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FREE ARTICLES FROM APA JOURNALS: You can now find recently published, freely available articles from APA Journals all on one page. Browse by categories that feature the various subdisciplines of psychology covered by over 90 APA journals. The articles are available for all to read and download, and the list will be reviewed and updated periodically. To start browsing, visit: http://on.apa.org/1sB878r.
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BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE OF SLEEP: The articles in the June special issue of Behavioral Neuroscience advance our fundamental knowledge of the relation of sleep to psychological function. Several of the articles discuss how sleep is affected by or affects human clinical conditions, including insomnia, epilepsy, mild cognitive impairment, bipolar disorder, and cancer. Together, the articles of the special issue highlight recent progress in understanding the behavioral #neuroscience of sleep and identify promising areas for future research, including the possibility of sleep-based interventions to improve psychological #health. To read the special issue, see: http://on.apa.org/1WghtTK.
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Fathers’ postnatal distress has been associated with subsequent emotional and behavioral problems for children; however, the ways by which this occurs have received less attention. One potential pathway could be through the negative effects that father mental health problems and parenting self-efficacy (PSE) in the postnatal period have on later parenting behaviors. Rominov, Giallo, and Whelan (Online First) explored the long-term relationships between fathers’ psychological distress and PSE in the postnatal period, parenting behavior when children were aged 4–5 years, and emotional-behavioral outcomes for children aged 8–9 years. High distress and low PSE in the postnatal period was associated with higher levels of hostile parenting and lower parenting consistency when children were aged 4–5 years; in turn, these were associated with poorer child outcomes at 8–9 years. These results remained significant after controlling for socioeconomic position, couple relationship quality, mothers’ and fathers’ mental health, and fathers’ concurrent parenting behavior. The pathways among PSE, parenting hostility, parenting consistency, and children’s outcomes at age 8–9 years differed for fathers of boys compared with fathers of girls. Results highlight the importance of father-inclusive assessments of postnatal mental health. Support programs targeting new fathers’ perceptions of parenting competence may be particularly important for fathers experiencing #postnatal distress. For fathers, building a stronger sense of parenting competence in the postnatal period is important for later parenting behavior, which relates to children’s emotional and behavioral outcomes during middle childhood. To read this article, see: http://on.apa.org/1Vbjdg3.
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Memories of feelings may fade and become biased over time. In 2 studies, Kaplan et al. (2016) looked at whether the magnitude and direction of bias depend on the type of feeling being recalled: emotion or mood. A few days after the U.S. Presidential elections in 2008 and 2012, participants reported how they felt about the election outcome (emotion) and how they felt in general (mood). A month after the elections, participants recalled their feelings. The intensity of past emotion was recalled more accurately than the intensity of past mood. Participants underestimated the intensity of emotion but overestimated the intensity of mood. Participants’ appraisals of the importance of the election, which diminished over time, contributed to underestimating the intensity of emotion. In contrast, participants’ strong emotional response to the election contributed to overestimating the intensity of mood. These opposing biases have important implications for decision making and clinical assessment. To read this article, see: http://on.apa.org/1Ntdi4b.
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Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, a publication of APA Division 56 - Trauma Psychology, publishes empirical research on a wide range of trauma-related topics, including: psychological treatments and effects; promotion of education about effects of and treatment for trauma; assessment and diagnosis of trauma; pathophysiology of trauma reactions; health services; risk factor studies; and more. For more information about this journal, see: http://on.apa.org/ZEGfNb.
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Knight et al. (2016) explored the influences on parental involvement in youth #sport. Specifically, this study sought to address the following questions: (a) What are the individual and environmental influences on parental involvement? And, (b) how is parental involvement influenced by these individual and environmental factors? Data from online surveys were first analyzed through thematic data analysis to identify the influences on parental involvement. Vignettes of different types of parental involvement were then created to illustrate how involvement was influenced. Results indicated that parents were involved as supporters, coaches and managers, and providers of opportunities. The types of involvement appeared to be influenced by (a) the youth sport context; (b) other parents and coaches; (c) concerns regarding own behavior; (d) knowledge and experience of sport; (e) previous experience as a sport parent; and (f) goals, expectations, and beliefs for child’s sport. To read this article, see: http://on.apa.org/23srRGY.
