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Norse Mythology
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The Straight Dope Science Advisory Board tells the whole story of horned helmets, from 9thC BCE through 19thC. Lots of good info!
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How about WInged ones?
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Excerpted from

Mem­bers of the Ásatrú so­ci­ety [in Iceland] con­ducted a spe­cial so­lar eclipse cer­e­mony this morn­ing com­bined with a ground­break­ing cer­e­mony for the Ásatrú tem­ple set to rise next year.

"The good weather is en­tirely due to us," ex­plains [Ásatrú leader Hilmar Örn] Hilmars­son in a hu­mor­ous tone. "We or­dered the weather from the gods es­pe­cially for this event." Ac­cord­ing to Hilmars­son, over 300 peo­ple came to Öskjuhlíð, a wood­land cov­ered hill in cen­tral Reyk­javík, this morn­ing to ob­serve the eclipse.

The Ásatrú cer­e­mony be­gan at 08:38 when the so­lar eclipse be­gan, sym­bolic rit­u­als were per­formed such as the light­ing of can­dles and sac­ri­fices were made to the gods, of beer and wa­ter.

"When the eclipse was at its peak a fire was lit in the place where the tem­ple will rise and the vic­tory of the sun and light was cel­e­brated with po­etry read­ings, song and mu­sic. Drums were beaten and trum­pets sounded," ex­plains Hilmars­son who adds that the Ed­dic po­ems con­tain beau­ti­ful so­lar ref­er­ences. "The tim­ing of this eclipse is ex­tremely im­por­tant and laden with sym­bolic mean­ing."

At the close of the so­lar eclipse cer­e­mony, Mayor Dagur B. Eg­gerts­son took to the shovel for the ground­break­ing for the new tem­ple and the gath­er­ing was sanc­ti­fied by Hilmars­son. "It was a mag­i­cal mo­ment and I still have goose­bumps," he says, adding that the event ex­ceeded all his ex­pec­ta­tions.

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Abridged text from Oxford Archaeology

In March 2004, a Cumbrian metal detectorist, Peter Adams, found a brooch in the ploughsoil. This was subsequently identified as a rare Viking oval brooch of ninth- or tenth-century date. These are almost always found in pairs, and in a burial context. Adams therefore returned to the site and subsequently found a second brooch.

Given the rarity of these brooches in England, the find was clearly of national importance, so funding was secured for an evaluation of the findspot, to ascertain whether they did indeed come from a grave. This was located and found to be furnished, the grave goods including the remains of a wooden box, laid at the feet of the deceased. Several more artefacts of the same date, including part of a sword, were found in the surrounding ploughsoil by metal detecting during the evaluation, suggesting that the grave had formed part of a cemetery.

In total, six burials were found, dating to the early tenth century, though almost no skeletal material survived as a result of the acidic nature of the soil. The cemetery comprised the graves of two women and four men, the first grave being separated from the rest by about 10 m.

All the graves were orientated broadly east-west, although how significant this was remains unclear, as all the burials were richly furnished, and contained a wide range of artefacts, including swords, spearheads, spurs, knives, and numerous beads and other objects.

Of particular note were a rare decorated drinking horn, a seax with a silver-inlaid horn handle, a locking wooden box containing implements associated with textiles, and a unique group of decorated, tinned copper-alloy buckles and strap ends.

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"When Irish archaeologists working under Dublin’s South Great George’s Street just over a decade ago excavated the remains of four young men buried with fragments of Viking shields, daggers, and personal ornaments, the discovery appeared to be simply more evidence of the Viking presence in Ireland.

"At least 77 Viking burials have been discovered across Dublin since the late 1700s, some accidentally by ditch diggers, others by archaeologists working on building sites. All have been dated to the ninth or tenth centuries on the basis of artifacts that accompanied them, and the South Great George’s Street burials seemed to be four more examples."

