1784 - The Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the United States established.
1805 - Official opening of Thomas Telford's Pontcysyllte Aqueduct.
1812 - The Battle of Berezina begins during Napoleon's retreat from Russia.
1842 - The University of Notre Dame is founded.
1865 - Battle of Papudo: A Spanish navy schooner is defeated by a Chilean corvette north of Valparaíso, Chile.
1918 - The Montenegran Podgorica Assembly votes for a \"union of the people\", declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia.
1939 - Shelling of Mainila: The Soviet Army orchestrates an incident which is used to justify the start of the Winter War with Finland four days later.
1950 - Korean War: Troops from the People's Republic of China launch a massive counterattack in North Korea against South Korean and United Nations forces (Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River and Battle of Chosin Reservoir), ending any hopes of a quick end to the conflict.
1968 - Vietnam War: United States Air Force helicopter pilot James P. Fleming rescues an Army Special Forces unit pinned down by Viet Cong fire. He is later awarded the Medal of Honor.
1970 - In Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, 1.5 inches (38.1 mm) of rain fall in a minute, the heaviest rainfall ever recorded.
1977 - An unidentified hijacker named Vrillon, claiming to be the representative of the \"Ashtar Galactic Command\", takes over Britain's Southern Television for six minutes, starting at 5:12 pm.
1983 - Brink's-Mat robbery: In London, 6,800 gold bars worth nearly £26 million are stolen from the Brink's-Mat vault at Heathrow Airport.
1986 - Iran–Contra affair: U.S. President Ronald Reagan announces the members of what will become known as the Tower Commission.
1990 - The Delta II rocket makes its maiden flight.
1998 - Tony Blair becomes the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to address the Oireachtas, the parliament of the Republic of Ireland.
2003 - Concorde makes its final flight, over Bristol, England.
2004 - Ruzhou School massacre: A man stabs and kills eight people and seriously wounds another four in a school dormitory in Ruzhou, China.
2004 - The last Poʻouli (Black-faced honeycreeper) dies of avian malaria in the Maui Bird Conservation Center in Olinda, Hawaii, before it could breed, making the species in all probability extinct.
1604 - Johannes Bach, German organist and composer (d. 1673) born.
1609 - Henry Dunster, English-American clergyman and academic (d. 1659) born.
1657 - William Derham, English minister and philosopher (d. 1735) born.
1678 - Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist and astronomer (d. 1771) born.
1703 - Theophilus Cibber, English actor and playwright (d. 1758) born.
1727 - Artemas Ward, American general and politician (d. 1800) born.
1731 - William Cowper, English poet and hymnodist (d. 1800) born.
1792 - Sarah Moore Grimké, American author and activist (d. 1873) born.
1827 - Ellen G. White, American religious leader and author, co-founded the Seventh-day Adventist Church (d. 1915) born.
1828 - Robert Battey, American surgeon and academic (d. 1895) born.
1828 - René Goblet, French politician, 52nd Prime Minister of France (d. 1905) born.
1832 - Rudolph Koenig, German-French physicist and academic (d. 1901) born.
1832 - Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and activist, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1919) born.
1853 - Bat Masterson, American lawman, buffalo hunter, and sport writer (d. 1921) born.
1857 - Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist and author (d. 1913) born.
1858 - Katharine Drexel, American nun and saint (d. 1955) born.
1864 - Edward Higgins, English 3rd General of the Salvation Army (d. 1947) born.
1869 - Maud of Wales (d. 1938) born.
1876 - Willis Carrier, American engineer, invented air conditioning (d. 1950) born.
1878 - Marshall Taylor, American cyclist (d. 1932) born.
1880 - Kazimierz Junosza-Stępowski, Polish actor (d. 1943) born.
1888 - Ford Beebe, American screenwriter and director (d. 1978) born.
1889 - Albert Dieudonné, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1976) born.
1891 - Scott Bradley, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1977) born.
1894 - James Charles McGuigan, Canadian cardinal (d. 1974) born.
1894 - Norbert Wiener, American-Swedish mathematician and philosopher (d. 1964) born.
1895 - Bill W., American activist, co-founded Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1971) born.
1897 - Wim Hesterman, Dutch boxer (d. 1971) born.
1899 - Richard Hauptmann, German-American murderer (d. 1936) born.
1900 - Reinhold Kesküll, Russian-Estonian sprinter (d. 1942) born.
1901 - William Sterling Parsons, American admiral (d. 1953) born.
1902 - Maurice McDonald, American businessman, co-founded McDonald's (d. 1971) born.
