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Adam DeVita
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Adam DeVita commented on a post on Blogger.
Mingst and Karns define development in many terms. They express how development is brought forth through the cooperation of international organizations and liberalist ideologies. Development results from the promotion of economic and social advancement. Mingst and Karns argue that development is not solely based on economic development and prowess. “The notion that general improvement in human well-being and poverty alleviation is a primary development objective—an objective that cannot be reached by increasing national product (GNP) alone” (Mingst and Karns). Mingst and Karns tend to put a lot of emphasis on the role and importance of the United Nations. The UN has very clear goals of establishing institution and controlling development.  The UN stresses the “commitment to technical assistance… seeking to redress the imbalance in less developed countries’ international trade relationships; and the activities of various specialized agencies and programs as well as partnerships with other international organizations and NGOs in promotion of development” (Mingst and Karns). Mingst and Karns would be considered liberalist because they explain that development comes through the aid of international organizations and control. Liberals promote NGOs. Liberals also have control over their economy by instituting taxes and regulations. Mingst and Karns further stress the point by stating that economic development comes from economic liberalism. People who favor economic liberalism are rational and acquisitive. They will seek to improve their condition in the most expeditious manner possible.

Mingst and Karns point out many geopolitical challenges relevant to development. One major geopolitical challenge has to do with society. Women worldwide are suppressed. They cannot vote nor have power in society. According to economic liberalism, women are the most important part of development. In order for there to be economic development, women’s social status must improve. In recent times, The UN “focused on ensuring that women had the right to vote, hold office, and enjoy equal rights” (Mingst and Karns). Another geopolitical challenge that Mingst and Karns make note of is the struggle of power in development. The problems have to do with the IMF Bank. “Everyday policies are made by limited-member executive boards operating under weighted voting systems that guarantee the voting power of the major donors” (Mingst and Karns). The developing countries are upset with this higher power domination. Development creates tension between countries.

I definitely agree with Mingst and Karns that development results from economic liberalism. There are many successful countries in the world that have successful economies has a result of economic liberalism. Sweden has a very liberal economy which has proved to be successful. In order for under developed countries to develop, they need aid from international organizations such as the UN. However with this liberalist approach, tension and disagreements result. Some of the most successful economies are in the United States and the United Kingdom. The United States in particular is capitalist. Capitalism has shown to be the most successful as most powerful countries are capitalist. However in terms of development, I believe economic liberalism is the most efficient and effective. 

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