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Peter Suber

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I love Itty Bitty. It's a very cool idea, elegantly implemented.

Basically, it codes about a page's worth of info, including links and images, into a URL. When you share the URL, people can click on it and read your page. But the page isn't hosted anywhere. It's just coded into the URL.

No surprise, it works by compressing the info in the page. And no surprise, the resulting URLs can be long.

For example, here's the Itty Bitty URL for my Very Brief Introduction to Open Access:

Yes, still cool, but the URL is very long.

However, note that you can share this URL in a tweet, under the Twitter policy not to count the full length of a URL against your character quota.

Now here's cool raised to the power of cool. You can compress the Itty Bitty URL even further. For example, here's what the Google link shortener does with the giant above.

Try it. It works. That's a whole page of info compressed into about a dozen characters.
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A few minutes ago in Brooksville, #Maine. Sunrise over the Bagaduce River.
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Google just verified me. Among other things, this lets me suggest edits to the knowledge graph Google presents in the right sidebar if you search for me.

I don't have any edits to suggest right now, but I like this idea. Previously, what Google said about me in the knowledge graph was utterly beyond my control. Even if I had a demonstrable fact to correct a public error, I had no place to go with it.

Google doesn't automatically accept the changes I want. But it invites me to suggest edits, if I have any, and explains what happens after I submit them: "Google checks your suggested changes for accuracy by checking if they’re confirmed by other publicly available information on the web. When prompted, provide supporting documentation in the form of a publicly accessible webpage URL."

This is Google's solution to a problem that also arises in Wikipedia -- how to let people edit info about themselves or their organizations without opening the gates to puffery, bias, and falsehood.

In Wikipedia, the info about me is not utterly beyond my control, but the rules and process for changing it myself are far from clear. In Google, I know how to suggest edits without fear of stigma or punishment; Wikipedia can learn from that. In Wikipedia, I can follow the discussion or debate, and contribute to it if I want; Google can learn from that.

One reason to bring these methods closer to sync is that the Google knowledge graph is dominated by the corresponding Wikipedia page, when there is one.
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[This is a guest post by A. Britton of the Harvard Open Access Project. -- Peter.]

Wikidata and the Dynamic Open Movement

Recently, observers such as John Wenzler and Rufus Pollock have called for coordination within the open movement -- a longstanding, perennial challenge given the movement's remarkable global spread and dynamic evolution.

One of the Wikimedia Foundation's several giant projects, Wikidata, is a multilingual, CC0, human- and machine-readable knowledge base with over 49,285,004 data items. It has potential to structure disparate information and organize it for ready use, a critical feature of successful social movements.

The open movement could represent itself via Wikidata. The Open Access Directory, for example, has recently begun a pilot donation of its carefully curated content. Related queries on a variety of open-access subtopics now allow for convenient, on-the-spot creation of downloadable lists -- potentially useful to advocates, organizers, strategists, researchers, and machines for current awareness, metrics, social-media campaigns, and the like.

Much work remains in filling in the knowledge base. Queries are most useful with high quality, comprehensive data.

Anyone can edit Wikidata. Consider adding one fact about an organization, person, policy, publication, or tool that fosters open access, open data, open science, open education, open source, open government. Consider adding one hundred facts. Go big.

Get started by reading a short introduction, listening to a talk, or taking a quick tutorial.

(Thank you to Peter Suber for discussions that led to this post.)
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Should OATP create a Facebook feed?

The Open Access Tracking Project (OATP) publishes a daily feed of news about open access (OA). The feed is available in eight file formats to suit people with different needs or preferences: Atom, Email, Google+, HTML, JSON, Pushbullet, RSS, and Twitter.

But OATP doesn't have a Facebook feed. This is deliberate. I think Facebook deceives and exploits its users. I don't want to encourage its use. On the other hand, I want OATP to reach everyone who cares about OA. It might miss a lot of OA people by refusing to create a Facebook feed.

(If you want to argue that Facebook only differs in degree from the social-media platforms I accept and use, I'll agree. We needn't get into that here. I'll just say that the difference in degree is large enough that I've deliberately steered clear of Facebook without feeling the same need to steer clear of other social-media platforms.)

All it takes to create a Facebook feed is a tool to convert one of OATP's existing feed formats to Facebook format. It can be done. IFTTT has a script to convert an RSS feed to a Facebook feed.

So I need to ask: Should OATP create a Facebook feed? Would any of you subscribe? Would any of you prefer it to the formats we already offer?

If you're an OA-related project or organization with a Facebook page, how is that working for you? Does Facebook help you reach people you couldn't reach otherwise?

Please respond by commenting on this G+ post or sending me email at peter dot suber at gmail dot com.

Although I'm writing this on G+, I'm also tagging it for OATP. Hence, it should reach all who subscribe to any version of the OATP primary feed.