1903 - Alice Herz-Sommer, Czech-English pianist and educator (d. 2014) born.
1904 - Armand Frappier, Canadian physician and microbiologist (d. 1991) born.
1907 - Ruth Patrick, American botanist and limnologist (d. 2013) born.
1908 - Charles Forte, Baron Forte, Italian-Scottish businessman, founded Forte Group (d. 2007) born.
1908 - Lefty Gomez, American baseball player and manager (d. 1989) born.
1909 - Fritz Buchloh, German footballer and manager (d. 1998) born.
1909 - Frances Dee, American actress and singer (d. 2004) born.
1909 - Eugène Ionesco, Romanian-French playwright and critic (d. 1994) born.
1910 - Cyril Cusack, South African-Irish actor (d. 1993) born.
1911 - Samuel Reshevsky, American chess player (d. 1992) born.
1912 - Eric Sevareid, American journalist (d. 1992) born.
1914 - Charles Breijer, Dutch photographer (d. 2011) born.
1915 - Earl Wild, American pianist and composer (d. 2010) born.
1917 - Nesuhi Ertegun, Turkish-American record producer (d. 1989) born.
1918 - Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer and politician, 31st President of Chile born.
1919 - Frederik Pohl, American journalist and author (d. 2013) born.
1919 - Ram Sharan Sharma, Indian historian and academic (d. 2011) born.
1920 - Daniel Petrie, Canadian-American director and producer (d. 2004) born.
1921 - Verghese Kurien, Indian engineer and businessman, founded Amul (d. 2012) born.
1922 - Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist, created ''Peanuts'' (d. 2000) born.
1923 - V. K. Murthy, Indian cinematographer (d. 2014) born.
1923 - Pat Phoenix, English actress (d. 1986) born.
1924 - Michael Holliday, English singer (d. 1963) born.
1925 - Eugene Istomin, American pianist (d. 2003) born.
1926 - Rabi Ray, Indian politician, 10th Speaker of the Lok Sabha born.
1927 - Ernie Coombs, American-Canadian television host (d. 2001) born.
1928 - Nishida Tatsuo, Japanese linguist and academic (d. 2012) born.
1929 - Slavko Avsenik, Slovenian singer-songwriter and accordion player (d. 2015) born.
1929 - Betta St. John, American actress, singer and dancer born.
1930 - Berthold Leibinger, German engineer and philanthropist, founded Berthold Leibinger Stiftung born.
1931 - Adrianus Johannes Simonis, Dutch cardinal born.
1933 - Robert Goulet, American-Canadian singer and actor (d. 2007) born.
1933 - Richard Holloway, Scottish bishop and radio host born.
1933 - Stanley Long, English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012) born.
1933 - Jamshid Mashayekhi, Iranian actor born.
1933 - Tony Verna, American director and producer, invented instant replay (d. 2015) born.
1934 - Jerry Jameson, American director and producer born.
1934 - Cengiz Bektaş, Turkish architect, engineer, poet and writer born.
1935 - Marian Mercer, American actress and singer (d. 2011) born.
1936 - Margaret Boden, English computer scientist and psychologist born.
1937 - Bob Babbitt, Hungarian-American musician (d. 2012) born.
1937 - John Moore, Baron Moore of Lower Marsh, English politician, Secretary of State for Health born.
1937 - Boris Yegorov, Russian physician and astronaut (d. 1994) born.
1938 - Porter Goss, American soldier and politician, 19th Director of the CIA born.
1938 - Rodney Jory, Australian physicist and academic born.
1938 - Rich Little, Canadian-American comedian, actor, and singer born.
1939 - Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Malaysian politician, 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia born.
1939 - Wayland Flowers, American actor and puppeteer (d. 1988) born.
1939 - John Gummer, English politician, Secretary of State for the Environment born.
1939 - Mark Margolis, American actor born.
1939 - Grey Ruthven, 2nd Earl of Gowrie, Irish-Scottish politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster born.
1939 - Art Themen, English saxophonist and surgeon born.
1939 - Tina Turner, American-Swiss singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress (Ike & Tina Turner) born.
1940 - Enrico Bombieri, Italian mathematician and academic born.
1940 - Quentin Skinner, English historian, author, and academic born.
1941 - Susanne Marsee, American soprano and educator born.
1942 - Maki Carrousel, Japanese actor born.
1942 - Olivia Cole, American actress born.
1942 - Đặng Thùy Trâm, Vietnamese physician and author (d. 1970) born.
1943 - Paul Burnett, English radio host born.
1943 - Bruce Paltrow, American director and producer (d. 2002) born.
