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Peter Suber

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My current high-priority recommendations for advancing #openaccess.

Thanks to +Richard Poynder for asking, and for posting them.

#openaccess, #oa,

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Thanks to +Amy Uzarski Lovell for updating the +OAD list of declarations in support of #openaccess.

Remember that the OAD is a wiki and depends on the community to keep it accurate, current, and comprehensive. It's crowd-sourced and distributed under a CC-BY license. To limit spam, OAD editing is limited to registered users, but registration is free and easy. Reading and reuse are free for all.
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Open-access journals broken down by CC license

I just had reason to look up these numbers in the +Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and run a few calculations. As long as I've done it, I thought I'd share the results here as well.

Total number of OA journals listed today = 10,567

Here's the breakdown by CC license, in descending order from the most popular:

CC-BY = 4,633 = 43.8%
CC-BY-NC-ND = 2,361 = 22.3%
CC-BY-NC = 1,768 = 16.7%
CC-BY-NC-SA = 677 = 6.4%
CC-BY-SA = 585 = 5.5%
CC-BY-ND = 94 = 0.8%

Total with CC licenses = 10,024 = 94.8%
Total without CC licenses = 543 = 5.1%

These numbers don't add up to 100% because 385 journals (3.6%) use a homegrown non-CC license. I don't take them into account because it's impossible to tell, without case-by-case examination, whether they're equivalent to given CC licenses, more restrictive, or less restrictive. Fortunately for this quick overview, there's only a small number of them.

To check the numbers yourself or update them later, go to the DOAJ <>. Click on Search (in the top navigation bar). Then click on the facet + Journals vs. Articles. Then click on Journals. Then click on the facet + Journal license.

#oa #openaccess #doaj #cc #creativecommons
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SPARC has started a list of big-deal cancellations.

It's a great idea. If the list doesn't include some big-deal cancellations at your institution, let SPARC know. See the update buttons at the bottom of the page.

At launch time the list didn't include Harvard's 2003 cancellation of the Elsevier big deal, and I just sent SPARC some relevant links. As long as I'm doing that, I thought I'd blog them here as well. After the official announcement by Sidney Verba, I list the pieces in chronological order:

"A Letter from Sidney Verba," (then Harvard's University Librarian), Harvard University Library, December 9, 2003.

"Harvard is Pursuing its Own Elsevier Deal," Library Journal, October 21, 2003.

Jeffrey C. Aguero, "Libraries to Cut Academic Journals," Harvard Crimson, November 23, 2003.

"Libraries take a stand: Journals present rising costs to libraries - and to scholarship," Harvard Gazette, February 5, 2004.

Thanks to +Stuart Shieber.

#big_deals, #cancellations, #elsevier
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Thanks to +Amy Uzarski Lovell for updating the +OAD list of #openaccess advocacy organizations.

If your advocacy organization isn't on the list, or isn't adequately annotated, please jump in and add the needed details.

Remember that the OAD is a wiki and depends on the community to keep it accurate, current, and comprehensive. It's crowd-sourced and distributed under a CC-BY license. To limit spam, OAD editing is limited to registered users, but registration is free and easy. Reading and reuse are free for all.

#oa #openaccess #oad
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A few minutes ago in Brooksville, #Maine. Sunset over the Bagaduce River.
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Oops. Years ago I thought I'd finished putting my scholarly writings in DASH, my institution's open-access repository. But just this week I found one that I'd overlooked. I'm glad to say it's now in DASH.

"The Paradox of Liberation" (1992). I discuss variations on the theme that one is not free until one freely chooses to become free. I find traces of the theme in Kant, Mill, and Dennett, and show their strategies for preventing the claim from becoming a contradiction.

A bit earlier I found another that I'd overlooked; it too is now in DASH.

"Saving Machines From Themselves: The Ethics of Deep Self-Modification" (2001). I discuss the ethics of paternalizing creatures capable of deep and precise self-modification. I expect that intelligent machines will achieve this capability, through reprogramming, sooner than human beings, through drugs and surgery.

Both pieces were OA from birth. All that's new here is that they're now in my IR.

#freedom, #liberation, #kant, #mill, #dennett, #ai, #paternalism, #self-modification, #selfmod
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Half a dozen reasons why I support the Jussieu Call for Open Science and Bibliodiversity.

1. I support its call to move beyond PDFs. This is necessary to bypass publisher locks and facilitate reuse, text mining, access by the visually impaired, and access in bandwidth-poor parts of the world.

2. I applaud its recognition of no-fee or no-APC open-access journals, their existence, their value, and the fact that a significant number of authors will always depend on them.

3. I join its call for redirecting funds now spent on subscription journals to support OA alternatives.

4. I endorse its call to reform methods of research evaluation. If we want to assess quality, we must stop assuming that impact and prestige are good proxies for quality. If we want to assess impact, we must stop using metrics that measure it badly and create perverse incentives to put prestige ahead of both quality and access.

5. I support its call for infrastructures that are proof against privatization. No matter how good proprietary and closed-source platforms may initially be, they are subject to acquisition and harmful mutation beyond the control of the non-profit academic world. Even without acquisition, their commitment to OA is contingent on the market, and they carry a permanent risk of trapping rather than liberating knowledge. The research community cannot afford to entrust its research to platforms carrying that risk.

6. Finally I support what it terms bibliodiversity. While we must steer clear of closed-source infrastructure, subject to privatization and enclosure, we must also steer clear of platform monocultures, subject to rigidity, stagnation, and breakage. Again, no matter how good a monoculture platform may initially be, in the long run it cannot be better than an ecosystem of free and open-source, interoperable components, compliant with open standards, offering robustness, modularity, flexibility, freedom to create better modules without rewriting the whole system, freedom to pick modules that best meet local needs, and freedom to scale up to meet global needs without first overcoming centralized constraints or unresponsive decision-makers.

#oa #openaccess
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Most of the no-fee OA journals listed in the DOAJ are published in languages other than English.

+Leo Waaijers has dug some interest facts out of the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), and allowed me to post the results.

From Leo: The 7240 journals in the no-fee category in DOAJ has 1911 journals with Spanish full text, 1366 with Portuguese, 753 with French, and 692 with Indonesian. In percentages: 26, 19, 10, and 10. In the 2998 journal of the fee-based category these figures were respectively: 81, 76, 23, and 212; and in percentages: 3, 3, 1, and 7.

#oa #openaccess #doaj
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