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In January, the Chaplains Office stated that Ásatrú & Heathen had been approved for addition to the Army list of religious preferences available to soldiers. Now, the religion has been un-approved & stuck in red-tape limbo. Read the frustrating story at
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Good post
After reading the e- communication, I must say the only time I've seen that type of terrible communication is when someone has a brain injury, slight Dementia or a substance abuse problem, seriously.
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Set of VHS tapes kindly loaned by my Old English professor. For those of you under 25, these are like YouTube videos in a box.
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Great explanation for the younger ones. ;-)
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Just found out that the prof I'm taking Old English lessons with was one of the last Old Norse students of E.O.G. Turville-Petre at Oxford. Life is good.
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Who's your professor?
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Have them in circles
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I'm of Irish and Swedish descent and will be checking those out for sure. Thank you.
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Facebook is closing accounts that don't use real names. Many members of minority religions like Ásatrú don't use real names on FB, to avoid reactionary reactions from bigoted bosses or close-minded colleagues. Do you know anyone deleted while using an assumed name for safety?
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Photo leaked from set of Marvel's "Thor: Ragnarok" (2017) shows retro redesign for god of thunder.
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I had that mask. Don't remember if I had the outfit too, but definitely had the mask as a kid.
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New edition of Carolyne Larrington's Poetic Edda translation has corrections, additional poems & updates – including first completely positive mention of Ásatrú I've ever seen from a non-Heathen academic in a book by an academic press. Cheers to Prof. Larrington! Here's what she writes:

"Finally, the poems of the Edda have been a crucial source of inspiration for modern revivals of Germanic paganism in Scandinavia, Germany, and the English-speaking world. The Sayings of the High One and other eddic wisdom poems offer common-sense principles for living; while the gods do not necessarily provide inspiring role-models at all times, the courage and self-reliance shown by eddic heroes, the emphasis on the keeping of oaths, and the importance of hospitality are foregrounded in the ethics espoused by followers of the Asatru, and in many other neo-pagan belief systems."

The book is now featured on the front page of The Norse Mythology​ Store at
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+Norse Mythology​​ was wondering how the research was going?
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excerpted from Portable Antiquities Scheme

An inscribed lead spindle dating to the early 11th century. The whorl is trapezoid in cross-section and roughly circular in plan. An hour-glass shaped hole has been drilled through the centre, measuring circa 8mm diameter at the opening. The whorl is inscribed on the side and base with Norse runes.

In late summer of 2010 a lead spindle-whorl with a Norse runic inscription was found at Saltfleetby St Clement, Lincolnshire. This familiar form of spindle-whorl dates primarily to the 6th to 10th centuries AD, although specimens are known from 11th-century contexts. In light of the language of the inscription, it is significant that this form is typical of the area.

The inscription is in two rows, one around the vertical wall of the whorl and one around the ring on the flat face that would have been uppermost when the whorl was in use. The forms of the runes, including a dotted e-rune and a particular form of o-rune, suggest that the inscription was made in the earlier 11th century - a date consistent, if only just, with that for the object itself. The whorl also has a small decorative motif cut on one side of the conical area: this is damaged but resembles a stylised plant-motif.

The direction of the runes indicates that reading should start on the vertical wall. There is much to be discussed in specialised detail concerning the decipherment of the inscription: about half of it is very clear, and exciting for its contents; a quarter is tolerably clear; the remainder is very obscure.

On the wall, the text reads: .oþen.ok.einmtalr.ok.þalfa.þeir. The points in this transliteration represent marks between strings of letters, usually single knife-pricks.

This sequence can confidently be translated as: "Óðinn and Heimdallr and Þjálfa, they…". Óðinn and Heimdallr are major gods of the pre-Christian Viking pantheon. The name Þjálfi is also known from Old Norse sources as a servant-boy of the god Thor; this is also an obscure poetic word associated with the sea. Þjálfa, however, would be some previously unrecorded feminine counterpart of that name.

Around the face, starting at the clearest point, we can read: ielba.þeruolflt.ok.kiriuesf. ielba per looks very much like hjelpa pér, meaning " thee", which grammatically would follow on perfectly from the text on the wall. uolflt could represent a man's name, Úlfljótr, and ok is "and". At present we can only make speculative guesses for the meaning of kiriuesf, which is also the most clumsily cut part of the inscription.