1943 - Marilynne Robinson, American novelist and essayist born.
1943 - Dale Sommers, American radio host (d. 2012) born.
1944 - Jean Terrell, American singer (The Supremes) born.
1944 - Joyce Quin, Baroness Quin, English academic and politician, Minister of State for Europe born.
1945 - Daniel Davis, American actor born.
1945 - John McVie, English bass player (Fleetwood Mac and John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers) born.
1945 - Michael Omartian, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (Rhythm Heritage) born.
1946 - Raymond Louis Kennedy, American singer-songwriter, saxophonist, and producer (d. 2014) born.
1946 - Art Shell, American football player and coach born.
1946 - Itamar Singer, Romanian-Israeli historian and author (d. 2012) born.
1947 - Roger Wehrli, American football player born.
1947 - Susanne Zenor, American actress born.
1948 - Krešimir Ćosić, Croatian basketball player and coach, Naismith Basketball Hall of Famer 1996 (d. 1995) born.
1948 - Claes Elfsberg, Swedish journalist born.
1948 - Marianne Muellerleile, American actress born.
1948 - Galina Prozumenshchikova, Ukrainian-Russian swimmer and journalist (d. 2015) born.
1949 - Mari Alkatiri, East Timorese geographer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of East Timor born.
1949 - Shlomo Artzi, Israeli singer-songwriter and guitarist born.
1949 - Juanin Clay, American actress (d. 1995) born.
1949 - Vincent A. Mahler, American political scientist and academic born.
1950 - Honey Wilder, American porn actress born.
1951 - Ilona Staller, Hungarian-Italian porn actress, singer, and politician born.
1951 - Sulejman Tihić, Bosnian politician (d. 2014) born.
1952 - Julien Temple, English film, documentary and music video director born.
1953 - Hilary Benn, English politician, Secretary of State for International Development born.
1953 - Harry Carson, American football player and sportscaster born.
1953 - Desiré Wilson, South African race car driver born.
1954 - Roz Chast, American cartoonist born.
1954 - Velupillai Prabhakaran, Sri Lankan rebel leader, founded the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (d. 2009) born.
1955 - Gisela Stuart, German-English academic and politician born.
1956 - Dale Jarrett, American race car driver born.
1956 - Don Lake, Canadian actor, producer, and screenwriter born.
1956 - Keith Vaz, Yemeni-English lawyer and politician, Minister of State for Europe born.
1957 - Félix González-Torres, Cuban-American visual artist (d. 1996) born.
1959 - Gabriella Gutiérrez y Muhs, American author and academic born.
1959 - Jerry Schemmel, American sportscaster born.
1960 - Chuck Eddy, American journalist born.
1960 - Harold Reynolds, American baseball player and sportscaster born.
1961 - Karan Bilimoria, Baron Bilimoria, Indian-English businessman, co-founded Cobra Beer born.
1961 - Marcy Walker, American minister and actress born.
1962 - Fernando Bandeirinha, Portuguese footballer born.
1962 - Chuck Finley, American baseball player born.
1963 - Mario Elie, American basketball player and coach born.
1963 - Matt Frei, German-English journalist and author born.
1964 - Vreni Schneider, Swiss skier born.
1965 - Scott Adsit, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter born.
1965 - Des Walker, English footballer born.
1966 - Garcelle Beauvais, Haitian-American actress and singer born.
1966 - Fahed Dermech, Tunisian footballer born.
1967 - Ridley Jacobs, Antiguan cricketer born.
1968 - Edna Campbell, American basketball player, sportscaster, and nurse born.
1968 - Haluk Levent, Turkish rock music singer born.
1969 - Shawn Kemp, American basketball player born.
1969 - Kara Walker, American painter and illustrator born.
1970 - John Amaechi, American-English basketball player and sportscaster born.
1970 - Dave Hughes, Australian comedian and radio host born.
1971 - Vicki Pettersson, American author born.
1971 - Ryan Robbins, Canadian actor born.
1971 - Winky Wright, American boxer and actor born.
1972 - Helger Hallik, Estonian wrestler born.
1972 - Chris Osgood, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster born.
1972 - Arjun Rampal, Indian actor born.
1973 - Peter Facinelli, American actor, director, and producer born.
1973 - Kristin Bauer van Straten, American actress born.
1974 - Tammy Lynn Michaels, American actress born.
1974 - Line Horntveth, Norwegian tubist (Jaga Jazzist) born.
1974 - Andris Keišs, Latvian actor born.
1974 - Roman Šebrle, Czech decathlete born.
1975 - DJ Khaled, American rapper and producer born.
