎?與其加強意志力,不如改善行為環境 :) (更換盤子中)

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這篇寫得好動人 T.T(再找時間去一趟米菲博物館好了)

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這個星期就要投票了!荷蘭會是歐洲「川普化」的第一槍嗎?
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