Great semiotics manifesto from 17th century: "It is a very ill sign when we desire signs to make us believe in God. The signs which we demand to fortify our faith are often marks of our infidelity . . . . Some require a sign, and yet, between heaven and earth, all is full of signs. How many creatures there are, they are all steps and characters of the divinity! What a happy thing is it to study what God is by the volume of time, and by that great book of the world? There is not so much a flower of the meadows, nor so little a creature upon earth, which does not tell us some news of him. He speaks in our ears through all creatures, which are as organ-pipes to convey his spirit and voice to us, but he has no sign so great as the Word Incarnate, who carries all the types of his glory and power." French Jesuit Nicolas Caussin (1583-1651), as quoted in The Tablet, 10 March 2012, 22.