1975 - Patrice Lauzon, Canadian figure skater born.
1976 - Andreas Augustsson, Swedish footballer born.
1976 - Brian Schneider, American baseball player and manager born.
1977 - Ivan Basso, Italian cyclist born.
1977 - Paris Lenon, American football player born.
1977 - Campbell Walsh, Scottish canoe racer born.
1978 - Jun Fukuyama, Japanese voice actor and singer born.
1979 - B. J. Averell, American reality show contestant, winner of ''The Amazing Race 9'' born.
1980 - Jason Griffith, American voice actor born.
1980 - Satoshi Ohno, Japanese singer and actor (Arashi) born.
1980 - Jackie Trail, American tennis player born.
1981 - Stephan Andersen, Danish footballer born.
1981 - Natasha Bedingfield, English singer-songwriter and producer born.
1981 - OJ da Juiceman, American rapper (1017 Brick Squad) born.
1981 - Gina Kingsbury, Canadian ice hockey player born.
1981 - Jon Ryan, Canadian football player born.
1982 - Keith Ballard, American ice hockey player born.
1982 - Dallas Johnson, Australian rugby player born.
1983 - Chris Hughes, American publisher and businessman, co-founded Facebook born.
1983 - Emiri Katō, Japanese voice actress and singer born.
1984 - Antonio Puerta, Spanish footballer (d. 2007) born.
1986 - Konstadinos Filippidis, Greek pole vaulter born.
1986 - Kanae Itō, Japanese voice actress and singer born.
1986 - Bauke Mollema, Dutch cyclist born.
1986 - Alberto Sgarbi, Italian rugby player born.
1987 - Georgios Tzavellas, Greek footballer born.
1988 - Yumi Kobayashi, Japanese model born.
1989 - Junior Stanislas, English footballer born.
1990 - Avery Bradley, American basketball player born.
1990 - Rita Ora, Kosovan-English singer-songwriter and actress born.
1990 - Danny Welbeck, English footballer born.
1991 - Manolo Gabbiadini, Italian footballer born.
1992 - Louis Ducruet, Monacan son of Princess Stéphanie of Monaco born.
1993 - Erena Ono, Japanese actress and singer (AKB48) born.
399 - Pope Siricius (b. 334) died.
1504 - Isabella I of Castile (b. 1451) died.
1621 - Ralph Agas, English surveyor and cartographer (b. 1540) died.
1639 - John Spottiswoode, Scottish archbishop (b. 1565) died.
1651 - Henry Ireton, English-Irish general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1611) died.
1661 - Luis Méndez de Haro, Spanish general and politician (b. 1598) died.
1688 - Philippe Quinault, French playwright (b. 1635) died.
1689 - Marquard Gude, German archaeologist and scholar (b. 1635) died.
1717 - Daniel Purcell, English organist and composer (b. 1664) died.
1829 - Thomas Buck Reed, United States Senator (b. 1787) died.
1836 - John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer (b. 1756) died.
1851 - Jean-de-Dieu Soult, French general and politician, 12th Prime Minister of France (b. 1769) died.
1855 - Adam Mickiewicz, Polish poet and playwright (b. 1798) died.
1857 - Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet and author (b. 1788) died.
1860 - Benjamin Greene, English brewer and founder of Greene King (b. 1780) died.
1872 - Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general and politician (b. 1788) died.
1882 - Otto Theodor von Manteuffel, Prussian politician, Minister President of Prussia (b. 1805) died.
1883 - Sojourner Truth, American activist (b. 1797) died.
1892 - Charles Lavigerie, French cardinal (b. 1825) died.
1895 - George Edward Dobson, Irish zoologist, photographer, and surgeon (b. 1848) died.
1896 - Coventry Patmore, English poet and critic (b. 1823) died.
1912 - Patriarch Joachim III of Constantinople (b. 1834) died.
1919 - Felipe Ángeles, Mexican general (b. 1868) died.
1926 - John Browning, American weapons designer, founded the Browning Arms Company (b. 1855) died.
1928 - Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (b. 1863) died.
1934 - Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian historian and politician (b. 1866) died.
1936 - Şükrü Naili Gökberk, Ottoman Army and the general of the Turkish Army (b. 1876) died.
1941 - Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and cermamist (b. 1861) died.
1943 - Edward O'Hare, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1914) died.
1952 - Paul Éluard, French Surrealist poet (b. 1895) died.
1952 - Sven Hedin, Swedish geographer and explorer (b. 1865) died.
1954 - Bill Doak, American baseball player (b. 1891) died.
