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Mika Hiironniemi
Lived in Tampere
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Mika Hiironniemi

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The Finnish word ‘kalma’ has several meanings - the death, or the cause of it, a corpse or a grave, and a dangerous spiritual force. One might be infected with kalma when handling objects that were owned by a deceased or in contact with the dead body. The water that was used to wash the dead body was contaminated with kalma. Kalma was everywhere where there was death - cemeteries, skeletons and wooden boards on which the dead were laid to rest before burying. Water kalma could be catched from a place where somebody had drowned. Especially dreaded was the kalma of a prematurely born baby. It was believed to reside in the place where the child’s body was buried.

Infection of the kalma revealed itself as insanity, confusion and nervousness. There were also physical signs, such as, festering wounds. A person was healed from kalma by sending the force back to the realm of the dead. For the Finnish tietäjä the realm of the dead was concretely represented by the cemetery and mythically by the lands of Tuonela, underground and the North. Therefore, kalma could be healed by washing the sick with water that was taken from a stream flowing towards north or the sunset, and afterwards carrying the washing water to the cemetery.

All the spirits and ancestors related to death and dying were sometimes collectively referred to as ‘kalman väki’, the force of kalma, or death-folk. While the spirits of the family’s ancestors were well-known and respected personalities, the death-folk was impersonal, frightening and chaotic horde of ghosts swarming around the graveyard. One was supposed to remain silent near these beings and there was no running or laughing in the cemetery. If people did not act properly, the insulted and aggravated beings of the death might raise their wrath against the infringer. To wrath of kalma manifested itself in diseases and misfortune.

A fierce tietäjä might purchase some kalma power from the guardian spirit of the cemetery to support the tietäjä’s own ends. This was, however, quite dangerous. Sometimes the death-folk overpowered their master and drove them to despair and madness. Some people also believed that death-folk could wander from the cemetery to pick up the soul of a fatally sick person and carry it into the underworld. Ordinary people would not usually see this grim parade, but the dying person, the tietäjä and the animals were able to sense of the passing of death.

Photo: SA-kuva / Creative Commons BY 4.0

#taivaannaula #suomenusko #finland #finlandphotos #deathculture #mythology #folklore #folkreligion #tradition #finnougric
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Happy 64th Birthday
Neil Peart
September 12 1952

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New lyric video from #TheOuterSonics
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Palasokeri arvostelee Outereita:

http://www.palasokeri.com/arvostelu/112673
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Via +Ari Niemi
 
Bilebändit tulevat
Onko teillä bileet? Oisko kiva saada elävää musaa sinne? Tilataanpa siis paikalle bilebändi. Sellainen ammattitaitoisen ratkiriemukas ja pilke silmäkulmassa juuri SINUA viihdyttävä muusikkopoppoo. Lupsakkaat jantterit ja giltsit taikovat arsenaalistaan ilmo...
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Onko teillä bileet? Oisko kiva saada elävää musaa sinne? Tilataanpa siis paikalle bilebändi. Sellainen ammattitaitoisen ratkiriemukas ja pilke silmäkulmassa juuri SINUA viihdyttävä muusikkopoppoo. Lupsakkaat jantterit ja gilt...
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Somewhere in northern Quebec..........
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Pat's been busy...
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Really good interview.....vasen kätisten cd😎

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Happy 25th anniversary #RollTheBones and #Rush
Is it that long alteady?
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