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Differences between therapists are often larger than differences between treatments in explaining client outcomes, and thus should be considered relevant to providing optimal treatment to clients. However, research on therapist effectiveness has focused largely on global measures of distress as opposed to a multidimensional assessment, and has failed to risk-adjust for client characteristics. A recent study by Kraus et al. (2016) aimed to examine the stability and predictive validity of therapist effectiveness across multiple outcome domains using risk-adjusted outcomes. Results demonstrated that therapist effectiveness was relatively stable, although somewhat domain specific. Therapists classified as “exceptional” were significantly more likely to remain above average with future cases, suggesting that a therapist’s past performance is an important predictor of their future performance. The authors note that clinical outcomes may be improved by developing the best possible prediction model for each new client and then providing that client with referrals to therapists with well-matched strengths. To read this article, see: http://on.apa.org/1P0HAM8.
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The Journal of Threat Assessment and Management features a special section on individual terrorism in Europe. The section begins with a study introducing the TRAP-18 (Terrorist Radicalization Assessment Protocol), a method to help determine which cases of concern need to be monitored, and which need to be actively risk managed. The section continues with three cases and finishes with two commentaries by the world's leading researchers on terrorism. To read this special section, see: http://on.apa.org/1TqJbN5.
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Adolescents who smoke are more likely to escalate their smoking frequency if they believe smoking is self-defining. Knowing factors that are associated with development of a smoker identity among adolescents who smoke may help to identify who will become a regular smoker. Hertel and Mermelstein (Online First) investigated whether smoker identity development is associated with internal and external motives for smoking. For comparison, the researchers also investigated whether social smoker identity development is associated with internal and external motives for smoking. Adolescents who smoke completed measures of smoker and social smoker identity, internal motives for smoking, and external motives for smoking at baseline, 6-, 15-, and 24-month assessments of an ongoing longitudinal study of smoking patterns. The researchers examined whether change in smoker and social smoker identity from 6 to 24 months was associated with change in motives at earlier assessment waves. The authors also explored whether gender moderated these relationships. Increases in negative affect coping motives were associated with smoker identity development among both males and females. Increases in social motives were associated with smoker identity development among males, and increases in negative affect coping motives were associated with social smoker identity development among females. Smoker and social smoker identities are signaled by negative affect coping as well as social motives for smoking. To read this article, see: http://on.apa.org/1TWk7dE.

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Over the past decades, personality and social psychologists have extensively investigated the role of self-views in individual functioning. Research on world views, however, has been less well studied due to overly specific conceptualizations, and little research about how and why they impact life outcomes. To answer why and how world views matter, Chen et al. (2016) conducted 7 studies to examine the functions, antecedents, and consequences of generalized beliefs about the world, operationalized as social axioms (Leung et al., 2002). This research focused on 2 axiom factors, namely, social cynicism and reward for application. The results of the studies converge to show that world views as a distal force and self-views as a proximal force matter in people’s subjective evaluation of their lives. To read this article, see: http://on.apa.org/1qo4Isb.
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To remain viable in today’s highly competitive business environments, it is crucial for organizations to attract and retain top candidates. Interviewers, therefore, have the goal not only of identifying promising applicants but also of representing their organization. Although it has been proposed that interviewers’ deliberate signaling behaviors are a key factor for attracting applicants and thus for ensuring organizations’ success, no conceptual model about impression management (IM) exists from the viewpoint of the interviewer as separate from the applicant. To develop such a conceptual model on how and why interviewers use IM, in their study, Wilhelmy et al. (2016) elaborate signaling theory in the interview context by identifying the broad range of impressions that interviewers intend to create on applicants, what kinds of signals interviewers deliberately use to create their intended impressions, and what outcomes they pursue. To read this freely available article, see: http://on.apa.org/23ssQqC.
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Mazur and Li (2016) analyzed the content of 100 Internet profiles of emerging adults aged 18 to 25 years in China and the United States to explore their public presentation of self and identity on popular social networking Web sites. Findings indicate that although there are some similarities, U.S. profile users are more likely than Chinese to publish optimistic blog entries, to positively rate their personality, appearance, and mood, display photos of themselves, friends, and family, and are less likely to discuss identity exploration and mood disruptions. The authors conclude that the self-focus and feelings of anxiety of young Chinese social profile users likely reflect elements of both traditional collectivist culture and the dramatic changes of present-day China. To read this article, see: http://on.apa.org/1NX0XFf.
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