OATP home page

#oa #openaccess #oatp
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The all-volunteer phase of the Open Access Tracking Project (+OATP) will start later this summer.

Details on the new phase

OATP home page

We'll be posting more reminders and calls to participate as the date approaches.

Meantime, let this be first. To insure that OATP serves the OA community in the future as it has in the past, we invite you to participate as a tagger, and help us recruit other taggers. OATP aims to cover OA comprehensively, and can only do that with taggers in every ecological niche -- by topic, academic field, country, region, and language.

If you're at all interested, please see (and share) our handout on how to get started.

#oa #openaccess
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Publisher pushback against US government open-data policies

From a new white paper written by Cyrrus Analytics and pushed by RELX (Elsevier) on Capitol Hill, June 7, 2018:

"[T]he last 20 years have seen a transformation of public policies – legislative, regulatory, and administrative – grounded in the philosophy that access to and dissemination of government data is a public right and that any constraints on access hinder transparency and accountability. While there is broad recognition of the need to maximize access to government data, the types of government data are increasingly diverse and complex. For instance, there are many cases where the government collects or licenses private sector data, often combining this data with other data produced by the government. These datasets are often referred to as “hybrid data” or “privately curated data” – data licensed to or collected by the government that comprises both public and private sources. Access to and use of hybrid data is increasingly critical for government to transform data into actionable information....

"Examples of curated, or hybrid, datasets include...peer-reviewed scientific and technical literature that is based on government-funded academic research but published in the private sector. Subjecting this full range of information to unfettered “openness” requirements risks the availability and quality of these valuable data-driven resources. Such requirements will ultimately harm the public interest when the inevitable “tragedy of the commons” scenario compromises the quality of the dataset, as private-sector actors begin avoiding these government partnerships for fear losing control of their data. Unfortunately, some current open data policies invite unintended consequences – specifcally, well-intentioned but overly broad open data mandates that nullify intellectual property rights by extending to data produced in the private sector and collected by, or licensed to, the government....

"Collecting, verifying, analyzing, and publishing accurate datasets is a resource-intensive activity that generates valuable assets and solutions which governments need. This effort demands time and money and manages several competing interests, including individual privacy, national security, and intellectual property. Entities – both private and public – who engage in this economic activity prefer not to have the fruits of their investment publicly released in a way that would undermine their value. Yet that is what some open government advocates appear to be demanding as a blanket rule – a rule that, if followed to its logical conclusion, could discourage or eliminate public– private data collaborations that result in enormous benefit for the government and taxpayers alike...."

The white paper:

The event:

#oa #openaccess #opendata #relx #elsevier
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I'm happy to announce that the Library of Congress just gave the Open Access Tracking Project (+OATP, @oatp) an International Standard Serial Number. ISSN 2578-7020.

OATP publishes hundreds of feeds, not just the one pushed to Twitter, G+, and email, and in 8 file formats, not just in Twitter, G+, and email formats.

For more info, see the OATP home page, .
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How does research lit in your field discuss copyright?

Abigail Goben and Alison Doubleday had the good idea to do a literature review on how scholars in health sciences discuss copyright.

The diagnosis is grim:

"Overall, copyright is woefully under-addressed in the health science literature. What material is provided focuses on copyright maximalism (interpreting the law in the most extremely restrictive fashion) and on protecting one’s own intellectual property. Most articles entirely ignore the idea of the public domain and provide rampant misinformation when mentioning fair use, open access, and Creative Commons licensing....

Nearly all the practitioner- or clinician-focused articles include at least one factually incorrect statement and often entirely ignore describing the appropriate reuse of material under current copyright law....

[A]ttribution and plagiarism are often conflated with copyright misappropriation; none of the articles that were examined addressed either the remixing or sharing cultures driven by current technology....

Noticeably absent were case studies outlining how copyright and fair use topics are addressed in specific circumstances or at specific institutions, as well as research studies investigating outcomes related to educational and training initiatives. It is not surprising that faculty members are confused about what they can and cannot do and that institutions employ many varied training methods (Doubleday & Goben, 2016). The dearth of case studies likely makes it difficult for institutions to identify best practices because other institutions are not sharing what they do for training and education nor are they measuring effectiveness or evaluating outcomes....

From the creator perspective, the focus is primarily on preserving intellectual property, with the exception of handing over all copyright to the publishing journals. Articles addressing copyright consumers focus on strategies to avoid violating copyright....

There are notable gaps in the literature in terms of current copyright issues, such as the Georgia State E-reserves case (Cambridge University Press v. Mark
Becker, 2016), the SPARC author addendum, institutional open access policies, and non-exclusive licensing...."

#oa #openaccess #copyright #fairuse #publicdomain #maximalism
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A few minutes ago in Brooksville, #Maine.
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