The Diliman Commune (1971)
"(S)tudent leaders started rallying students of the College of Arts and Sciences and around 9 a.m. of February 1 to join [the striking unions of jeepney drivers]in forming a human barricade at the entrance of the University to keep public vehicles from entering the campus, while a small contingent group manned the back gate at Katipunan road.
While student leaders were confronting he security guards, Prof. Inocente Campos of the Mathematics Department appeared on the scene. Professor Campos had previously established a reputation among the students for ignoring boycotts and continuing his classes despite threats from boycotting groups.
As he entered the first checkpoint on University Avenue, he slowed down but was not blocked by human barricades. Someone recognized him and soon pillboxes were thrown in the direction of his car. He continued driving but since a tire had been damaged, the car stopped. As students started advancing towards him, he went out of the car, put on a vest, got his shotgun from the back seat and tried to fire to scare the students, but the gun was jammed and did not go off. He then got his .22 caliber rifle and started firing it, then drew his revolver and fired some more.
As a result of the Campos incident, a student, Pastor Mesina, Jr. was seriously wounded. He was taken to the UP Infirmary and later transferred to the Veterans' Memorial Hospital. He died four days later.
The burning of Professor Campos' car by the students, his subsequent arrest and the complaints received at the Quezon City Police Department about the disorderly situation at the University made it imperative for the Quezon City Police to intervene... (University President Salvador P.) Lopez, who was invited to the meeting [of the Peace and Order Council chaired by Justice Secretary Vicente Abad Santos], stressed that he would resist the entry of police on the campus, pointing to an earlier agreement forged between him and Mayor (Norberto) Amoranto during the first jeepney strike in January.
At 4:30 p.m. the Quezon City Police, backed up by Metrocom troopers forcibly broke up the human barricade and pursued students fleeing towards the campus, apprehending 18 of them.
The confrontation between the students, the University administration, and police had begun what was to be repeated in the succeeding two days as the militant students defied police intrusions, raised more barricades - this time physical rather than human...
On February 2, the Quezon City Police and Metrocom again entered the campus to clear the national road of barricades...
Hundreds of retreating students went to the College of Arts and Sciences, which for the duration of the barricades, became the center of activities. Chairs, tables, benches, bulletin boards, etc., were used for barricading the area around Palma Hall.
On February 3, the campus assumed the appearance of an embattled area, with around 15 barricades spread all over the campus; those previously removed by the police were set up again.
The barricades [from February 3-9]served as the climax to the series of dramatic challenges which characterized student activism in the University of the Philippines. After the barricades, there were no more forms of dissent that could surprise the UP administration... During the barricades, the radicalization of the studentry had been heightened, and the image of he University in revolutionary ferment could no longer be challenged."
- Oscar L. Evangelista, Lopez's Beleaguered Tenure (1969-1975): Barricades on Campus at the Peak of Student Discontent, The University of the Philippines: The First 75 Years (1908-1983), 1985.
Photo from University of the Philippines: A University for Filipinos, 1984.
- University of the Philippines, DilimanBS Computer Science, 2006 - 2010
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