This is a genuinely important find. It is evidence of the use of Old Norse in a North Sea coastal community in the early 11th century; a community that used local artefacts, but followed up-to-date innovations in Scandinavian runic literacy.

Above all, if the text does include the statement "Óðinn and Heimdallr and Þjálfa, they help thee, Úlfljótr…", this is striking evidence of the persistence of non-Christian cult: not an ostentatious display of militant paganism, but apparently in a simple invocation of traditional powers for individual, personal support.

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A very interesting read. Thanks for sharing! 
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The Norse Mythology Google+ Page
The Norse Mythology Google+ Page
by Dr. Karl E. H. Seigfried

Dr. Karl E. H. Seigfried writes The Norse Mythology Blog. A Norse mythologist and musician in Chicago, he teaches Norse mythology classes at Newberry Library. He has also taught Norse mythology at Loyola University Chicago and Norse religion at Carthage College, where he was founder & faculty advisor of the Tolkien Society.

Karl has been featured as a writer and lecturer on mythology and religion by On Religion Magazine (UK), Interfaith Ramadan (Italy), the Joseph Campbell Foundation, the Lyric Opera of Chicago, the Wagner Society of America and Wheaton College. He is the author of all Ásatrú definitions in the Religion Stylebook of the Religion Newswriters Association. He's a member of the Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Study, the Tolkien Society (UK), the Viking Society for Northern Research (UK) and the Religion Newswriters Association. He's also the Official Norse Mythologist of the Stephanie Miller Show.

Karl holds degrees in literature and music from University of California at San Diego, University of Wisconsin at Madison and University of Texas at Austin. He also studied literature and art history at Loyola University Chicago Rome Center in Italy. He recently received an academic scholarship from University of Chicago Divinity School and is now working on an MA in Religion.

2012, 2013 & 2014 Weblog Awards: Best Religion Weblog
Weblog Awards Hall of Fame: First religion blog to enter the Hall of Fame
Chicago Public Radio: "[Karl's] one of the country’s most respected researchers and lecturers on Norse mythology."
Chicago Humanities Festival: "Seigfried is a prolific chronicler of the world of Norse mythology."
Johan Hegg (Amon Amarth): "[Karl's] probably a better Guardian of Asgard than I am."
Jóhanna G. Harðardóttir (Ásatrúarfélagið): "Hér er rétti maðurinn á ferð til að kenna Norræna goðafræði í US."
Syracuse University iSchool: "This is an entertaining and enlightening blog to follow for anyone interested in Norse mythology."
Weaving Wyrd: "His questions are thought-provoking, and his scholarly bona fides are pretty impressive."
Bob Freeman: "Best Esoteric Website 2013: For anyone with an interest in Norse culture, myth, and magic, there is no better place to visit on the web."
The Wild Hunt: "If you aren’t already reading Dr. Karl E. H. Seigfried's amazing The Norse Mythology Blog, then you've been remiss. The blog is one of the most content-rich affairs for lovers of Norse mythology I’ve ever seen."
Tales of a GM: "This is an amazing resource for anyone interested in the history and culture of Northern Europe. The Norse Mythology Blog is such a brilliant combination of modern issues and ancient sources. If you have any interest in Norse culture or mythology, then you must visit Dr Seigfried’s site."
Vancouver Sun: "The best blog on faith and spirituality may be one about a so-called ‘dead’ religion, Norse mythology. The Norse Mythology Blog reflects deep knowledge of this ancient religion, along with an affable spirit. [Karl] knows everything one would ever want to know about Thor, Odin, Frey, Loki, Frigg, Freya and countless more Norse gods, goddesses and mythological hangers-on."
City Magazine (Serbia): "Ako vas je ikada makar malo zainteresovala istorija i kultura severne Evrope, a naročito njena istorija, ovde ćete naći mnogo više interesantnog štiva nego što biste se ikada nadali. Posebno je interesantno da uspeva da poveže savremene momente sa prastarim izvorima."


Questions? Contact Karl through the Contact page at The Norse Mythology Blog.