1956 - Tommy Dorsey, American trombonist, trumpet player, and composer (b. 1905) died.
1959 - Albert Ketèlbey, English pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1875) died.
1962 - Albert Sarraut, French politician, 106th Prime Minister of France (b. 1872) died.
1963 - Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian soprano (b. 1882) died.
1971 - Giacomo Alberione, Italian priest and publisher (b. 1884) died.
1973 - John Rostill, English bass player and songwriter (The Shadows) (b. 1942) died.
1974 - Cyril Connolly, English author and critic (b. 1903) died.
1978 - Ford Beebe, American screenwriter and director (b. 1888) died.
1981 - Pete DePaolo, American race car driver (b. 1898) died.
1981 - Max Euwe, Dutch chess player (b. 1901) died.
1982 - Juhan Aavik, Estonian composer and conductor (b. 1884) died.
1985 - Vivien Thomas, American surgeon and academic (b. 1910) died.
1986 - Betico Croes, Aruban politician and activist (b. 1938) died.
1987 - Thomas George Lanphier, Jr., American colonel and pilot (b. 1915) died.
1987 - J. P. Guilford, American psychologist and educator (b. 1897) died.
1987 - Peter Hujar, American photographer (b. 1934) died.
1991 - Ed Heinemann, American engineer (b. 1908) died.
1993 - César Guerra-Peixe, Brazilian violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1914) died.
1994 - David Bache, English car designer (b. 1925) died.
1994 - Joey Stefano, American porn actor (b. 1968) died.
1994 - Arturo Rivera y Damas, Salvadoran archbishop (b. 1923) died.
1996 - Michael Bentine, English actor and screenwriter (b. 1922) died.
1996 - Paul Rand, American art director and graphic designer (b. 1914) died.
1997 - Marguerite Henry, American author (b. 1902) died.
1998 - Jonathan Kwitny, American journalist and author (b. 1941) died.
2001 - Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish author, poet, and painter (b. 1943) died.
2002 - Polo Montañez, Cuban singer-songwriter (b. 1955) died.
2002 - Verne Winchell, American businessman, founded Winchell's Donuts (b. 1915) died.
2003 - Stefan Wul, French surgeon and author (b. 1922) died.
2004 - Philippe de Broca, French actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1933) died.
2004 - Cyril Walter Hodges, English artist and writer (b. 1909) died.
2005 - Takanori Arisawa, Japanese composer (b. 1951) died.
2006 - Mário Cesariny de Vasconcelos, Portuguese painter and poet (b. 1923) died.
2006 - Dave Cockrum, American author and illustrator (b. 1943) died.
2006 - Isaac Gálvez, Spanish cyclist (b. 1975) died.
2006 - Raúl Velasco, Mexican television host and producer (b. 1933) died.
2007 - Silvestre S. Herrera, Mexican-American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1917) died.
2007 - Mel Tolkin, Russian-Canadian screenwriter and producer (b. 1913) died.
2007 - Herb McKenley, Jamaican sprinter (b. 1922) died.
2008 - Victims of the 2008 Mumbai attacks: died.
* Gavriel Holtzberg, Israeli-Indian rabbi (b. 1979) died.
* Ashok Kamte, Indian police officer (b. 1965) died.
* Hemant Karkare, Indian police officer (b. 1954) died.
* Tukaram Omble, Indian police officer died.
* Vijay Salaskar, Indian police officer died.
2008 - Vitaly Karayev, Russian politician (b. 1962) died.
2008 - Edna Parker, American super-centenarian (b. 1893) died.
2008 - De'Angelo Wilson, American actor (b. 1979) died.
2010 - Leroy Drumm, American songwriter (b. 1936) died.
2010 - Palle Huld, Danish actor (b. 1912) died.
2011 - Manon Cleary, American painter (b. 1942) died.
2012 - Celso Advento Castillo, Filipino actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1943) died.
2012 - P. K. Venukuttan Nair, Indian actor (b. 1931) died.
2012 - M. C. Nambudiripad, Indian author (b. 1919) died.
2013 - Arik Einstein, Israeli singer-songwriter and actor (The High Windows) (b. 1939) died.
2013 - Jane Kean, American actress and singer (b. 1923) died.
2013 - Saul Leiter, American photographer and painter (b. 1923) died.
2013 - Tony Musante, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1936) died.
2013 - Temistocle Popa, Romanian actor and composer (b. 1921) died.
2013 - Stan Stennett, Welsh actor (b. 1925) died.
2014 - Frankie Fraser, English gangster (b. 1923) died.
2014 - Mary Hinkson, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1925) died.